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Encyclopedia > Grunge music
Grunge
Stylistic origins: Hardcore punk
Heavy metal
Alternative rock
Indie rock
Cultural origins: Early 1980s, United States Pacific Northwest
Typical instruments: Electric guitar - Bass guitar - Drum kit - Vocals
Mainstream popularity: High during the early and mid-1990s; lower but existent in the 2000s
Derivative forms: Post-grunge
Regional scenes
Seattle
Other topics
Timeline of alternative rock

Grunge (sometimes referred to as the Seattle Sound) is a subgenre of alternative rock that was created in the mid-1980s by bands from the American state of Washington, particularly in the Seattle area. Inspired by hardcore punk, heavy metal and indie rock, grunge is generally characterized by heavily distorted electric guitars, contrasting song dynamics, and apathetic or angst-filled lyrics. The grunge aesthetic is stripped-down compared to other forms of rock music, and many grunge musicians were noted for their unkempt appearances and rejection of theatrics. Grunge is another word for dirt or soil. ... Hardcore punk, now commonly known as hardcore, is a subgenre of punk rock that originated in North America in the late 1970s. ... Heavy metal redirects here. ... Alternative music redirects here. ... Indie rock is a subgenre of rock music often used to refer to bands that are on small independent record labels or that arent on labels at all. ... The Pacific Northwest from space The Pacific Northwest, abbreviated PNW, or PacNW is a region in the northwest of North America. ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... An electric guitar An electric guitar is a type of guitar that uses pickups to convert the vibration of its steel-cored strings into electrical current, which is then amplified. ... A sunburst-colored Precision Bass The electric bass guitar (or electric bass; pronounced , as in base) is a bass stringed instrument played with the fingers (either by plucking, slapping, popping, or tapping) or using a pick. ... A drum kit (or drum set or trap set) is a collection of drums, cymbals and sometimes other percussion instruments, such as a cowbell, wood block, chimes or tambourines, arranged for convenient playing by a single drummer. ... For other uses, see Singer (disambiguation). ... Post-grunge is a very diverse subgenre of alternative rock music that emerged in the mid-1990s immediately following the downfall of grunge music as an offshoot. ... The U.S. state of Washington includes several major hotbeds of musical innovation. ... This is a timeline of alternative rock, from its beginnings in the 1970s to the present. ... Alternative music redirects here. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ... Seattle redirects here. ... Hardcore punk, now commonly known as hardcore, is a subgenre of punk rock that originated in North America in the late 1970s. ... Heavy metal redirects here. ... Indie rock is a subgenre of rock music often used to refer to bands that are on small independent record labels or that arent on labels at all. ... In the world of guitar music and guitar amplification, distortion is actively sought, evaluated, and appreciatively discussed in its endless flavors. ... An electric guitar An electric guitar is a type of guitar that uses pickups to convert the vibration of its steel-cored strings into electrical current, which is then amplified. ... “Fortissimo” redirects here. ...


The early grunge movement coalesced around Seattle independent record label Sub Pop in the late 1980s. Grunge became commercially successful in the first half of the 1990s, due mainly to the release of Nirvana's Nevermind and Pearl Jam's Ten. The success of these bands boosted the popularity of alternative rock and made grunge the most popular form of hard rock music at the time.[1] The genre became closely associated with Generation X in the US, since the awareness of each rose simultaneously. However, many grunge bands were uncomfortable with this popularity. Although most grunge bands had disbanded or faded from view by the late 1990s, their influence continues to impact modern rock music. An independent record label is variously described as a record label operating without the funding (or outside the organizations) of the major record labels, and/or a label that subscribes to indie philosophies such as DIY and anti-corporate art. ... Sub Pop is a record label in Seattle, Washington that achieved fame in the 1990s for first signing Nirvana, Soundgarden, Mudhoney and many other bands from the local Seattle music scene. ... This article is about the American grunge band. ... For other uses, see Nevermind (disambiguation). ... This article is about the rock group. ... Singles from Ten Released: 1991 Released: 1992 Released: 1992 Released: 1992 Ten is the debut studio album of Seattle-based rock band Pearl Jam, released on August 27, 1991 through Epic Records. ... For other uses, see Generation X (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Origin of the term

The word grunge is believed to be a back-formation from the US slang adjective grungy,[2] which originated in about 1965 as a slang term for "dirty" or "filthy". In etymology, the process of back-formation is the creation of a neologism by reinterpreting an earlier word as a compound and removing the spuriously supposed affixes. ... For other uses, see Slang (disambiguation). ...


Mark Arm, the vocalist for the Seattle band Green River—and later Mudhoney—is generally credited as being the first to use the term grunge to describe the movement. Arm first used the term in 1981, when he wrote a letter under his given name Mark McLaughlin to the Seattle zine, Desperate Times, criticizing his band Mr. Epp and the Calculations as "Pure grunge! Pure noise! Pure shit!" Clark Humphrey, editor of Desperate Times, cites this as the earliest use of the term to refer to a Seattle band, and mentions that Bruce Pavitt of Sub Pop popularized the term as a musical label in 1987–88, using it on several occasions to describe Green River.[3] Arm used grunge as a descriptive term rather than a genre term, but it eventually came to describe the punk/metal hybrid music of the Seattle music scene.[4] Singer/Guitarist Mark Arm Mark Arm is the vocalist for the grunge band Mudhoney. ... Green River was an influential Seattle based rock band active from 1984 to 1987. ... Mudhoney may refer to: Mudhoney (band), a grunge band from Seattle, Washington Mudhoney (film), a film directed by Russ Meyer Mudhoney Records, a record label Mudhoney (store), fashion accessories stores, Adelaide, South Australia Category: ... A zine—an abbreviation of the word fanzine, and originating from the word magazine[1][2]—is most commonly a small circulation, non-commercial publication of original or appropriated texts and images. ... Bruce Pavitt is an American, best known for founding the record label Sub Pop. ...


Characteristics

Music sample:

"Touch Me I'm Sick" Image File history File links Mudhoney_-_Touch_Me_I'm_Sick. ...

Sample of "Touch Me I'm Sick", a single by Mudhoney. The sample illustrates the song's high tempo, main guitar riff, heavy use of distortion and frenetic drumming. Also heard is Mark Arm's self-deprecating and sarcastic lyrics.

Problems listening to the file? See media help. Music sample: Touch Me Im Sick ( file info) — Touch Me Im Sick Problems listening to the file? See media help. ...

Grunge is generally characterized by a sludgy guitar sound that uses a high level of distortion, fuzz and feedback effects. Grunge fuses elements of hardcore punk and heavy metal, although some bands performed with more emphasis on one or the other. Grunge bands were noted for their punk / indie attitudes; and the music shares with punk a raw sound and similar lyrical concerns.[1] However, grunge also involves slower tempos, dissonant harmonies, and more complex instrumentation, often reminiscent of heavy metal. Some individuals associated with the development of grunge, including Sub Pop producer Jack Endino and The Melvins, explained grunge's incorporation of heavy rock influences such as Kiss as "musical provocation." Grunge artists considered these bands "cheesy" but nonetheless enjoyed them; Buzz Osborne of the Melvins described it as an attempt to see what ridiculous things bands could do and get away with.[5] In the early 1990s, Nirvana introduced stop-start dynamics into grunge song structures, which became a genre convention.[1] A 1965 Gibson Maestro Fuzz-Tone FZ-1A, one of the first commercially available fuzzboxes. ... Audio feedback (also known as the Larsen effect after the Danish scientist, Søren Larsen, who first discovered its principles) is a special kind of feedback which occurs when a sound loop exists between an audio input (for example, a microphone or guitar pickup) and an audio output (for example... In popular music, independent music, often abbreviated as indie, is a term used to describe genres, scenes, subcultures, styles and other cultural attributes in music, characterized by their independence from major commercial record labels and their autonomous, do-it-yourself approach to recording and publishing. ... For other uses, see Tempo (disambiguation). ... In music, a consonance (Latin consonare, sounding together) is a harmony, chord, or interval considered stable, as opposed to a dissonance, which is considered unstable. ... Jack Endino is a music producer based in Seattle, USA. Long associated with Seattle label Sub Pop and the grunge movement, Endino worked on seminal albums from bands such as Mudhoney and Soundgarden, but is probably best known for producing the first Nirvana album, Bleach, released in 1989. ... The Melvins are an American rock band/ metal band that usually perform as a trio. ... Kiss is an American rock band formed in New York City in 1971. ... Buzz Osborne (b. ...


Themes

Lyrics are typically angst-filled, often addressing themes such as social alienation, apathy, confinement, and a desire for freedom. A number of factors influenced the focus on such subject matter. Many grunge musicians displayed a general disenchantment with the state of society, as well as a discomfort with social prejudices. Such themes bear similarities to those addressed by punk rock musicians[1] and the perceptions of Generation X. Music critic Simon Reynolds said in 1992 that "there's a feeling of burnout in the culture at large. Kids are depressed about the future."[6] However, not all grunge songs dealt with these issues. Nirvana's satirical "In Bloom" is a notable example of more humorous writing. Several other grunge songs are filled with either a dark or fun sense of humor—Mudhoney's "Touch Me I'm Sick" or Tad's "Stumblin' Man"—though this often went unnoticed by the general public at the time. Humor in grunge often satirized glam metal—for example, Soundgarden's "Big Dumb Sex"—and other forms of popular rock music during the 1980s.[7] For other uses, see Angst (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Generation X (disambiguation). ... Simon Reynolds (born 1963 in London), is an influential British music critic who is well-known for his writings on electronic dance music and for coining the term post-rock. ... This article is about the American grunge band. ... Nevermind track listing For the upcoming film, see In Bloom (film). ... Mudhoney may refer to: Mudhoney (band), a grunge band from Seattle, Washington Mudhoney (film), a film directed by Russ Meyer Mudhoney Records, a record label Mudhoney (store), fashion accessories stores, Adelaide, South Australia Category: ... Music sample: Touch Me Im Sick ( file info) — Touch Me Im Sick Problems listening to the file? See media help. ... Tad was an American rock band from Seattle, Washington. ... In contemporary usage, a parody (or lampoon) is a work that imitates another work in order to ridicule, ironically comment on, or poke some affectionate fun at the work itself, the subject of the work, the author or fictional voice of the parody, or another subject. ... Soundgarden was an American rock band that formed in Seattle, Washington in 1984. ... Big Dumb Sex is the eleventh track on Louder than Love, the second full-length album by Soundgarden. ...


Presentation and fashion

Grunge concerts were known for being straightforward, high-energy performances. Grunge bands rejected the complex and high budget presentations of many musical genres, including the use of complex light arrays, pyrotechnics, and other visual effects unrelated to playing the music. Stage acting was generally avoided. Instead the bands presented themselves as no different from a minor local band. Jack Endino said in the 1996 documentary Hype! that Seattle bands were inconsistent live performers, since their primary objective was not to be entertainers, but simply to "rock out."[5] However, concerts did involve a level of interactivity; fans and musicians alike would participate in stage diving, crowd surfing, headbanging, pogoing, and moshing. Stage diving is the act of leaping from a concert stage into the crowd below. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Headbangers in action, at DarkLights club Omega in Johannesburg, South Africa Headbanging is a type of dance which involves violently shaking the head in time with music, most commonly heavy metal music. ... The pogo is a dance where the dancers jump up and down to an eight-count rhythm, similar to the dances of the Pentecostal faith and various African tribes. ... Audience members at a Dillinger Escape Plan concert moshing in front of the stage. ...


Clothing commonly worn by grunge musicians in Washington consisted of thrift store items and the typical outdoor clothing (most notably flannel shirts) of the region, as well as a general unkempt appearance. The style did not evolve out of a conscious attempt to create an appealing fashion; music journalist Charles R. Cross said, "Kurt Cobain was just too lazy to shampoo," and Sub Pop's Jonathan Poneman said, "This [clothing] is cheap, it's durable, and it's kind of timeless. It also runs against the grain of the whole flashy aesthetic that existed in the 80's."[6] A charity shop (UK), thrift store (US) or op shop (Australia/NZ, from opportunity shop) is a retail establishment operated by a charitable organization for the purpose of fundraising. ... A young man wearing a tartan flannel shirt. ... Charles R. Cross is a rock music journalist and author based in Seattle. ...


History

Roots and influences

Grunge's sound partly results from Seattle's isolation from other music scenes. As Sub Pop's Jonathan Poneman noted, "Seattle was a perfect example of a secondary city with an active music scene that was completely ignored by an American media fixated on Los Angeles and New York."[8] Mark Arm claimed that the isolation meant, "this one corner of the map was being really inbred and ripping off each other's ideas."[9] Grunge evolved from the local punk rock scene, and was inspired by bands such as The Fartz, The U-Men, 10 Minute Warning, The Accused and The Fastbacks.[5] Additionally, the slow, heavy, and sludgy style of The Melvins was a significant influence on the grunge sound.[10] The Fartz were one of the first well known Hardcore bands from Seattle, Washington. ... This article is about the rock band, for the X-Men villains see U-Men (comics) The U-Men were a Seattle-based rock band active in the early to late 1980s. ... It is proposed that this article be deleted, because of the following concern: doesnt assert notability If you can address this concern by improving, copyediting, sourcing, renaming or merging the page, please edit this page and do so. ... The Accüsed is a Hardcore Punk/Thrash band from Seattle, WA. // History Formed in 1981 in Oak Harbor, Washington by bassist Chibon Batterman and guitarist Tom Niemeyer. ... Clockwise from top left: Kurt Bloch, Lulu Gargiulo, band, Kim Warnick The Fastbacks were a pioneering Seattle band. ... The Melvins are an American rock band/ metal band that usually perform as a trio. ...


Outside the Pacific Northwest, a number of artists and music scenes influenced grunge. Alternative rock bands from the Northeastern United States, including Sonic Youth, Pixies and Dinosaur Jr., are important influences on the genre. Through their patronage of Seattle bands, Sonic Youth "inadvertently nurtured" the grunge scene, and reinforced the fiercely independent attitudes of its musicians.[11] The influence of the Pixies on Nirvana was noted by Kurt Cobain, who commented in a Rolling Stone interview that he "connected with the band so heavily that I should be in that band."[12] Nirvana's use of the Pixies' "soft verse, hard chorus" popularized this stylistic approach in both grunge and other alternative rock subgenres. Sonic Youth is an American alternative rock band formed in New York City in 1981. ... The Pixies[1] are an American alternative rock band formed in Boston, Massachusetts in 1985. ... Dinosaur Jr is an American indie rock band. ... Kurt Donald Cobain (February 20, 1967 – c. ...


Aside from the genre's punk and alternative rock roots, many grunge bands were equally influenced by heavy metal of the early 1970s. Clinton Heylin, author of Babylon's Burning: From Punk to Grunge, cited Black Sabbath as "perhaps the most ubiquitous pre-punk influence on the northwest scene."[13] Black Sabbath undeniably played a role in shaping the grunge sound, whether with their own records or the records they inspired.[14] The influence of Led Zeppelin is also evident, particularly in the work of Soundgarden, whom Q magazine noted were "in thrall to '70s rock, but contemptuous of the genre's overt sexism and machismo".[15] The Los Angeles hardcore punk band Black Flag's 1984 record My War, where the band combined heavy metal with their traditional sound, made a strong impact in Seattle. Mudhoney's Steve Turner commented, "A lot of other people around the country hated the fact that Black Flag slowed down ... but up here it was really great ... we were like 'Yay!' They were weird and fucked-up sounding."[16] Turner explained grunge's integration of metal influences, noting, "Hard rock and metal was never that much of an enemy of punk like it was for other scenes. Here, it was like, 'There's only twenty people here, you can't really find a group to hate.'" Bands began to mix metal and punk in the Seattle music scene around 1984, with much of the credit for this fusion going to The U-Men.[17] For other uses, see Black Sabbath (disambiguation). ... For the bands 1969 eponymous debut album, see Led Zeppelin (album). ... Black Flag was a hardcore punk band formed in 1976 in southern California, largely as the brainchild of Greg Ginn: the guitarist, primary songwriter and sole continuous member through multiple personnel changes. ... My War is the second full length album by seminal American hardcore punk band Black Flag. ... Steve Turner is an American guitarist, most famous for his work with Seattle band Mudhoney. ... This article is about the rock band, for the X-Men villains see U-Men (comics) The U-Men were a Seattle-based rock band active in the early to late 1980s. ...


The raw, distorted and feedback-intensive sound of some noise rock bands had an influence on grunge. Among them are Wisconsin's Killdozer, and most notably San Francisco's Flipper, a band known for its slowed-down and murky "noise punk". The Butthole Surfers' mix of punk, heavy metal and noise rock was a major influence, particularly on the early work of Soundgarden.[18] Soundgarden and other early grunge bands were influenced by British post-punk bands such as Gang of Four and Bauhaus, which were popular in the early 1980s Seattle scene.[19]After Neil Young played a few concerts with Pearl Jam and recorded the album Mirror Ball with them, some members of the media gave Young the title "Godfather of Grunge." This was grounded on his work with his band Crazy Horse and his regular use of distorted guitar, most notably on the album Rust Never Sleeps.[20] A similarly influential, yet often overlooked, album is Neurotica by Redd Kross, about which the co-founder of Sub Pop said, "Neurotica was a life changer for me and for a lot of people in the Seattle music community."[21] Lightning Bolt Live at the Southgate House 2005. ... Killdozer was the name of a band formed in Madison, Wisconsin in 1983, with members Bill Hobson, Dan Hobson and Michael Gerald. ... Flipper is an influential punk/noise band from San Francisco, California, formed in 1979, continuing on in often erratic fashion until the mid-1990s, then reuniting in 2005. ... The Butthole Surfers are an American rock band founded in 1981 by Gibby Haynes and Paul Leary in San Antonio, Texas. ... Gang of Four is an English post-punk group from Leeds. ... Bauhaus are an English rock band formed in Northampton in 1978 by Peter Murphy (vocals), Daniel Ash (guitar), Kevin Haskins (drums) and David J (bass). ... This article is about the musician. ... Mirrorball and Merkinball are two releases by Neil Young and Pearl Jam. ... For other uses, see Crazy Horse (disambiguation). ... For the episode of the 1987 Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles cartoon, see Rust Never Sleeps (TMNT 1987 episode). ... Neurotica is the 4th record from Redd Kross released on Big Time Records (an RCA Records subsidiary) in 1987. ... Redd Kross, a rock band from Hawthorne, California had their roots in 1978 in a band called The Tourists begun by Jeff and Steve McDonald while the brothers were still in middle school. ...


Early development

The cover artwork for the C/Z Records compilation album Deep Six. Released in 1986, the album was the first to showcase Seattle's developing grunge scene.
The cover artwork for the C/Z Records compilation album Deep Six. Released in 1986, the album was the first to showcase Seattle's developing grunge scene.

A seminal release in the development of grunge was 1986's Deep Six compilation, released by C/Z Records (later reissued on A&M). The record featured multiple tracks by six bands: Green River, Soundgarden, the Melvins, Malfunkshun, Skin Yard, and The U-Men; for many of them it was their first appearance on record. The artists had "a mostly heavy, aggressive sound that melded the slower tempos of heavy metal with the intensity of hardcore." As Jack Endino recalled, "People just said, 'Well, what kind of music is this? This isn't metal, it's not punk, What is it?' [...] People went 'Eureka! These bands all have something in common.'"[16] Image File history File links DeepSix1985. ... Image File history File links DeepSix1985. ... The Deep Six compilation was released March 1986 (catalog# CZ001). ... The Deep Six compilation was released March 1986 (catalog# CZ001). ... C/Z Records is a Seattle based label that was established, in early 1985, by Chris Hanzsek and Tina Casale. ... Malfunkshun is a grunge/Punk band formed in 1980 by Andrew Wood and his brother Kevin Wood. ... Skin Yard was a grunge band from Seattle, Washington, who were active from 1985 to 1992. ...


Later that year Bruce Pavitt released the Sub Pop 100 compilation and Green River's Dry As a Bone EP as part of his new label, Sub Pop. An early Sub Pop catalog described the Green River EP as "ultra-loose GRUNGE that destroyed the morals of a generation."[22] Sub Pop's Bruce Pavitt and Jonathan Poneman, inspired by other regional music scenes in music history, worked to ensure that their label projected a "Seattle sound," reinforced by a similar style of production and album packaging. While music writer Michael Azerrad acknowledged that early grunge bands like Mudhoney, Soundgarden, and Tad had disparate sounds, he noted "to the objective observer, there were some distinct similarities."[23] Early grunge concerts were sparsely attended (many by fewer than a dozen people) but Sub Pop photographer Charles Peterson's pictures helped create the impression that such concerts were major events.[24] Mudhoney, which was formed by former members of Green River, served as the flagship band of Sub Pop during their entire time with the label and spearheaded the Seattle grunge movement.[25] Other record labels in the Pacific Northwest that helped promote grunge included C/Z Records, Estrus Records, EMpTy Records and PopLlama Records.[5] Bruce Pavitt is an American, best known for founding the record label Sub Pop. ... The Sub Pop 100 is a rock compilation album, released in 1986. ... Dry As a Bone is an EP recorded in 1986 by grunge band Green River and released in 1987 on Sub Pop Records. ... Michael Azerrad is an American author, journalist and musician. ... Estrus Records Logo 2005 Estrus Records is an independent record label from Bellingham, Washington that makes surf, garage and trash rock music. ...


Grunge attracted media attention in the United Kingdom after Pavitt and Poneman asked journalist Everett True from the British magazine Melody Maker to write an article on the local music scene. This exposure helped to make grunge known outside of the local area during the late 1980s and drew more people to local shows.[5] The appeal of grunge to the music press was that it "promised the return to a notion of a regional, authorial vision for American rock."[26] Grunge's popularity in the underground music scene was such that bands began to move to Seattle and approximate the look and sound of the original grunge bands. Mudhoney's Steve Turner said, "It was really bad. Pretend bands were popping up here, things weren't coming from where we were coming from."[27] As a reaction, many grunge bands diversified their sound, with Nirvana and Tad in particular creating more melodic songs.[28] Heather Dawn of the Seattle fanzine Backlash recalled that by 1990 many locals had tired of the hype surrounding the Seattle scene and hoped that media exposure had dissipated.[5] Everett True (born Jerry Thackray in 1960 or 1961) is a British music journalist, who grew up in Chelmsford, Essex. ... Melody Maker, published in the United Kingdom, was (until its closure) the worlds oldest weekly music newspaper. ... Underground music is music which has developed a cult following, independent of commercial success. ...


Mainstream success

Nirvana performing at the 1992 MTV Video Music Awards.
Nirvana performing at the 1992 MTV Video Music Awards.

Grunge bands had made inroads to the musical mainstream in the late 1980s. Soundgarden was the first grunge band to sign to a major label when they joined the roster of A&M Records in 1989. Soundgarden, along with other major label signings Alice in Chains and Screaming Trees, performed "okay" with their initial major label releases, according to Jack Endino.[5] Nirvana, originally from Aberdeen, Washington, was also courted by major labels, finally signing with Geffen Records in 1990. In September 1991, the band released its major label debut, Nevermind. The album was at best hoped to be a minor success on par with Sonic Youth's Goo, which Geffen had released a year previous.[29] It was the release of the album's first single "Smells Like Teen Spirit" that "marked the instigation of the grunge music phenomenon." Due to constant airplay of the song's music video on MTV, Nevermind was selling 400,000 copies a week by Christmas 1991.[30] In January 1992, Nevermind replaced pop superstar Michael Jackson's Dangerous at number one on the Billboard album charts.[31] Image File history File linksMetadata Nirvana_around_1992. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Nirvana_around_1992. ... The MTV Video Music Awards were established in 1984 by MTV to celebrate the top music videos of the year. ... A&M Records is an American record label, owned and operated by Universal Music Group. ... This article is about the grunge band. ... Screaming Trees was a musical group considered part of the grunge music movement of the early 1990s. ... Tribute to Kurt Cobain in Aberdeen, installed by the Kurt Cobain Memorial Committee. ... Geffen Records is an American record label, owned by Universal Music Group, and operates as one third of UMGs Interscope-Geffen-A&M label group. ... For other uses, see Nevermind (disambiguation). ... Goo is an album by alternative rock band Sonic Youth, released on June 26, 1990. ... Nevermind track listing Smells Like Teen Spirit is a song by the American rock band Nirvana, and the opening track and lead single from the bands 1991 breakthrough album Nevermind. ... This article is about the original U.S. music television channel. ... For other uses, see Pop music (disambiguation). ... Michael Joseph Jackson (August 29, 1958), commonly known as MJ as well as the King of Pop, is an American musician, entertainer, and pop icon whose successful career and controversial personal life have been a part of pop culture for the last three decades. ... Dangerous is an album released by singer-songwriter Michael Jackson in November 1991 which has sold approximately 30 million copies worldwide. ... Billboard is a weekly American magazine devoted to the music industry. ...


The success of Nevermind surprised the music industry. Nevermind not only popularized grunge, but also established "the cultural and commercial viability of alternative rock in general."[32] Michael Azerrad asserted that Nevermind symbolized "a sea-change in rock music" in which the glam metal that had dominated rock music at that time fell out of favor in the face of music that was authentic and culturally relevant.[33] Other grunge bands subsequently replicated Nirvana's success. Pearl Jam, which featured former Mother Love Bone members Jeff Ament and Stone Gossard, had released their debut album Ten in August 1991, a month before Nevermind, but album sales only picked up a year later. By the second half of 1992 Ten became a breakthrough success, being certified gold and reaching number two on the Billboard charts.[34] Soundgarden's album Badmotorfinger and Alice in Chains' Dirt, along with the Temple of the Dog album collaboration featuring members of Pearl Jam and Soundgarden, were also among the 100 top selling albums of 1992.[35] The popular breakthrough of these grunge bands prompted Rolling Stone to dub Seattle "the new Liverpool."[6] Major record labels signed most of the remaining major grunge bands in Seattle, while a second influx of bands moved to the city in hopes of success.[36] Glam metal is a sub-genre of heavy metal music that arose in the late 1970s - early 1980s in the United States. ... Jeff Ament (born March 10, 1963 in Big Sandy, Montana), is an American Rock bassist and one of the founding members of Pearl Jam. ... Stone Carpenter Gossard (born July 20, 1966 in Seattle, Washington) is the rhythm guitarist and, along with Jeff Ament and Mike McCready, a founding member of American rock band Pearl Jam. ... Singles from Ten Released: 1991 Released: 1992 Released: 1992 Released: 1992 Ten is the debut studio album of Seattle-based rock band Pearl Jam, released on August 27, 1991 through Epic Records. ... Badmotorfinger is the third album by the band Soundgarden. ... Singles from Dirt Released: 1992 Released: 1992 Released: 1993 Released: 1993 Released: 1993 Dirt is a grunge album by Alice in Chains, released on September 29, 1992 (see 1992 in music). ... Temple of the Dog is the only album from the grunge supergroup of the same name. ... For other uses, see Liverpool (disambiguation). ...

Pearl Jam's Eddie Vedder on the cover of the October 25, 1993 issue of the popular magazine Time, as part of the feature article discussing the rising popularity of grunge.
Pearl Jam's Eddie Vedder on the cover of the October 25, 1993 issue of the popular magazine Time, as part of the feature article discussing the rising popularity of grunge.

The popularity of grunge resulted in a large interest in the Seattle music scene's perceived cultural traits. While the Seattle music scene in the late 1980s and early 1990s in actuality consisted of various styles and genres of music, its representation in the media "served to depict Seattle as a music 'community' in which the focus was upon the ongoing exploration of one musical idiom, namely grunge."[37] The fashion industry marketed "grunge fashion" to consumers, charging premium prices for items such as knit ski hats. Critics asserted that advertising was co-opting elements of grunge and turning it into a fad. Entertainment Weekly commented in a 1993 article, "There hasn't been this kind of exploitation of a subculture since the media discovered hippies in the '60s"[38] The New York Times compared the "grunging of America" to the mass-marketing of punk rock, disco, and hip hop in previous years.[6] Ironically the New York Times was tricked into printing a fake list of slang terms that were supposedly used in the grunge scene; often referred to as the grunge speak hoax. This media hype surrounding grunge was documented in the 1996 documentary Hype!.[5] Image File history File links Summary Eddie Vedder on the cover of the Oct. ... Image File history File links Summary Eddie Vedder on the cover of the Oct. ... Eddie Vedder (born Edward Louis Severson III on December 23, 1964 in Evanston, Illinois) is the lead singer and one of three guitarists for the rock band Pearl Jam. ... “TIME” redirects here. ... Entertainment Weekly (sometimes abbreviated EW) is a magazine published by Time Inc. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ... This article is about the music genre. ... Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... Grunge speak was a hoax created by Megan Jasper, a sales representative for Sub Pop Records. ... Hype! soundtrack album cover Hype! is a documentary directed by Doug Pray about the popularity of grunge music in the late 1980s and the early 1990s. ...


A backlash against grunge began to develop in Seattle; in 1993 Bruce Pavitt said that in the city, "All things grunge are treated with the utmost cynicism and amusement [. . .] Because the whole thing is a fabricated movement and always has been."[6] Many grunge artists were uncomfortable with their success and the resulting attention it brought. Nirvana's Kurt Cobain told Michael Azerrad, "Famous is the last thing I wanted to be."[39] Pearl Jam also felt the burden of success, with much of the attention falling on frontman Eddie Vedder.[40] Nirvana's follow-up album, 1993's In Utero was an intentionally abrasive album that Nirvana bassist Krist Novoselic described as a "wild aggressive sound, a true alternative record."[41] Nevertheless, upon its release in September 1993 In Utero topped the Billboard charts.[42] Pearl Jam also continued to perform well commercially with their second album, 1993's Vs. The album sold a record 950,378 copies in its first week of release, topped the Billboard charts and outperformed all other entries in the top ten that week combined.[43] Eddie Vedder (born Edward Louis Severson III on December 23, 1964 in Evanston, Illinois) is the lead singer and one of three guitarists for the rock band Pearl Jam. ... In Utero is the third and final studio album by the American grunge band Nirvana, released on September 21, 1993 by DGC Records. ... Krist Anthony Novoselić II (born May 16, 1965) is an American rock musician best known as the bassist for Nirvana. ... Vs. ...


Decline of mainstream popularity

A number of factors contributed to grunge's decline in prominence. During the latter half of the 1990s, grunge was supplanted by post-grunge, which remained commercially viable into the start of the 21st century. Post-grunge bands such as Candlebox and Bush emerged soon after grunge's breakthrough. Post-grunge artists lacked the underground roots of grunge and was largely influenced by what grunge had become, namely "a wildly popular form of inward-looking, serious-minded hard rock." Post-grunge was a more commercially viable genre that tempered the distorted guitars of grunge with polished, radio-ready production.[44] Post-grunge is a very diverse subgenre of alternative rock music that emerged in the mid-1990s immediately following the downfall of grunge music as an offshoot. ... Candlebox is a Post-Grunge band from Seattle, Washington. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Conversely, another alternative rock genre, Britpop, emerged in part as a reaction against the dominance of grunge in the United Kingdom. In contrast to the dourness of grunge, Britpop was defined by "youthful exuberance and desire for recognition."[45] Britpop artists were vocal about their disdain for grunge. In a 1993 NME interview, Damon Albarn of Britpop band Blur agreed with interviewer John Harris' assertion that Blur was an "anti-grunge band," and said, "Well, that's good. If punk was about getting rid of hippies, then I'm getting rid of grunge."[46] Noel Gallagher of Oasis, while a fan of Nirvana, wrote music that refuted the pessimistic nature of grunge. Gallagher noted in 2006 that the 1994 Oasis hit single "Live Forever" "was written in the middle of grunge and all that, and I remember Nirvana had a tune called 'I Hate Myself and I Want to Die,' and I was like . . . 'Well, I'm not fucking having that.' As much as I fucking like him [Cobain] and all that shit, I'm not having that. I can't have people like that coming over here, on smack, fucking saying that they hate themselves and they wanna die. That's fucking rubbish."[47] British critics credited Oasis with filling the void left in music by the demise of Nirvana, and by 1996 the band was considered one of the biggest in the world.[48] Britpop was a mid-1990s British alternative rock genre and movement. ... For other uses, see NME (disambiguation). ... Damon Albarn, (IPA: []) (born March 23, 1968 in Leytonstone, London), is an English singer-songwriter who gained fame as the lead singer of rock band Blur. ... Blur are an English rock band formed in Colchester in 1989. ... For other persons named John Harris, see John Harris (disambiguation). ... Noel Thomas David Gallagher (born May 29, 1967 in Longsight, Manchester, England) is an English songwriter, guitarist and occasional vocalist with the Manchester rock band Oasis. ... Oasis are an English rock band, formed in Manchester in 1991, led by lead guitarist and primary songwriter Noel Gallagher and his younger brother, lead vocalist and songwriter Liam Gallagher. ... Definitely Maybe track listing Shakermaker (2) Live Forever (3) Up in the Sky (4) Live Forever is a song by British rock group Oasis, written by the bands guitarist and chief songwriter Noel Gallagher. ... I Hate Myself And Want To Die is a song by the American grunge band Nirvana. ... For other uses, see Heroin (disambiguation). ...


During the mid-1990s many grunge bands broke up or became less visible. Kurt Cobain, labeled by Time as "the John Lennon of the swinging Northwest," appeared "unusually tortured by success" and struggled with an addiction to heroin. Rumors surfaced in early 1994 that Cobain suffered a drug overdose and that Nirvana was breaking up. [49] On April 8, 1994, Cobain was found dead in his Seattle home from an apparently self-inflicted gunshot wound; Nirvana summarily disbanded. That same year Pearl Jam canceled its summer tour in protest of what it charged as ticket vendor Ticketmaster's unfair business practices.[50] Pearl Jam then began a boycott of the company; however, Pearl Jam's initiative to play only at non-Ticketmaster venues effectively, with a few exceptions, prevented the band from playing shows in the United States for the next three years.[51] In 1996 Alice in Chains gave their final performances with their ailing estranged lead singer, Layne Staley, who subsequently died from a heroin overdose in 2002. That same year Soundgarden and Screaming Trees released their final studio albums, Down on the Upside and Dust, respectively. Soundgarden broke up the following year. John Winston Ono Lennon, MBE (October 9, 1940 – December 8, 1980), (born John Winston Lennon, known as John Ono Lennon) was an iconic English 20th century rock and roll songwriter and singer, best known as the founding member of The Beatles. ... April 8 is the 98th day of the year (99th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... Ticketmaster is based in West Hollywood, California, USA, but has operations in many countries around the world. ... Layne Thomas Staley (August 22, 1967 - ca. ... Down on the Upside is the final studio album by Soundgarden, released on May 21, 1996. ... Dust is the seventh and final album by the Screaming Trees, released on June 25, 1996. ...


Some grunge bands have continued recording and touring with more limited success, including, most significantly, Pearl Jam. While in 2005 Rolling Stone writer Brian Hiatt described Pearl Jam as having "spent much of the past decade deliberately tearing apart their own fame," he noted the band developed a loyal concert following akin to that of the Grateful Dead.[52] Despite Nirvana's demise, the band has continued to be successful posthumously. Due to the high sales for Kurt Cobain's Journals and the band's best-of compilation Nirvana upon their release in 2003, The New York Times argued Nirvana "are having more success now than at any point since Mr. Cobain's suicide in 1994."[53] This article is about the band. ... Journals is a collection of writings and drawings done by Kurt Cobain, lead singer and guitarist of the grunge band Nirvana, from the late 1980s until his death in 1994. ... Nirvana is a best-of compilation album from the American grunge band, Nirvana. ...


Prominent bands

Seattle area

This article is about the grunge band. ... Blood circus are a shortlived and early Grunge band that were signed with american label sub pop as far back as the date of 1988. ... Green River was an influential Seattle based rock band active from 1984 to 1987. ... Gruntruck was formed in 1991 by Ben McMillan and Scott McCullum both previously from Skin Yard and Tommy Niemeyer from The Accused. ... Hammerbox were a grunge band from Seattle, Washington, USA. They were formed around 1990 and disbanded in 1994 when lead singer Carrie Akre left the band to form Goodness. ... Love Battery are an American grunge band from Seattle. ... Above (1995) Mad Season was a grunge supergroup formed in late 1994 by members of three popular Seattle based bands, as well as a friend of one of the members. ... Malfunkshun is a grunge/Punk band formed in 1980 by Andrew Wood and his brother Kevin Wood. ... Melvins are an American rock/metal band that usually perform as a trio. ... The Mono Men were an American grunge band, based in Bellingham, WA. The band rose up from the ashes of another Washington band, The Roofdogs. ... Mother Love Bone was a Seattle based rock band active from 1988 to 1990. ... Mudhoney may refer to: Mudhoney (band), a grunge band from Seattle, Washington Mudhoney (film), a film directed by Russ Meyer Mudhoney Records, a record label Mudhoney (store), fashion accessories stores, Adelaide, South Australia Category: ... My Sisters Machine were a grunge rock band, formed in Seattle, WA in the early nineties. ... This article is about the American grunge band. ... This article is about the rock group. ... Screaming Trees was a musical group considered part of the grunge music movement of the early 1990s. ... 7 Year Bitch was a Punk Rock band from Seattle, Washington that was active between 1990 and 1997. ... Skin Yard was a grunge band from Seattle, Washington, who were active from 1985 to 1992. ... Soundgarden was an American rock band that formed in Seattle, Washington in 1984. ... Tad was an American rock band from Seattle, Washington. ... Temple of the Dog is the only album from the grunge supergroup of the same name. ... This article is about the rock band, for the X-Men villains see U-Men (comics) The U-Men were a Seattle-based rock band active in the early to late 1980s. ...

Outside the Seattle area

Babes in Toyland were an all-women band formed in Minneapolis in 1988. ... This article is about the city in Minnesota. ... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Area  Ranked 12th  - Total 87,014 sq mi (225,365 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 8. ... The Fluid were an American grunge band, from Denver, CO, formed in 1984. ... This article refers to the state capital of Colorado. ... Official language(s) English Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... L7 was an all-female grunge band that was active between 1985 and 2000. ... The Nymphs, featuring the charismatic Inger Lorrie, were a short lived LA band that released one album on Geffen. ... // History Paw formed in 1991 in Lawrence, Kansas alongside Stick and Kill Creek. ... Lawrence is a river city in and the seat of Douglas County, Kansas, United States, 41 miles (66 km) west of Kansas City, along the banks of both the Kansas (Kaw) and Wakarusa Rivers. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Pond was a Portland, Oregon band that formed in 1992 and broke up around 1998. ... Nickname: Location of Portland in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: , Country State Counties Multnomah County Incorporated February 8, 1851 Government  - Mayor Tom Potter[1]  - Commissioners Sam Adams Randy Leonard Dan Saltzman Erik Sten  - Auditor Gary Blackmer Area  - Total 376. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Stone Temple Pilots (abbreviated STP) was a popular Grammy Award-winning American rock band in the 1990s and early 2000s, consisting of Scott Weiland (vocals), brothers Robert (bass guitar, vocals) and Dean DeLeo (guitar), and Eric Kretz (drums, percussion). ... San Diego redirects here. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d Grunge. Allmusic.com. Retrieved on 2007-08-03.
  2. ^ See Merriam-Webster's Online Dictionary, 2007, "grunge" and Online Etymology Dictionary, 2001, "grunge, grungy". Access date for both references: October 22, 2007.
  3. ^ Humphrey, Clark. Loser: The Real Seattle Music Story. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1999. ISBN 1-929069-24-3, p. 63
  4. ^ Heylin, Clinton. Babylon's Burning: From Punk to Grunge. Conongate, 2007. ISBN 1-84195-879-4, p. 606
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h Pray, D., Helvey-Pray Productions (1996). Hype! Republic Pictures.
  6. ^ a b c d e Marin, Rick. "Grunge: A Success Story." The New York Times. November 15, 1992.
  7. ^ Freind, Bill. Grunge. St. James Encyclopedia of Pop Culture. Retrieved on 2005-06-23.
  8. ^ Aston, Martin. "Freak Scene." Q: Nirvana and the Story of Grunge. December 2005. p. 12
  9. ^ Wall, Mick. "Northwest Passage." Q: Nirvana and the Story of Grunge. December 2005. p. 9
  10. ^ Wall, Mick. "Northwest Passage." Q: Nirvana and the Story of Grunge. December 2005. p. 8
  11. ^ Everley, Dave. "Daydream Nation." Q: Nirvana and the Story of Grunge. December 2005. p. 39
  12. ^ Fricke, David. "Kurt Cobain: The Rolling Stone Interview." Rolling Stone. January 27, 1994
  13. ^ Heylin, p. 601
  14. ^ Carden, Andrew. "Black Sabbath." Q: Nirvana and the Story of Grunge. December 2005. p. 34
  15. ^ Brannigan, Paul. "Outshined." Q: Nirvana and the Story of Grunge. December 2005. p. 102
  16. ^ a b Azerrad, Michael. Our Band Could Be Your Life: Scenes from the American Indie Underground, 1981-1991. Boston: Little Brown and Company, 2001. ISBN 0-316-78753-1, p. 419
  17. ^ Azerrad (2001), p. 418
  18. ^ Azerrad (2001), p. 439
  19. ^ Heylin, p. 600
  20. ^ McNair, James. "Rust Never Sleeps - Neil Young". Q: Nirvana and the Story of Grunge. December 2005. p. 36
  21. ^ "This is the most important band in America?", Entertainment Weekly, December 3, 1993. Retrieved on 2007-06-15. 
  22. ^ Azerrad (2001), p. 420
  23. ^ Azerrad (2001), pp. 436–37
  24. ^ Azerrad (2001), p. 421–22
  25. ^ Azerrad (2001), p. 411
  26. ^ Lyons, James. Selling Seattle: Representing Contemporary Urban America. Wallflower, 2004. ISBN 1-903354-96-5, pp. 128–29
  27. ^ Azerrad (2001), p. 449
  28. ^ Azerrad (2001), p. 450
  29. ^ Wice, Nathaniel. "How Nirvana Made It." Spin. April 1992.
  30. ^ Lyons, p. 120
  31. ^ "The Billboard 200." Billboard. January 11, 1992.
  32. ^ Olsen, Eric (2004-04-09). 10 years later, Cobain lives on in his music. MSNBC.com. Retrieved on 2007-07-25.
  33. ^ Azerrad (1994), p. 229-30
  34. ^ Pearlman, Nina. "Black Days." Guitar World. December 2002.
  35. ^ Lyons, p. 136
  36. ^ Azerrad (2001), p. 452–53
  37. ^ Lyons, p. 122
  38. ^ "Smells Like Big Bucks", Entertainment Weekly, April 2, 1993. Retrieved on 2007-07-25. 
  39. ^ Azerrad, Michael. Come as You Are: The Story of Nirvana. Doubleday, 1994. ISBN 0-385-47199-8, p. 254
  40. ^ Crowe, Cameron (1993-10-28). Five Against the World. Rolling Stone. Retrieved on 2007-06-23.
  41. ^ DeRogatis, Jim. Milk It!: Collected Musings on the Alternative Music Explosion of the 90's. Cambridge: Da Capo, 2003. ISBN 0-306-81271-1, p. 18
  42. ^ "In Numero Uno", Entertainment Weekly, October 8, 1993. Retrieved on 2007-09-08. 
  43. ^ "Pearl's Jam", Entertainment Weekly, November 19, 1993. Retrieved on 2007-08-29. 
  44. ^ Post-Grunge. Allmusic.com. Retrieved on 2007-08-28.
  45. ^ Britpop. Allmusic.com. Retrieved on 2006-10-11.
  46. ^ Harris, John. "A shite sports car and a punk reincarnation." NME. April 10, 1993
  47. ^ "Lock the Door". Stop the Clocks [bonus DVD]. Columbia, 2006.
  48. ^ Live Forever: The Rise and Fall of Brit Pop. Passion Pictures, 2004.
  49. ^ Handy, Bruce. "Never mind", Time, April 18, 1994. Retrieved on 2007-09-08. 
  50. ^ Gordinier, Jeff. "The Brawls in Their Courts", Entertainment Weekly, October 28, 1994. Retrieved on 2007-09-08. 
  51. ^ DeRogatis, p. 65
  52. ^ Hiatt, Brian (2006-06-16). The Second Coming of Pearl Jam. Rolling Stone. Retrieved on 2007-06-22.
  53. ^ Nelson, Chris (2003-01-13). Nine Years After Cobain's Death, Big Sales for All Things Nirvana. nytimes.com. Retrieved on 2007-08-29.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 215th day of the year (216th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Hype! soundtrack album cover Hype! is a documentary directed by Doug Pray about the popularity of grunge music in the late 1980s and the early 1990s. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ... is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the magazine. ... is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 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Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 241st day of the year (242nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 240th day of the year (241st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see NME (disambiguation). ... is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... (Clockwise from upper left) Time magazine covers from May 7, 1945; July 25, 1969; December 31, 1999; September 14, 2001; and April 21, 2003. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 167th day of the year (168th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the magazine. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 173rd day of the year (174th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 241st day of the year (242nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • All Music Guide article on grunge

Alternative music redirects here. ... Alternative metal is an form of music that gained popularity in the early 1990s alongside grunge. ... Britpop was a mid-1990s British alternative rock genre and movement. ... C86 is the name of a celebrated cassette compilation released by the British music magazine New Musical Express (NME) in 1986, featuring new bands licenced from independent labels of the time. ... College rock was a term used in the USA to describe 1980s alternative rock before the term alternative came into common usage. ... Dream pop is a type of alternative rock that originated in Britain in the early 1980s, when bands like Cocteau Twins, The Chameleons UK, The Passions, Dead Can Dance, Dif Juz, Lowlife and A.R. Kane (to whom the term has been attributed) began fusing post-punk experiments with bittersweet... Dunedin is a southern New Zealand University Town that spawned The Dunedin Sound. Similar in many ways to the traditional indie pop sound, the Dunedin Sound uses jingly jangly guitaring, minimal bass lines and loose drumming. ... John Flansburgh and John Linnell of They Might Be Giants. ... Gothic rock (sometimes called goth rock or simply goth) is a genre of rock music that originated during the late 1970s. ... For the language, see Grebo language. ... Indie rock is a subgenre of rock music often used to refer to bands that are on small independent record labels or that arent on labels at all. ... Indie rock is a subgenre of rock music often used to refer to bands that are on small independent record labels or that arent on labels at all. ... Industrial rock is a musical genre which is a fusion of post-industrial music and rock music. ... Lo-fi is a subgenre of indie rock which uses lo-fi recording practices. ... An NME Originals issue covering the Madchester movement. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Noise pop is a term used to loosely describe a number of alternative rock bands that fuse punk rocks attitude and anger with the atonal noise, feedback, and free song structures of noise music, presented in a decidedly pop context. ... Paisley Underground is a term used to describe a genre of rock music, based primarily in Los Angeles, California, which was at its most popular in the mid-1980s. ... Post-grunge is a very diverse subgenre of alternative rock music that emerged in the mid-1990s immediately following the downfall of grunge music as an offshoot. ... The post-punk revival is a movement in modern rock music consisting of Indie Rock, Punk Rock, Goth Rock, and Electronic bands that draw from the conventions of the original Post-Punk sound of the early 1980s, as well as the early 90s Britpop, 80s New Wave and... The term post-rock was coined by Simon Reynolds in issue 123 of The Wire (May 1994) to describe a sort of music using rock instrumentation for non-rock purposes, using guitars as facilitators of timbres and textures rather than riffs and powerchords. ... Riot grrrl (or riot grrl) is an indie/punk feminist movement that reached its height in the 1990s but continues to exert influence over alternative cultures. ... Shoegazing (also known as shoegaze or shoegazer; practitioners referred to as shoegazers) is a genre of alternative rock that emerged from the United Kingdom in the late 1980s. ... The term slowcore, generally used interchangeably with sadcore, refers to a subgenre of alternative rock that developed from the downbeat melodies and slower tempos of late 1980s indie rock. ... For space rocks, see asteroid. ... This is a list of alternative rock artists. ... Campus radio (also known as college radio, university radio or student radio) is a type of radio station that is run by the students of a college, university or other educational institution. ... This is a timeline of alternative rock, from its beginnings in the 1970s to the present. ... In popular music, independent music, often abbreviated as indie, is a term used to describe genres, scenes, subcultures, styles and other cultural attributes in music, characterized by their independence from major commercial record labels and their autonomous, do-it-yourself approach to recording and publishing. ... Lollapalooza is an American music festival featuring rock, alternative rock, hip hop, and punk rock bands, dance and comedy performances, and craft booths. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Grunge Music History Page by Chuck Ayoub (617 words)
The emergence of "grunge" as a genre and its embrace by the mainstream is usually thought of as a reaction against the popular dominance of hair metal.
Grunge music can be sharply constrasted to hair metal's macho lyrics, anthemic riffs, and a perceived lack of social consciousness, especially in the race to attract mainstream audiences.
Grunge was embraced by the youth for its simple defiance of the then-cultural norm, which was seen by many as a corporate-dominated and superficial popular culture.
Grunge music - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3782 words)
Grunge music is generally characterized by "dirty" guitar, strong riffs, and heavy drumming.
Grunge fans in the Pacific Northwest believed that the media gave excessive importance to the clothing worn by grunge musicians and fans, along with other aspects of the local culture.
Clothing commonly worn by grunge fans in the Northwest in its early years was a blend of the punk aesthetic with the typical outdoorsy clothing (most notably flannel shirts) of the region.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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