FACTOID # 13: New York has America's lowest percentage of residents who are veterans.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Guberniya" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Guberniya

Guberniya (Russian: губе́рния) (also gubernia, guberniia, gubernya) was a major administrative subdivision of the Imperial Russia, usually translated as governorate or province. A guberniya was ruled by a governor or (губернатор, gubernator), a word borrowed from either Latin gubernator or Greek kybernates. Sometimes this term was informally used to refer to the office of a governor. Imperial Russia is the term used to cover the period of history from the expansion of Russia under Peter the Great, through the expansion of the Russian Empire from the Baltic to the Pacific Ocean, to the deposal of Nicholas II of Russia, the last tsar, at the start of... A governorate is a subnational entity. ... This article is about political regions. ... A governor is also a device that regulates the speed of a machine. ...


This subdivision type was created by the edict (ukase) of Peter the Great on December 18, 1708, which divided Russia into eight guberniyas. In 1719, guberniyas were further subdivided into provinces (провинции). Later the number of guberniyas was increased to 23. Ukase (Russian: указ, ukaz) in Imperial Russia was a proclamation of the tsar government, or a religions leader patriarch that had the force of law. ... Portrait of Peter by Paul Delaroche Peter I (Russian: Пётр I Алексеевич or Pyotr I Alexeyevich)(Peter Alexeyevich Romanov) (10 June 1672–8 February 1725 [30 May 1672– 28 January 1725 O.S.] ) ruled Russia from 7 May (27 April O.S.) 1682 until his death. ... December 18 is the 352nd day of the year (353rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... // Events March 23 - James Francis Edward Stuart lands at the Firth of Forth July 1 - Tewoflos becomes Emperor of Ethiopia September 28 - Peter the Great defeats the Swedes at the Battle of Lesnaya Kandahar conquered by Mir Wais In Masuria one third of the population die during the plague J... // Events January 23 - The Principality of Liechtenstein is created within the Holy Roman Empire April 25 - Daniel Defoe publishes Robinson Crusoe June 10 - Battle of Glen Shiel Prussia conducts Europes first systematic census Miners in Falun, Sweden find an apparently petrified body of Fet-Mats Israelsson in an unused... Major events 1744 - Vyborg Governorate was formed on the recently acquired parts of Finland; also included portions of St. ...


By the reform of 1775, subdivision into guberniyas and further into uyezds (уезды) was based on the amount of population, and the term "guberniya" was replaced by the synonym of Russian origin: namestnichestvo (наместничество), sometimes translated as "viceroyalty". The term "guberniya", however, still remained in use. These viceroyalties were governed by namestniks (наместник) (literal translation: "deputy"), also called Governors General (генерал-губернатор). Correspondingly, the term Governorate General (генерал-губернаторство) was in use to refer to the actual territory being governed. The office of Governor General had more administrative power and was in a higher position than the previous office of Governor. Sometimes a Governor General ruled several guberniyas. 1775 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Uyezd or uezd (Russian: ) was an admistrative subdivision of Rus, Muscovy, and Russia used from the 13th century, originally describing groups of several volosts formed around the most important cities. ... Namestnik (Russian: ) was an office position in the history of Russia. ...


By the ukase of Russian Senate by December 31, 1796, the office of Governorate General was demoted to the previous level of Governorate, and Russia was again divided into guberniyas, which were subdivided in uyezds, further subdivided into volosts (волость), nevertheless several Governorates General made from several guberniyas existed until 1917. A senate is a deliberative body, often the upper house or chamber of a legislature. ... 1796 was a leap year starting on Friday. ... Volost or volost (Russian: ) was a traditional administrative subdivision in Russia. ...


The latter subdivision existed until after the Russian Revolution of 1917. The Russian Revolution of 1917 was a political movement in Russia which reached its peak in 1917 with the overthrow of the Provisional Government that had replaced the Russian Czarist system, and led to the establishment of the Soviet Union, which lasted until its collapse in 1991. ...


After the February Revolution, the Russian Provisional Government renamed governors into guberniya commissars. The October Revolution left the subdivision in place, but the governing apparatus was replaced by guberniya soviets (губернский совет). The February Revolution of 1917 in Russia was the first stage of the Russian Revolution of 1917. ... State emblem of the Russian Provisional Government The Russian Provisional Government was formed in Petrograd after the deterioration of the Russian Empire and the tsars abdication. ... The October Revolution, also known as the Bolshevik Revolution, was the second phase of the Russian Revolution of 1917, the first having been instigated by the events around the February Revolution. ... Soviet redirects here. ...


Actual subdivisions of the Soviet Union into particular territorial units was subject to numerous changes, especially during the 19181929 period. Eventually, in 1929, the subdivision was replaced by the notions of oblast, okrug, and raion. 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Oblast (Czech: oblast, Slovak: oblasť, Russian and Ukrainian: , Belarusian: , Bulgarian: о́бласт) refers to a subnational entity in some countries. ... Okrug is a term to denote administrative subdivision in some Slavic states. ... See rayon for the textile made of processed cellulose. ...


In modern Russia, although the term Guberniya is obsolete, the word gubernator is used when referring to a governor of an oblast or a krai. Oblast (Czech: oblast, Slovak: oblasť, Russian and Ukrainian: , Belarusian: , Bulgarian: о́бласт) refers to a subnational entity in some countries. ... Krai (Russian: край; British English transliteration: kray), is a term used to refer to several of Russias 89 administrative regions (federal subjects). ...


See also

  • History of the administrative division of Russia

  Results from FactBites:
 
Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Guberniya (406 words)
Guberniya (губе́рния IPA: [gu'bʲɛrnʲɪjə]) (also gubernia, guberniia, gubernya) was a major administrative subdivision of the Imperial Russia, usually translated as governorate or province.
A guberniya was ruled by a governor or (губернатор, gubernator), a word borrowed from either Latin gubernator or Greek kybernates.
By the reform of 1775, subdivision into guberniyas and further into uyezds (уезды) was based on the amount of population, and the term "guberniya" was replaced by the synonym of Russian origin: namestnichestvo (наместничество), sometimes translated as "viceroyalty".
Brief History of Lida District (1763 words)
In 1795/6, the region was in the Lithuanian "Litvskaya" guberniya of the Russian Empire.
Guberniyas as a political designation were abolished after the Russian Revolution in 1917.
The decree about the foundation of a new guberniya in Lithuania came after the 9th of September, 1801 and was carried out in the course of the next year, 1802.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m