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Encyclopedia > Guarani language
Guaraní (avañe'ẽ)
Spoken in: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay
Region:
Total speakers: 6 million
Ranking: Not in top 100
Genetic classification: Tupi

 Tupi-Guarani
  Guarani (I)
   Guaraní

Official status
Official language of: Paraguay
Regulated by: -
Language codes
ISO 639-1 gn
ISO 639-2 grn
SIL Various:

GNW for Western Bolivian Guarani
GUG for Paraguayan Guarani
GUI for Eastern Bolivian Guarani
GUN for Mbya Guarani
GUQ for Ache
KGK for Kaiwa
NHD for Chiripa
PTA for Pai Tavytera
TAI for Tapiete
XET for Xeta


Guaraní (gwah-rah-'nee) [gwara'ni] (local name: avañe'ẽ) is a language spoken in Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay and southwestern Brazil. It belongs to the Tupi-Guarani language subfamily.


It is estimated that there are approximately six million Guaraní speakers worldwide.


Guaraní became a written language relatively recently. It uses a largely phonetic orthography.

Contents

Guaraní in Paraguay

Guaraní is, alongside Spanish, one of the official languages of Paraguay. Thus, for example, Paraguay's constitution is bilingual, and its state-produced textbooks are typically half in Spanish and half in Guaraní. This policy seems to suggest that the two languages are "separate but equal".


Nonetheless, the two languages have a very complicated relationship. In practice, almost nobody in Paraguay speaks "pure Spanish" or "pure Guaraní". The more educated, more urban, and more European-descended population tends to speak Argentine-influenced Spanish with short phrases of Guaraní thrown in, while the less educated, more rural, and more native population tends to speak a Guaraní with significant vocabulary-borrowing from Spanish. This latter mix is known as Jopará (joe-pah-'rah) [dZopa"4a]


Speakers of Guaraní who are not fluent in any other language have markedly limited opportunities for education and employment. There are very few speakers of Guaraní outside of South America. Those few that exist include scholars, missionaries, and agents of the Peace Corps.


History

The reason why Guarani subsisted with enough vigor to be officialized was that the Jesuits elected it as the language to preach Catholicism to the Indians. Guarani was the language of the autonomous Jesuit-governed Reducciones.


See also

Lingua Geral


External links

Wikipedia articles written in this language are located at the

  Results from FactBites:
 
Guarani Renda > History > Brief history of the Guarani language (4244 words)
The mestizos developed better in Guarani, since it was the mother tongue of his mother and of most of his relatives, and were using Spanish only in the protocolic acts with his spanish chiefs.
The Guarani language, once exclusively oral, knew the writing with the help from the Spaniards, though logically it has been in a very inefficient way, since it tried to be represented, by means of the Spanish alphabet, sounds of the Guarani that this one did not possess: in this respect there were many differences.
The Guarani was implanted as a factor of union and consolation.
Guaraní language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (385 words)
Guaraní is, alongside Spanish, one of the official languages of Paraguay.
The reason why Guarani subsisted with enough vigor to be officialized was that the Jesuits elected it as the language to preach Catholicism to the Indians.
Guarani was the language of the autonomous Jesuit-governed.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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