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Encyclopedia > Guardia di Finanza
Coat of Arms of the Guardia di Finanza
Coat of Arms of the Guardia di Finanza

The Italian Financial Guard, in Italian Guardia di Finanza, (/ˈgwardja di fiˈnantsa/) is an Italian military police force under the authority of the Minister of Economy and Finance. It is a part of the Italian Armed Forces as well as of the law enforcement agencies. It is also a military Corps. The Guardia di Finanza maintains over 600 boats and ships and more than 100 aircraft to fulfill its mission of patrolling Italy's territorial waters. Image File history File links Acap. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Italian public security is provided by five separate police forces: Arma dei Carabinieri (paramilitary police), Guardia di Finanza (financial and customs police, also organized as a military force), Polizia di Stato (state police), Polizia Penitenziaria (penitentiary police) and Corpo Forestale dello Stato (forestry police). ... Military branches Esercito Italiano (Army) Marina Militare (Navy) Aeronautica Militare (Air Force) Carabinieri (Military police) The Guardia di Finanza is a specialized police and fight against financial crimes, illegal drugs trafficking, customs and borders control. ... Map of Sealand and the United Kingdom, with territorial water claims of 3nm and 12nm shown. ...


Its mission and institutional tasks are stated in the law 189 of April 23, 1959 and 68/2001 and are subdivided into priority ones (preventing, investigating and reporting financial evasions and violations, overseeing the compliance with the provisions of politico-economic interest and surveillance at sea for financial police purposes) and contribution ones (maintaining public order and safety and politico-military defense of the borders). April 23 is the 113th day of the year (114th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The Guardia di Finanza has around 68.000 policeman (agents, NCOs, officers). Its Latin motto since 1933 is Nec recisa recedit (Italian: Neanche spezzata retrocede; English: "Not Even Broken Retreats"). The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


Its activities are financial, economic, judiciary and public safety: tax evasion, financial crimes, smuggling, money laundering, international illegal drug trafficking, illegal immigration, customs and borders checks, copyright violations , Anti-Mafia operations,credit card frauds, cybercrime, money counterfeiting, terrorist financing, maintaining public order and safety, political and military defense of the Italian borders. In Italy also the Guardia di Finanza has some duties of military police. This article contrasts tax evasion, tax avoidance, tax resistance and tax mitigation. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Money laundering is the practice of engaging in financial transactions in order to conceal the identity, source and destination of the money in question. ... Retail selling Street selling is the bottom of the chain and can be accomplished through purchasing from prostitutes, through cloaked retail stores or refuse houses for users in the act located in red-light districts which often also deal in paraphernalia, dealers marketing merriment at night clubs and other events... These lollipops, above, were found to contain heroin when inspected by the US Drug Enforcement Administration In jurisdictions where legislation restricts or prohibits the sale of certain popular drugs, it is common for an illegal drugs trade to develop. ... For the 1983 Genesis song, see Illegal Alien (song) Illegal immigration refers to immigration across national borders in a way that violates the immigration laws of the destination country. ... Copyright infringement is the unauthorized use of copyrighted material in a manner that violates one of the copyright owners exclusive rights, such as the right to reproduce or perform the copyrighted work, or to make derivative works that build upon it. ... The neutrality of this section may be compromised by weasel words. ...

Guardia di Finanza police in central Rome
Guardia di Finanza police in central Rome

Contents

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 498 pixelsFull resolution (1984 × 1234 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 498 pixelsFull resolution (1984 × 1234 pixel, file size: 2. ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5...

Special Departments of Guardia di Finanza

  • Gruppo di Investigazione Criminalità Organizzata (GICO): Organized Crime Investigation Group.
  • Gruppo Operativo Antidroga (GOA): Counter-narcotics Group.
  • Gruppo Anticrimine Tecnologico (GAT): Counter-cybercrime Group.
  • Commando Operativo Aeronavale (ROAN): Air-Naval Operational Command.
  • AntiTerrorismo Pronto Impiego (ATPI): Antiterrorism and Rapid Response Service.

Gruppo di Investigazione Criminalità Organizzata (Organized Crime Investigation Group, GICO) is a specialized department of the Italian Guardia di Finanza, a police force that fights against financial crimes, illegal drugs trafficking, customs and borders control, illegal immigration, and money laundering. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ...

History

The origins of the Guardia di Finanza date back to October 5, 1774, when the “Light Troops Legion” was set up under the King of Sardinia, Victor Amadeus III. This was the first example in Italy of a special Corps established and organized for financial surveillance duties along the borders, as well as for military defense. is the 278th day of the year (279th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Chesma Column in Tsarskoe Selo, commemorating the end of the Russo-Turkish War. ...


Once the unification of Italy was completed in 1862, the “Customs Guards Corps” was set up. Its main task was Customs surveillance and co-participation in the Country’s defense during war time. By Law no. 141 dated April 8, 1881, the Customs Guards Corps became the “Royal Guardia di Finanza Corps” whose task was to “impede,suppress and report smuggling activities and any other violation and transgression of financial laws and regulations”, and to safeguard the interests of the tax administration, as well as to co-participate in enforcing law and order and public security. April 8 is the 98th day of the year (99th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1881 (MDCCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ...


By Royal Decree dated July 14, 1907, the Corps was issued 5-point star uniforms to mark its military status, even though the Army’s military discipline regulation was extended to the Guardia di Finanza by Law dated July 12, 1908. The Corps served in the two World Wars and in the War of National Liberation, deserving 18 awards to its War Flag, which had been granted in 1914 to decree the total integration among the Country’s Armed Forces. is the 195th day of the year (196th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 193rd day of the year (194th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ...


Subsequently, the Corps took part in numerous rescue operations during serious natural disasters; for this commitment the Corps was decorated with 13 additional civil valor awards.


The re-organization of the Police Forces in 1919 also affected the Royal Guardia di Finanza. The responsibilities were divided between the Inspector General, who was an Army Officer with the rank of Lieutenant General responsible for military preparation, and the Commanding General, who was a Guardia di Finanza Officer subordinate to the former, but authorized to maintain direct relations with the Minister for ordinary institutional duties and for personnel management. In 1923, the “Investigative Tax Police” was set up as a specialized branch of the Royal Guardia di Finanza. Within a few years, its naval fleet, motor-vehicles and telecommunication structure underwent a complete change; the Statistical Service equipped with a data processing centre, the Air Service and the Canine Service (for anti-drugs checks) were set up. During the same years, the Corps’ general organization was defined pursuant to Law no. 189 dated April 23rd 1959,which laid down its institutional tasks,subsequently amended by specific sector provisions assigning certain responsibilities.


Besides the review of its organizational structure, laid out by the issuance of Presidential Decree Law no. 34 dated January 29, 1999, the updating of the Corps’ institutional tasks was completed. Law Decree no. 68, dated March 19, 2001, whilst confirming the Corps’ configuration as a military structure, enhanced its role as a police force having general competence on all economic, financial and judicial matters for the safeguard of the public budget and that of the regions, of the local authorities and of the European Union. January 29 is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 78th day of the year (79th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ...


The Guardia di Finanza Historical Museum is custodian of the traditions of the Corps. It preserves artifacts of relevance to the Guardia di Finanza and promotes historical research, to aid researchers, scholars and military history enthusiasts.


References

External links

  • Official website
  • The funding of international islamic terrorism ~ Strategic analysis profiles ~ Guardia di Finanza General Headquarters - 2nd Department – Analysis Unit
  • Annual Report of the Guardia di Finanza
  • Counter-cybercrime Group of the Guardia di Finanza
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Guardia di Finanza
Law enforcement agencies of Italy
Regular Carabinieri | Polizia di Stato | Polizia Provinciale | Guardia di Finanza | Polizia Penitenziaria | Corpo Forestale dello Stato
Specialized Corazzieri | Nucleo Operativo Centrale di Sicurezza | Gruppo di Intervento Speciale | Gruppo di Investigazione Criminalità Organizzata | Polizia Postale | Polizia Stradale | Polizia Ferroviaria

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