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Encyclopedia > Guarani mythology

Guaraní Mythology refers to the beliefs of the Guarani people of the south-central part of South America, especially the native peoples of Paraguay and parts of the surrounding areas of Argentina, Brazil, and Bolivia. There are places that have the name Guarani in Brazil, see Guarani, Brazil The Guarani are primarily a tribal people indigenous to Paraguay and some regions of Argentina, Brazil and Bolivia. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ...

Contents

Overview

There exist no written records of the ancient myths and legends associated with the Guarani people. The Guarani language was not a written language until modern times, and as such the entirety of their religious beliefs is passed down through word of mouth only. As such accounts of the various gods and related myths and legends can vary from one locale to the next, and the regional differences may be so extreme as to completely redefine the role a specific deity plays in the Guarani belief system. Guaraní (gwah-rah-nee) [gwarani] (local name: avañeẽ) is a language spoken in Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay and southwestern Brazil. ... This article is about deities or gods from a non-monotheistic perspective. ...


Although a large number of the indigenous Guarani people have largely been assimilated into modern society and their belief system altered or replaced by Christianity (due in large part to the work of Jesuit missionaries in the 16th century), several of the core beliefs are still active in many rural areas in the Guarani region. As a result, the myths and legends continue to evolve to this day. Christianity is an Abrahamic religion based on the life, teachings, death by crucifixion, and resurrection of Jesus of Nazareth as described in the New Testament. ... The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. ... A missionary is a propagator of religion, often an evangelist or other representative of a religious community who works among those outside of that community. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ...


Guaraní Creation Myth

The primary figure in most Guarani creation legends is Tupa, the supreme god of all creation. With the help of the moon goddess Arasy, Tupa decended upon the Earth in a location specified as a hill in the region of Aregúa, Paraguay, and from that location created all that is found upon the face of the earth, including the ocean, forests, and the animals. It is also said that the stars were placed in the sky at this point. Tupa (also Tupã, Tupave or Tenondete) is the name of the supreme god in the Guarani creation myth. ... In the study of mythology, a lunar deity is a god or goddess associated with or symbolizing the Moon: see Moon (mythology). ... Ocean (from Okeanos, a Greek god of sea and water; Greek ωκεανός) covers almost three quarters (71%) of the surface of the Earth. ... The Pleiades star cluster A star is any massive gaseous body in outer space just like the Sun. ...


Tupa then created humanity (according to most Guarani myths, the Guarani were naturally the first race of people to be made, with every other civilization being born from it) in an elaborate ceremony, forming clay statues of man and woman with a mixture of various elements from nature. After breathing life into the human forms, he left them with the spirits of good and evil and departed. Clay is a generic term for an aggregate of hydrous silicate particles less than 4 μm (micrometres) in diameter. ...


Early Humanity

The original humans created by Tupa were Rupave and Sypave, whose names mean "Father of the people" and "Mother of the people", respectively. The pair had three sons and a large but unspecified number of daughters. The first of their sons was Tumé Arandú, considered to be the wisest of men and the great prophet of the Guarani people. Second of their sons was Marangatú, a benevolant and generous leader of his people, and father of Kerana, the mother of the seven legendary monsters of Guarani myth (see below). Their third son was Japeusá, who was from birth considered a liar, a thief and a trickster, always doing things backwards to confuse people and take advantage of them. He eventually committed suicide, drowning himself in the water, but he was resurrected as a crab, and since then all crabs are cursed to walk backwards much as Japeusá did. In numerous religions, including Abrahamic religions, Jah religions, Sikhism, and many forms of Paganism, a prophet is an intermediary with a deity, particularly someone who speaks for the deity or interprets the deitys will or mind. ... Suicide (from Latin sui caedere, to kill oneself) is the act of intentionally ending ones own life. ... Sections Dromiacea Raninoida Heterotremata Thoracotremata The term crab is sometimes applied to several different groups of short (nose to tail) decapods with thick exoskeletons, but only members of the Brachyura are true crabs; other taxa, such as hermit crabs, porcelain crabs, king crabs, and horseshoe crabs are, despite superficial similarities...


Among the daughters of the Rupave and Supave was Porâsý, notable for sacrificing her own life in order to rid the world of one of the seven legendary monsters, diminishing their power (and thus the power of evil as a whole).


Several of the first humans were considered to have ascended upon their deaths and become minor deities.


The Seven Legendary Monsters

Kerana, the beautiful daughter of Marangatú, was captured by the personification or spirit of evil called Tau. Together the two had seven sons who were cursed of the high goddess Arasy, and all but one were born as hideous monsters. The seven are considered primary figures in Guarani mythology, and while several of the lesser gods or even the original humans are forgotten in the verbal tradition of some areas, these seven were generally maintained in the legends. Some of them are even believed in down to modern times in some rural areas. The seven sons of Tau and Kerana are, in order of their births: Tau is the name of an evil spirit in Guarani mythology. ...

  • Teju Jagua, god or spirit of caverns and fruits
  • Mboi Tu'i, god of waterways and aquatic creatures
  • Moñai, god of the open fields. He was defeated by the sacrifice of Porâsý
  • Jasy Jaterei, god of the siesta, only of the seven to not appear as a monster
  • Kurupi, god of sexuality and fertility
  • Ao Ao, god of hills and mountains
  • Luison, god of death and all things related to it

Jasy Jaterei is the name of an important figure in Guarani mythology. ... A siesta is a short nap taken in the early afternoon, often after the midday meal. ... Kurupi is the name of one of the important figures in Guarani mythology. ... Ao Ao is the name of a monstrous creature from Guarani mythology. ... Luison or Luisõ is the name of a monstrous creature from Guarani mythology. ...

Other gods or important figures

  • Angatupry, spirit or personification of good, opposite to Tau
  • Pytajovái, god of war
  • Pombero, a popular spirit of mischief
  • Abaangui, a god credited with the creation of the moon; may only figure as an adaptation of outlying Guarani tribes
  • Jurupari, a god limited to worship by men, generally limited to isolated tribes in Brazil

i love monkys The Pombero is a mythical elf from the North-east region of Argentina, and the zones near it, such as Paraguay, and southern Brazil. ...


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