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Encyclopedia > Guaraní language
Guaraní (avañe'ẽ)
Spoken in: Argentina is a country in southern South America, situated between the Andes in the west and the southern Atlantic Ocean in the east. It is bordered by Paraguay and Bolivia in the north, Brazil and Uruguay in the northeast and Chile in the west. The country is formally named Rep... Argentina, The Republic of Bolivia is a landlocked country in central South America. It is bordered by Brazil on the north and east, Paraguay and Argentina on the south, and Chile and Peru on the west. National motto: Firme y Feliz por la Unión Official languages Spanish, Quechua, Aymara... Bolivia, The Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil in Portuguese) is the largest and most populous country in South America, and fifth largest in the world. Spanning a vast area between central South America and the Atlantic Ocean, it borders Uruguay, Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela... Brazil, The Republic of Paraguay is a landlocked republic in South America. Lying on both banks of the Paraguay River, it borders Argentina to the south and southwest, Brazil to the northeast and Bolivia to the northwest. The name Paraguay is derived from the Guarani words pará, meaning river and guay... Paraguay
Region:
Total speakers: 6 million
This page attempts to present a list of languages by total native speakers. Note, however, that lists such as this may vary somewhat depending upon the definition given to certain terms. In particular, the exact difference between dialect and language is often important. An example of where this can have... Ranking: Not in top 100
Human Language Families Most languages are known to belong to language families (families hereforth). An accurately identified family is a phylogenetic unit, i.e., all its members derive from a common ancestor. The ancestor is very seldom known to us directly, since most languages have a very short recorded history... Genetic classification: The Tupi languages are a language family of 70 languages which are spoken by Indian tribesmen in South America. The most important subfamily of the Tupi languages is Tupi-Guarani. It includes the best-known languages of the family, such as Guarani and Tupi Antigo. External link Ethnologue classification for... Tupi

 Tupi-Guarani
  Guarani (I)
   Guaraní

Official status
Official language of: The Republic of Paraguay is a landlocked republic in South America. Lying on both banks of the Paraguay River, it borders Argentina to the south and southwest, Brazil to the northeast and Bolivia to the northwest. The name Paraguay is derived from the Guarani words pará, meaning river and guay... Paraguay
This is a list of bodies that regulate languages. Arabic: Academy of the Arabic Language (مجمع اللغة العربية, Egypt) Basque: Euskaltzaindia, Euskerazaintza (for dialects) Catalan: Institut dEstudis Catalans Czech: Ústav pro jazyk český... Regulated by: -
Language codes
ISO 639 is one of several international standards that lists short codes for language names. ISO 639 consists of different parts, of which two parts are currently published. The other parts are works in progress. There are two items for ISO 639: ISO 639-1:2002 Codes for the representation... ISO 639-1 gn
ISO 639-2 grn
SIL International is a non-profit, faith-based, scientific organization with the main purpose to study, develop and document lesser-known languages for the purpose of expanding linguistic knowledge, promoting world literacy and aiding minority language development. It provides resources in language research through Ethnologue.com. History SIL International, originally... SIL [http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=Various:

GNW for Western Bolivian Guarani
GUG for Paraguayan Guarani
GUI for Eastern Bolivian Guarani
GUN for Mbya Guarani
GUQ for Aceh (pronounced Ah-chay) is a special territory (daerah istimewa, or special autonomy) of Indonesia, located on the northern tip of the island of Dutch colonists and the current Indonesian government. Since 2003, it has been the site of renewed conflict between the Indonesian military and Acehnese separatists. Relative to... Ache
KGK for Kaiwa
NHD for Chiripa
PTA for Pai Tavytera
TAI for Tapiete
XET for Xeta Various:
GNW for Western Bolivian Guarani
GUG for Paraguayan Guarani
GUI for Eastern Bolivian Guarani
GUN for Mbya Guarani
GUQ for Aceh (pronounced Ah-chay) is a special territory (daerah istimewa, or special autonomy) of Indonesia, located on the northern tip of the island of Dutch colonists and the current Indonesian government. Since 2003, it has been the site of renewed conflict between the Indonesian military and Acehnese separatists. Relative to... Ache
KGK for Kaiwa
NHD for Chiripa
PTA for Pai Tavytera
TAI for Tapiete
XET for ]

See also: As with any complex, emergent concept, language is somewhat resistant to definition. However, most would agree that language is a system of communication or reasoning using representation along with metaphor and some manner of logical grammar, all of which presuppose a historical and at least temporarily transcendent standard or truth... Language - This list of languages is alphabetical by English name. More structured lists are also available: Language families and languages, ISO 639 List of languages by writing system, List of languages by total speakers. Ethnologue lists about 6,800 main languages in its language name index (see the external link) and... List of languages

Guaraní [gwaraˈni] (local name: avañe'ẽ [avaɳẽˈʔẽ]) is a language spoken in Argentina is a country in southern South America, situated between the Andes in the west and the southern Atlantic Ocean in the east. It is bordered by Paraguay and Bolivia in the north, Brazil and Uruguay in the northeast and Chile in the west. The country is formally named Rep... Argentina, The Republic of Bolivia is a landlocked country in central South America. It is bordered by Brazil on the north and east, Paraguay and Argentina on the south, and Chile and Peru on the west. National motto: Firme y Feliz por la Unión Official languages Spanish, Quechua, Aymara... Bolivia, The Republic of Paraguay is a landlocked republic in South America. Lying on both banks of the Paraguay River, it borders Argentina to the south and southwest, Brazil to the northeast and Bolivia to the northwest. The name Paraguay is derived from the Guarani words pará, meaning river and guay... Paraguay and southwestern The Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil in Portuguese) is the largest and most populous country in South America, and fifth largest in the world. Spanning a vast area between central South America and the Atlantic Ocean, it borders Uruguay, Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela... Brazil. It belongs to the This article is in need of attention. Please improve it in any way you see fit. Tupí-Guaraní is the name of the most important subfamily of the Tupí languages of South America. It includes 49 languages in 9 groups. It includes the best-known language groups, like Guaraní and... Tupi-Guarani language subfamily.


It is estimated that there are approximately six million Guaraní speakers worldwide.


Guaraní became a written language relatively recently. It uses a largely phonetic The orthography of a language is the set of rules of how to write correctly in the writing system of a language. The term is derived from Greek ορθο ortho- (correct) and γραφος graphos (that writes) and, in todays sense, includes... orthography.

Contents

Guaraní in Paraguay

Guaraní is, alongside This article is about the international language known as Spanish. For other languages spoken in Spain see Languages of Spain. Spanish or Castilian is an Iberian Romance language, and the third or fourth most spoken language in the world. It is spoken as a first language by about 352 million... Spanish, one of the official languages of The Republic of Paraguay is a landlocked republic in South America. Lying on both banks of the Paraguay River, it borders Argentina to the south and southwest, Brazil to the northeast and Bolivia to the northwest. The name Paraguay is derived from the Guarani words pará, meaning river and guay... Paraguay. Thus, for example, Paraguay's constitution is bilingual, and its state-produced textbooks are typically half in Spanish and half in Guaraní. This policy seems to suggest that the two languages are "separate but equal".


Nonetheless, the two languages have a very complicated relationship. In practice, almost nobody in Paraguay speaks "pure Spanish" or "pure Guaraní". The more educated, more urban, and more European-descended population tends to speak Argentine-influenced Spanish with short phrases of Guaraní thrown in, while the less educated, more rural, and more native population tends to speak a Guaraní with significant vocabulary-borrowing from Spanish. This latter mix is known as Jopará [dʒopaˈɾa].


Speakers of Guaraní who are not fluent in any other language have markedly limited opportunities for education and employment. There are very few speakers of Guaraní outside of South America. Those few that exist include scholars, missionaries, and agents of the The Peace Corps is an independent U.S. federal agency designed to promote mutual understanding between Americans and the outside world. Established by executive order in 1961 and approved by Congress as a permanent agency within the State Department later that year, the program was an outgrowth of the Cold... Peace Corps.


History

The reason why Guarani subsisted with enough vigor to be officialized was that the The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. It was founded in 1534 by a group of University of Paris graduate students led by Iñigo Lopez de Loyola (Ignatius of Loyola). Foundation On August 15, 1534, Ignatius and six... Jesuits elected it as the language to preach Catholicism to the Indians. Guarani was the language of the autonomous Jesuit-governed Reducciones.


See also

Língua Geral, literally general language in Portuguese, served as a common language during the vice-kingdom of Brazil. It was spoken in what is now southern Brazil until the gold rush in Minas dos Matos Gerais, and later until the expulsion of the Jesuits by the Marquês de... Lingua Geral


External links

This image is the site logo used on the English Wikipedia, the Wiki.png name is magical because once the functionality has been turned on at a particular wiki the image with that name becomes the site-wide logo (usually displayed in the top-left corner). This image is trademarked...
Guaraní language edition of Wikipedia is a Web-based free content encyclopedia designed to be read and edited by anyone, with editions of varying sizes in 190 languages. About 6,000 (dec.2004) active users collaboratively edit and maintain the English edition Wikipedia, which has allowed it in just over four years of operation... Wikipedia
  • Ethnologue reports for Guarani (http://www.ethnologue.com/show_family.asp?subid=1928)
  • Guarani - English Dictionary (http://www.websters-online-dictionary.org/definition/Guarani-english/): from *Webster's Online Dictionary (http://www.websters-online-dictionary.org) - the Rosetta Edition.
  • www.guarani.de: - online dictionary in Spanish, German and Guarani
  • www.guaranirenda.com: - about the Guarani language

 
 

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