FACTOID # 10: The total number of state executions in 2005 was 60: 19 in Texas and 41 elsewhere. The racial split was 19 Black and 41 White.
 
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Encyclopedia > Grove, Virginia

Grove is an unincorporated community located in the southeastern portion of James City County, Virginia. It was probably named for the nearby Carter's Grove Plantation and/or Grove Creek. The community, adjacent to the large plantation, initially consisted primarily of African American farmers and fishermen. Nearby, Grove Station was established by the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway which built through the area in 1881 to reach the coal piers and the new city of Newport News on Hampton Roads. According to a state atlas, in 1895, Grove had a population of 37 persons and its own post office. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with unincorporated. ... James City County is a county located on the Virginia Peninsula in the state of Virginia. ... A plantation is an intentional planting of a crop, on a larger scale, usually for uses other than cereal production or pasture. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black), is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... The Chesapeake and Ohio Railway (C&O) was a Class I railroad formed in 1869 in Virginia from many smaller railroads begun in the 19th century. ... 1881 (MDCCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Aerial view looking east of Virginian Railway coal piers at Sewells Point on Hampton Roads near Norfolk, Virginia. ... Newport News, Hampton, Portsmouth and Norfolk, Virginia from space, July 1996 Newport News is an independent city located in Virginia. ... Hampton Roads, from state map of pre-civil war Virginia circa 1858 Hampton Roads is the name of both a body of water and the land areas which surround it in southeastern Virginia in the United States. ...


In the first half of the 20th century, many new homes were built and amenities including running water and sidewalks were added as residents were relocated from two large military reservations established by the U.S. Navy in adjacent York County. The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ... Location in the state of Virginia Formed 1634 Seat Yorktown Area  - Total  - Water 558 km² (216 mi²) 285 km² (110 mi²) 50. ...


Prior to World War I, many African Americans lived in the unincorporated town of Lackey in York County, where they (and their ancestors) had obtained land as former slaves and established homesteads after the American Civil War. Many were relocated to Grove as their land was taken to became part of what is now known as the Naval Weapons Station Yorktown in 1918. John Pack Roberts (born approximately 1860), a farmer and self-taught man who educated himself in the law, was instrumental in the growth of the Grove Community by helping the displaced landowners from Lackey obtain fair compensation. Combatants Allies: • Serbia, • Russia, • France, • Romania, • Belgium, • British Empire and Dominions, • United States, • Italy, • ...and others Central Powers: • Germany, • Austria-Hungary, • Ottoman Empire, • Bulgaria Casualties Military dead: 5 million Civilian dead: 3 million Total: 8 million Full list Military dead: 3 million Civilian dead: 3 million Total: 6 million Full... Location in the state of Virginia Formed 1634 Seat Yorktown Area  - Total  - Water 558 km² (216 mi²) 285 km² (110 mi²) 50. ... Slavery is a condition in which one person, known as a slave, is under the control of another. ... Combatants United States of America Confederate States of America Commanders Abraham Lincoln† Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis Robert E. Lee Strength 2,213,363 1,064,200 Casualties KIA: 110,100 Total dead: 359,500 Wounded: 275,200 KIA: 74,500 Total dead: 198,500 Wounded: 137,000+  The American... Naval Weapons Station Yorktown is a United States Navy base in Virginia. ...


During World War II, another small town, Magruder, located about 3 miles north of Williamsburg was taken to establish a U.S. Navy base for Seabee training which later became known as Camp Peary. This commmunity was also largely populated by African Americans, and once again, Grove grew with relocated households. At least one church, Mt. Gilead Baptist Church, was relocated from Magruder. Combatants Allies: Poland, British Commonwealth, France/Free France, Soviet Union, United States, China, and others Axis Powers: Germany, Italy, Japan, and others Casualties Military dead:17 million Civilian dead:33 million Total dead:50 million Military dead:8 million Civilian dead:4 million Total dead:12 million World War II... Magruder was a small town in Virginia near Williamsburg in York County which is now extinct. ... The official motto of the Seabees, the United States Navy Construction Battalions, is Construimus, Batuimus—We Build, We Fight. ... Camp Peary is a military reservation in York County, Virginia. ...


In 1964, Oscar H. Blayton of Grove became the first African American to attend the College of William and Mary as an undergraduate. He became an attorney in Williamsburg. In the mid 1970s, just west of Grove between U.S. Route 60 and the James River, the Busch Gardens - "the Old Country" theme park, a large brewery, and the Kingsmill planned community and resort were developed by Anheuser-Busch Corporation. The College of William and Mary in Virginia is a small public university located in Williamsburg, Virginia. ... U.S. Highway 60 is an east-west United States highway, running 2,670 miles (4,300 km) from Virginia to Arizona. ... The James River at Cartersville The James River in the U.S. state of Virginia is 547. ... Busch Gardens Williamsburg is a European-themed park located in Williamsburg, Virginia. ... A New town or planned community or planned city is a city, town, or community that was designed from scratch, and grew up more or less following the plan. ...


Trivia

  • A small but historic section of the northern edge of Grove is physically located in York County and is listed on that county's Historical Resources Survey (as are the former sites of the lost towns of Lackey and Magruder).
  • Magruder Avenue in Grove was presumably named in recognition of the resettlement of many residents there from the former town of Magruder during World War II.

Location in the state of Virginia Formed 1634 Seat Yorktown Area  - Total  - Water 558 km² (216 mi²) 285 km² (110 mi²) 50. ...

Sources

  • McCartney, Martha W. (1977) James City County: Keystone of the Commonwealth; James City County, Virginia; Donning and Company; ISBN 089865999

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Virginia - Piney Grove Gains 1,160 Acres (294 words)
With the expanded acreage, Piney Grove is capable of supporting the Conservancy’s goal of 10 breeding groups on the preserve.
Today, the Piney Grove colonies represent the northernmost population of the species, which was listed as endangered in 1970.
Piney Grove Preserve also is home to the fox squirrel, which is rare in Virginia, and two rare plant species: seymeria (Seymeria cassioides) and Carolina peatmoss (Sphagnum carolinianum).
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During the Civil War, Belle Grove was at the center of the
Belle Grove is an 18th-century grain and livestock farm, which, in its prime (circa 1815), encompassed about 7500 acres of land.
During the Civil War, Belle Grove was at the center of the decisive Battle of Cedar Creek.
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