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Encyclopedia > Guangxi
Zhuang: Gvangjsih Bouxcuengh Swcigih
Chinese:广西壮族自治区
Guǎngxī Zhuàngzú Zìzhìqū
Abbreviation(s): 桂 (pinyin: Guì)
Guangxi is highlighted on this map
Origin of name 广 guǎng - region name
西 xī - west
"western Guang"
Administration type Autonomous region
Capital and
Largest City
Nanning
CPC Guangxi Committee Secretary Cao Bochun
Chairman Lu Bing
Area 236,700 km² (9th)
Population (2004)
 - Density
48,890,000 (10th)
207/km² (20th)
GDP (2004)
 - per capita
CNY 332.0 billion (17th)
CNY 6790 (28th)
Major nationalities (2000) Han - 62%
Zhuang - 32%
Yao - 3%
Miao - 1%
Dong - 0.7%
Gelao - 0.4%
Prefecture-level divisions 14
County-level divisions 109
Township-level divisions
(December 31, 2004)
1396
ISO 3166-2 CN-45
Official website:
http://www.gxi.gov.cn
(Simplified Chinese)
Source for population and GDP data:
《中国统计年鉴—2005》/ China Statistical Yearbook 2005 ISBN 7503747382

Source for nationalities data:
《2000年人口普查中国民族人口资料》/ Tabulation on nationalities of 2000 population census of China ISBN 7105054255

Guangxi (Zhuang: Gvangjsih; old orthography: Gvaŋзsiƅ; Simplified Chinese: 广西; Traditional Chinese: 廣西; Pinyin: Guǎngxī; Wade-Giles: Kuang-hsi; Postal System Pinyin: Kwangsi), full name Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region (Zhuang: Gvangjsih Bouxcuengh Swcigih; old orthography: Gvaŋзsiƅ Bouчcueŋƅ Sɯcigiƅ; Simplified Chinese: 广西壮族自治区; Traditional Chinese: 廣西壯族自治區; Pinyin: Guǎngxī Zhuàngzú Zìzhìqū) is a Zhuang autonomous region of the People's Republic of China. The Zhuang language (autonym: Cuengh or CueÅ‹ÑŒ; Chinese: 壮语; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is used by the Zhuang people in the Peoples Republic of China. ... It has been suggested that Apocopation be merged into this article or section. ... Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: 汉语拼音; Traditional Chinese: 漢語拼音; Hanyu Pinyin: , lit. ... Made by uploader. ... An autonomous region, used in the context of China, translates for zizhiqu (自治区 z qū), which are province-level divisions with a designated ethnic minority, and are guaranteed more rights under the constitution than provinces. ... Nanning in the evening Nanning (Simplified Chinese: 南宁; Traditional Chinese: 南寧; pinyin: ) is the capital of Guangxi autonomous region in southern China. ... The Communist Party of China (CPC) (official name) or Chinese Communist Party (CCP) (Simplified Chinese: 中国共产党; Traditional Chinese: 中國共産黨; Pinyin: Zhōngguó GòngchÇŽndÇŽng) is the ruling political party of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... This is a list of the first-level administrative divisions of Mainland China (including all provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities) in order of their total areas. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... World map of the population density in 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... This is a list of the first-level administrative divisions of Mainland China (including all provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities) in order of their total populations in 2003. ... This is a list of the first-level administrative divisions of Mainland China (including all provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities) in order of their total population density in 2003. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 100 Renminbi Yuan issued in 1999 The renminbi (Simplified Chinese: 人民币; Traditional Chinese: 人民幣; Pinyin: rénmínbì; literally peoples currency) or the yuan (Chinese: å…ƒ or 圆; Hanyu Pinyin: yuán) is the official currency in the mainland of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... This is a list of the first-level administrative divisions of Mainland China (including all provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities) in order of their total gross domestic product in 2003. ... 100 Renminbi Yuan issued in 1999 The renminbi (Simplified Chinese: 人民币; Traditional Chinese: 人民幣; Pinyin: rénmínbì; literally peoples currency) or the yuan (Chinese: å…ƒ or 圆; Hanyu Pinyin: yuán) is the official currency in the mainland of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... This is a list of the first-level administrative divisions of Mainland China (including all provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities) in order of their total gross domestic product per capita in 2003. ... The Peoples Republic of China officially describes itself as a multi-ethnic unitary state and as such officially recognizes 56 nationalities or mínzú (民族), within China: the Han being the majority (>92%), and the remaining 55 nationalities being the national minorities. ... Han Chinese (Simplified Chinese: 汉族; Traditional Chinese: 漢族; Pinyin: hànzú) is a term which refers to the majority ethnic group within China and the largest single human ethnic group in the world. ... The Zhuang (Simplified Chinese: 壮族; Traditional Chinese: 壯族; Hanyu Pinyin: ; own name: BouчcueÅ‹ÑŒ/Bouxcuengh) are an ethnic group of people who mostly live in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in southern China. ... The Yao nationality (瑶族, Pinyin: Yáo zú; Vietnamese: người Dao) are an ethnic group. ... The Hmong, also known as Miao (considered derogatory by some: see below) (Chinese: è‹—; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Vietnamese: Mèo or HMông; Thai: แม้ว (Maew) or ม้ง (Mong); Burmese: mun lu-myo), are an Asian ethnic group speaking the Hmong language, whose homeland is in the mountainous regions of southern China (especially... Dong Minority Bridge, Chenyang, Guangxi, China. ... The Gelao people (own name: Klau, Chinese: 仡佬族 Gēlǎozú) are an ethnic group. ... Prefecture, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China. ... In the context of Political divisions of China, county is the standard English translation of 县 (xiàn). ... When referring to Political Divisions of China, township is the standard English translation of the Chinese 乡 (xiāng). ... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. ... This page as shown in the aol 9. ... Simplified Chinese characters (Simplified Chinese: 简体字; Traditional Chinese: 簡體字; pinyin: jiǎntǐzì; also called 简化字/簡化字, jiǎnhuàzì) are one of two standard character sets of printed contemporary Chinese written language. ... The Zhuang language (autonym: Cuengh or CueÅ‹ÑŒ; Chinese: 壮语; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is used by the Zhuang people in the Peoples Republic of China. ... Simplified Chinese characters (Simplified Chinese: 简体字; Traditional Chinese: 簡體字; pinyin: jiÇŽntǐzì; also called 简化字/簡化字, jiÇŽnhuàzì) are one of two standard character sets of printed contemporary Chinese written language. ... Traditional Chinese characters are one of two standard character sets of printed contemporary Chinese written language. ... Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: 汉语拼音; Traditional Chinese: 漢語拼音; Hanyu Pinyin: , lit. ... Wade-Giles, sometimes abbreviated Wade, is a Romanization (phonetic notation and transliteration) system for the Chinese language based on Mandarin. ... In the early twentieth century, China (starting with the dying Qing Empire) used Postal (Office) System Pinyin (Traditional Chinese:郵政式拼音 Pinyin: Yóuzhèngshì PÄ«nyÄ«n) (unrelated to the modern Hanyu Pinyin), based on Wade-Giles (in particularly, Herbert Giless A Chinese-English Dictionary) for postal purposes, especially for... The Zhuang language (autonym: Cuengh or CueÅ‹ÑŒ; Chinese: 壮语; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is used by the Zhuang people in the Peoples Republic of China. ... Simplified Chinese characters (Simplified Chinese: 简体字; Traditional Chinese: 簡體字; pinyin: jiÇŽntǐzì; also called 简化字/簡化字, jiÇŽnhuàzì) are one of two standard character sets of printed contemporary Chinese written language. ... Traditional Chinese characters are one of two standard character sets of printed contemporary Chinese written language. ... Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: 汉语拼音; Traditional Chinese: 漢語拼音; Hanyu Pinyin: , lit. ... The Zhuang (Simplified Chinese: 壮族; Traditional Chinese: 壯族; Hanyu Pinyin: ; own name: BouчcueÅ‹ÑŒ/Bouxcuengh) are an ethnic group of people who mostly live in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in southern China. ... An autonomous region, used in the context of China, translates for zizhiqu (自治区 z qū), which are province-level divisions with a designated ethnic minority, and are guaranteed more rights under the constitution than provinces. ...


"Guang" itself means "expanse", and was associated with the region from the Western Jin Dynasty onwards. "Guangxi" and neighbouring Guangdong literally mean "Guang West" and "Guang East". Together, Guangdong and Guangxi are called the "Two Guangs" (两广 Liǎng Guǎng). The Jin Dynasty (晉 pinyin jìn, 265-420) followed the Three Kingdoms and preceded the Southern and Northern Dynasties in China. ... Guangdong (Simplified Chinese: 广东; Traditional Chinese: 廣東; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kuang-tung; Postal System Pinyin: Kwangtung or Canton Province, Jyutping: gwong2 dung1), is a province on the south coast of the Peoples Republic of China. ...


The abbreviation of the province is 桂 (Gui), which comes from Guilin, a major city in the autonomous region. position of Guilin in Guangxi Guilin in Guangxi Guilin (Chinese: æ¡‚æž—; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kuei-lin, Postal System Pinyin: Kweilin; Zhuang: Gveilinz) is one of Chinas most picturesque cities, with a population of 670,000, situated in the northeast of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of the Peoples...

Contents


History

The region officially became part of China in 214 BC, when the army of the Qin Dynasty claimed most of southern China, though the local people bitterly resisted rule and sinicization to this day, as their culture was closer to that of Vietnam. The name "Guangxi" can be traced to the Song Dynasty, which administered the area as a circuit called the Guangnanxi Circuit (literally "Guang-South West Circuit"). During the late Mongol Yuan Dynasty the name was revived again to name a province in the region, but it was shortened to "Guangxi", or "Guang-West". For the next six centuries, Guangxi was a province of China, until its conversion into an autonomous region by the People's Republic of China because of its large minority population. Events The kingdom of Osroene becomes a province of the Roman Empire. ... The Qin Dynasty (Chinese: 秦朝; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chin Chao) (221 BC - 206 BC) was preceded by the Zhou Dynasty and followed by the Han Dynasty in China. ... Sinicization, or Sinification, is to make things Chinese. ... The Song Dynasty (Chinese: 宋朝) was a ruling dynasty in China from 960-1279. ... Circuits in the common law In law, a circuit is an appellate judicial district commonly seen in the court systems of many nations. ... Honorary guard of Mongolia. ... The Yuan Dynasty (Mongolian: Dai Ön Yeke Mongghul Ulus; Chinese: 元朝; pinyin: Yuáncháo) lasting officially from 1271 to 1368, also called the Mongol Dynasty, was the name given to the significant ruling family of Borjigin in Asia. ...


During the late Qing Dynasty, Guangxi was the site of the Jintian Uprising (金田起义), which occurred what is now Guiping county in eastern Guangxi on January 11, 1851. On March 23, 1885, Zhennan Pass (now Youyi Pass) on the border with Vietnam was also the site of the Battle of Zhennan Pass (镇南关战役) during the Franco-Chinese War. During the battle, a French incursion was routed by Chinese forces under Feng Zicai (冯子才), an event that has been exalted by subsequent Chinese nationalism. The Qing Dynasty (Manchu: daicing gurun; Chinese: 清朝; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: ching chao), sometimes known as the Manchu Dynasty, was a dynasty founded by the Manchu clan Aisin Gioro, in what is today northeast China, expanded into China proper and the surrounding territories of Inner Asia, establishing the... The Jintian Uprising (金田起義) occurred on January 11, 1851, during the late Qing Dynasty of China, in what is now Guiping county-level city in eastern Guangxi province. ... A county-level city (县级市 Pinyin: xiànjí shì) is a county-level administrative division of mainland China. ... January 11 is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1851 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... March 23 is the 82nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (83rd in Leap years). ... 1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) is a common year starting on Thursday. ... The Battle of Zhennan Pass was a significant battle of the Sino-French War which occurred on March 23, 1885 and was referred to at the time, in Western media, as the Battle of Bang Bo. ... The Franco-Chinese War was a war fought between the French Third Republic and Qing Empire that lasted from September 1884 to June 1885. ... Feng Zicai (Traditional Chinese: 馮子才, Simplified Chinese: 冯子才, Pinyin: Féng ZǐcaÄ«, Wade-Giles:Feng Tzu-tsai) (1818-1903) was a bandit in Guangxi, China who later became a general in the Imperial Army during the Qing dynasty. ...


After the founding of the Republic of China, Guangxi served as the base for one of the most powerful warlord cliques of China: the Old Guangxi Clique. Led by Lu Jung-t'ing (陆荣廷) and others, the clique was able to take control of neighbouring Hunan and Guangdong provinces as well. The Old Guangxi Clique crumbled in the early 1920s, and was replaced by the New Guangxi Clique, led by Li Tsung-jen and Pai Ch'ung-hsi. Guangxi is also noted for the Baise Uprising (百色起义), a communist uprising led by Deng Xiaoping in 1929. Communist base areas were set up, though eventually they were destroyed by Kuomintang forces. Motto: None Anthem: National Anthem of the ROC Capital Taipei City (de facto) Nanjing (in law) 1 Largest city Taipei City Official language(s) Mandarin (Guoyü) Government President Vice President Premier Multiparty democracy Chen Shui-bian Annette Lu Su Tseng-chang Establishment Xinhai Revolution Declared  October 10, 1911 Established  January... Hunan (Chinese: 湖南; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is a province of China, located in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River and south of Lake Dongting (hence the name Hunan, meaning south of the lake). Hunan is sometimes called 湘 (pinyin: Xiāng) for short, after the Xiang River which runs through the province. ... Guangdong (Simplified Chinese: 广东; Traditional Chinese: 廣東; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kuang-tung; Postal System Pinyin: Kwangtung or Canton Province, Jyutping: gwong2 dung1), is a province on the south coast of the Peoples Republic of China. ... The 1920s was a decade sometimes referred to as the Jazz Age or the Roaring Twenties, usually applied to America. ... General Li Tsung-jen 南哥的姑公(1890–1969) Li Tsung-jen (南哥的姑公) (李宗仁 Pinyin: Lǐ Zōngrén) (August 13, 1890 - January 13, 1969), courtesy name Delin (å¾·é„°), was vice-president and acting president of the Republic of China and adversary of Chiang Kai-shek. ... Pai Chung-hsi (Chinese: 白崇禧, pinyin: Bái Chóngxǐ) (March 18, 1893 - December 1, 1966) was a Chinese Muslim general of the Republic of China (ROC). ... Deng Xiaoping Deng Xiaoping (Simplified Chinese: 邓小平; Traditional Chinese: 鄧小平; Pinyin: Dèng XiÇŽopíng; Wade-Giles: Teng Hsiao-ping; August 22, 1904–February 19, 1997) was a leader in the Communist Party of China (CPC). ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Chinese Nationalist Party (Traditional Chinese: 中國國民黨; Simplified Chinese: 中国国民党; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chung-kuo Kuo-min-tang; Tongyong Pinyin: Jhōngguó GuómíndÇŽng), commonly known as the Kuomintang (KMT), is a conservative political party currently active in the Republic of China (ROC) on Taiwan. ...


In 1944 near the end of World War II, Japan invaded Guangxi as part of Operation Ichigo (also known as the Henan-Hunan-Guangxi Campaign (豫湘桂战役), in an attempt to seize the Hunan-Guangxi railway line and open up a land link to French Indochina. The Japanese succeeded, and most major cities in Guangxi came under Japanese occupation. 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ... Combatants Allies: Poland, British Commonwealth, France/Free France, Soviet Union, United States, China, and others Axis Powers: Germany, Italy, Japan, and others Casualties Military dead: 17 million Civilian dead: 33 million Total dead: 50 million Military dead: 8 million Civilian dead: 4 million Total dead: 12 million World War II... This article needs to be wikified. ... Hunan (Chinese: 湖南; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is a province of China, located in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River and south of Lake Dongting (hence the name Hunan, meaning south of the lake). Hunan is sometimes called 湘 (pinyin: Xiāng) for short, after the Xiang River which runs through the province. ... French Indochina was a federation of protectorates in Southeast Asia, part of the French colonial empire. ...


Being in the far south, Guangxi was conquered by communist forces rather late. The province changed hands in December 1949, two months after the founding of the people's republic. In 1958, Guangxi was converted into an autonomous region for the Zhuang, by recommendation of Premier Zhou Enlai. This decision was made because the Zhuang were one of the biggest minority groups in China, and were mostly concentrated in Guangxi; however, they form a minority of Guangxi's population. 1949 (MCMXLIX) is a common year starting on Saturday. ... 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Zhuang (Simplified Chinese: 壮族; Traditional Chinese: 壯族; Hanyu Pinyin: ; own name: Bouчcueŋь/Bouxcuengh) are an ethnic group of people who mostly live in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in southern China. ... This is a Chinese name, Zhou is the surname. ...


For most of its history, Guangxi was landlocked. In 1952 a small section of Guangdong's coastline was given to Guangxi, giving it access to the sea. This was reversed in 1955, and restored in 1965. 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ...


While some development of heavy industry occurred in the province in the 1960's and 1970's, it remained largely a tourist destination and home of scenery which brought people from all over the world. Even the economic growth in China in the 1990's seemed to leave Guangxi behind. However in recent years there as been a growing amount of industrialization, and concentration on cash crops. Per capita CDP has begun rising more rapidly, as industries in Guangdong seek a way to locate production to lower wage areas.


Administrative divisions

Guangxi is divided into 14 prefecture-level cities, 56 counties, 34 districts, 12 ethnic autonomous counties and 7 county-level cities. A prefecture-level city (地级市 Pinyin: dìjí shì, literally region-level city) or prefecture-level municipality is an administrative division of the Peoples Republic of China. ... In the context of Political divisions of China, county is the standard English translation of 县 (xiàn). ... District, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China. ... In the context of Political divisions of China, county is the standard English translation of 县 (xi  n). ... A county-level city (县级市 Pinyin: xiànjí shì) is a county-level administrative division of mainland China. ...

Chongzuo (simplified Chinese: 崇左; pinyin: Laibin, Zhuang: Cungzcoj) is a prefecture-level city in Chinas Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. ... Baise (simplified Chinese: 百色; pinyin: Baǐsè) is a prefecture-level city in Chinas Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. ... Beihai (Chinese: 北海; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Pei-hai), former romanization Pakhoi, is a prefecture-level city of Guangxi, China. ... Fangchenggang (simplified Chinese: 防城港; pinyin: fangchenggang) is a prefecture-level city in Chinas Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. ... Guigang (simplified Chinese: 贵港; pinyin: GuìgÇŽng, Zhuang: ???) is a prefecture-level city in Chinas Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. ... position of Guilin in Guangxi Guilin in Guangxi Guilin (Chinese: æ¡‚æž—; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kuei-lin, Postal System Pinyin: Kweilin; Zhuang: Gveilinz) is one of Chinas most picturesque cities, with a population of 670,000, situated in the northeast of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of the Peoples... Hechi (simplified Chinese: 河池; pinyin: Hechi, Zhuang: ???) is a prefecture-level city in Chinas Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. ... Hezhou (simplified Chinese: 贺州; pinyin: Hezhou, Zhuang: ???) is a prefecture-level city in Chinas Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. ... Laibin (simplified Chinese: 来宾; pinyin: Laibin) is a prefecture-level city in Chinas Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. ... Liuzhou (Chinese: 柳州; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Liuchow) is a prefecture-level city in north-central Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, in southern China. ... Nanning in the evening Nanning (Simplified Chinese: 南宁; Traditional Chinese: 南寧; pinyin: ) is the capital of Guangxi autonomous region in southern China. ... Qinzhou (Chin-chow, Yamchow) is a city with more than 100 000 inhabitants on the Gulf of Tongking in Guangxi in the Peoples Republic of China. ... Wuzhou is a prefecture-level city on the Eastern fringe of Guangxi Region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Yulin (Chinese: 玉林; pinyin: ) is one of the fourteen region-level cities (see: Prefecture-level city) of Guangxi autonomous region, in China. ...

Geography

Located in the southern part of the country, Guangxi is bordered by Yunnan to the west, Guizhou to the north, Hunan to the northeast, and Guangdong to the southeast. It is also bounded by Vietnam in the southwest and the Gulf of Tonkin in the south. Yunnan (Simplified Chinese: 云南; Traditional Chinese: 雲南; Hanyu pinyin: ) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China, located in the far southwestern corner of the country. ... Guizhou (Simplified Chinese: 贵州; Traditional Chinese: 貴州; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kuei-chou; also spelled Kweichow) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China located in the southwestern part of the country. ... Hunan (Chinese: 湖南; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is a province of China, located in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River and south of Lake Dongting (hence the name Hunan, meaning south of the lake). Hunan is sometimes called 湘 (pinyin: Xiāng) for short, after the Xiang River which runs through the province. ... Guangdong (Simplified Chinese: 广东; Traditional Chinese: 廣東; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kuang-tung; Postal System Pinyin: Kwangtung or Canton Province, Jyutping: gwong2 dung1), is a province on the south coast of the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Gulf of Tonkin is located to the east of Vietnam. ...


Guangxi is a mountainous region. The Nanling Mountains are found in the northeast border, with the Yuecheng Mountains (越城岭) and Haiyang Mountains (海洋山) being its shorter branching ridges. Nearer to the center of the region are the Dayao Mountains (大瑶山) and the Daming Mountains (大明山). To the north there are the Duyao Mountains (都阳山) and the Fenghuang Mountains (凤凰山), while on the southeast border there are the Yunkai Mountains (云开大山). The highest point is Mount Mao'er (猫儿山) located in the Yuecheng Mountains, at 2141 m. The metre, or meter, is a measure of length, approximately equal to 3. ...


Many rivers cut valleys through the mountains. Most of these rivers from the tributary basin of the West River: Xi River (西江, pinyin: Xī Jiāng, Postal System Pinyin: Si Kiang, lit. ...

Xijiang System (italics indicates rivers outside Guangxi)
Hejiang River (贺江) Xijiang River (西江)
Lijiang River (漓江) Guijiang River (桂江)
Beipan River (北盘江) Hongshui River (红水河) Qianjiang River (黔江) Xunjiang River (浔江)
Nanpan River (南盘江)
Rongjiang River (融江) Liujiang River (柳江)
Longjiang River (龙江)
Youjiang River (右江) Yongjiang River (邕江) Yujiang River (郁江)
Zuojiang River (左江)

Guangxi has a short coastline on the Gulf of Tonkin. Important seaports include Beihai, Qinzhou and Fangchenggang. Xi River (西江, pinyin: XÄ« Jiāng, Postal System Pinyin: Si Kiang, lit. ... The Li River The Li River (Chinese: 漓江, pinyin: Lí Jiāng) is a river in Guangxi Province, China. ... The Hongshui River is a tributary of the Pearl River in Southern China. ... The Gulf of Tonkin is located to the east of Vietnam. ... Beihai (Chinese: 北海; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Pei-hai), former romanization Pakhoi, is a prefecture-level city of Guangxi, China. ... Qinzhou (Chin-chow, Yamchow) is a city with more than 100 000 inhabitants on the Gulf of Tongking in Guangxi in the Peoples Republic of China. ... Fangchenggang (simplified Chinese: 防城港; pinyin: fangchenggang) is a prefecture-level city in Chinas Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. ...


Guangxi has a subtropical climate. Summers are generally long and hot. Average annual temperature is 17 - 23 °C, while average annual precipitation is 1250 - 1750 mm. A degree Celsius (°C) is a unit of temperature named after the Swedish astronomer Anders Celsius (1701-1744), who first proposed a similar system in 1742. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ...


Major cities include: Nanning, Beihai, Guilin, Liuzhou. Nanning in the evening Nanning (Simplified Chinese: 南宁; Traditional Chinese: 南寧; pinyin: ) is the capital of Guangxi autonomous region in southern China. ... Beihai (Chinese: 北海; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Pei-hai), former romanization Pakhoi, is a prefecture-level city of Guangxi, China. ... position of Guilin in Guangxi Guilin in Guangxi Guilin (Chinese: 桂林; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kuei-lin, Postal System Pinyin: Kweilin; Zhuang: Gveilinz) is one of Chinas most picturesque cities, with a population of 670,000, situated in the northeast of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of the Peoples... Liuzhou (Chinese: 柳州; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Liuchow) is a prefecture-level city in north-central Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, in southern China. ...


Notable towns include: Longmen, Sanjiang, Yangshuo. Longmen can refer to: Longmen Grottoes: a collection of Buddhist cave art in Luoyang, China. ... Sanjiang street scene (2003-08-17) Sanjiang (三江; pinyin sānjiāng) is a city in northern Guangxi province, China. ... ]] as a place to unwind. ...


Economy

Important crops in Guangxi include rice, maize, sweet potatoes, and wheat. Cash crops include sugar cane, peanuts, tobacco, and kenaf. Species Oryza glaberrima Oryza sativa Rice refers to two species (Oryza sativa and Oryza glaberrima) of grass, native to tropical and subtropical southeastern Asia and to Africa, which together provide more than one fifth of the calories consumed by humans[1]. Rice is an annual plant, growing to 1-1. ... Binomial name Zea mays L. Maize (Zea mays ssp. ... Binomial name Ipomoea batatas Linnaeus The sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) is a crop plant whose large, starchy, sweet-tasting tuberous roots are an important root vegetable. ... Species T. boeoticum T. compactum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 Wheat (Triticum spp. ... Species Ref: ITIS 42058 as of 2004-05-05 Sugarcane is one of six species of a tall tropical southeast Asian grass (Family Poaceae) having stout fibrous jointed stalks whose sap at one time was the primary source of sugar. ... Binomial name Arachis hypogaea L. The peanut or groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) is a species in the pea family Fabaceae native to South America. ... Species N. glauca N. longiflora N. rustica N. sylvestris N. tabacum Ref: ITIS 30562 as of August 26, 2005 Tobacco (, L.) refers to a genus of broad-leafed plants of the nightshade family indigenous to North and South America, or to the dried and cured leaves of such plants. ... Binomial name Hibiscus cannabinus L. Kenaf is the name of a hibiscus plant Hibiscus cannabinus and also the term for the fiber obtained from this plant. ...


Guangxi has more tin, manganese, and indium deposits than any other province of China. General Name, Symbol, Number tin, Sn, 50 Chemical series poor metals Group, Period, Block 14, 5, p Appearance silvery lustrous gray Atomic mass 118. ... General Name, Symbol, Number manganese, Mn, 25 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 7, 4, d Appearance silvery metallic Atomic mass 54. ... General Name, Symbol, Number indium, In, 49 Chemical series poor metals Group, Period, Block 13, 5, p Appearance silvery lustrous gray Atomic mass 114. ...


In recent years Guangxi's economy has languished behind that of its wealthy neighbour and twin, the province of Guangdong. Guangdong (Simplified Chinese: 广东; Traditional Chinese: 廣東; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kuang-tung; Postal System Pinyin: Kwangtung or Canton Province, Jyutping: gwong2 dung1), is a province on the south coast of the Peoples Republic of China. ...


Guangxi's 2004 nominal GDP was about 332.0 billion yuan (US$41.19 billion) and ranked 17th. Its per capita GDP was 5,630 yuan (US$680). 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Demographics

The region has a high concentration of Zhuang, one of the major minority ethnicities of China. Over 90% of Zhuang in China live in Guangxi, especially in the central and western regions. There is also a significant number of both Dong and Miao minority peoples. Other ethnic groups include: Yao, Hui, Yi (Lolo), Shui, and Gin (Vietnamese). The Zhuang people (Traditional Chinese: 壯族, Simplified Chinese: 壮族, Hanyu Pinyin: Zhuàngzú; own name: Bouчcueŋь/Bouxcuengh) are an ethnic group of people who mostly live in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in southern China. ... Dong Minority Bridge, Chenyang, Guangxi, China. ... The Hmong, also known as Miao (Chinese: 苗: Miáo; Vietnamese: Mẹo or Hmông; Thai: ม้ง (mong) or แม้ว (maew)), are an Asian ethnic group whose homeland is in the mountainous regions of southern China (especially Guizhou) that cross into northern Southeast Asia (northern Vietnam and Laos). ... The Yao nationality (瑶族, Pinyin: Yáo zú; Vietnamese: người Dao) are an ethnic group. ... The Hui people (Chinese: 回族; Pinyin: ) are a Chinese ethnic group, typically distinguished by their practice of the Islamic religion. ... The Yi people (own name in the Cool Mountain dialect: ꆈꌠ, official transcription: Nuosu, IPA: [nɔ̄sÅ«]; Chinese: 彝族, Pinyin: Yìzú; the older name Lolo is now considered derogatory in China, though used officially in Vietnam as Lô Lô) are a modern ethnic group in China and Vietnam. ... The Shui people are an ethnic group. ... Gin, or Jing Nationality (京族; Pinyin: jÄ«ngzú) is the name given to ethnic Vietnamese living in China. ...


Culture

Guangxi is known for its linguistic diversity. In the capital of Nanning, for example, four dialects / languages are spoken locally: Southwestern Mandarin, Cantonese, Pinghua, and Zhuang. Nanning in the evening Nanning (Simplified Chinese: 南宁; Traditional Chinese: 南寧; pinyin: ) is the capital of Guangxi autonomous region in southern China. ... Also known as Huguang (湖广), it is the varient of Mandarin Chinese widely spoken south of the Yangtze River, and east of the Tibetan Plateau. ... Cantonese (Traditional Chinese: 粵語; Simplified Chinese: 粤语, Cantonese: Yuet6yue5; Mandarin pinyin: Yueyu, Yụet (Guangdong) language) is one of the major dialect groups or languages of the Chinese language or language family. ... Pinghua (平話/平话), also Guangxi Nanning, is a subdivision of spoken Chinese. ... The Zhuang language (autonym: Cuengh or CueÅ‹ÑŒ; Chinese: 壮语; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is used by the Zhuang people in the Peoples Republic of China. ...


Institutions of higher learning

Guangxi University (abbreviation: Guang Da; Chinese: 广西大学; Pinyin: Guangxi Daxue) is is a state university, located in Nanning, capital of Guangxi, China. ... The Guilin University of Electronic Technology (abbreviation: GUET; Chinese: 桂林电子工业学院; Pinyin: Guilin Dianzi Gongy Xueyuan) is is a state university, located in Guilin, Guangxi, China. ...

Tourism

The major tourist attraction of Guangxi is Guilin, a town famed across China and the world for its spectacular setting by the Lijiang River (Li River) amongst severe karst peaks. It also used to be the capital of Guangxi, and Jingjiang Princes City, the old princes residence, is open to the public. South of Guilin down the river is the town of Yangshuo, which has become a favourite destination for foreign tourists, particularly backpackers. position of Guilin in Guangxi Guilin in Guangxi Guilin (Chinese: æ¡‚æž—; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kuei-lin, Postal System Pinyin: Kweilin; Zhuang: Gveilinz) is one of Chinas most picturesque cities, with a population of 670,000, situated in the northeast of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of the Peoples... The Li River The Li River (Chinese: 漓江, pinyin: Lí Jiāng) is a river in Guangxi Province, China. ... Karst topography occurs when a landscape is marked by underground drainage patterns. ... The front (southern) gate (August 2003) Jingjiang Princes City (ch. ... ]] as a place to unwind. ... Backpacking in the Grand Teton National Park, United States Backpacking (also tramping or trekking in some countries) is the complete combination of hiking and camping. ...


Ethnic minorities native to Guangxi, such as the Zhuang and Dong, are also interesting for tourists. The northern part of the province, bordering with Guizhou, is home to the Longmen rice terraces, said to be some of the steepest in the world. Nearby Sanjiang Dong Autonomous County. The Peoples Republic of China officially describes itself as a multinational unitary state and as such officially recognizes 56 nationalities or Mínzú (民族), within China: the Han being the majority (>92%), and the remaining 55 nationalities being the national minorities. ... The Zhuang (Simplified Chinese: 壮族; Traditional Chinese: 壯族; Hanyu Pinyin: ; own name: BouчcueÅ‹ÑŒ/Bouxcuengh) are an ethnic group of people who mostly live in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in southern China. ... Dong Minority Bridge, Chenyang, Guangxi, China. ... Guizhou (Simplified Chinese: 贵州; Traditional Chinese: è²´å·ž; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kuei-chou; also spelled Kweichow) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China located in the southwestern part of the country. ... Longmen can refer to: Longmen Grottoes: a collection of Buddhist cave art in Luoyang, China. ... Sanjiang street scene (2003-08-17) Sanjiang (三江; pinyin sānjiāng) is a city in northern Guangxi province, China. ...


Miscellaneous topics

External links


Province-level divisions administered by the People's Republic of China
Provinces: Anhui | Fujian | Gansu | Guangdong | Guizhou | Hainan | Hebei | Heilongjiang | Henan | Hubei | Hunan | Jiangsu | Jiangxi | Jilin | Liaoning | Qinghai | Shaanxi | Shandong | Shanxi | Sichuan | Yunnan | Zhejiang
Autonomous Regions: Guangxi | Inner Mongolia | Ningxia | Tibet | Xinjiang
Municipalities: Beijing | Chongqing | Shanghai | Tianjin
Special administrative regions: Hong Kong | Macau
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Guangxi (2739 words)
In the 1950s and 1960s, Guangxi had a young population, with a standard broad-based pyramid-shaped age structure; in 1982, however, the population was in a transition period from young to adult, and entered the early stage of an adult society in 1990, according to statistics for the same year.
Population migration in Guangxi is marked by the rural labor force flowing to nearby cities, and by out-migrants outnumbering in-migrants.
Guangxi is an autonomous region dominated by the Zhuang people, but it is also home to 48 ethnic groups, with the minority groups numbering 16.578 million (18.15% of the country's total and 39.24% of the region's total), according to the 1990 census.
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