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Encyclopedia > Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation
The Grumman logo
The Grumman logo

The Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation, later Grumman Aerospace Corporation, was a leading producer of military and civilian aircraft of the 20th century. Founded in 1929 by Leroy Grumman with Jake Swirbul, its independent existence ended in a 1994 merger with the Northrop Corporation to form Northrop Grumman. Image File history File links Grumman_logo. ... An aircraft is any machine capable of atmospheric flight. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... -1... Leroy Randle Grumman born in Huntington on January 4, 1895, he demonstrated an early interest in aviation. ... Leon A. Jake The Bullfrog Swirbul (March 18, 1898- June 28, 1960), aviation pioneer and co-founder of Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation, was born in the Yorkville section of Manhattan. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... The Northrop Corporation was a leading aircraft manufacturer of the United States. ... The Northrop Grumman Corporation (NYSE: NOC) is an aerospace and defense conglomerate that is the result of a 1994 merger between Northrop and Grumman. ...


History

Leroy Grumman and others worked for the Loening Aircraft Engineering Corporation in the 1920s, but when it was bought by Keystone Aircraft Corporation and the operations moved from New York City to Pennsylvania, Grumman and his partners (Edmund Ward Poor, William Schwendler, Jake Swirbul, and Clint Towl) started their own company in an old Cox-Klemin Aircraft Co. factory in Baldwin on Long Island. This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Sometimes referred to as the Jazz Age or primarily in North America and in Australia as the Roaring Twenties . In Europe it is sometimes refered to as the Golden Twenties. ... Keystone Aircraft Corporation was an early pioneer in airplane manufacturing. ... The construction of the Empire State Building, 1930. ... State nickname: The Keystone State Official languages None Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Governor Ed Rendell (D) Senators Arlen Specter (R) Rick Santorum (R) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 33rd 119,283 km² 2. ... Leon A. Jake The Bullfrog Swirbul (March 18, 1898- June 28, 1960), aviation pioneer and co-founder of Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation, was born in the Yorkville section of Manhattan. ... Baldwin is a hamlet (and a census-designated place) located in the Town of Hempstead in Nassau County, New York. ... The four counties of Long Island. ...


The company filed as a business on 5 December 1929, and opened its doors 2 January 1930. Keeping busy by welding aluminum tubing for truck frames, the company eagerly pursued contracts with the US Navy. Grumman designed the first practical floats with a retractable landing gear for the Navy, and this launched Grumman into the aviation market. The first Grumman aircraft was also for the Navy, the Grumman FF-1, a biplane with retractable landing gear. This was followed by a number of other successful designs. As the company grew, it moved to Valley Stream, then Farmingdale, finally ending up at Bethpage. Grumman's products were considered so reliable that the company was often referred to as the "Grumman Iron Works." December 5 is the 339th day (340th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... -1... January 2 is the second day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1930 (MCMXXX) is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ... Stats Span: 34ft, 6in (10. ... Hs123 biplane. ... Main and nosewheel undercarriage of a Qatar Airways Airbus A330 The undercarriage or landing gear is equipment which supports an aircraft when it is not flying. ... Valley Stream is a village located in Nassau County, New York. ... Farmingdale is a village located in Nassau County, New York in the USA. As of the 2000 census, the village had a total population of 8,399. ... Bethpage is a hamlet and census-designated place located in Nassau County, New York, USA. As of the 2000 census, the CDP had a total population of 16,543. ...


During World War II, Grumman became famous for its Navy fighter aircraft, F4F Wildcat and F6F Hellcat, and for its torpedo bomber TBF Avenger. Grumman's first jet plane, the F9F Panther, became operational in 1949, but the company's big postwar successes came in the 1960s with the A-6 Intruder and in the 1970s with the F-14 Tomcat. Combatants Allied Powers Axis Powers Commanders {{{commander1}}} {{{commander2}}} Strength {{{strength1}}} {{{strength2}}} Casualties 17 million military deaths 7 million military deaths World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a mid-20th century conflict that engulfed much of the globe and is accepted as the largest and deadliest... A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for attacking other aircraft, as opposed to a bomber, which is designed to attack ground targets, primarily by dropping bombs. ... The Grumman F4F Wildcat was the standard carrier-based fighter of the United States Navy for the first year and a half of World War II. An improved version built by General Motors (the General Motors FM Wildcat) remained in service throughout the war, on escort carriers where newer, larger... The Grumman F6F Hellcat started development as an improved F4F Wildcat, but turned into a completely new design sharing a family resemblance to the Wildcat but with no shared parts. ... A torpedo bomber is a bomber aircraft designed primarily to attack ships with torpedoes, but they could also carry out conventional bombings. ... The Grumman TBF Avenger (designated TBM for aircraft manufactured by General Motors) was an American torpedo bomber, developed initially for the United States Navy and Marine Corps and used by a large number of air forces around the world. ... A jet is a stream of fluid produced by discharge through an orifice into free space. ... The Grumman F9F Panther was the manufacturers first jet fighter and the US Navys second. ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) is a common year starting on Saturday. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969, inclusive. ... The Grumman A-6 Intruder is a US attack aircraft. ... The 1970s in its most obvious sense refers to the decade between 1970 and 1979. ... Sailors prepare an F-14 Tomcat for flight on the aircraft carrier USS Abraham Lincoln, in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom (2003). ...


Grumman were also the chief contractor on the Apollo Lunar Module that landed men on the moon. They received the contract on 7 November 1962, and ultimately built 13 lunar modules (LMs). As the Apollo program neared its end, Grumman was one of the chief competitors for the contract to design and build the Space Shuttle, but lost to Rockwell. The Apollo Lunar Module was the lander portion of the Apollo spacecraft built for the US Apollo program to achieve the transit from Moon orbit to the surface and back. ... November 7 is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 54 days remaining. ... 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Space Shuttle Columbia seconds after engine ignition, 1981 (NASA). ... Rockwell can refer to: Rockwell International - a defense company in the United States Rockwell Automation - an industrial automation company that descended from Rockwell International Rockwell Collins - a communications and aviation electronics company that also descended from Rockwell International Willard Rockwell - businessman who helped shape and name what became Rockwell International...


Meanwhile, in 1969, the company changed its name to Grumman Aerospace Corporation, and in 1978 it sold the Grumman-American Division to Gulfstream Aerospace. The end of the Cold War ca. 1991 and the ensuing reduced need for defense spending led to a wave of mergers as aerospace companies shrank; in 1994 Grumman merged with Northrop to be Northrop Grumman. 1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday For other uses, see Number 1969. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1978 calendar). ... Gulfstream G200 Gulfstream Aerospace Corporation is located in Savannah, Georgia, USA, and has been a unit of General Dynamics since 2001. ... For the generic term for a high-tension struggle between countries, see cold war (war). ... 1991 (MCMXCI) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... The Northrop Grumman Corporation (NYSE: NOC) is an aerospace and defense conglomerate that is the result of a 1994 merger between Northrop and Grumman. ...


Grumman aircraft by type and relative date

  • Fighter aircraft
  • Attack
    • AF-2 Guardian
    • A-6 Intruder
  • Bomber
  • Amphibious
    • JF Duck
    • Grumman G-21 "Goose" some modified as Super or Turbo Goose
    • Grumman G-44 "Widgeon"
    • Grumman HU-16 (Coast Guard UF-1/UF-2, Navy U-16, Civilian G-111) "Albatross"
    • Grumman G-73 "Mallard"
  • Other
    • C-1 Trader
    • S-2 Tracker
    • E-2 Hawkeye
    • C-2 Greyhound
    • OV-1 Mohawk
    • EA-6B Prowler
    • Grumman X-29A
  • Space
  • Civilian
    • Grumman Gulfstream I & 2
    • Grumman American AA-1 (1971-76)
    • Grumman American AA-1B Trainer (1971-76)
    • Grumman American AA-5 Traveler (1972-75)
    • Grumman American AA-5A Cheetah (1976-79)
    • Grumman American AA-5B Tiger (1975-79)

Stats Span: 34ft, 6in (10. ... The Grumman F2F was a single-engine biplane US Navy fighter with retractable landing gear that was the standard fighter for the Navy between 1936 and 1940. ... The Grumman F3F was the last bi-winged fighter aircraft delivered to the U. S. Navy. ... The Grumman F4F Wildcat was the standard carrier-based fighter of the United States Navy for the first year and a half of World War II. An improved version built by General Motors (the General Motors FM Wildcat) remained in service throughout the war, on escort carriers where newer, larger... The Grumman F6F Hellcat started development as an improved F4F Wildcat, but turned into a completely new design sharing a family resemblance to the Wildcat but with no shared parts. ... The Grumman F7F Tigercat was the first twin-engined fighter aircraft design to enter service with the United States Navy. ... The Grumman F8F Bearcat was the companys final piston engined fighter aircraft. ... The Grumman F9F Panther was the manufacturers first jet fighter and the US Navys second. ... The Grumman F9F Cougar (redesignated the F-9 Cougar in the 1962 joint service aircraft designation system) was a aircraft carrier-based fighter aircraft for the United States Navy. ... The Grumman F10F Jaguar was a prototype swing-wing fighter aircraft offered to the US Navy in the early 1950s. ... The F-11 Tiger was a United States Navy fighter aircraft of the late 1950s and early 1960s. ... Sailors prepare an F-14 Tomcat for flight on the aircraft carrier USS Abraham Lincoln, in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom (2003). ... The Grumman A-6 Intruder is a US attack aircraft. ... The Grumman TBF Avenger (designated TBM for aircraft manufactured by General Motors) was an American torpedo bomber, developed initially for the United States Navy and Marine Corps and used by a large number of air forces around the world. ... The Grumman JF Duck was a single-engine amphibious biplane. ... The Grumman G-21 Goose amphibious flying boat was designed as a 6-7 seat commuter plane for businessmen in the Long Island area. ... The Grumman G44 Widgeon was a small six-person, twin-engine, amphibious aircraft. ... Grumman HU-16E The Grumman HU-16 Albatross, is a large, twin-radial-engine amphibious flying boat. ... The Grumman G-73 Mallard is a large, twin-radial engine amphibious aircraft. ... The C-1 Trader aircraft was the Carrier-Onboard-Delivery (COD) variant of the S-2 Tracker. ... The Grumman S-2 (formerly S2F) Tracker was the first US Navy anti-submarine warfare (ASW) aircraft designed specifically for the purpose. ... The Grumman E-2 Hawkeye is the United States Navys all-weather, aircraft carrier-based tactical warning and control system aircraft. ... The C-2A Greyhound is a twin-engine cargo aircraft, designed to provide critical logistics support to aircraft carriers of the United States Navy. ... The Grumman OV-1 Mohawk is a military observation aircraft designed for battlefield surveillance. ... The EA-6B Prowler is the United States Navys and the United States Marine Corpss primary electronic warfare aircraft. ... The Grumman X-29 explored a number of new technologies, the most immediately obvious being the forward swept wings (FSW) and canard control surface. ... The Apollo Lunar Module was the lander portion of the Apollo spacecraft built for the US Apollo program to achieve the transit from Moon orbit to the surface and back. ... 1970 Model American Aviation AA-1 Yankee Bottom view of an American Aviation AA-1 Yankee, showing its square fuselage construction The Grumman American AA-1 series is a family of light, 2-seat aircraft. ... 1970 Model American Aviation AA-1 Yankee Bottom view of an American Aviation AA-1 Yankee, showing its square fuselage construction The Grumman American AA-1 series is a family of light, 2-seat aircraft. ... The Grumman American AA-5 series is a family of all-metal, 4-seat, light aircraft. ... The Grumman American AA-5 series is a family of all-metal, 4-seat, light aircraft. ... The Grumman American AA-5 series is a family of all-metal, 4-seat, light aircraft. ...

External links

  • Aerofiles


Lists of Aircraft | Aircraft manufacturers | Aircraft engines | Aircraft engine manufacturers This list of aircraft is sorted alphabetically, beginning with the name of the manufacturer (or, in certain cases, designer). ... This is a list of aircraft manufacturers (in alphabetic order). ... List of aircraft engines - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... This is a list of aircraft engine manufacturers both past and present. ...


Airports | Airlines | Air forces | Aircraft weapons | Missiles | Timeline of aviation This is a list of airlines in operation. ... This is a list of Air Forces, sorted alphabetically by country. ... This is a list of aircraft weapons, past and present. ... Below is a list of (links to pages on) missiles, sorted alphabetically by name. ... This is a timeline of aviation history. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (415 words)
The Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation, later Grumman Aerospace Corporation, was a leading producer of military and civilian aircraft of the 20th century.
Grumman's first jet plane, the F9F Panther, became operational in 1949, but the company's big postwar successes came in the 1960s with the A-6 Intruder and in the 1970s with the F-14 Tomcat.
Grumman were also the chief contractor on the Apollo Lunar Module that landed men on the moon.
Engineering (2360 words)
Aerospace engineering Aerospace engineering is the branch of spacecraft.
Engineering geology Engineering Geology is the application of the science of coastal engineering, bluff, harbor and wate...
Professor of Engineering, Cambridge University The Professorship of Engineering is a 1966.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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