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Encyclopedia > Guadalajara, Jalisco
Guadalajara
Official seal of Guadalajara
Seal
Coordinates: 20°40′00.17″N 103°21′01.23″W / 20.6667139, -103.3503417
Country Mexico
State Jalisco
Foundation 1542
Government
 - Mayor Alfonso Petersen Farah ( PAN)
Area
 - City 187.9 km²  (72.5 sq mi)
 - Metro 2,734 km² (1,055.6 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 - City 1,600,940
 - Density 8,761/km² (22,690.9/sq mi)
 - Metro 4,112,332
 - Metro Density 1,498/km² (3,879.8/sq mi)
 - Demonym Tapatio
Time zone Central Standard Time (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) Central Daylight Time (UTC-5)
Website: http://www.Guadalajara.gob.mx

Guadalajara (Spanish pronunciation [ɡwað̞alaˈxaɾa], Mexican pronunciation [wadalaˈhaɾa]) is the capital city of the Mexican state of Jalisco, and the seat of the municipality of Guadalajara. The city is located in the central region of this state and in the western-Pacific area of Mexico. With a population of 1,600,940 it is Mexico's second most populous municipality.[1]. The Metropolitan area of Guadalajara includes other adjacent municipalities and has a population of 4,112,332 inhabitants, making it the second most populous metropolitan area in Mexico as well, this area is also the 23th largest metropolitan area of the Americas and the 3rd metropolitan area of Mexico just behind the Mexico city and Tijuana-San diego metropolitan areas. The municipilaty is also the most densely populated major city in Mexico after the Ciudad Nezahualcóyotl municipality in the State of Mexico.[2] Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 239 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Seal of guadalajara. ... Image File history File links GDL-Location. ... Location within Mexico Country Capital Municipalities 126 Largest City Guadalajara Government  - Governor Emilio González Márquez (PAN)  - Federal Deputies PAN: 18 PRI: 1  - Federal Senators Eva Contreras (PAN) Héctor Pérez (PAN) Ramiro Hernández (PRI) Area Ranked 6th  - State 30,534. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The National Action Party (Spanish: Partido Acción Nacional), known by the acronym PAN, is a conservative and Christian Democratic party and one of the three main political parties in Mexico. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ...  CST or UTC-6 The Central Time Zone observes standard time by subtracting six hours from UTC during standard time (UTC-6) and five hours during daylight saving time (UTC-5). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ...  CST or UTC-6 The Central Time Zone observes standard time by subtracting six hours from UTC during standard time (UTC-6) and five hours during daylight saving time (UTC-5). ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Location within Mexico Country Capital Municipalities 126 Largest City Guadalajara Government  - Governor Emilio González Márquez (PAN)  - Federal Deputies PAN: 18 PRI: 1  - Federal Senators Eva Contreras (PAN) Héctor Pérez (PAN) Ramiro Hernández (PRI) Area Ranked 6th  - State 30,534. ... The Guadalajara Metropolitan Area (Spanish: Área Metropolitana de Guadalajara) is the most populous metropolitan area of the Mexican state of Jalisco and the second largest in the country after Mexico City. ... Aside from the Metropolitan area of Mexico City, megacities in Mexico are usually not well defined. ... Nickname: Motto: Capital en movimiento Location of Mexico City in south central Mexico Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ... “Greater San Diego” redirects here. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Nezahualcóyotl (also: Ciudad Nezahualcóyotl or Ciudad Neza, which is strictly the name of the municipal seat; informally: mi Nezota) is a municipality of the State of México adjacent to the eastern fringe of Mexicos Federal District: it is thus part of the Mexico City Metropolitan Area. ... The United Mexican States. ...


Is situated at an altitude of 1600 meters (5200 feet), favoring it with a mild, springlike climate. Guadalajara is one of the principal centers of culture, economy, history, industry and religion in the country and exerts significant influence on the rest of Mexico. The city is named after the Spanish city of Guadalajara, whose name originates from the Arabic word (وادي الحجرة) wadii al-Hajara, which may mean "river of stones", "valley of stones", or "valley of the fortress".[3] Location Coordinates: Country Spain Autonomous Community Castile-La Mancha Province Guadalajara Tows 5 (Guadalajara, Iriépal, Taracena, Usanos & Valdenoches) Founded 8th century, probably, by moors Government  - Mayor Jesús Alique (PSOE) Area  - Land 236 km² (91. ... “Arabic” redirects here. ...


The city has hosted several international events such as the first Cumbre Iberoamericana in 1991, the Cumbre América Latina, El Caribe-Unión Europea in 2004, the Encuentro Internacional de Promotores y Gestores Culturales in 2005 and will be the city host of the 2011 Panamerican Games, also was named the Cultural capital of the Americas in 2005, Ciudad Educadora (Educator City) in 2006 and the first Smart City in Mexico due to the use of technology as a main factor of development.[4] Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2011 (MMXI) will be a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Pan American Games are a multi-sport event, held every four years between competitors from all nations of the Americas. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In its 2007 survey entitled "Cities of the Future", FDI magazine ranked Guadalajara highest among major Mexican cities, and designated Guadalajara as having the second strongest economic potential of any major North American city behind Chicago. FDI Magazine also ranked the city as the most business-friendly Latin American city in 2007.[5] Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ...

Contents

History

Guadalajara Cathedral
Guadalajara Cathedral

The town of Guadalajara was founded in 1531 by Spanish explorer Cristóbal de Oñate, who was commissioned by the conquistador Nuño de Guzmán. It consisted of 42 inhabitants settled on the Mesa del Cerro, near the border with Nochistlán in the province of Teúl, known today as San Juan. The name Guadalajara was taken from the birthplace of Nuño de Guzmán in Spain. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Cristóbal de Oñate (1504, Spain—October 6, 1567, Pánuco, Zacatecas) was a Spanish explorer, conquistador and colonial official in New Spain. ... A Conquistador (Spanish: []) (English: Conqueror) was a Spanish soldier, explorer and adventurer who took part in the gradual invasion and conquering of much of the Americas and Asia Pacific, bringing them under Spanish colonial rule between the 15th and 19th centuries. ... Nuño Guzmán de Beltrán or Nuño Beltrán de Guzmán (15th century-1550) was a Spanish conquistador and dictator in colonial Mexico. ... Nochistlan is a town in Zacatecas, Mexico. ... San Juan de los Lagos is a city and its surrounding municipality of the same name located in the northeastern part of the state of Jalisco in Mexico. ...


Guzmán and Cristóbal de Oñate decided to relocate to a place with more water, fewer dust storms and better transportation. They began the project on May 19, 1533, and by August 8, 1533 they had moved the town to its second location, near Tonalá. Two years later, in March 1535, they again moved the town to a new location. Impact from a water drop causes an upward rebound jet surrounded by circular capillary waves. ... A sandstorm approaching Al Asad, Iraq, just before nightfall on April 27 2005. ... is the 139th day of the year (140th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 25 - King Henry VIII of England marries Anne Boleyn, his second Queen consort. ... is the 220th day of the year (221st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 25 - King Henry VIII of England marries Anne Boleyn, his second Queen consort. ... Tonalá probably refers to: Tonalá, Jalisco, Mexico, in the Greater Guadalajara conurbation. ...


On November 8, 1539 the emperor Charles V granted a coat of arms and the title of City to Guadalajara. is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events May 30 - In Florida, Hernando de Soto lands at Tampa Bay with 600 soldiers with the goal to find gold. ... For the Carlist claimant King Carlos V, see Infante Carlos, Count of Molina. ... A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ...


After a large attack by natives on September 28, 1541 during the War of the Mixtón, it was decided once more to relocate the city and re-establish it again in the Atemajac Valley. is the 271st day of the year (272nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events The first official translation of the entire Bible in Swedish February 12 - Pedro de Valdivia founds Santiago de Chile. ... After the conquest of Mesoamerica, the Spaniards sent various expeditions to explore La Gran Chichimeca. ...


Today's city of Guadalajara was founded at this site by Crístobal de Oñate on February 14, 1542, by Royal decree of King Charles V. is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events War resumes between Francis I of France and Emperor Charles V. This time Henry VIII of England is allied to the Emperor, while James V of Scotland and Sultan Suleiman I are allied to the French. ... For the Carlist claimant King Carlos V, see Infante Carlos, Count of Molina. ...


During the Colonial era, Guadalajara became the capital of Nueva Galicia and prior to the War of Independence it was the capital of the Intendencia of Guadalajara. map of New Spain in red, with territories claimed but not controlled in orange. ... Nueva Galicia (New Galicia) was a region of New Spain. ... Combatants Mexico Spain Commanders Miguel Hidalgo José María Morelos Vicente Guerrero Spanish colonial authorities Strength  ?  ? Casualties  ?  ? Mexican War of Independence (1810-1821), was an armed conflict between the people of Mexico and Spanish colonial authorities, which started on September 16, 1810. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


20th century

"Colonia Americana" one of the most beautiful neighborhoods in Guadalajara.

The beginning of the 20th century saw the Porfiriato coming to an end as the Mexican revolution unfolded. Guadalajara came through the revolution relatively unscathed. After the Cristero War, peace returned to Guadalajara. For a long period the city bloomed and developed in diverse points. Medium and big companies emerged, and the areas around the residential nucleus began to grow from the colony. New architectural concepts emerged, which decorated the city with styles from 1920 to 1980. The city passed through several structural plans during every government period, where new zones and commercial areas were born, and the creation of transnational companies and the arrival of international industries made the city prosperous. The first commercial centers appeared, which also were among the first being constructed in the country and Latin America. The city began to expand quickly until finding the territorial union with the municipality of Zapopan. Many important developments occurred during this period: Expo Guadalajara, Light Train, commercial centers, hotels, the expansion of streets and avenues, and the birth and development of the road infrastructure, services, tourist and industrial infrastructure. Guadalajara grew quickly until it became the industrial, tourist and commerce headquarter of the country, and the second most important city in Mexico after the national capital (Mexico City). This accelerated development was stopped by the explosions on April 22 of 1992; hundreds of houses, avenues, streets, companies and infrastructure were damaged seriously, leaving losses calculated at a billion dollars, in one of the most tragic events in the history of Guadalajara. This event, combined with the economic crisis of 1994, resulted in the loss of industrial power for Guadalajara; the investigation lasted more than 11 years without finding sufficient evidence to name a guilty party. The investigations are now closed and the events were deemed accidental. These events led Guadalajara to explore new visions development, making the service sector the key to economic reactivation. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Term of office: 29 November 1876 to 30 November 1880 (first term) – 1 December 1884 to 1910 (second term) Preceded by: Sebastián Lerdo de Tejada (1876), Manuel González (1884) Succeeded by: Manuel González (1880), Francisco León de la Barra interim (1911) Date of birth: 15 September... The struggle between church and state in Mexico broke out in armed conflict during the Cristero War (also known as the Cristiada) of 1926 to 1929. ... Nickname: Motto: Capital en movimiento Location of Mexico City in south central Mexico Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ... is the 112th day of the year (113th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Population

Glorieta Minerva and the Fiesta Americana Hotel

The Municipality of Guadalajara has the largest population of any city in the state of Jalisco with 1,600,940 inhabitants, according to the 2005 Census. However, the Guadalajara Metropolitan Area also includes the municipalities of Zapopan, Tlaquepaque, Tonalá, Tlajomulco de Zúñiga, and Ixtlahuacán del Río, which together totaled 3,967,252 inhabitants in 2005. Guadalajara is the second most populous metropolitan area in Mexico after Mexico City. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Guadalajara Metropolitan Area (Spanish: Área Metropolitana de Guadalajara) is the most populous metropolitan area of the Mexican state of Jalisco and the second largest in the country after Mexico City. ... Zapopan is a municipality in the Mexican state Jalisco, and is part of the Guadalajara metropolitan area. ... San Pedro Tlaquepaque, or simply Tlaquepaque, is a municipality in the Mexican state of Jalisco. ... Tonalá probably refers to: Tonalá, Jalisco, Mexico, in the Greater Guadalajara conurbation. ... Ixtlahuacán del Rio is a town in the center of the state of Jalisco, Mexico, a little less than 50 kilometers from Guadalajara. ... For the North American comedy troupe, see The Second City. ... Nickname: Motto: Capital en movimiento Location of Mexico City in south central Mexico Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ...


People from Guadalajara are known by the Mexican Spanish colloquial name tapatío. Guadalajara's ethnic composition is primarily made up of Criollos (people of mainly European Spanish descent), and Mestizos (people of mixed European and Amerindian ancestry). Jalisco, including its capital city Guadalajara, is one of the regions of Mexico where the population is mainly of European descent. The Amerindian population of the city is low, as it is in much of the state. This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... A tapatío is someone from Guadalajara in the state of Jalisco, Mexico, Mexicos 2nd-largest city. ...


Economy

Puerta de hierro building still under construction, and Andares plaza
Puerta de hierro building still under construction, and Andares plaza

The geographical location of the city and its communications infrastructure make it very favorable for commerce with the rest of the country, and the city attracts investors and commerce worldwide. In 1987, the Expo Guadalajara Convention Center was opened. Guadalajara has more than 25,000 lodging rooms. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 352 pixelsFull resolution (845 × 372 pixel, file size: 45 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Puerta de Hierro under construction File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 352 pixelsFull resolution (845 × 372 pixel, file size: 45 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Puerta de Hierro under construction File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Puerta de Hierro Blvd Puerta de Hierro (The Iron Door in English) is one of Guadalajaras wealthiest districts. ...


The Metropolitan Zone of Guadalajara has several shopping malls; the city is the national leader in development and investment in shopping malls. Many shopping centers have been built, such as Plaza Galerias, one of the largest shopping centers in Latin America.

Guadalajara is experiencing fast-growing development, including the construction of new buildings like Torrena that will be among the largest buildings in Latin America.[6] Puerta de Hierro has become one of the most important districts in Guadalajara with concstruction of buildings including Aura Altitude, a project of 42 floors that will be completed in 2008.[7] The construction of Andares, a shopping complex, has begun.[8] More building are on the way in Puerta de Hierro district, like Torre G, Torre Zapopan and Pleyades. Providencia Country has many scheduled apartment projects. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 508 pixelsFull resolution (899 × 571 pixel, file size: 97 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 508 pixelsFull resolution (899 × 571 pixel, file size: 97 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Puerta de Hierro Blvd Puerta de Hierro (The Iron Door in English) is one of Guadalajaras wealthiest districts. ...


In its 2007 survey entitled "Cities of the Future", FDI magazine ranked Guadalajara highest among major Mexican cities, and designated Guadalajara as having the second strongest economic potential of any major North American city behind Chicago. FDI Magazine also ranked the city as the most business-friendly Latin American city in 2007.[9] Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ...


The economy of Guadalajara is based mainly on the trading and transportation of cattle, pigs, sheep, goats, horses, and birds.


Industry

Torre Chapultepec.
Torre Chapultepec.

Secondary activities consist of industrial production of textiles and metalwork. During the 1990s the city's industrial sector experienced a decline, but it has since regained its position as the industrial capital of western Mexico[10][11] [12][13]. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (966x1290, 156 KB) Description: Chapultepec Building, Guadalajara Source: Own Job Date: 5-07-04 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Guadalajara, Jalisco ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (966x1290, 156 KB) Description: Chapultepec Building, Guadalajara Source: Own Job Date: 5-07-04 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Guadalajara, Jalisco ...


The nutrition industry exports most of its products (juice, tinned fruits, sweet products, sauces, canned food and food products in general). Of these products 60% are exported to national destinations while 40% are sent to the United States. In fact, Guadalajaran products are leaders in the Latin market in the United States. In the pharmaceutical industry, Guadalajara and Mexico City together play the most important role in national production. At the moment, Guadalajara is known as the "the Mexican Silicon Valley," due to its electronics industry. The city is the main software producer in the country, and also is a leading producer of electronic and digital components. Such high-technology companies as General Electric, IBM, Intel, Hitachi, Hewlett Packard, Siemens, Flextronics and Solectron have facilities in the city or its suburbs. “GE” redirects here. ... For other uses, see IBM (disambiguation) and Big Blue. ... Intel Corporation (NASDAQ: INTC, SEHK: 4335), founded in 1968 as Integrated Electronics Corporation, is an American multinational corporation that is best known for designing and manufacturing microprocessors and specialized integrated circuits. ... It has been suggested that Hitachi Works be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that HP ProLiant be merged into this article or section. ... “Siemens” redirects here. ... Flextronics International Ltd. ... Solectron headquarters in Milpitas Solectron Corporation (NYSE: SLR), is a global electronics manufacturing company for original equipment manufacturer (OEMs). ...


Beyond technology, the city also has a thriving textile industry that exports products throughout Mexico. The fashion industry is another growing sector; designers, photographers, agencies, coordinators, models, and people associated with this sector are supported by the Chamber of the Industry of Clothing (CAINVE) and the Chamber the Industry of Calzado (CAIC). Other dynamic and important productive sectors are the footwear industry and leather production.


Tourism

Galerias Mall.
Galerias Mall.
Inside Gallerias Mall
Inside Gallerias Mall

The tertiary activities of Guadalajaran are based on tourism: the academic, entertainment, sport and cultural tourism. With an expectation for high growth within the next five years, tourism is now one of the most important sectors in the Guadalajaran economy. It is an important tourist destination center in itself and serves as an axis of an array of nearby tourist destinations (Puerto Vallarta, Manzanillo, Mazatlan). Image File history File links Size of this preview: 799 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (899 × 675 pixel, file size: 120 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Plaza galerias I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 799 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (899 × 675 pixel, file size: 120 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Plaza galerias I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 255 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 255 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ...


Guadalajara is well connected by modern highways to Mexico City, to the Northwest and to the major beach resorts of Manzanillo, Mazatlan and Puerto Vallarta. Guadalajara's airport is the third most active of the country (after Mexico City and Cancún) with direct flights to many Mexican and American cities. It also has a lively and distinctive network of car-free streets. Giant Mexican flag in the Hotel Zone Cancún (pronounced as IPA: ) is a coastal city in Mexicos easternmost state, Quintana Roo, on the Yucatán Peninsula. ...


Commerce

Commerce is another of the most dynamic activities of the city. National product transactions, growth and investment in commercial centers, commercial expositions and fairs, transportation, and communications have all contributed to the growth of commerce in Guadalajara. The geographical location of the city makes it strategic for commerce. Services in the city are of all types: financiers, professionals, communal, social, personal technicians, maintenance, and tourism.


Airport

The city is served by the Don Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla International Airport, also known as Guadalajara International Airport (GDL). It is located 16 kilometers south of downtown Guadalajara on the highway to Chapala. Opened in 1966, the airport is the third busiest in Mexico, after Mexico City International Airport and Cancún International Airport. Guadalajara International Airport (Aeropuerto Internacional de Guadalajara), also known as Don Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla International Airport (IATA: GDL, ICAO: MMGL). ... Don Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla International Airport (IATA airport code GDL) is an airport that serves Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico, located 16km south of the city centre. ... The Mexico City International Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto Internacional de la Ciudad de México or AICM), also called Benito Juárez International Airport (IATA: MEX, ICAO: MMMX) is a commercial airport that serves Mexico City, the capital of Mexico. ... Cancún International Airport (IATA: CUN, ICAO: MMUN) is located in Cancún, Quintana Roo, on the Caribbean coast of Mexicos Yucatán Peninsula. ...


Guadalajara's International Airport is composed of two runways and two terminals. It is a major airport for connections, acting as a hub for Mexicana and Aerolitoral, and as a secondary hub for Aeroméxico. Flights are offered to several destinations within Mexico, the United States, Canada, and South America, with connections to Europe.


Along with Mexico's main carriers, AeroMexico, Mexicana and Aviacsa, the airport is also served by most U.S. airlines, including Alaska Airlines, American Airlines, ATA, Continental, Delta, Frontier and U.S. Airways. Numerous discount airlines also use the airport, flying to Mexican destinations. The newly-launched carriers serving Guadalajara include Avolar, Interjet, Alma de Mexico and Volaris.


Education

Guadalajara's University, Rectory Building.
Guadalajara's University, Rectory Building.

Guadalajara is a very important center of universities and educational centers with national and worldwide prestige, such as Universidad Panamericana, ITESO, Universidad de Guadalajara, Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education and the Universidad Autónoma de Guadalajara (U.A.G.), among others. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x681, 103 KB) I took this photo of the U of G administrative building, located in Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x681, 103 KB) I took this photo of the U of G administrative building, located in Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico. ... The Pan-American University is a private Catholic university in Mexico. ... The Iteso or Teso are the second largest ethnic group in Uganda. ... The University of Guadalajara (UdeG) is a public university based in Guadalajara, Jalisco. ... ITESM Main Building (Rectoría) and mural ITESM is the Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, also known as the Tec de Monterrey, or simply Tec. Originated in Monterrey, Mexico, it has currently over 30 satellite locations throughout the country. ... The Universidad Autónoma de Guadalajara (UAG), located in Guadalajara, Jalisco (the actual main campus is located in Zapopan), was the first private university in Mexico. ...


The Universidad de Guadalajara, the state's public university, has its main campuses and administrative offices here. This University is the second largest in Mexico and ranks among the largest in the world. The University of Guadalajara (UdeG) is a public university based in Guadalajara, Jalisco. ...


Guadalajara is also home to ITESO, a Jesuit university, and has campuses of several private schools such as Universidad del Valle de Mexico (UVM), ITESO, Tec de Monterrey (ITESM), Universidad Panamericana (UP), and Universidad del Valle de Atemajac (UNIVA), as well as the Universidad Autónoma de Guadalajara (UAG), which was founded in 1935 and is the oldest private university in Mexico. In addition, the city hosts one of the most prestigous schools in Mexico: The American School Foundation of Guadalajara (ASFG). ASFG has 1420 students in pre-school through twelfth grade; it is the only US-accredited school in Guadalajara. ASFG has the best (and only) British library in Guadalajara and the second largest collection of books published in English among the private schools in Mexico. The Iteso or Teso are the second largest ethnic group in Uganda. ... ITESM Main Building (Rectoría) and mural ITESM is the Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, also known as the Tec de Monterrey, or simply Tec. Originated in Monterrey, Mexico, it has currently over 30 satellite locations throughout the country. ... The Pan-American University is a private Catholic university in Mexico. ... The Universidad Autónoma de Guadalajara (UAG), located in Guadalajara, Jalisco (the actual main campus is located in Zapopan), was the first private university in Mexico. ... This article belongs in one or more categories. ...


Culture

The Guggenheim Guadalajara museum expected to be finished in 2010.

Its cultural wealth has taken on an important role in the tourist sector; the city hosts many of the main cultural events in the country and is a main destination for people who visit Mexico. Guadalajara hosts an important community of artists and people interested in art and culture. Recognizing culture as a key factor in the development of Guadalajara, the Guggenheim foundation has approved the construction of what will be the sixth Guggenheim museum in the world, which when finished in the early 2010s will be the tallest structure in Latin America. The city will also host the 2011 Pan-American Games. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 696 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (800 × 689 pixel, file size: 126 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Guggenheim Guadalajara expected to be finish by 2010 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 696 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (800 × 689 pixel, file size: 126 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Guggenheim Guadalajara expected to be finish by 2010 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Guggenheim can be a reference to any of a number of members or interests of the Meyer Guggenheim family, including: Meyer Guggenheim, or his descendants: Guggenheim family; The Guggenheim Museums; foundations such as the Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation, John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation (see also Guggenheim Fellowship), and the Harry... Guggenheim can be a reference to any of a number of members or interests of the Meyer Guggenheim family, including: Meyer Guggenheim, or his descendants: Guggenheim family; The Guggenheim Museums; foundations such as the Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation, John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation (see also Guggenheim Fellowship), and the Harry...


Guadalajara has recently released information about the Guggenheim Museum which is currently under construction. This and the majority of the other projects that are currently under construction in Guadalajara are meant to give priority to the cultural wave that is sweeping the city and will transform Guadalajara into the new cultural icon of Latin America for years to come.[14]

Philharmonic orchestra of Jalisco playing at the Degollado Theater of Guadalajara.
Philharmonic orchestra of Jalisco playing at the Degollado Theater of Guadalajara.

The present day cultural movement in Guadalajara is amongst the strongest in Latin America[citation needed], where the whole city participates, as seen in the music festivals and open-air showcasing of art and photography held in Chapultepec Avenue.[15] Guadalajara is the city with the greatest number of contemporary artists in the country; in dance, theater, music, photography, cinema, design, architecture, etc.; it also has pioneers in the experimental arts. The University Center of Art, Architecture and Design (CUAAD) is one of the academic institutions with the most endorsement and international reputation in the arts, being the University of Guadalajara. The federal government represents and supports the cultural movement, but the young people are a very important point in the diffusion, creation, support and consumption of the culture in Guadalajara, becoming a whole lifestyle for "tapatios" young people. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2448x1632, 1339 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Orchestra Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2448x1632, 1339 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Orchestra Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... University Centre of Art, Architecture and Design (Spanish: Centro Universitario de Arte, Arquitectura y Diseño), abbreviated as CUAAD, located in Guadalajara, Mexico, is the division of the University of Guadalajara where higher education related to arts, architecture and design is provided. ... The University of Guadalajara (UdeG) is a public university based in Guadalajara, Jalisco. ...


The city is home to several cultural festivals, like the May Cultural Festival, Fiestas de Octubre, Zapopum!, the Guadalajara Municipal Fair Book, Fair of Mariachi and Charreria, Guadalajara Contemporary Dance festival, CHROMA, Fotoseptiembre, Independient Film Festival and international festivals like the Guadalajara International Film Festival, which has helped Mexican cinema to develop a strong international presence over the past 20 years. The cinema is supported by industralists and institutes in the city who have collaborated in the support of several contemporary films. Also, the Guadalajara International Book Fair (Feria Internacional de Libro or FIL) is celebrated in November and is considered the most important Spanish-language book fair in the world, and the second most important book fair in the world after the Book Fair of Frankfurt Germany. Every year, the fair has a special guest, or a country or a region, who goes to this fair to show its culture. The fair also organizes the children's book fair Papirolas. The Guadalajara International Film Festival is a film festival based in the mexican city of Guadalajara, this festival is considered the most prestigious film festival in Latinamerica and the most important spanish language fim festival in the world, [1] during a week the festival is the premier showcase for new... For other uses, see Frankfurt (disambiguation). ...


The city is also host to several dance and ballet companies, like the Chamber Ballet of Jalisco, Folkloric Ballet of the University of Guadalajara, and University of Guadalajara Contemporary Ballet. After concluding the eight years of ballet instruction, many have emigrated to companies like the National Company of Dance, the Ballet of Chicago or the Ballet of Boston.


Contemporary music has been an important factor within the new cultural movement. Guadalajara has many artists and fans of this music genre. The city has been named "Electronic Capital of Mexico" in honor of its representation in Mexico and the world with its practitioners of electronic music, and for being host of the principal electronic music events.


This city has been the cradle and dwelling of distinguished poets, writers, painters, actors, film directors and representatives of the art, such as: Jose Clemente Orozco, Jesus Reyes Ferrerira, Jose Vizcarra, Doctor Atl (Gerardo Murillo), Roberto Montenegro, Jose Luis Figueroa, Carlos Orozco Romero, Luis Barragán, Jorge González Camarena, Raul Anguiano, Juan Soriano, Alejandro Colunga, Enrique Guzmán and Javier Campos Cabello; important exponents of Literature such as: Juan Rulfo, Francisco Rojas, Agustín Yañez, Emmanuel Carballo, Jorge Souza, among others; classic repertoire composers like Gonzalo Curiel, José Pablo Moncayo, Antonio Navarro, Ricardo Zohn, Carlos Sánchez-Gutiérrez and Gabriel Pareyon; film directors like Felipe Cazals, Jaime Humberto Hermosillo, Guillermo del Toro and actors like Katy Jurado, Enrique Alvarez Felix and actual exponents like Gael García Bernal and Fernanda Guerra Gaspar de Alba. José Clemente Orozco (born November 23, 1883, in Ciudad Guzmán, Jalisco; died September 7, 1949, in Mexico City) was a Mexican social realist painter who specialized in bold murals. ... Plan of Tenochtitlán by Dr. Atl Gerald Murillo (a Mexican painter who signed his work Dr. Atl) was born on October 3, 1875, in Guadalajara, Jalisco. ... Luis Barragán (Guadalajara, March 9, 1902 - Mexico City, November 22, 1988) is considered the most important Mexican architect of the 20th century. ... Juan Soriano (b. ... Juan Rulfo (16 May 1917 [not 1918 as he often told people after 1936, see note below] – 7 January 1986) was a Mexican novelist, short story writer, and photographer. ... Agustín Yáñez (b. ... José Pablo Moncayo (June 29, 1912- June 15, 1958), Mexican composer of nationalistic classical music. ... Gabriel Pareyon (born October 23, 1974, Zapopan, Jalisco) is a Mexican composer and musicologist. ... Felipe Cazals (born July 28, 1937) is a Mexican film director, screenwriter and producer born in Guethary, France, but registered as born in Zapopan, Jalisco, where he live his childhood, before being established with his family in Mexico City. ... Guillermo del Toro Gómez (born October 9, 1964 in Guadalajara, Jalisco) is an Academy Award-nominated Mexican film director. ... Katy Jurado (January 16, 1924 – July 5, 2002) was a Mexican actress. ... Gael García Bernal /IPA: gael gaɾsia beɾnal/ (born November 30, 1978) is a Mexican actor and director. ...


Guadalajara produces the most important cultural magazine in the country. Cultural tourism is one of the most important economic activities.


At the present time, the construction of a Guggenheim museum with a seat in Guadalajara is being constructed. Its construction has attracted attention from around the world; it and other projects have led to the cultural sector being given a high prority. On 28 October 2004, Guadalajara was declared the American Capital of Culture for 2005. Guggenheim can be a reference to any of a number of members or interests of the Meyer Guggenheim family, including: Meyer Guggenheim, or his descendants: Guggenheim family; The Guggenheim Museums; foundations such as the Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation, John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation (see also Guggenheim Fellowship), and the Harry... is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The NGO American Capital of Culture Organization selects one American city annually to serve as the American Capital of Culture for a period of one year. ...


Architecture

Neo-classical Metropolitan cathedral.
Neo-classical Metropolitan cathedral.

The city has a rich variety of architectural styles, ranging from the baroque to the modern. The city's colonial architecture is a product of French and Spanish trends that were current in Europe at the time of Guadalajara's initial settlement. The historic downtown district contains several examples of neoclassical architecture such as the Metropolitan Cathedral, the Degollado theater and surrounding buildings, as well as the large residential houses of the Lafayette district (many of which have since been converted to boutiques or restaurants). During Porfirio Diaz's presidency the French style of architecture invaded the city due to the passion of then president Porfirio Dìaz for the currents of French style. Also, Italian architects were the ones in charge to giving form to the gothic structures that rise in the city. The passage of time has shaped the diversity of the city's architecture, from baroque, to the churrigueresco, neogothic and neoclassic, to the Art Deco and lines of the postmodernistas. Image File history File links Plazadearmas1. ... Image File history File links Plazadearmas1. ... Neo-classical Metropolitan cathedral The Guadalajara Cathedral, or the Catedral Metropolitana (Metropolitan Cathedral) in Guadalajara, Jalisco is a neoclassical structure in the citys historic downtown district. ...

Torre Cube in Puerta de Hierro galardoned by architecture
Torre Cube in Puerta de Hierro galardoned by architecture

Guadalajara is formed by 1,500 colonies (city areas); the first area of the city contains mostly houses of 2 levels, with architectural styles from the churrigueresco, baroque and European concepts of the 19th century. The first area of the city contains the centric zones and their environs, like the district of the Sanctuary, Mezquitan, Analco, San Juan de Dios and the Colony Center (downtwon). Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Puerta de Hierro Blvd Puerta de Hierro (The Iron Door in English) is one of Guadalajaras wealthiest districts. ...


Towards the west of the first area, the larger houses of the 19th century begin to rise; these take into account distinguished personages in the history of the city, neoclassic structures, and the large houses of the Porfiriato. This area includes colonies like Lafayette, American, Modern, and Vallarta Arcs, in which their respective expansions correspond to constructions of the 1920s, 1930s, 1940s and 1950s. A second area features the blossoming of the new architectural tendencies of the 1960s and 1970s, and includes the track of colonies like American, Vallarta the West, Modern, Providence, Vallarta San Jorge, etc. Between the two is an area of postmodernist architecture, the Art Deco, followed by styles reflecting the architectural legacy of one of the world-wide icons of the Mexican architecture, Luis Barragán, who was born and raised in Guadalajara. Luis Barragán (Guadalajara, March 9, 1902 - Mexico City, November 22, 1988) is considered the most important Mexican architect of the 20th century. ...


The city has many prestigious residential developments and private communities; Puerta de hierro, Colinas de San Javier, Bugambilias City, las Cañadas, el Palomar, Santa Anita, Valle Real, Country Club, etc. Limits of the city are formed by middle-class colonies and habitational developments constructed like a part of governmental plans. The west of the city represents the highest economic level, whereas the east shows a low level. The city extends towards the west in colonies like Pine of the Calm, las fuentes, La estancia, colli Urbano, annexing its metropolitan zone to the municipality of Tlajomulco de Zuñiga. It is anticipated that approximately five hundred more colonies in the ZMG will exist in the year 2010. Puerta de Hierro Blvd Puerta de Hierro (The Iron Door in English) is one of Guadalajaras wealthiest districts. ...


Cuisine

Guadalajara has many traditional dishes, such as pozole, tamales, sopes, enchiladas, tacos, "Tortas Ahogadas", Valentina Chicken, and a variety of "Mexican Antojitos". Another common dish is "birria", which is a part of tapatio culture. Guadalajara has a large variety of restaurants, from American restaurant franchises to more traditional Mexican fare. The Vallarta and Colonia Americana neighborhoods are known for their restaurants and nightclubs situated in former mansions from the 1940s. Pozole (from Spanish pozole, from Nahuatl potzolli; variant spellings: posole, posolé, pozolé, pozolli, posol) is a traditional pre-Columbian soup or stew made from dried lime-treated maize kernels (also called maiz blanco or cacahuazintle), with pork (or other meat), chili, and other seasonings and garnish (lettuce, oregano, cilantro, avocado... For the city in Ghana, see Tamale, Ghana A tamale or tamal (from Nahuatl tamalli) is a traditional Mexican foodstuff that begins with corn (maize) flour mixed with water and lard. ... A sope - pronounced soh-peh - is a traditional Mexican dish originating in the city of Guadalajara, Jalisco. ... Enchiladas with mole sauce An enchilada is a traditional Mexican dish. ... The Ars Technica Community Operating System (TACOS) is an imaginary operating system ostensibly created by the members of the popular computer enthusiast web site Ars Technica to represent computing Utopia. ... A spicy meat stew usually made from lamb or goat. ...


Sports

There are three major football clubs. The most important being: Club Deportivo Guadalajara and CF Atlas. Atlas and Guadalajara share the Estadio Jalisco, while Estadio Tres de Marzo in Zapopan is the home of the UAG Tecos. Club Deportivo Guadalajara, also known as Guadalajara and usually referred to by its nickname Chivas (Goats), also referred to as the All Mexican Team is a Mexican sports club. ... Club de Futbol Atlas, also known as Atlas, is a Mexican professional football club. ... Estadio Jalisco is the third largest Mexican football stadium behind Azteca and Olimpico. ... The Estadio 3 de Marzo is a relative small stadium having capacity for near 25,000 seats and is built within the campus of the Universidad Autonoma de Guadalajara, is located in the city of Zapopan near Guadalajara, Jalisco. ... Universidad Autónoma de Guadalajara, usually known as Tecos (short for tecolotes, or owls in English) or UAG, is a Mexican professional football club associated with the Universidad Autónoma de Guadalajara. ...


Another popular sport is Charreada or charreria, which is the typical sport, and is recognized nationwide as the national sport in Mexico. Charrería is the Mexican style of traditional Spanish horsemanship that developed in Mexico under the hacienda system. ...


The people of the city practice tennis, basketball, volleyball, and many other sports and disciplines. The state of Jalisco, where the city is located, is the National Olympic Games champion, winning the national championship 6 consecutive times in all disciplines. The main training center, the CODE complex, is in the city of Guadalajara.


The city also holds the Nationalal championship in basketball, American football and ice hockey. The city was the birth place of one of the best Mexican golf players: Lorena Ochoa. The city will be the host of the 2011 Pan American Games. Personal Information Birth November 15, 1981 ) (age 25) Mexico Height 5 ft 6 in (1. ... The 16th Pan American Games are to take place in 2011. ...


1992 explosion

Guadalajara is also known for the great disaster of April 22, 1992, which took place in the downtown district of Analco. Numerous explosions originated in the sewer system, which was inexplicably saturated with gasoline fumes and gasoline. During a period of four hours, several explosions destroyed kilometers of streets. In particular, Gante Street was severely damaged. The force of the explosion was such that some newspaper pictures showed a bus atop a two-storied building's rooftop. Officially, 206 people were killed, nearly 500 injured and 15,000 were left homeless. The affected area can be recognized by the more modern architecture, in stark contrast with the surrounding area's much older buildings. To date, Pemex, the state-owned oil company, has not accepted any responsibility for the enormous amount of gasoline found in the sewage system, although it has agreed to create a fund to compensate the families affected by this catastrophe. The 1992 explosion in Guadalajara took place on April 22 in the downtown district of Analco. ... is the 112th day of the year (113th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... A Pemex gas station in Puerto Vallarta Petróleos Mexicanos (PEMEX) is Mexicos state-owned, nationalized petroleum company. ... Sewage is the mainly liquid waste containing some solids produced by humans which typically consists of washing water, faeces, urine, laundry waste and other material which goes down drains and toilets from households and industry. ...


Guadalajara is also the site of major seismological activity with a high-scale earthquake occurring about every 80 years.


Notable recent residents

Luis Barragán (Guadalajara, March 9, 1902 - Mexico City, November 22, 1988) is considered the most important Mexican architect of the 20th century. ... Jacqueline Bracamontes Jacqueline Bracamontes, Nuestra Beleza Mexico 2000 (Miss Mexico 2000) was born in 1979 in Guadalajara, Jalisco México. ... Guillermo del Toro Gómez (born October 9, 1964 in Guadalajara, Jalisco) is an Academy Award-nominated Mexican film director. ... Alejandro Fernández (born April 24, 1971) is a popular Mexican singer nicknamed as El Potrillo (The Colt) by the media and his fans. ... Pedro Fernández (born José Martín Cuevas Cabos on September 28, 1969) is a Mexican actor and singer. ... Vicente Fernández (born Vicente Fernández Gómez on February 17, 1940) is a Mexican ranchera singer. ... Guillermo González Camarena (Guadalajara, Jalisco, February 17, 1917 - Puebla, April 18, 1948), was a mexican engineer that invented the color television and founded the first television station in Mexico from his basement. ... José Andrés Guardado Hernández (born 28 September 1986 in Guadalajara) is a Mexican international footballer who plays as a Left Winger. ... Francisco Guillermo Ochoa Magaña (born July 13, 1985 in Guadalajara, Jalisco) is a Mexican international football goalkeeper who currently plays for Club América in the Mexicos First Division. ... Oswaldo Javier Sánchez Ibarra (born September 21, 1973 in Guadalajara, Jalisco) is a Mexican international goalkeeper, currently playing for Santos Laguna in the Primera División de México as well as for the Mexican national team. ... Pável Pardo Segura (born July 26, 1976 in Guadalajara, Jalisco), is a Mexican international football player, who currently plays for VfB Stuttgart as a Defensive Midfielder in the German Bundesliga. ... José Daniel Guerrero (born November 18, 1987 in Guadalajara, Jalisco) is a Mexican football player who, as of 2006 has been playing for Atlante. ... Manuel Ramirez was born in Guadalajara, Mexico in the 1960s. ... Jorge Matute Remus (February 17 1912 – 2002) was a Mexican engineer. ... Anette Michel Anette Michel Carrillo (born June 30, 1971 in Guadalajara, Jalisco) is a Mexican actress and model. ... Jaydy Michel (born December 20, 1975) is a Mexican supermodel. ... Personal Information Birth November 15, 1981 ) (age 25) Mexico Height 5 ft 6 in (1. ... Antonio Palafox (born on 28 April 1936 in Guadalajara, Mexico) was a Mexican male tennis player. ... Maná is a three-time Grammy Award and five-time Latin Grammy Award-winning Mexican rock band from Guadalajara whose career has spanned almost three decades. ...

Sister cities

Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Location Coordinates: Country Spain Autonomous Community Castile-La Mancha Province Guadalajara Tows 5 (Guadalajara, Iriépal, Taracena, Usanos & Valdenoches) Founded 8th century, probably, by moors Government  - Mayor Jesús Alique (PSOE) Area  - Land 236 km² (91. ...

See also

Panteón de Belén is a historical cemetery located in Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico. ... Chapel of Hospicio Cabañas The Hospicio Cabañas in Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico is one of the oldest and largest hospital complexes in Spanish America and a World Heritage Site. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Nuño Guzmán de Beltrán or Nuño Beltrán de Guzmán (15th century-1550) was a Spanish conquistador and dictator in colonial Mexico. ... A list of Latin American artists (painters, sculptors, photographers, video artists, etc. ... Puerta de Hierro Blvd Puerta de Hierro (The Iron Door in English) is one of Guadalajaras wealthiest districts. ...

References

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

  Results from FactBites:
 
Guadalajara, Jalisco - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (761 words)
Guadalajara (Spanish pronunciation [wa-da-la-ha-ra]) is the capital city of the state of Jalisco and it is also the second most populated city in Mexico.
During the Colonial era, Guadalajara became the capital of Nueva Galicia and after the War of Independence it became the capital of the Intendencia of Guadalajara.
Guadalajara is also known for the great disaster of April 22, 1992, which took place in the downtown district of Analco.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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