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Encyclopedia > Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians
Second Edition, shelved
Second Edition, shelved

The Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians is an encyclopedic dictionary of music and musicians and is regarded as the most authoritative reference source on the subject in the English language. Along with the German-language MGG, it is the largest Western music reference work. Initially released through the vision and toil of George Grove, it was subsequently edited by Stanley Sadie and is the leading music reference source in English for both encyclopedic information and bibliographies. An encyclopedic dictionary typically includes a large number of short listings discussing a wide of topics. ... Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart, commonly referred to as MGG, is the largest and most comprehensive German music encyclopedia, and as a Western music reference source is comparable only to the English The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians in size and scope. ... Sir George Grove (August 13, 1820 - May 28, 1900) was an English writer on music, immortalised in the title of Groves Dictionary of Music and Musicians. ... Stanley Sadie CBE (October 30, 1930-March 21, 2005) was a British musicologist, music critic, and editor. ...

Contents

Editions

Grove's Dictionary

It was first published as A Dictionary of Music and Musicians in four volumes (1879, 1880,1883,1889) edited by Sir George Grove with an appendix edited by J.A. Fuller Maitland. The second edition, in five volumes, was edited by J. A. Fuller Maitland and published between 1904 and 1910. The third edition, also in five volumes, was edited by H. C. Colles and published in 1927. The fourth edition, also edited by Colles, was published in five volumes plus a supplement in 1940. The fifth edition, in nine volumes, was edited by Eric Blom and published in 1954. A supplementary volume followed in 1961. Sir George Grove (August 13, 1820 - May 28, 1900) was an English writer on music, immortalised in the title of Groves Dictionary of Music and Musicians. ...


The New Grove, 1st ed.

When the next edition appeared in 1980, it was under the new name The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, and was greatly expanded to twenty volumes with 22,500 articles and 16,500 biographies.[1] It was edited by Stanley Sadie. Stanley Sadie CBE (October 30, 1930-March 21, 2005) was a British musicologist, music critic, and editor. ...


It was reprinted with minor corrections each subsequent year until 1995, except 1982 and 1983. In the mid-90s, the set version sold for about $2300. A paperback edition was reprinted in 1995 which sold for $500. At that point, editors likely decided to concentrate on the 2nd edition rather than continue to correct the mistakes of the original 1980 edition.

  • ISBN 0-333-23111-2 - hardback
  • ISBN 1-56159-174-2 - paperback
  • ISBN 0-333-73250-2 - British special edition
  • ISBN 1-56159-229-3 - American special edition

The New Grove, 2nd ed.

The second edition under this title (the seventh overall) was published in 2001, in twenty-nine volumes. It was also made available by subscription on the Internet in a service called Grove Music Online[2]. It was again edited by Stanley Sadie, and the executive editor was John Tyrrell. It was originally to be released on CD-ROM as well, but this plan was dropped. As Sadie writes in the preface, "The biggest single expansion in the present edition has been in the coverage of 20th-century composers". Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Stanley Sadie CBE (October 30, 1930-March 21, 2005) was a British musicologist, music critic, and editor. ... John Tyrrell may refer to the following people: John Tyrell, 15th century English knight, Speaker of House of Commons. ...


This edition has been subject to some negative criticism (e.g. in Private Eye) owing to the significant number of typographical and factual errors that it contains. Some of the errors were ascribed to the use of students for checking the dictionary, although in fact no students were ever employed as editorial staff. Two volumes were re-issued in corrected versions, however, after production errors originally caused the omission of sections of Igor Stravinsky's worklist and Richard Wagner's bibliography. Private eye may mean: Look up Private eye on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Private Eye a fortnightly British satirical magazine-newspaper, edited by Ian Hislop (as of 2005) A private investigator, a private detective for hire (see also crime fiction and detective fiction) Private Eye, a song by Alkaline Trio... Igor Stravinsky. ... Richard Wagner Wilhelm Richard Wagner (22 May 1813 – 13 February 1883) was a German composer, conductor, music theorist, and essayist, primarily known for his operas (or music dramas as they were later called). ...

  • ISBN 0-333-60800-3 - British
  • ISBN 1-56159-239-0 - American (cloth: alk.paper)

Grove Music Online

Since its publication, the online edition of the New Grove has been continually maintained under the editorship of Laura Macy. Regular updates are made to the content of the encyclopedia, including a large number of revisions and additions of new articles. As well as the 29 volumes of the New Grove 2nd edition, Grove Music Online incorporates the 4-volume New Grove Dictionary of Opera (ed. Stanley Sadie, 1992) and the 2-volume New Grove Dictionary of Jazz, 2nd edition (ed. Barry Kernfeld, 2002), comprising a total of more than 50,000 articles. The New Grove Dictionary of Opera is an encyclopedia (or encyclopedic dictionary) of opera, considered to be one of the best general reference sources on the subject. ... Stanley Sadie CBE (October 30, 1930-March 21, 2005) was a British musicologist, music critic, and editor. ...


The Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians is available to use free of charge to many UK and International Library members from the Grove website using a Library membership number to login.


Status

The New Grove is invariably the first source that English-speaking musicologists use when beginning research or seeking information on most musical topics. Its scope and extensive bibliographies make it exceedingly valuable to any scholar with a grasp of the English language.


The dictionary was published by Macmillan Publishers but was sold in 2004 to Oxford University Press. Its principal competitor is the Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart ("MGG"), currently ten volumes on musical subjects and seventeen on biographies of musicians, written in German. Macmillan Publishers Ltd, also known as The Macmillan Group, is a privately-held international publishing company owned by Georg von Holtzbrinck Publishing Group. ... Oxford University Press (OUP) is a highly-respected publishing house and a department of the University of Oxford in England. ... Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart or short MGG is a comprehensive German Encyclopedia about music, and is one of the largest in the world. ...


In accordance with its status, the New Grove is expensive; the print edition costs over $2000, while an annual subscription to Grove Music Online is $300[3].


The companion four-volume series, New Grove Dictionary of Opera, is the main reference work in English on the subject of opera. The New Grove Dictionary of Opera is an encyclopedia (or encyclopedic dictionary) of opera, considered to be one of the best general reference sources on the subject. ...


Contents

The 2001 edition contains:

  • 29,499 articles in total
    • 5,623 entirely new articles
  • 20,374 biographies of composers, performers and writers on music
    • 96 articles on theatre directors
  • 1,465 articles on styles, terms and genres
    • 283 articles on concepts
  • 805 articles on regions, countries and cities
    • 580 articles on ancient music and church music
    • 1,327 articles on world musics
    • 1,221 articles on popular music, light music, and jazz
  • 2,261 articles on instruments and their makers, and performance practice
    • 89 articles on acoustics
  • 693 articles on printing and publishing
    • 174 articles on notation
    • 131 articles on sources

References

  1. ^ Scott Kennedy, Reference Sources for Small and Medium-sized Libraries (1999) p. 216.
  2. ^ Grove Music Online - online version of the 2001 edition
  3. ^ Subscribe to Grove Music Online

Further Sources

  • 'About the New Grove Dictionary', San Francisco Symphony Orchestra, [1]
  • 'Grove Music Online ', Rutgers University Libraries, [2]
  • Greg Sandow and Anne Midgette, 'Grove sees trees but not forest', The Wall Street Journal, July 3, 2001 [3]
  • Benjamin Ivry, 'You could look it up: The New Grove Dictionary of Music & Musicians' (Review), Commonweal, March 9, 2001 [4]
  • Allen P. Britton, 'Review: The New Grove Dictionary of American Music', American Music, Vol. 5, No. 2 (Summer, 1987), pp. 194-203 [5]
  • Linda B. Fairtile, 'Review: The New Grove Dictionary of Music Online', Journal of the American Musicological Society, Vol. 56, No. 3 (Autumn, 2003), pp. 748-754 [6]
  • Phillip D. Crabtree, Donald H. Foster, 1993, Sourcebook for Research in Music, Bloomington: University of Indiana Press, ISBN 0253213231 [7]
The San Francisco Symphony is a major orchestra based in San Francisco, California. ... “Rutgers” redirects here. ... Greg Sandow (born June 3, 1943) is an American music critic and composer. ... Anne Midgette is a classical music reviewer for The New York Times. ... The Wall Street Journal (WSJ) is an international daily newspaper published by Dow Jones & Company in New York City, New York, USA, with Asian and European editions, and a worldwide daily circulation of more than 2 million as of 2006, with 931,000 paying online subscribers. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (606 words)
The Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians is an encyclopedic dictionary of music and musicians, considered by most scholars to be the best general reference source on the subject in the English language.
Initially released through the vision and toil of George Grove, it was brought to a new height by Stanley Sadie and is the leading music reference source in English for both encyclopedic information and bibliographies.
It was first published in 1878 as A Dictionary of Music and Musicians in four volumes edited by Sir George Grove with an appendix and index.
Classical Net - Books About Music - Reference (2054 words)
This edition (sometimes known as Grove 6) is the culmination of more than 12 years of work by 2,400 scholars, more than doubling the 10-volume Grove 5.
This is the companion to the New Harvard Dictionary of Music (which does not carry biographies).
British Musical Biography: A Dictionary of Musical Artists, Authors and Composers Born in Britain and its Colonies 1897.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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