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Encyclopedia > Guam
Territory of Guam
Guåhan
Flag of Guam Coat of arms of Guam
Flag Coat of arms
Motto"Where America's Day Begins"
AnthemFanohge Chamoru
Capital Hagåtña
Largest village Dededo
Official languages English and Chamorro
Demonym Guamanian
Government
 -  President George W. Bush (R)
 -  Governor Felix Perez Camacho (R)
Area
 -  Total 541.3 km² (192nd)
209 mi² 
 -  Water (%) negligible
Population
 -  July 2007 estimate 173,456 (179th)
 -  2000 census 154,805 
 -  Density 320/km² (37th)
830/mi²
GDP (PPP) 2000 estimate
 -  Total $3.2 billion (167th)
 -  Per capita $21,0001 (35th)
Currency United States dollar (USD)
Time zone Chamorro Standard Time (UTC+10)
Internet TLD .gu
Calling code +1 671
1 2000 estimate.
Map of Guam
Map of Guam

Guam (Chamorro: Guåhan), officially the Territory of Guam, is an island in the Western Pacific Ocean and is an organized, unincorporated territory of the United States. It is one of five U.S. territories with established civilian government.[1] The island's capital is Hagåtña (formerly Agana). Guam is the largest and southernmost of the Mariana Islands. GUAM redirects here. ... Battle of Guam may refer to: The capture of Guam by American forces from the Spanish in 1898. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Guam. ... Image File history File links Coat_of_arms_of_Guam. ... Flag ratio: 22:41 The flag of Guam was adopted on February 9, 1948. ... Guam COA Guam coat of arms is identical to the seal in the middle of the flag_of_Guam. ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognized either by a countrys government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ... Stand Ye Guamanians is the official territorial anthem of Guam. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... HagÃ¥tña (formerly Agana and in Spanish Agaña), the capital of the American island of Guam. ... Population: 154,623 (July 2000 est. ... Dededo is the most populous village of the American island of Guam. ... An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in the countries, states, and other territories. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Chamorro (Chamoru in Chamorro) is the native language of the Chamorro or Chamoru of the Northern Mariana Islands and Guam. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... GOP redirects here. ... List of Guam Governors Since after World War II 1946 - 1949 Charles Alan Pownall 1949 - 1953 Carlton S. Skinner 1953 - 1956 Ford Quint Elvidge 1956 - 1956 William T. Corbett 1956 - 1959 Richard Barrett Lowe 1959 - 1960 Marcellus G. Boss 1960 - 1961 Joseph F. Flores 1961 - 1962 William Patlov Daniel 1962... Felix Perez Camacho (b. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Impact from a water drop causes an upward rebound jet surrounded by circular capillary waves. ... A percentage is a way of expressing a proportion, a ratio or a fraction as a whole number, by using 100 as the denominator. ... Map of countries by population for the year 2007 This is a list of countries ordered according to population. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Population density by country, 2006 List of countries and dependencies by population density in inhabitants/km². The list includes sovereign states and self-governing dependent territories that are recognized by the United Nations. ... PPP of GDP for the countries of the world (2003). ... There are three lists of countries of the world sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP) (the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year). ... Per capita is a Latin phrase meaning for each head. ... This article includes two lists of countries of the world[1] sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP) at purchasing power parity (PPP) per capita, the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year divided by the average population for the same year. ... USD redirects here. ... ISO 4217 is the international standard describing three letter codes (also known as the currency code) to define the names of currencies established by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Chamorro Standard Time is the time zone in United States organized territory of Guam, as well as parts of the Northern Mariana Islands, including Saipan, Rota, and Tinian. ... UTC redirects here. ... A country code top-level domain (ccTLD) is a top-level domain used and reserved for a country or a dependent territory. ... .gu is the Internet country code top-level domain ( ccTLD) for Guam. ... This is a list of country calling codes defined by ITU-T recommendation E.164. ... The area code 671 is the local telephone area code of Guam. ... Guam map; modified from PCL map collection Original source: U.S. Central Intelligence Agency 1991[1] File links The following pages link to this file: Guam Categories: Central Intelligence Agency images ... Guam map; modified from PCL map collection Original source: U.S. Central Intelligence Agency 1991[1] File links The following pages link to this file: Guam Categories: Central Intelligence Agency images ... Chamorro (Chamoru in Chamorro) is the native language of the Chamorro or Chamoru of the Northern Mariana Islands and Guam. ... Political divisions of the United States as they were from 1868 to 1876, including 9 organized territories and 2 unorganized territories Territories of the United States are one type of political division of the United States, administered by the U.S. government but not any part of a U.S... HagÃ¥tña (formerly Agana and in Spanish Agaña), the capital of the American island of Guam. ... The Mariana Islands (also the Marianas; up to the early 20th century sometimes called Ladrones Islands, from Spanish Islas de los Ladrones meaning Islands of Thieves) are an archipelago made up by the summits of 15 volcanic mountains in the north-western Pacific Ocean between the 12th and 21st parallels...


The Chamorros, Guam's indigenous inhabitants, first populated the island approximately 6,000 years ago.[citation needed] The island has a long history of European colonialism beginning in 1668 with the arrival of Spanish settlers including Padre San Vitores, a Spanish missionary. The island was captured from Spain by the United States during the Spanish American War in 1898. As the largest island in Micronesia and the only American-held island in the region before World War II, Guam was occupied by the Japanese between December 1941 and July 1944. Today, Guam's economy is mainly supported by tourism (primarily from Japan) and U.S. military bases.[2] Depiction of latte stone colonnades on the island of Tinian. ... This article is about territorial expansion. ... Padre Diego Luis de San Vitores (1627-1672) was a Spanish Jesuit missionary who founded the first Catholic church on the island of Guam. ... For other uses, see Missionary (disambiguation). ... The Spanish-American War took place in 1898, and resulted in the United States of America gaining control over the former colonies of Spain in the Caribbean and Pacific. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Tourist redirects here. ... The United States Armed Forces are the military services of the United States. ...

Contents

History

Main article: History of Guam

It is believed that Guam was first discovered by sea-faring people who migrated from southeastern Indonesia around 2000 BC. Most of what is known about Pre-Contact ("Ancient") Chamorros comes from legends and myths, archaeological evidence, Jesuit missionary accounts, and observations from visiting scientists like Otto von Kotzebue and Louis de Freycinet. The history of Guam involves phases including the early arrival of people known today as the ancient Chamorros, the development of pre-contact society, Spanish colonization, and the present American rule of the island. ... Depiction of latte stone colonnades on the island of Tinian. ... The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. ... Otto von Kotzebue ( December 30, 1787 - February 15, 1846), was a Russian navigator. ... Note that this entry should not to be confused with Charles Louis de Saulces de Freycinet (1828-1923), French Prime Minister Louis Claude de Saulses de Freycinet, (August 7, 1779 - August 18, 1842) was a French navigator. ...


When Europeans first arrived on Guam, Chamorro society roughly fell into three classes: matua (upper class), achaot (middle class), and mana'chang (lower class). The matua were located in the coastal villages, which meant they had the best access to fishing grounds while the mana'chang were located in the interior of the island. Matua and mana'chang rarely communicated with each other, and matua often used achaot as a go-between. There were also "makana" (shamans), skilled in healing and medicine. Belief in spirits of ancient Chamorros called Taotao Mona still persists as a remnant of pre-European society. Early European explorers noted the Chamorros' fast sailing vessels used for trading with other islands of Micronesia. Matua is another name for the island of Matsuwa located in the Kurilian archipelago northeast of Japan between Hokkaido and the Kamchatka Peninsula of Russia. ... Taotao Mona - Chamorro: ancient people - Ancestor spirits believed to haunt the mountains and wild places of the island of Guam, Micronesia. ...


The Latte Stones familiar to Guam residents and visitors alike were in fact a recent development in Pre-Contact Chamorro society. The latte stone consists of a head and a base shaped out of limestone. Archaeologists using carbon-dating have broken Pre-Contact Guam (i.e. Chamorro) history into three periods: "Pre-Latte" (BC 2000? to AD 1) "Transitional Pre-Latte" (AD 1 to AD 1000), and "Latte" (AD 1000 to AD 1521). Archaeological evidence also suggests that Chamorro society was on the verge of another transition phase by 1521, as latte stones became bigger. Assuming the stones were used for chiefly houses, it can be argued that Chamorro society was becoming more stratified, either from population growth or the arrival of new people. The theory remains tenuous, however, due to lack of evidence, but if proven correct, will further support the idea that Pre-Contact Chamorros lived in a vibrant and dynamic environment. Latte Stones, are large limestone pillars found on the Mariana Islands built by the ancient Chamorro people. ...


Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan, sailing for the King of Spain, reached the island in 1521 during his circumnavigation of the globe. General Miguel López de Legazpi claimed Guam for Spain in 1565. Spanish colonization commenced in 1668 with the arrival of Padre San Vitores, who established the first Catholic mission. The islands were then governed as part of the Spanish East Indies from the Philippines. Between 1668 and 1815, Guam was an important resting stop for the Spanish Manila galleons, a fleet that covered the trade route between Mexico and the Philippines. Guam, along with the rest of the Mariana and Caroline Islands, was treated by Spain as part of their colony in the Philippines. While Guam's Chamorro culture is unique, the cultures of both Guam and the Northern Marianas were heavily influenced by Spanish culture and traditions.[2] For the Presidential railcar named Ferdinand Magellan, see Ferdinand Magellan Railcar. ... Miguel López de Legazpi (1502 - August 20, 1572, Manila), also known as El Adelantado (The Governor) and El Viejo (The Elder), was a Spanish conquistador who established the first colony in the Philippine Islands in 1565. ... The assasination of Padre San Vitores in 1672 by Matapang and Hirao. ... Flag A map of the Spanish East Indies Capital Manila (Cebu until 1595, Bacolor 1762-1763, Iloilo 1898) Language(s) Spanish Religion Roman Catholicism Political structure Colony Monarch  - 1565-1598 Philip II  - 1896-1898 Alfonso XIII Governor-General  - 1565-1572 Miguel López de Legazpi  - 1898 Diego de los R... The Manila Galleons were Spanish galleons that sailed once or twice per year across the Pacific Ocean between Manila in the Philippines and Acapulco in New Spain (now Mexico). ... Sunset at Colonia on Yap The Caroline Islands form a large archipelago of widely scattered islands in the western Pacific Ocean, northeast of New Guinea. ...


The United States took control of the island in the 1898 Spanish-American War. Guam came to serve as a station for American ships traveling to and from the Philippines, while the northern Mariana islands passed to Germany then Japan.[2] During World War II, Guam was attacked, and invaded, by the armed forces of Japan on December 8, 1941. Before the attack, most of the United States citizens were transported from the island and away from imminent danger. The Northern Mariana Islands had become a Japanese protectorate before the war. It was the Chamorros from the Northern Marianas who were brought to Guam to serve as interpreters and in other capacities for the occupying Japanese force. The Guamanian Chamorros were treated as an occupied enemy by the Japanese military. After the war, this would cause some resentment by the Guamanian Chamorros towards the Chamorros in the Northern Marianas. Guam's occupation lasted for approximately thirty-one months. During this period, the indigenous people of Guam were subjected to forced labor, family separation, incarceration, execution, concentration camps and prostitution. Approximately a thousand people died during the occupation according to Congressional Testimony in 2004. The United States returned and fought the Battle of Guam on July 21, 1944, to recapture the island from Japanese military occupation. To this day, Guam remains the only U.S. soil, with a sizeable population (in the thousands), to have ever been occupied by a foreign military power except for the British during the war of 1812. The U.S. also captured and occupied the Northern Marianas. After the war, the Guam Organic Act of 1950, which established Guam as an unincorporated organized territory of the United States, provided for the structure of the island's civilian government, and granted the people United States citizenship.[2] Combatants United States Spain Commanders Henry Glass Juan Marina Strength 1 cruiser 3 transports 54 infantry Casualties None 54 captured The capture of Guam was a bloodless event between the United States and Spain during the Spanish-American War. ... Belligerents United States Republic of Cuba Philippine Republic Kingdom of Spain Commanders Nelson A. Miles William R. Shafter George Dewey Máximo Gómez Emilio Aguinaldo Patricio Montojo Pascual Cervera Arsenio Linares Manuel Macías y Casado Ramón Blanco y Erenas Casualties and losses 385 KIA USA 5,000... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... is the 342nd day of the year (343rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1941 (disambiguation). ... Combatants United States Empire of Japan Commanders Roy S. Geiger Takeshi Takashima â€  Hideyoshi Obata â€  Strength 36,000 18,500 Casualties 3,000 killed, 7,122 wounded 18,000+ killed, 485 POWs Mariana and Palau Islands campaign Saipan – Philippine Sea – Guam – Tinian – Peleliu – Angaur The Guam Campaign The Battle of Guam... is the 202nd day of the year (203rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Guam Organic Act of 1950, ( ) is a United States federal law that redesignated the island of Guam as an unincorporated territory of the United States, established executive, legislative, and judicial branches, and transferred Federal jurisdiction from the United States Navy to the Department of the Interior. ... In the history of the United States, an organized territory is a territory for which the United States Congress has enacted an Organic Act. ...


Geography

Northern part of Guam from space
Northern part of Guam from space
Southern part of Guam from space
Southern part of Guam from space

Guam lies between 13.2°N and 13.7°N and between 144.6°E and 145.0°E, and has an area of 209 square miles (541 km²), making it the 32nd largest island of the United States. It is the southernmost island in the Mariana island chain and is the largest island in Micronesia. This island chain was created by the colliding Pacific and Philippine tectonic plates. The Marianas Trench, a deep subduction zone, lies beside the island chain to the east. Challenger Deep, the deepest surveyed point in the Oceans, is southwest of Guam at 35,797 feet (10,911 m) deep. The highest point in Guam is Mount Lamlam, which is 1,332 feet (406 m). The island of Guam is 30 miles (48 km) long and 4 mi (6 km) to 12 mi (19 km) wide. The island experiences occasional earthquakes due to it being on the western edge of the Pacific Plate and near the Philippine plate. In recent years, earthquakes with epicenters near Guam have had magnitudes ranging from 5.0 to 8.7. Unlike the Anatahan volcano in the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam is not volcanically active.[3] However, due to its proximity to Anatahan, vog does occasionally affect Guam.[4] Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 407 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (434 × 639 pixels, file size: 201 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) from en: Image:North_Guam_from_space. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 407 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (434 × 639 pixels, file size: 201 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) from en: Image:North_Guam_from_space. ... Image File history File links South_Guam_from_space. ... Image File history File links South_Guam_from_space. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... Satellite image of the Big Island of Hawaii, the largest island in the United States. ... Mariana Islands (sometimes called The Marianas; up to the early 20th century sometimes called the Ladrone Islands) are a group of islands made up by the summits of 15 volcanic mountains in the Pacific Ocean. ... The Mariana Trench is the deepest known submarine trench, and the deepest location in the Earth itself. ... Categories: Geology stubs | Plate tectonics ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Ocean (Okeanos, a Greek god of sea and water; Greek ωκεανός) covers almost three quarters (71%) of the surface of the Earth. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... Mount Lamlam is a peak on the island of Guam. ... This article is about the natural seismic phenomenon. ...  The Pacific plate, shown in pale yellow The Pacific Plate is an oceanic tectonic plate beneath the Pacific Ocean. ... Anatahan is one of the most active volcanoes of the Northern Mariana Islands. ... Cleveland Volcano in the Aleutian Islands of Alaska photographed from the International Space Station For other uses, see Volcano (disambiguation). ... Vog is volcanic smog formed when sulfur dioxide and other pollutants emitted by an erupting volcano mixes with oxygen and moisture in the presence of sunlight. ...


The northern part of the island is a forested coralline limestone plateau while the south contains volcanic peaks covered in forest and grassland. A coral reef surrounds most of the island, except in areas where bays exist that provide access to small rivers and streams that run down from the hills into the Pacific Ocean and Philippine Sea.[5] The island's population is most dense in the northern and central regions.[2]


Climate

The climate is characterized as tropical marine. The weather is generally hot and very humid with little seasonal temperature variation. The mean high temperature is 86 °F (30 °C) and mean low is 76 °F (24 °C) with an average annual rainfall of 96 inches (2,180 mm). The dry season runs from December through June. The remaining months constitute the rainy season. The months of January and February are considered the coolest months of the year with night time temperatures in the mid to low 70's and generally lower humidity levels. The highest risk of typhoons is during October and November. They can occur, however, year-around. For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Celsius (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... An inch (plural: inches; symbol or abbreviation: in or, sometimes, ″ - a double prime) is the name of a unit of length in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter), symbol mm is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ...


An average of three tropical storms and one typhoon pass within 180 nautical miles (330 km) of Guam each year. The most intense typhoon to pass over Guam recently was Super Typhoon Pongsona, with sustained winds of 125 miles per hour, which slammed Guam on December 8, 2002, leaving massive destruction. Since Super Typhoon Pamela in 1976 wooden structures have been largely replaced by concrete structures.[6][7] During the 1980s wooden utility poles began to be replaced by typhoon-resistant concrete and steel poles. After the local Government enforced stricter construction codes, many home and business owners built their structures out of reinforced concrete with installed typhoon shutters. Super Typhoon Pongsona of December 2002 was one of the strongest typhoons ever to strike Guam, it was comparable to Super Typhoon Paka of 1997 and surpassed only by Super Typhoon Karen in 1962 and the Typhoon of 1900. ... is the 342nd day of the year (343rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... The 1976 Pacific typhoon season has no official bounds; it ran year-round in 1976, but most tropical cyclones tend to form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean between June and December. ... Hurricane shutters are used in hurricane mitigation to protect houses and other structures from damage caused by storms. ...


Demographics

According to the U.S. census conducted in 2000, the population of Guam was 154,805.[8] The 2007 population estimate for Guam is 173,456.[5] As of 2005, the annual population growth is 1.76%.[9] The largest ethnic group are the native Chamorros, accounting for 57% of the total population. Other significant ethnic groups include those of Filipino (25.5%), white (10%), Chinese, Japanese and Korean ancestry. Roman Catholicism is the predominant religion, with 85% of the population claiming an affiliation with it. The official languages of the island are English and Chamorro. Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Depiction of latte stone colonnades on the island of Tinian. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Chamorro (Chamoru in Chamorro) is the native language of the Chamorro or Chamoru of the Northern Mariana Islands and Guam. ...


Culture

Traditional Chamorro culture is visually manifested in dance, sea navigation, unique cuisine, fishing, games (such as batu, chonka, estuleks, and bayogu), songs and fashion influenced by the immigration of peoples from other lands. Spanish policy during colonial rule (1668-1898) was one of conquest and conversion to Roman Catholicism. This led to the gradual elimination of Guam's male warriors and displacement of the Chamorro people from their lands. In spite of the social upheavals, Guam's matriarchs — known as "I Maga'håga" — continued the indigenous culture, language, and traditions. The Chamorro people or Chamoru people are the indigenous people of the Mariana Islands, which include the American territory of Guam and the United States Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands in Micronesia. ... For other uses, see Dance (disambiguation). ... This article is about determination of position and direction on or above the surface of the earth. ... Cuisine (from French cuisine, cooking; culinary art; kitchen; ultimately from Latin coquere, to cook) is a specific set of cooking traditions and practices, often associated with a specific culture. ... For other uses, see Game (disambiguation). ... This page is about musical songs. ... Such styles may change quickly, and fashion in the more colloquial sense refers to the latest version of these styles. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... The Matriarchs, known as the Ima-[h]ot (literally mothers) in Hebrew, are four important women mentioned in the Book of Genesis of the Hebrew Bible. ...


Historian Lawrence Cunningham in 1992 wrote, "In a Chamorro sense, the land and its produce belong to everyone. Inafa'maolek, or interdependence, is the key, or central value, in Chamorro culture … Inafa'maolek depends on a spirit of cooperation. This is the armature, or core, that everything in Chamorro culture revolves around. It is a powerful concern for mutuality rather than individualism and private property rights." Inafamaolek is a charitable organisation which works on the island of Guam. ... Individualism is a term used to describe a moral, political, or social outlook that stresses human independence and the importance of individual self-reliance and liberty. ...


The core culture or Pengngan Chamorro is comprised of complex social protocol centered upon respect: From the kissing of the hands of the elders (inspired by the kissing of a Roman Catholic bishop's ring by those whom he oversees), passing of legends, chants, and courtship rituals, to a person requesting forgiveness from spiritual ancestors when entering a jungle or ancient battle grounds. Other practices predating Spanish conquest include galaide' canoe-making, making of the belembaotuyan (a string musical instrument made from a gourd), fashioning of åcho' atupat slings and slingstones, tool manufacture, Måtan Guma' burial rituals and preparation of herbal medicines by Suruhanu. Suitor redirects here. ... Outrigger canoe at El Nido, Philippines The outrigger canoe (Tagalog: bangka; Maori: waka; Hawaiian: waa) is a type of canoe featuring one or more lateral support floats known as outriggers, which are fastened to one or both sides of the main hull. ... This article is about the instrument. ... For the chemical substances known as medicines, see medication. ...


Master craftsmen and women specialize in weavings, including plaited work (niyok- and åkgak-leaf baskets, mats, bags, hats, and food containments), loom-woven material (kalachucha-hibiscus and banana fiber skirts, belts and burial shrouds), and body ornamentation (bead and shell necklaces, bracelets, earrings, belts and combs made from tortoise shells). For other uses, see Coconut (disambiguation). ... Species See text Pandanus is a large genus of between 600-700 species of tree- or shrub-like flowering plants in the family Pandanaceae. ... For other uses, see Loom (disambiguation). ... “Frangipani” redirects here. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Tortoise (disambiguation). ...


Today only few masters exist to continue traditional art forms. The cosmopolitan nature of Guam poses challenges for Chamorros struggling to preserve their culture and identity amidst forces of acculturation. The increasing numbers of Chamorros, especially Chamorro youth, relocating to the U.S. Mainland has further complicated both definition and preservation of Chamorro identity.[citation needed]


Government and politics

War in the Pacific National Historical Park, Asan, Guam.
War in the Pacific National Historical Park, Asan, Guam.
Main article: Politics of Guam
See also: List of Guam Governors

Guam is governed by a popularly elected governor and a unicameral 15-member legislature, whose members are known as "senators". Guam elects one non-voting delegate, currently Madeleine Z. Bordallo, to the United States House of Representatives. Citizens in Guam vote in a straw poll for their choice in the U.S. Presidential general election, but since Guam has no votes in the Electoral College, the poll has no real effect. However, in sending delegates to the Republican and Democratic national conventions, Guam does have influence in the national presidential race, though these convention delegates are elected by local party conventions rather than voters in primaries.[2] Image File history File links Wapa_new_parknet_photos. ... Image File history File links Wapa_new_parknet_photos. ... Statistics Location map Asan is a city in South Chungcheong Province, South Korea. ... Politics of Guam takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democratic system, whereby the Governor is head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ... List of Guam Governors Since after World War II 1946 - 1949 Charles Alan Pownall 1949 - 1953 Carlton S. Skinner 1953 - 1956 Ford Quint Elvidge 1956 - 1956 William T. Corbett 1956 - 1959 Richard Barrett Lowe 1959 - 1960 Marcellus G. Boss 1960 - 1961 Joseph F. Flores 1961 - 1962 William Patlov Daniel 1962... For other uses, see Governor (disambiguation). ... Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ... A Legislature is a type of representative deliberative assembly with the power to create, amend and ratify laws. ... Madeleine Bordallo (born May 31, 1933) is the Delegate from Guam to the United States House of Representatives. ... Type Bicameral Speaker of the House of Representatives House Majority Leader Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Steny Hoyer, (D) since January 4, 2007 House Minority Leader John Boehner, (R) since January 4, 2007 Members 435 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party... A straw poll is an informal type of voting where the results of the poll have little or no direct results, other than to gauge opinion. ... Electoral votes by state/federal district, for the elections of 2004 and 2008 The United States Electoral College is a term used to describe the 538 President Electors who meet every 4 years to cast the electoral votes for President and Vice President of the United States; their votes represent...


In the 1980s and early 1990s, there was a significant movement in favor of the territory becoming a commonwealth, which would give it a level of self-government similar to Puerto Rico and the Northern Mariana Islands. However, the federal government rejected the commonwealth version that the government of Guam proposed, due to it having clauses incompatible with the Territorial Clause (Art. IV, Sec. 3, cl. 2) of the United States Constitution. Competing movements with less significant influence exist, which advocate political independence from the United States, statehood, union with the Northern Mariana Islands as a single territory, or union with the current U.S. state of Hawaii. In the terminology of the United States insular areas, a Commonwealth is an organized territory or colony that has established with the Federal Government a more highly developed relationship, which may be embodied in a written mutual agreement. ... The Territorial Clause refers to Article IV, Section 3, paragraph 2 of United States Constitution: The interpretation of this clause gives the United States Congress the final power over every territory of the United States. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ...


Villages and military bases

Aerial photo of Apra Harbor.
Aerial photo of Apra Harbor.
Main article: Villages of Guam

Guam is divided into 19 municipalities commonly called villages: Agana Heights, Agat, Asan‑Maina, Barrigada, Chalan‑Pago‑Ordot, Dededo, Hagåtña, Inarajan, Mangilao, Merizo, Mongmong‑Toto‑Maite, Piti, Santa Rita, Sinajana, Talofofo, Tamuning, Umatac, Yigo, Yona. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 571 pixelsFull resolution (1050 × 750 pixel, file size: 57 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 571 pixelsFull resolution (1050 × 750 pixel, file size: 57 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Aerial view of Apra Harbor Apra Harbor is a deep-water port on the western side of Guam in the Mariana Islands. ... The territory of Guam is divided into 19 municipalities more commonly called villages. ... Masouleh village, Gilan Province, Iran. ... Agana Heights is one of the 19 Villages of Guam. ... Municipality of Agat Agat is a village on the island of Guam, an unincorporated territory of the United States. ... Asan is a village located on the western shore of the U.S. territory of Guam. ... Barrigada is a municipality (or village) in central Guam. ... Chalan Pago-Ordot is a municipality in the American island of Guam containing the villages of Chalan-Pago and Ordot. ... Dededo is the most populous village of the American island of Guam. ... HagÃ¥tña (formerly Agana and in Spanish Agaña), the capital of the American island of Guam. ... Inarajan is a village located on the Southeastern coast of the American island of Guam. ... Mangilao is a village of central Guam located on the eastern shore. ... Merizo, also known as Malesso, is the southernmost village of Guam, a U.S. territory. ... Mongmong-Toto-Maite is a municipality in Guam. ... Piti is a village located on the western shore of Guam. ... Santa Rita is a village located on the West Coast of Guam with hills overlooking Apra Harbor. ... Sinajana is one of the 19 Villages of Guam. ... Talofofo is a village located in the southern part of the American island of Guam on the east coast. ... Tamuning or Tanuning is a city in Guam. ... Umatac is a village on the south-western coast of the island of Guam. ... Yigo (pronounced dzi-go) is the northern most village of the American Island of Guam and is the site of Andersen Air Force Base. ... Yona (pronounced , not ) is a village on the east coast of Guam. ...


The U.S. military maintains jurisdiction over its bases, which cover approximately 39,000 acres, or 29% of the island's total land area:

The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ... A B-1B at Andersen This B-2 Spirit was photographed in 2004 at Andersen Andersen Air Force Base is a base of the United States Air Force on the island of Guam in the Pacific Ocean. ... Seal of the Air Force. ... Yigo is the northern most village of the American Island of Guam. ... Aerial view of Apra Harbor Apra Harbor is a deep-water port on the western side of Guam in the Mariana Islands. ... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ... Barrigada is a village in Guam. ...

Economy

Guam's economy depends primarily on tourism, Department of Defense installations, and locally owned businesses. Although Guam receives no foreign aid, it does receive large transfer payments from the general revenues of the U.S. federal treasury into which Guam pays no income or excise taxes; under the provisions of a special law of Congress, the Guam treasury, rather than the U.S. treasury, receives federal income taxes paid by local taxpayers to include military and civilian federal employees assigned to Guam. The U.S. Treasury building today. ... Type Bicameral Houses Senate House of Representatives President of the Senate President pro tempore Dick Cheney, (R) since January 20, 2001 Robert C. Byrd, (D) since January 4, 2007 Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Members 535 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political...


Commonly referred to as "America in Asia," Guam is a popular destination for Japanese tourists, and with over 20 large hotels, a Duty Free Shoppers Galleria, Pleasure Island district, indoor aquarium, Sandcastle Las Vegas-styled shows and other shopping and entertainment features in its chief tourism city of Tumon. It is a relatively short flight from Asia or Australia compared to Hawaii, with hotels and ten golf courses catering to over a million tourists per year. Although 90 percent of tourists are Japanese, Guam receives a respectable number of tourists from South Korea, Philippines, and Taiwan. Significant sources of revenue include duty-free designer shopping outlets, and the American-style malls: Micronesia Mall, Guam Premier Outlets, and the Agana Shopping Center. For further information, see Las Vegas metropolitan area and Las Vegas Strip. ... Tumon is an area located on the west coast of the American Island of Guam. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about a tax measure. ... Micronesia Mall, located in Dededo, is the largest shopping center on the island of Guam. ...


The economy had been stable since 2000 due to increased tourism, mainly from Japan, but took a recent downturn along with most of Asia. It is expected to stabilize well ahead of the U.S. Marine Corps' Third Marine Expeditionary Force, currently in Okinawa (appr. 8000 Marines, along with their 10,000 dependents), transfer to Guam between 2010-2014 but will cause an unprecedented 25% increase in the island's overall population. The programmed buildup by the Department of Defense on Guam is being categorized as the largest military buildup in the history of the United States military. Guam has a 14% unemployment rate, and the government suffered a $314 million shortfall in 2003.[10] This article is about the prefecture. ...


The Compacts of Free Association between the United States, the Federated States of Micronesia, the Republic of the Marshall Islands and the Republic of Palau accorded the former entities of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands a political status of "free association" with the United States. The Compacts give citizens of these island nations generally no restrictions to reside in the United States (also its territories), and many were attracted to Guam due to its proximity, environmental, and cultural familiarity. Over the years, it was claimed by some in Guam that the territory has had to bear the brunt of this agreement in the form of public assistance programs and public education for those from the regions involved, and the federal government should compensate the states and territories affected by this type of migration.[citation needed] Over the years, Congress had appropriated "Compact Impact" aids to Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands and Hawaii, and eventually this appropriation was written into each renewed Compact. Some, however, continue to claim the compensation is not enough or that the distribution of actual compensation received is significantly disproportionate.[citation needed] The Compact of Free Association (COFA) defines the relationship that three sovereign states—the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM), the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) and the Republic of Palau—have entered into as associated states with the United States. ... National motto: ? Official language English? Capital Saipan Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 78 (United States) 1,779 km² Negligible Population  - Total  - Density 132,929 (1980) N/Akm² GDP  - Total  - GDP/head N/A Currency US Dollar Time zone UTC: ? Independence UN trusteeship administered by the US Internet TLD none? Calling code... This article is about the U.S. State. ...


Transportation and communications

Most of the island has state of the art mobile phone services while digital cable and high speed internet are now widely available through either cable or DSL. Guam was added to the North American Numbering Plan (NANP) in 1997 (country code 671 became NANP area code 671), removing the barrier of high cost international long-distance calls to the U.S. Mainland. Telephones - main lines in use: 82,669 (1997) Telephones - mobile cellular: 55,000 (1998) Telephone system: domestic: NA international: satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean); submarine cables to United States and Japan Radio broadcast stations: AM 4, FM 7, shortwave 0 (1998) Radios: 221,000 (1997) Television broadcast stations... Guam has no railways, nor does it have a merchant marine. ... DSL may refer to: Damn Small Linux Dark and Shattered Lands, a MUD based loosely on Forgotten Realms and Dragonlance books. ... This is the area code for Guam. ... The continental United States is a term referring to the United States situated on the North American continent. ...


As Guam is also part of the U.S. Postal System ("state" code: GU, ZIP code range: 96910-96932), mail to Guam from the U.S. mainland is considered domestic and no additional charges are required. Private shipping companies, such as UPS, DHL or FedEx, however, have no obligation to and do not regard Guam as domestic. The speed of mail traveling between Guam and the states varies depending on size. Light, first-class items generally take less than a week to or from the mainland, but larger first-class or Priority items can take a week or two. Fourth-class mail, such as magazines, are transported by surface after reaching Hawaii. Most residents use post office boxes or private mail boxes, although residential delivery is becoming increasingly available. Incoming mail not from the Americas should be addressed to "Guam" instead of "USA" to avoid being routed the long way through the U.S. mainland and possibly charged a higher rate (especially from Asia). A commercial mail receiving agency (CMRA), also known as a mail drop, typically operates as a Private Mail Box Operator. ...


The Commercial Port of Guam is the island's lifeline since just about every product must be shipped into Guam for its consumers. The Port is also the regional transhipment hub for over 500,000 customers throughout the Micronesian region. The Port also is the shipping and receiving point for containers designated for the island's DoD installations, Andersen Air Force Base and Commander, Naval Forces Marianas and eventually the Third Marine Expeditionary Force.


Guam is served by the Antonio B. Won Pat International Airport, which is a regional hub for Continental Micronesia. The island is outside the United States customs zone and maintains its own customs agency and jurisdiction. Therefore, the U.S. Customs and Border Protection only carries immigration (but not customs) functions for incoming flights. Since Guam is under federal immigration jurisdiction, passengers arriving directly from the States skip immigration and directly proceed to customs. However, due to the Guam-only visa waiver program for certain Asian tourists, an eligibility pre-clearance check is carried on Guam for flights to the States. For travel to and from the Northern Mariana Islands (which are outside of U.S. immigration jurisdiction), a full inspection is performed though American citizens do not need a passport. Traveling between Guam and the States through a foreign point (for example, a Japanese airport), however, requires a passport. Antonio B. Won Pat International Airport (IATA: GUM, ICAO: PGUM), also known as Guam International Airport, is an airport located in Tamuning and Barrigada, six miles northeast of the capital city of HagÃ¥tña (formerly Agana) in the U.S. territory of Guam. ... Continental Micronesia is a wholly owned subsidiary airline of Continental Airlines. ... U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), an agency of the United States Department of Homeland Security, is charged with regulating and facilitating international trade, collecting import duties, and enforcing U.S. trade laws. ...


Most residents travel within Guam using personally owned vehicles. The local government currently outsources the only public bus system (Guam Mass Transit Authority), and some commercial companies operated buses between tourist-frequented locations.


Ecological issues

Guam exemplifies the effects of bioinvasion. Lantana invasion of abandoned citrus plantation; Moshav Sdey Hemed, Israel The term invasive species refers to a subset of introduced species or non-indigenous species that are rapidly expanding outside of their native range. ...


The brown tree snake

Brown Tree Snake
Brown Tree Snake

Thought to be a stowaway on a U.S. military transport near the end of World War II, the slightly venomous—but rather harmless—brown tree snake (Boiga irregularis) came to Guam and killed virtually all of the native bird population on an island that has no native species of snake; this snake has no natural predators on the island. Although some studies have suggested a high density of the brown tree snake, residents rarely see these nocturnal snakes. Prodigious climbers, the snakes cause frequent blackouts by shorting across lines and transformers.[11] Brown Tree Snake on Fence Post Guam 2003 by Mark Kempen Rear gate of the Micronesian Mall (Guam) Uploaded by creator. ... Brown Tree Snake on Fence Post Guam 2003 by Mark Kempen Rear gate of the Micronesian Mall (Guam) Uploaded by creator. ... A stowaway (also stoweaway) is a person who travels illegally, by airplane, bus, ship or train. ... Binomial name Boiga irregularis (Merrem, 1802) The brown tree snake (Boiga irregularis) is an arboreal colubrid snake native to eastern and northern coastal Australia, Papua New Guinea, and a large number of islands in northwestern Melanesia. ...


Other invasive animal species

From the seventeenth through nineteenth centuries, the Spanish introduced pigs, dogs, chickens, the Philippine deer (Cervus mariannus), black francolins, and water buffalo. Water buffalo, known as carabao locally, have cultural significance. Herds of these animals obstruct military base operations and harm native ecosystems. After birth control and adoption efforts were ineffective, the U.S. military began euthanizing the herds leading to organized protests from island residents.[12] Image File history File links Marine_toad_Bufo_marinus_USGS_Photograph. ... Image File history File links Marine_toad_Bufo_marinus_USGS_Photograph. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) Distribution of the Cane Toad. ... Binomial name Francolinus francolinus (Linnaeus, 1766) The Black Francolin, Francolinus francolinus, is a gamebird in the pheasant family Phasianidae of the order Galliformes, gallinaceous birds. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) The domestic buffalo or domestic Asian water buffalo is abundant in Asia, and South America. ... Binomial name Bubalus bubalis (Linnaeus, 1758) Trinomial name Bubalus bubalis carabanesis The carabao (Filipino: kalabaw; Malay: kerbau) or is a domesticated subspecies of the water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) found in the Philippines, Guam, and various parts of Southeast Asia. ...


Other introduced species include cane toads imported in 1937, the giant African Snail (an agricultural pest introduced during WWII by Japanese occupation troops) and more recently frog species which could threaten crops in addition to providing additional food for the brown tree snake population. Reports of loud chirping frogs, known as coquí, that may have arrived from Hawaii have led to fears that the noise could even threaten Guam's tourism.[13] Binomial name Bufo marinus Linnaeus, 1758 Distribution of the Cane Toad. ... Binomial name Eleutherodactylus coqui Thomas, 1966 The Common Coquí or Coquí (Eleutherodactylus coqui) is a frog native to Puerto Rico belonging to the Eleutherodactylus genus of the Leptodactylidae family. ...


Introduced feral pigs and deer, over-hunting, and habitat loss from human development are also major factors in the decline and loss of Guam's native plants and animals.


Threats to indigenous plants

Invading animal species are not the only threat to Guam's native flora. Tinangaja, a virus affecting coconut palms, was first observed on the island in 1917 when copra production was still a major part of Guam's economy. Though coconut plantations no longer exist on the island, the dead and infected trees that have resulted from the epidemic are seen throughout the forests of Guam.[14] Also during the past century, the dense forests of northern Guam have been largely replaced by thick tangan tangan brush (Leucaena-native to the Americas). Much of Guam's foliage was lost during World War II. In 1947, the U.S. military introduced tangan tangan by seeding the island from the air to prevent erosion. In southern Guam, non-native grass species also dominate much of the landscape. Plant viruses are viruses affecting plants. ... Copra drying in the sun Copra is the dried meat, or kernel, of the coconut. ... Species See text. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... For morphological image processing operations, see Erosion (morphology). ...


Wildfires

Guam's grassland.
Guam's grassland.

Wildfires plague the forested ("boonie" or "jungle") areas of Guam every dry season despite the island's humid climate. Most fires are man-caused with 80 percent resulting from arson.[15] Poachers often start fires to attract deer to the new growth. Invasive grass species that rely on fire as part of their natural life cycle grow in many regularly burned areas. Grasslands and "barrens" have replaced previously forested areas leading to greater soil erosion. During the rainy season sediment is carried by the heavy rains into the Fena Lake Reservoir and Ugum River leading to water quality problems for southern Guam. Eroded silt also destroys the marine life in reefs around the island. Soil stabilization efforts by volunteers and forestry workers to plant trees have had little success in preserving natural habitats.[16] Image File history File links Guam_Grassland. ... Image File history File links Guam_Grassland. ... For other uses, see Wildfire (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Skyline Parkway Motel in Afton, Virginia after an arson fire on July 9, 2004. ... For other uses, see Poaching (disambiguation). ... The Konza tallgrass prairie in the Flint Hills of northeastern Kansas. ... For morphological image processing operations, see Erosion (morphology). ... The wet season is a term commonly used when describing the weather in the tropics. ... Fena Lake is the largest lake on the island of Guam. ...


Aquatic preserves

As a vacation spot for scuba divers, efforts have been made to protect Guam's coral reef habitats from pollution, eroded silt, and overfishing that have led to decreased fish populations. In recent years the Department of Agriculture, Division of Aquatic and Wildlife Resources has established several new marine preserves where fish populations are monitored by biologists.[17] Prior to adopting USEPA standards, portions of Tumon bay were dredged by the hotel chains in order to provide a better experience for hotel guests.[18][19] Tumon Bay has since been made into a preserve. A federal Guam National Wildlife Refuge in northern Guam protects the decimated sea turtle population in addition to a small colony of Mariana fruit bats.[20] Early ideas of autonomous under-water systems appear in Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea Scuba Diving is the use of independent breathing equipment to stay underwater for long periods for recreational diving and professional diving. ... Air pollution Pollution is the introduction of pollutants (whether chemical substances, or energy such as noise, heat, or light) into the environment to such a point that its effects become harmful to human health, other living organisms, or the environment. ... For other uses, see Silt (disambiguation). ... The Traffic Light colour convention, showing the concept of Harvest Control Rule (HCR), specifying when a rebuilding plan is mandatory in terms of precautionary and limit reference points for spawning biomass and fishing mortality rate. ... “EPA” redirects here. ... Genera Family Cheloniidae (Oppel, 1811) Caretta Chelonia Eretmochelys Lepidochelys Natator Family Dermochelyidae Dermochelys Family Protostegidae (extinct) Family Toxochelyidae (extinct) Family Thalassemyidae (extinct) Sea turtles (Superfamily Chelonioidea) are turtles found in all the worlds oceans except the Arctic Ocean . ... Species Pteropus gilliardorum Pteropus keyensis Pteropus griseus Pteropus howensis Pteropus hypomelanus Pteropus cognatus Pteropus intermedius Pteropus faunulus Pteropus leucopterus Pteropus livingstonii Pteropus lombocensis Pteropus loochoensis Pteropus lylei Pteropus macrotis Pteropus insularis Pteropus fundatus Pteropus alecto Pteropus dasymallus Pteropus mahaganus Pteropus temminckii Pteropus chrysoproctus Pteropus capistratus Pteropus aldabrensis Pteropus caniceps Pteropus...

Reef fish of Guam

Education

Primary and secondary schools

See also: List of schools in Guam
The University of Guam campus
The University of Guam campus

The Guam Public School System [1] serves the entire island of Guam. In 2000, 32,000 students attended Guam's public schools. Guam Public Schools have struggled with problems such as high dropout rates and poor test scores.[21][22] Guam's educational system has always faced unique challenges as a small community located 6,000 miles (9,700 km) from the U.S. mainland with a very diverse student body including many students who come from backgrounds without traditional American education.[23] An economic downturn in Guam since the mid 1990s has compounded the problems in schools.[24] In 1998, the U.S. Department of Defense opened schools for children of American military personnel. DoDEA schools, which also serve children of some federal civilian employees, had an attendance of 2,500 in 2000. The four schools operated by DoDEA are Andersen Elementary School, Andersen Middle School, McCool Elementary/Middle School, and Guam High School.[25] The following is a list of schools offering courses in Guam. ... Image File history File links UOG_Campus. ... Image File history File links UOG_Campus. ... Guam Public School System (Chamorro: Sisteman Eskuelan Pupblekon GuÃ¥han), formerly the Guam Department of Education, is a school district that serves the entire island of Guam, a United States insular area. ... The United States Department of Defense, abbreviated DoD or DOD and sometimes called the Defense Department, is a civilian Cabinet organization of the United States government. ... The Department of Defense Education Activity (DoDEA) is a civilian agency of the U.S. Department of Defense. ... Andersen Middle School, on Andersen Air Force Base in Guam, caters to a population of 6th to 8th graders from military families. ...


Colleges and universities

The University of Guam, Guam Community College, and Pacific Islands Bible College offer courses in higher education.[26] The University of Guam, located in Mangilao is a land-grant institution accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges. ... Guam Community College is a two-year college located in Mangilao, Guam. ... Pacific Islands Bible College is a is a four-year college accredited by the Transnational Association of Christian Colleges and Schools (TRACS). ...


See also

The following are lists of full-power, FCC-licensed radio stations in the unincorporated territories of the United States which can be sorted by their call signs, frequencies, cities of license, owners, and programming formats. ... Council patch of the extinct Chamorro Council Scouting in Guam is presently in a state of development and growth. ... The Guam Police Department is the law enforcement agency for Guam, which has jurisdiction anywhere in the territory. ... The history of Guam involves phases including the early arrival of people known today as the ancient Chamorros, the development of pre-contact society, Spanish colonization, and the present American rule of the island. ...

References

  1. ^ "USDOI Office of Insular Affairs" U.S. Territories, Retrieved November 4, 2007.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Rogers, Robert F. (1995). Destiny’s Landfall: A History of Guam. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. ISBN-13: 978-0824816780. 
  3. ^ "Geography of Guam," Official site of Guam, November 8, 2007Retrieved November 8, 2007.
  4. ^ "Home page of the Anahatan volcano," USGS-CNMI, November 8, 2007Retrieved November 8, 2007.
  5. ^ a b "Guam," CIA World Factbook, April 17, 2007, Retrieved April 19, 2007.
  6. ^ Guam Catastrophe Model. Risk Management Solutions. Retrieved on 2007-06-16.
  7. ^ Winds. PacificWorlds.com. Retrieved on 2007-06-16.
  8. ^ . "Guam Summary File," American FactFinder, Census 2000 Guam, Retrieved April 19, 2007.
  9. ^ MIPT Terrorism Knowledge Base: Guam (2007-05-17). Retrieved on 2007-07-19.
  10. ^ 2004 Guam Yearbook (PDF). Retrieved on 2007-07-19.
  11. ^ Fritts, T.H.; D. Leasman-Tanner (2001). USGS: The Brown Tree Snake on Guam. Retrieved on 2007-07-28.
  12. ^ More Than 100 Protest Guam Carabao Cull. AnimalRights.net (2003-10-15). Retrieved on 2007-06-15.
  13. ^ Worth, Katie (2004-02-28). Two Male Coqui Frogs Found in Guam. Retrieved on 2007-07-19.
  14. ^ Hodgson, R. A. J.; Wall, G. C. & Randles, J. W. (1998), "Specific Identification of Coconut Tinangaja Viroid for Differential Field Diagnosis of Viroids in Coconut Palm", Phytopathology 88 (8): 774-781, <http://www.apsnet.org/phyto/PDFS/1998/0527-01R.pdf>. Retrieved on 16 June 2007 
  15. ^ Territory of Guam Fire Assessment January 2004, Pgs. 6-7
  16. ^ National Park Service. Fire and Guam. United States Department of the Interior. Retrieved on 2007-06-16.
  17. ^ Brown, Valerie. Guam’s Marine Preserves. Pacific Daily News. Retrieved on 2007-06-16.
  18. ^ Management of Contaminated Harbor Sediments in Guam. EPA Guam Report.
  19. ^ Packbier, Paul E.R.. Tumon Bay - Engineering a Better Environment. Directions Magazine; June/July 1996.
  20. ^ Holmes III, Rolston (2001). "Environmental Ethics in Micronesia, Past and Present, Part II — Guam Today: Still "on the Edge." Colonial Legacy and American Presence". International Society for Environmental Ethics Newsletter 12 (3). Retrieved on 2007-06-16. 
  21. ^ Merrow Report: First to Worst. Retrieved on 2007-11-08.
  22. ^ State Comparisons (1996). Retrieved on 2007-11-08.
  23. ^ Grace, Ted; Teresita Salos (July 1966). "Guam's Education Marches On". Peabody Journal of Education 44 (1): 37-39. 
  24. ^ "AN ACT TO ESTABLISH A GUAM PARENTAL SCHOOL CHOICE PROGRAM" AN ACT TO ESTABLISH A GUAM PARENTAL SCHOOL CHOICE PROGRAM (1999). Retrieved on 2007-11-08.
  25. ^ DODEA. Retrieved on 2006-05-10.
  26. ^ Politics Trumps Performance in Guam School System. Pacific Islands Report (2006-06-15). Retrieved on 2007-06-16.

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External links

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Government

News

  • Marianas Variety "Guam's only true independent news source"
  • Pacific Daily News, A Gannett Newspaper
  • KUAM, Guam's Primary News Channel
  • "Pacific News Center - News You Can Trust

Overviews

  • allthingsguam A Guam History resource--virtual textbook, virtual workbook and more
  • Guampedia from the Guam Humanities Council and the University of Guam
  • Open Directory Project - Guam directory category
  • U.S. Library of Congress - Portals to the World: Guam
  • The World Factbook on Guam
  • Guam Connection - Guam directory and internet portal.

Military

  • Commander, Naval Forces Marianas (COMNAVMAR) Guam
  • Andersen Air Force Base (AAFB) Guam
  • War in the Pacific - Liberation of Guam
  • Congressional Testimony - Guam War Claims

Tourism

  • Wikitravel's Guide to Guam
  • Guam Visitors Bureau
  • Guam Portal

Others

  • Guam Chamber of Commerce
  • Maps - Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection

Coordinates: 13°27′N, 144°47′E Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... This article is about the U.S. State. ... For other uses, see Alaska (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English Demonym Coloradan Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th in the US  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) none (de facto English) Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport[2] Largest metro area Hartford Metro Area[3] Area  Ranked 48th in the US  - Total 5,543[4] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Delaware. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... For other uses, see Idaho (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (140,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... For other uses, see Indiana (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  Ranked 37th  - Total 40,444 sq mi (104,749 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Official language(s) None (English and French de facto) Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 39th  - Total 33,414 sq mi (86,542 km²)  - Width 210 miles (338 km)  - Length 320 miles (515 km)  - % water 13. ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Largest metro area Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 101 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37° 53′ N to 39° 43′ N... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Largest metro area Minneapolis-St. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... For other uses, see Nebraska (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. State of Nevada. ... For other uses, see New Hampshire (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) None Spoken language(s) English 68. ... This article is about the state. ... Official language(s) English Demonym North Carolinian Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Largest metro area Charlotte metro area Area  Ranked 28th in the US  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (340 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (900 km)  - % water 9. ... Official language(s) English Demonym North Dakotan Capital Bismarck Largest city Fargo Area  Ranked 19th in the US  - Total 70,762 sq mi (183,272 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 340 miles (545 km)  - % water 2. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... For other uses, see Oklahoma (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Official language(s) English Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Columbia Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32° 2′ N to 35° 13′ N  - Longitude 78° 32′ W to 83... Official language(s) English Demonym South Dakotan Capital Pierre Largest city Sioux Falls Area  Ranked 17th in the US  - Total 77,116[1] sq mi (199,905 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 380 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... This article is about the U.S. state of Tennessee. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) none (de facto English) Demonym West Virginian Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Largest metro area Charleston metro area Area  Ranked 41st in the US  - Total 24,230 sq mi (62,755 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 240 miles (385 km)  - % water 0. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English Capital Cheyenne Largest city Cheyenne Area  Ranked 10th  - Total 97,818 sq mi (253,348 km²)  - Width 280 miles (450 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 0. ... Federal districts are subdivisions of a federal system of government. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... An insular area is United States territory that is neither a part of one of the fifty states nor a part of the District of Columbia, the nations federal district. ... Motto Samoa, Muamua Le Atua(Samoan) Samoa, Let God Be First Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner, Amerika Samoa Capital Pago Pago; Fagatogo (seat of government) Official languages English, Samoan Government  -  Governor Togiola Tulafono United States unincorporated territory  -  Treaty of Berlin 1899   -  Deed of Cession of Tutuila 1900   -  Deed of Cession... Anthem: Gi Talo Gi Halom Tasi(Chamorro) Satil Matawal Pacifiko(Carolinian) Capital Saipan Official languages English, Chamorro, Carolinian Government Presidential representative democracy  -  Governor Benigno R. Fitial  -  Lt. ... For the board game, see Puerto Rico (board game). ... Motto United in Pride and Hope Anthem Virgin Islands March Capital (and largest city) Charlotte Amalie Official languages English Government  -  Head of State George W. Bush  -  Governor John de Jongh Organized, unincorporated territory  -  Revised Organic Act 22 July 1954  Area  -  Total 346. ... The flag of the United States is used for all of the United States Minor Outlying Islands The United States Minor Outlying Islands, a statistical designation defined by ISO 3166-1, consists of nine insular United States possessions: All of these islands are in the Pacific Ocean except Navassa Island... Bajo Nuevo Bank, also called the Petrel Islands, is located in the western United States and Jamaica. ... Baker Island is an uninhabited atoll located just north of the equator in the central Pacific Ocean at 0°13′N 176°31′W, about 3,100 km (1,675 nautical miles) southwest of Honolulu. ... Howland Island Howland Island is an uninhabited atoll located just north of the equator in the central Pacific Ocean at 0°48′N 176°38′W, about 3,100 km (1,675 nautical miles) southwest of Honolulu. ... Jarvis Island (formerly also known as Bunker Island[1]) is an uninhabited 4. ... Johnston Atoll is a 130 km² atoll in the North Pacific Ocean at 16°45′N 169°30′W, about one-third of the way from Hawaii to the Marshall Islands. ... The flag of the US is used for Kingman Reef Kingman Reef Kingman Reef—NASA NLT Landsat 7 (Visible Color) Satellite Image Kingman Reef is a one-square-kilometer tropical coral reef located in the North Pacific Ocean, roughly half way between Hawaiian Islands and American Samoa at 6°24... Orthographic projection centred over Midway. ... Navassa Island map from The World Factbook Navassa Island - NASA NLT Landsat 7 (Visible Color) Satellite Image Navassa Island (La Navase in French, Lanavaz in Haitian Kreyòl) is a small, uninhabited island in the Caribbean Sea. ... Palmyra Atoll - Landsat Image N-03-05_2000 (1:50,000) Palmyra Atoll - Marplot Map (1:50,000) Orthographic projection over Palmyra Atoll Palmyra Atoll, is an incorporated atoll administered by the United States government. ... Serranilla Bank is a western Caribbean island located about 210 miles north-northeast of Nicaragua. ... USGS Landsat 7 ETM+ satellite image of Wake Island. ... This is an alphabetical list of Oceanian countries and dependencies. ... For other uses, see Oceania (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1096x744, 47 KB)Australasia ecozone re-drawn from French wiki by MPF Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Australasia Australasia is a term variably used to describe a region of Oceania: Australia, New Zealand, and neighbouring islands in the Pacific Ocean. ... Copyright 2004 Affordable Solutions Pty Ltd Aust. ... map of Melanesia Melanesia (from Greek: μέλας black, νῆσος island) is a subregion of Oceania extending from the western side of the West Pacific to the Arafura Sea, north and northeast of Australia. ... Maluku redirects here. ... Image File history File links Micronesia. ... Image File history File links Polynesia. ... Carving from the ridgepole of a Māori house, ca 1840 Polynesia (from Greek: πολύς many, νῆσος island) is a large grouping of over 1,000 islands scattered over the central and southern Pacific Ocean. ... Carving from the ridgepole of a Māori house, ca 1840 Polynesia (from Greek: πολύς many, νῆσος island) is a large grouping of over 1,000 islands scattered over the central and southern Pacific Ocean. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... Australasia Australasia is a term variably used to describe a region of Oceania: Australia, New Zealand, and neighbouring islands in the Pacific Ocean. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

The Austronesian languages are a language family widely dispersed throughout the islands of Southeast Asia and the Pacific, with a few members spoken on continental Asia. ... Below is a list of countries that are home to Austronesian languages along with the most notable languages in each country. ... The Formosan languages are a group of Austronesian languages spoken 2% of the population of Taiwan, almost exclusively aboriginals. ... The Malayo-Polynesian languages are a subgroup of the Austronesian languages used by some 351 million speakers. ... Rapa Nui redirects here. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Anthem Patriots of Micronesia Capital Palikir Largest city Weno Official languages English (national), Ulithian, Woleaian, Yapese, Pohnpeian, Kosraean, and Chuukese (at state or local level) Government Constitutional government1  -  President Joseph J. Urusemal Independence from US-administered UN Trusteeship   -  Date 3 November 1986  Area  -  Total 702 km² (188th) 271 sq mi... Old photo of the people of Orchid Island, near Taiwan published in a Japanese colonial government publication, ca. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Politics of Guam - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2475 words)
Guam is an organized, unincorporated territory of the United States with policy relations between Guam and the US under the jurisdiction of the Office of Insular Affairs.
Guam's executive and legislative branches were established in the Organic Act, which in lieu of an adopted constitution serves to provide the framework and powers for the island's executive and legislative branches.
Guam is affilated to the ESCAP (associate), Interpol (subbureau), IOC, and SPC.
Guam - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2945 words)
Guam (Chamorro: Guåhån), officially the U.S. Territory of Guam, is an island in the Western Pacific Ocean and is an organized unincorporated territory of the United States.
Guam is the southernmost island in the Mariana island chain and is the largest island in Micronesia.
Guam, along with the rest of the Mariana and Caroline islands, was treated by Spain as part of their colony in the Philippines.
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