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Encyclopedia > Guadalcanal (Pacific Ocean island)

Guadalcanal, a 2,510 square mile (6,500 km²) island in the Pacific Ocean and a province of the Solomon Islands, is largely a jungle. The island became the scene of the important Battle of Guadalcanal during World War II. The island contains the national capital of the Solomon Islands, Honiara. The Battle of Guadalcanal was one of the most important battles of World War II. The assault on the Japanese-occupied island of Guadalcanal by the Allied navies and 16,000 United States troops on 7 August 1942, was the first offensive by US land forces in the Pacific Campaign. ... World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrination, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons such as the atom bomb. ... Honiara, population 30,413 (1986), is the capital of the Solomon Islands. ...


A Spanish expedition under Álvaro de Mendaña discovered the island in 1568. It was named by Mendaña's subordinate Pedro de Ortega after his home town in Andalusia, Guadalcanal. However, he could not spell the name properly (using variously Guadarcana, Guarcana, and Guadalcana), and it became subsequently known as Guadalcanar. Later it became part of the British Empire, and in 1932 the British changed the spelling to Guadalcanal. Álvaro de Mendaña de Neira or Neyra (1541 - November 1595) was a Spanish navigator. ... Events March 23 - Peace of Longjumeau ends the Second War of Religion in France. ... Guadalcanal is a municipality in the province of Sevilla, Andalusia, Spain. ... The British Empire in 1897, marked in pink, the traditional colour for Imperial British dominions on maps The British Empire was the worlds first global power and the largest empire in human history, a product of the European Age of Discovery that began with the global maritime empires of...


Following the Attack on Pearl Harbor and Singapore, the Japanese forces advanced into the South Pacific, reaching Guadalcanal in May 1942. United States forces chose Guadalcanal for their first major large-scale invasion of a Japanese-held island. Guadalcanal became a major turning-point in the war. The Imperial Japanese Navy made its attack on Pearl Harbor on the morning of December 7, 1941. ... This article is about the year. ...


The Battle of Cape Esperance was fought on October 11, 1942 on the northwest coast of Guadalcanal. In the battle, United States Navy ships intercepted and defeated a Japanese fleet on their way to reinforce troops on the island. US forces reinvaded and, after six months of fighting, managed to halt the Japanese advance, driving Japan's troops into the sea on January 15, 1943. American authorities declared Guadalcanal secure on February 9, 1943. Battle of Cape Esperance Conflict World War II, Pacific War Date October 11, 1942 – October 12, 1942 Place Off Cape Esperance, Guadalcanal Result Allied victory The Battle of Cape Esperance, originally known as the Second Battle of Savo Island, was a naval battle of the Pacific campaign of World War... October 11 is the 284th day of the year (285th in Leap years). ... This article is about the year. ... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ... January 15 is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) is a common year starting on Friday. ... February 9 is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ...


Two U.S. Navy ships have been named for the battle:-

  • USS Guadalcanal (CVE-60), a World War II escort carrier.
  • USS Guadalcanal (LPH-7), an amphibious assault ship.

Interestingly, the crews of both Guadalcanals had the rare experience of capturing another warship. See those ship's pages for more information. The first USS Guadalcanal (CVE-60), an escort aircraft carrier, was converted from a Maritime Commission hull by Kaiser Co. ... The second USS Guadalcanal (LPH-7), an Iwo Jima class amphibious assault ship, was launched by the Philadelphia Naval Shipyard 16 March 1963, sponsored by Mrs. ...


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