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Encyclopedia > Groups referred to as cults in government documents

This list include groups that have been referred to as cults in government documents. Groups listed below were cited in such reports in Austria,[1] Belgium,[2] Canada,[3] France[4](in 1995), Germany,[5] and the United States.[6]


Groups are listed alphabetically by country, with the date of their appearance in the respective government report noted in the section header.

Contents

Austria

Federal Ministry of the Environment, Youth and the Family (1996)

In 1996, the Federal Ministry of the Environment, Youth and the Family, in Austria published a list of 200 groups it considers to be sects.[1] According to the United States Department of State's International Religious Freedom Report 2006, as released by the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor[1] "the vast majority" of these sects comprise small organizations with fewer than 100 members. Larger groups include Jehovah's Witnesses, Soka Gakkai, the Church of Scientology and the Unification Church. Department of State redirects here. ... The Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor Affairs (DRL) at the United States Department of State is one of four bureaus that comprise the Office of the Under Secretary for Global Affairs. ... Soka Gakkai International or SGI is the umbrella organization for affiliate lay organizations in over 190 countries practicing a form of the Buddhism of Nichiren Daishonin. ... Scientology cross Symbol Doctrine Practices Concepts People Public outreach Organization Controversy The Church of Scientology is the largest religious organization devoted to the practice and the promotion of the Scientology belief system. ... The Unification Church is a new religious movement started by Sun Myung Moon in Korea in the 1940s. ...


The report states that other groups termed "sects" by the Austrian government include the Divine Light Mission, Eckankar, Hare Krishna, Holosophic community, Osho movement, Sahaja Yoga, Sai Baba, Sri Chinmoy, Transcendental Meditation, Landmark Education, Center for Experimental Society Formation, Fiat Lux, Universal Life, and The Family, but does not specify if these groups appear in the list compiled by the Austrian Federal Ministry. The United States Department of State had similar sections in its International Religious Freedom Report on Austria, in 1999,[7] 2000,[8] 2002,[9] 2003,[10] 2004[11] and 2005.[12] The Divine Light Mission (DLM) was founded by the Shri Hans Ji Maharaji in Northern India in 1960 and registered in Patna. ... Eckankar. ... The International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON) is a new religious movement based on Bengali, or more specifically Gaudiya, Vaishnavism founded by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, referred to by followers as His Divine Grace, in New York in 1966. ... Rajneesh Chandra Mohan Jain (December 11, 1931 - January 19, 1990), better known during the 1970s as Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh and later as Osho, lived in India and the United States and was the founder and leader of the Osho-Rajneesh movement, a controversial new religious movement. ... Sahaja Yoga (Saha meaning spontaneous, -ja meaning born within, and Yoga meaning union) is a form of meditation, created by Nirmala Srivastava, more widely known as Shri Mataji Nirmala Devi or Mother by followers - who worship her as an incarnation of the Adi Shakti. ... This article is about the original, turn of the century Shirdi Sai Baba from Bombay state (now Maharashtra). ... Sri Chinmoy, c. ... // Transcendental Meditation or TM is a trademarked meditation technique introduced in 1958 by Maharishi Mahesh Yogi that involves the mental use of specific sounds, called mantras. ... Landmark Education LLC (LE) offers training and development programs in over 20 countries. ... Fiat Lux (lat. ... Universal Life (German: Universelles Leben) is the name of a controversial[1][2][3] new religious movement, [4] which is described by members as a part of the new revelation movement. ... The Family can refer to: The new religious movement, The Family, formerly called the Children of God that was quite famous in the late 1960s and early 1970s. ... This article is about the year. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Belgium

Parliamentary Inquiry Commission (1997)

The Justice Commission of the Belgian House of Representatives set up a parliamentary inquiry commission to work out a policy against cults. On April 28, 1997, the parliamentary commission issued its 670-page report[2] that contained a list of 189 movements, and also stated that "[t]he fact that a movement is listed here, even if at the instigation of an official instance, does not signify that the Commission regards it as a cult". The parliament failed to adopt the report as such and only voted to accept the conclusions and recommendations (19 pages), and not the list. Despite the lack of adoption of the list, the commission published the whole report, including the list.[13] According to Human Rights Without Frontiers Int., a Brussels Appeals Court in 2005 condemned the Belgian House of Representatives on the grounds that it had damaged the image of an organization (the Universal Church of God's Kingdom) listed in the 1997 parliamentary inquiry commission on sects.[14] The Belgian Chamber of Representatives (Dutch: de Kamer van Volksvertegenwoordigers, French: la Chambre des Représentants) is one of the two chambers of the Belgian Federal Parliament. ... is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Canada

Canadian Security Intelligence Service (1999)

A Canadian Security Intelligence Service report of 1999 discussed "Doomsday Religious Movements espousing hostile beliefs and having the potential to be violent.."[3] Groups classified as "Doomsday Religious Movements" included the Branch Davidians, Canada’s Order of the Solar Temple, and Aum Shinrikyo.[3] Later in the report, Aum Shinrikyo was referred to as the "Aum cult".[3] “CSIS” redirects here. ... The term destructive cult (sometimes called doomsday cult) is sometimes used to refer to that small number of religious groups that have intentionally killed people, either the group members themselves or others outside of the group. ... The Branch Davidians are a religious group originating from the Seventh_day Adventist church. ... The Order of the Solar Temple also known as Ordre du Temple Solaire (OTS) in French, and the International Chivalric Organization of the Solar Tradition or simply as The Solar Temple was a secret society based upon the new age myth of the continuing existence of the Knights Templar (see... Aum Shinrikyo, now known as Aleph, is a Japanese religious group founded by Shoko Asahara. ...


France

For more details on this topic, see Parliamentary Commission on Cults in France, MIVILUDES.

In 1995, a parliamentary commission of the National Assembly of France on cults produced its report[4] (in French: compare an unofficial English translation). The report included a list of purported cults compiled by the general information division of the French National Police (Renseignements généraux — a French police service) in association with cult-watching groups. The French authorities set up the Parliamentary Commission on Cults in France (Commission parlementaire sur les sectes en France) on 11 July 1995 following the events involving the members of the Order of the Solar Temple in late 1994 in the French region of Vercors, in Switzerland and in Canada. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... The Palais Bourbon, front The French National Assembly (French: ) is one of the two houses of the bicameral Parliament of France under the Fifth Republic. ... The National Police (Police Nationale) is one of two national police forces and the main civil law enforcement agency of France, with primary jurisdiction in cities and large towns. ... The Renseignements Généraux or RG (General Information) is a directorate of the French National Police. ...


In May 2005 the then Prime Minister of France, in a circulaire (which stressed that the government must exercise vigilance in continuing the fight against the cult-phenomenon), said that the list of movements attached to the Parliamentary Report of 1995 had become less pertinent, based on the observation that many small groups had formed: scattered, more mobile, and less-easily identifiable, and that labeling the groups as "sects" went against the respect for public freedoms and Laïcité (separation of Church and State). The Prime Minister asked his civil servants to update a number of ministerial instructions issued by previous commissions, to apply criteria set in consultation with the Interministerial Commission for Monitoring and Combating Cultic Deviances (MIVILUDES), and to avoid falling back on lists of groups for the identification of cultic deviances.[15] The Prime Minister of France (Premier ministre de la France) is the functional head of the Cabinet of France. ... In French law, a circulaire consists of a text intended for the members of a service, of an enterprise, or of an administration. ... Motto of the French republic on the tympanum of a church, in Aups (Var département) which was installed after the 1905 law on the Separation of the State and the Church. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ...


French parliamentary commission report (1995)

  • ALPHA Cultural Association (Association Culturelle ALPHA) 1977
  • AMPARA
  • ANTHROPOS – Association for Research on the Holistic Development of Man (ANTHROPOS - Association pour la recherche sur le développement holistique de l'homme)
  • Antoinist Worship (Culte Antoiniste)
  • Apostolic Order – Therapeutic Healing Environment (Ordre apostolique - Therapeutic healing environment)
  • ASPIRAL
  • Association for Defence of Freedom of Expression in the French Institution (ADLEIF) (Association de défense des libertés d'expression dans l'institution française (ADLEIF))
  • Association for Promotion of the Industrial Arts (APPAI) (Association pour la promotion des arts industrieux (APPAI))
  • Association for the Research and Study of Survival (APRES) (Association pour la recherche et l'étude de la survivance (APRES))
  • Association for Unification of Christianity Worldwide (Association pour l'unification du christianisme mondial)
  • Association of Meditation in France (Association de méditation en France)
  • ATHANOR
  • Azazel Institute Inc. (AZAZEL INSTITUTE INC)
  • Be-Exist-Energetics (Etre-Exister-Energètique)
  • Butcheries Community (Communauté Les boucheries)
  • Brahma Kumaris World Spiritual University (Université spirituelle internationale des Brahma Kumaris)[16]
  • CEDIPAC SA (formerly GEPM) (CEDIPAC SA (ex-GEPM)
  • Centre for Mahatayana Meditation (Centre de méditation Mahatayana)
  • Centre for the Blossoming and Aid of Francis de Sales (Centre d'épanouissement et aide François de Sales)
  • Centre of Dalmatie Therapy (Centre de thérapie Dalmatie)
  • Centre of Gnostic Studies (Centre d'Etudes Gnostiques)
  • Centre of Human Development (Centre de développement humain)
  • Centre of the Djivana Prana Swan – Source of Life (Centre du cygne Djivana Prana - Source de vie)
  • Christian Life in France – Centre of Christian Life (Vie chrétienne en France - Centre de vie chrétienne)
  • Church of Paris (L'Eglise à Paris)
  • Church of Scientology of Paris (Eglise de scientologie de Paris)
  • Communion of Satonnay (Communion de satonnay)
  • Community for the propagation of the universal life (Communauté pour la propagation de la vie universelle)
  • Community of the Little Brothers and Little Sisters of the Sacred Heart (Communauté des petits frères et des petites soeurs du Sacré-coeur)
  • Contact, Information and Resource Centre for the Prevention of Cancer (Centre de documentation et d'information et de contact pour la prévention du cancer)
  • Cosmicia
  • Cosmos - Intuition – Wings (Cosmos - Intuition – Ailes)
  • Cross Ones of the New Babylon (Les croisés de la nouvelle Babylone)
  • Cultural office of Cluny – National Federation of Total Animation (Office culturel de Cluny - Fédération nationale d'animation globale)
  • Cultural Space Being Now (ECEM) (Espace culturel Etre maintenant (ECEM))
  • Dakpo Shampa Kadgyu
  • Domain of Ephesus (Domaine d'Ephèse)
  • Eckankar France (Eckankar France)
  • Eija
  • El – Be Its Body (El - Etre son corps)
  • Emissaries of the Divine Light
  • Energy and Creation – Energy and Creativity (Energie et création - Energie et créativité)
  • Energy world (Energy world)
  • Evangelical Pentecostal Church of Besançon (Eglise évangélique de Pentecôte de Besançon)
  • Faculty of Parapsychology (Faculté de parapsychologie)
  • Family of Nazareth (Famille de Nazareth)
  • Foundation Elan vital (Fondation Elan vital)
  • French Federation for Krishna Consciousness (Fédération française pour la conscience de Krishna)
  • French Raëlian Movement (Mouvement Raëlien français)
  • Friends of Mary – Poor Ones of Mary (Les amis de Marie - Les pauvres de Marie)
  • Friends of the Glorious Cross of Dozule (Amis de la croix glorieuse de Dozule)
  • Friends of the St. Andréas Brotherhood (Les amis de la confrérie Saint-Andréas)
  • Gardens of Life (Les jardins de la vie)
  • Gilded Light (Lumière dorée)
  • Grail Movement in France (Mouvement du Graal en France)
  • Grand Lodge Sovereign International Magic and Theurgic, Egyptian Rite – Cagliostro (Grande loge souveraine internationale magique et theurgique de rite égyptien - Cagliostro)
  • Haidyakhan Spiritual Association (Association spirituelle d'Haiyakhan)
  • Hermitage of Christ of Peace (Ermitage du Christ de la paix)
  • Holistic Harmony (Harmonie holistique)
  • Holosophic Society of France (Société holosophique de France)
  • House of John (La maison de Jean)
  • Human and Universal Energy France – HUE France (Energie humaine et universelle France - HUE France)
  • Humana France – TVIND (Humana France - TVIND)
  • Humanist Movement (Mouvement humaniste)
  • Iesu no mitama kyokai (Church of the Holy Spirit of Jesus) (Iesu no mitama kyokai (Eglise du Saint Esprit de Jésus))
  • Imagine
  • Initiatory Circle of the Western Wicca Unicorn (Cercle initiatique de la licorne Wicca occidentale)
  • Insight seminars – Innergy
  • Institute of Holistic Sciences of the West (Institut des sciences holistiques de l'Ouest)
  • Institute of Physical and Conscious Research (Institut de recherche physique et conscience)
  • Institute of Psychoanalytic Research (Institut de recherches psychanalytiques)
  • Institute of the Vedic Maharashi Science in Paris – C.P.M. – Club for Meditators (“Transcendental Meditation”) (Institut de science vedique maharishi Paris - C.P.M. - Club pour méditants ( " Méditation transcendentale " ))
  • International Centre of Parapsychology and the Scientific Research of New Age (Centre international de parapsychologie et de recherche scientifique du Nouvel Age)
  • International Churches of Christ in France (Eglises du Christ international en France)
  • International Division Communication (Partage international communication)
  • International Federation for the Development of the Instinctive Feeding (FIDALI) (Fédération internationale pour le développement de l'alimentation instinctive (FIDALI))
  • International Society of the Analytical Trilogy (Société internationale de trilogie analytique -sarl-)
  • International Spiritual University of the Brahma Kumaris
  • International Way (La voie internationale)
  • Invitation to the Intense Life (Invitation à la vie intense)
  • Jehovah's Witnesses (Témoins de Jéhovah)
  • Key of the Universe (Clé de l'univers)
  • Khristic Church of the New Jerusalem Order of Raolf, Arnold and Osmond (Eglise Khristique de la Jérusalem Nouvelle ordre de Raolf, d'Arnold et d'Osmond)
  • Knights of the Lotus of Gold (Chevaliers du Lotus d'or)
  • Knowing how to Change Now (Savoir changer maintenant)
  • Kofuku no kagaku (Institute for Research of Happiness of Man) (Kofuku no kagaku (institut pour la recherche du bonheur de l'homme))
  • Landmark Education International/The Forum (Landmark education international - Le forum)
  • Lectorium rosicrucianum (Gold Rosicrucian Brotherhood) (Lectorium rosicrucianum (Rose-Croix d'or))
  • Leisure and Health - The Body Mirror (Loisirs et santé - Le corps miroir)
  • Light of Maat (Lumière du Maat)
  • Lucien J. Engelmajet Association (Association Lucien J. Engelmajet)
  • MAEV
  • Maha Shakti Mandir
  • Mandala 33
  • Mary’s Arch (Arche de Marie)
  • Methodical Ontology Culture and Tradition (Ontologie méthodique culture et tradition)
  • Mission Swmi Atmananda Atma Bodha Satsanga (Mission Swmi Atmananda Atma Bodha Satsanga)
  • Monastic Order of Avalon (Ordre monastique d'Avallon)
  • Natale Institute (Institut Frank Natale)
  • Neo-Apostolic Church of France (Eglise néo-apostolique de France)
  • New Acropolis Association of France (ANAF) (Association Nouvelle Acropole France (ANAF))
  • New Era (La nouvelle ère)
  • Notre Dame Fraternity (Fraternité Notre Dame)
  • Ogyen Kunzang Choling
  • Order of Scientific Scribes and Initiatory Mysteries (Ordonnance des scribes scientifiques et des mystères initiatiques)
  • Order of the Burning Grail (Ordre du Graal ardent)
  • Order of the Knights of France and of the Holy Trinity (Ordre des chevaliers de France et de la Trinité Sainte)
  • Order of the Lily and the Eagle (Ordre du lys et de l'aigle)
  • Order of the Universal Temple (Ordre du temple universel)
  • Ordo Templi Orientis
  • OSHO Information Centre (Centre d'information OSHO)
  • Oxygen Comets – The Mill of the Sun (Comètes oxygènes - Le moulin du soleil)
  • Oxyon 777 (ex-Harmonia) (Oxyon 777 (ex-Harmonia))
  • Paris Dharma Sah – Lotus Sangha of European Social Buddhism (Paris Dharma Sah - Lotus Sangha of European social buddhism)
  • Philosopher of Nature (Philosophe de la nature)
  • Philosophic Church of Lucifer (Eglise philosophique Luciférienne)
  • Prelude to the Golden Age Club (Club prélude à l'Age d'or)
  • Psychanimie Institute (Institut de psychanimie)
  • Queen of Peace – Order of the Immaculate Heart of Mary and of Saint Louis de Montfort (Reine de la paix - Ordre du coeur immaculé de Marie et de Saint Louis de Montfort)
  • Raphaël Centre of Psychic Applications (Centre d'applications psychiques "Raphaël")
  • Red Concept Limited (Red concept limited)
  • Reiyukai
  • Renovated Order of the Temple (ORT) (Ordre rénové du Temple (ORT))
  • Revelation of the 7th Hour (Révélation de la 7ème heure)
  • Right of Survival Association (Association Le Droit de survie)
  • Rosicrucians
  • Saint Bani (Saint Bani)
  • Saman
  • Sanctuary
  • School for Preparation for Extraterrestrial Evacuation (Ecole de la préparation de l'évacuation extra terrestre)
  • School of Essentialism Association (Association de soutien à l'oeuvre de Sundari - L'Ecole de l'essentialisme)
  • Science of the Mental One (La science du mental)
  • Seimeikyo Europe (Seimeikyo Europe)
  • Shinji Shumeikai France (Shinji Shumeikai France)
  • Shri Ram Chandra Mission France (Shri Ram Chandra Mission France)
  • Siderella
  • Silva Method Mind Control (Méthode Sylva de contrôle mental)
  • Sister Rasta Movement (Sister mouvement rasta)
  • Soka Gakkai International France (Soka Gakkai internationale France)
  • Spiritual Emergence Network France – Holotropic Breathing (Spiritual Emergence Network France - Respiration holotropique)
  • Sri Chinmoy Association of Paris (Association Sri Chinmoy de Paris)
  • St. Germain Foundation (Fondation Saint-germain)
  • St. Preux Institute (Institut de Saint-Preux)
  • Star’s Edge International – Avatar Method (Star's edge international - Méthode Avatar)
  • Study, Tradition and Research in Energetics (E.T.R.E.) (Etude tradition et recherche en énergétique (E.T.R.E.))
  • Subud Association of France – Susila Dharma France (Association Subud de France - Susila Dharma France)
  • Suicide of the River Banks (Le suicide des rives)
  • Sukyo Mahikari – Light of Truth (Sukyo Mahikari - Lumière de vérité)
  • Supermen Club (Le club des surhommes)
  • Supreme Paravidya Wisdom (Paravidya sagesse suprême)
  • Teaching and Therapy of Evolutionary Search (Enseignement et thérapie de recherches évolutives)
  • The Eye Opens (L'oeil s'ouvre)
  • The Family (formerly Children of God) (La famille (ex-enfant de Dieu))
  • The Grand Lodge (Le grand logis)
  • The Paraclete Centre (Centre du Paraclet)
  • Thébaide Community (Communauté de la Thébaide)
  • Theological Institute of Nimes (Institut théologique de Nimes)
  • Timothy Mission (Mission Timothée)
  • Tradition-Family-Property (Tradition Famille Propriété)
  • Trans-Mutations (Trans-mutations)
  • Tree in the Environment (L'arbre au milieu)
  • Union of Sri Sathya Sai Associations, Centres and Groups (Union des associations centres et groupes Sri Sathya Sai)
  • Universal Alliance (Alliance universelle)
  • Universal Church of God (Eglise universelle de Dieu)
  • Universal Church of God’s Kingdom (Eglise universelle du royaume de Dieu)
  • Universal White Fraternity (Fraternité blanche universelle)
  • Venture
  • Village of Aquarius (Le village du verseau)
  • Vishwa Nirmala Dharma – Sahaja Yoga (Viswa Nirmala Dharma - Sahaja Yoga)
  • Vital Harmony SA (Vital Harmony SA)
  • Viveka
  • Vo Vi Association of France – Friends of the Science of Non-being of France (Association Vo Vi de France - Amis de la Science du non être de France)
  • Way of Light (Unity of Research Projects for the Evolution of Light) (La voie de la lumière (unité de recherches pour l'évolution de la lumière))
  • Word of Faith – World Evangelisation (La parole de foi - Evangélisation mondiale)

Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... Prajapita Brahma Kumaris Ishwariya Vishwa Vidyalaya or Brahma Kumaris World Spiritual University is a monastic, renunciate[1]or semi-monastic[2] Millenarian[3][4] New Religious Movement (NRM) of Indian origin. ... S.A. is the abbreviation of Société Anonyme in French, Spółka Akcyjna in Polish, Sociedad Anónima in Spanish, Sociedade Anónima in Portuguese, or Naamloze Venootschap (N.V.) in Dutch, generally designating corporations in various countries. ... Doctrine Practices Concepts People Public outreach Organization Controversy Scientology is a body of beliefs and related practices created by American pulp fiction author L. Ron Hubbard in 1952 as an outgrowth of his earlier self-help system, Dianetics. ... Eckankar. ... Elan Vital is an organization that supports the work of Prem Rawat also known by the honorary title Maharaji. ... The International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON) is a new religious movement based on Bengali, or more specifically Gaudiya, Vaishnavism founded by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, referred to by followers as His Divine Grace, in New York in 1966. ... A gathering of Raëlians in South Korea This article is about the organization of Raëlians and its critics. ... The grail movement is not and is a cult. ... The Humanist Movement is an international volunteer organisation that promotes non-violence and non-discrimination. ... Look up imagine in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... // Transcendental Meditation or TM is a trademarked meditation technique introduced in 1958 by Maharishi Mahesh Yogi that involves the mental use of specific sounds, called mantras. ... Prajapita Brahma Kumaris Ishwariya Vishwa Vidyalaya or Brahma Kumaris World Spiritual University is a monastic, renunciate[1]or semi-monastic[2] Millenarian[3][4] New Religious Movement (NRM) of Indian origin. ... Landmark Education LLC (LE) offers training and development programs in over 20 countries. ... Werner Erhard and Associates or WEA was (from February 1981 until 1991) a successor organization to est and precessor organization to Landmark Education (http://www. ... New Acropolis (NA), (official name I.O.N.A. International Organization New Acropolis) is a worldwide non-profit organisation founded in 1957 by Jorge Angel Livraga Rizzi (died 1991) ([1]) firstly as a School of Philosophy and later on as an International Organization devoted to Practical Philosophy studies and practice. ... The New Era is a term used in political and communications media to describe the time of American response to terrorism following the September 11 Terrorist Attacks. ... Lamen of the Ordo Templi Orientis Ordo Templi Orientis (O.T.O.) (Order of the Temple of the East, or the Order of Oriental Templars) is an international fraternal and religious organization founded at the beginning of the 20th century. ... This article is about the controversial spiritual teacher formerly known as Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh. ... St. ... The Order of the Solar Temple also known as Ordre du Temple Solaire (OTS) in French, and the International Chivalric Organization of the Solar Tradition or simply as The Solar Temple was a secret society based upon the new age myth of the continuing existence of the Knights Templar (see... The Temple of the Rosy Cross, Teophilus Schweighardt Constantiens, 1618 The Rosicrucians are a legendary and secretive order dating from the 15th or 17th century, generally associated with the symbol of the Rose Cross, which is also used in certain rituals of the Freemasons. ... Saman can refer to either: Luminon / Grand Master Saman from the video game Deus Ex: Invisible War Saman Khuda who lived in the 8th century and was the ancestor of the Samanid Dynasty, or Saman, a town in the Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province of Iran. ... Ajax prepares to violate the sanctuary of Athena by abducting Cassandra by force: red-figure vase, c. ... The Silva Method, originally called Silva Mind Control, comprises a self-empowerment system to shape beliefs and augment personal success. ... Haile Selassie I Rasta, or the Rastafari movement, is a religion that accepts Haile Selassie I, the former Emperor of Ethiopia, as God incarnate, whom they call Jah. ... Soka Gakkai International (International Value-Creation Society; also, SGI) is the international umbrella organization for Soka Gakkai-affiliated lay organizations in over 190 countries. ... Sri Chinmoy, c. ... Subud (pronounced IPA: ) is an international spiritual association of people of all religions as well as people with no religious affiliation. ... The Children of God (COG), later known as the Family of Love, the Family, and now the Family International (TFI), is a new religious movement, widely referred to as a cult by the media and some government organizations, that started in 1968 in Huntington Beach, California, United States. ... Sathya Sai Baba (born Sathyanarayana Raju on 23 November 1926,[1][2] — with the family name of Ratnakara) is a guru from southern India, religious leader, orator and philosopher often described as a godman[3][4] and a miracle worker. ... Venture can refer to; Venture - a Canadian business television show on the CBC network. ... Sahaja Yoga (Saha meaning spontaneous, -ja meaning born within, and Yoga meaning union) is a form of meditation, created by Nirmala Srivastava, more widely known as Shri Mataji Nirmala Devi or Mother by followers - who worship her as an incarnation of the Adi Shakti. ... S.A. is the abbreviation of Société Anonyme in French, Spółka Akcyjna in Polish, Sociedad Anónima in Spanish, Sociedade Anónima in Portuguese, or Naamloze Venootschap (N.V.) in Dutch, generally designating corporations in various countries. ...

Germany

Berlin Senate report (1997)

An official report of a Senate Committee of the State of Berlin in Germany lists and discusses cults (German: Sekten), emphasizing with its sub-title their category as "entities espousing a world view and new religions". The current (1997) Berlin Senate report — entitled Cults: Risks and Side-effects: Information on selected new religious and world-view espousing Movements and Psycho-offerings[5] — subdivides "selected suppliers" (ausgewählte Anbieter) of its objects of interest as: This article is about the capital of Germany. ... A world view (or worldview) is a term calqued from the German word Weltanschauung (pronounced ) Welt is the German word for world, and Anschauung is the German word for view or outlook. It implies a concept fundamental to German philosophy and epistemology and refers to a wide world perception. ...

  • 7.1: Groups with a Christian background (Gruppen mit christlichem Hintergrund)
    • 7.1.1 Fiat Lux
    • 7.1.2 Parish on the Road Evangelical Free Church (registered association) (Gemeinde auf dem Weg Evangelische Freikirche e.V)
    • 7.1.3 Parish of Jesus Christ (registered association) Boston Church of Christ (Gemeinde Jesu Christi e.V. (Boston Church of Christ))
    • 7.1.4 Universal Life (Re-gathering of Jesus Christ) (Universelles Leben (Heimholungswerk Jesu Christi/HHW))
    • 7.1.5 Unification Church (Moon movement) (Vereinigungskirche (Mun-Bewegung))
  • 7.2 Groups with a pagan background (Gruppen mit heidnischem Hintergrund)
    • 7.2.1 Teutonic Belief Associationtion (registered association) (Germanische Glaubengemeinschaft e.V. (GGG))
    • 7.2.2 Pagan Association (registered association) (Heidnische Gemeinschaft e.V. (HG))
  • 7.3 Groups with a Hinduistic background (Gruppen mit hinduistischem Hintergrund)
  • 7.4 Suppliers of Life-Help (Anbieter von Lebenshilfe)
    • commercial: (kommerziell:)
    • 7.4.1 The Circle of Friends of Bruno Gröning (Bruno Gröning-Freundeskreise)
    • 7.4.2 Context Seminar Company Limited (Kontext Seminar GmbH)
    • 7.4.3 Landmark Education (LE) (Landmark Education (LE))
    • 7.4.4 Art Reade
    • 7.4.5 Scientology
    • 7.4.6 The Natale Institute (TNI)
    • non-commercial: (nicht kommerziell:)
    • 7.4.7 Union for the Enhancement of the psychological Knowledge of Mankind (Verein zur Förderung der psychologischen Menschenkenntnis (VPM))
  • 7.5 Occultism/Satanism (Okkultismus/Satanismus)
  • 7.6 So-called Multi-level Marketers (Sogenannte Strukturvertriebe)

Universal Life (German: Universelles Leben) is the name of a controversial[1][2][3] new religious movement, [4] which is described by members as a part of the new revelation movement. ... The Unification Church is a new religious movement started by Sun Myung Moon in Korea in the 1940s. ... Sun Myung Moon in 2005. ... Pagan and heathen redirect here. ... Hinduism (known as in modern Indian languages[1]) is a religious tradition[2] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... Founder of ISKCON: A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada The International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON), also known as the Hare Krishna movement, was founded in 1966 in New York City by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada. ... Rajneesh Chandra Mohan Jain (1931 - 1990) The Osho movement is a new religious movement founded and inspired by the Indian guru and philosopher Osho (aka Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh) (1931 - 1990) that has survived the gurus death. ... This article is about the spiritual teacher formerly known as Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh. ... Ruhani Satsang The origin of this organization came about at the request of disciples of Master Baba Sawan Singh (1858 - 1948). ... Sant Thakar Singh Sant Thakar Singh (March 26, 1929 - March 6, 2005) was a spiritual teacher in the Sant Mat lineage of contemporary saints. ... // Transcendental Meditation or TM is a trademarked meditation technique introduced in 1958 by Maharishi Mahesh Yogi that involves the mental use of specific sounds, called mantras. ... Landmark Education LLC (LE) offers training and development programs in over 20 countries. ... Doctrine Practices Concepts People Public outreach Organization Controversy Scientology is a body of beliefs and related practices created by American pulp fiction author L. Ron Hubbard in 1952 as an outgrowth of his earlier self-help system, Dianetics. ... For other uses of this term, see occult (disambiguation). ... Satanism can refer to a number of belief systems depending on the user and contexts. ... Multi-level marketing (MLM) is a business model that combines direct marketing with franchising. ...

United States

Committee on Government Reform (August 1999)

Suspect Organizations and Individuals Possessing Long-Range Fifty Caliber Sniper Weapons

A report to the United States House of Representatives, Section VI is entitled "Montana Doomsday Religious Cult - "Church Universal and Triumphant". Type Bicameral Speaker of the House of Representatives House Majority Leader Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Steny Hoyer, (D) since January 4, 2007 House Minority Leader John Boehner, (R) since January 4, 2007 Members 435 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party...

The Church Universal and Triumphant is a New Age new religious movement and organization founded by Mark L. Prophet and Elizabeth Clare Prophet. ...

Project Megiddo (October 1999)

For more details on this topic, see Project Megiddo.

Project Megiddo was an FBI report, released on October 20, 1999.[18] The report warned against: "the potential for extremist criminal activity in the United States by individuals or domestic groups who attach special significance to the year 2000."[18] Its analysis focused on apocalyptic religious groups, doomsday cults and (New World Order) conspiracy theories. Project Megiddo was a report researched and written by the FBI under Louis Freehs leadership. ... F.B.I. and FBI redirect here. ... is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Look up Apocalypse in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The term destructive cult (sometimes called doomsday cult) is sometimes used to refer to that small number of religious groups that have intentionally killed people, either the group members themselves or others outside of the group. ... One World Government redirects here. ... For other uses, see Conspiracy theory (disambiguation). ...


The report stated that certain groups it called "biblically-driven cults" were potentially violent[18]. The report then went on to warn that "less time spent on “Bible study” and more time spent on “physical training” - indicate that the cult may be preparing for some type of action."[18] Groups singled out and analyzed in the report under the heading: "Apocalyptic Cults", included the Branch Davidians, and the Concerned Christians.[18] The Branch Davidians are a religious group originating from the Seventh_day Adventist church. ... Concerned Christians is an apocalyptic Christian group widely deemed to be a cult. ...


Assessing the Threat (December 1999)

On December 15, 1999 the Advisory Panel to Assess Domestic Response Capabilities for Terrorism Involving Weapons of Mass Destruction presented a report called Assessing the Threat to the President of the United States and to the United States Congress.[6] The report discusses the 1984 contamination of salad bars in Oregon by the Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh group, and the Aum Shinrikyo Sarin gas attack on the Tokyo subway of 1995.[6] Both groups are referred to as cults in the report.[6] is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). ... Type Bicameral Houses Senate House of Representatives President of the Senate President pro tempore Dick Cheney, (R) since January 20, 2001 Robert C. Byrd, (D) since January 4, 2007 Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Members 535 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political... Official language(s) (none)[1] Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... Rajneesh Chandra Mohan Jain (December 11, 1931 - January 19, 1990), better known during the 1970s as Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh and later as Osho, was the founder and leader of a controversial India and the United States. ... Aum Shinrikyo, now known as Aleph, is a Japanese religious group founded by Shoko Asahara. ... A wanted poster in Japan. ...


The Advisory Panel was created through an Act of the United States Congress, Public Law 105-261 (H.R. 3616, 105th Congress, 2nd Section, October 17, 1998), and was directed to submit three annual reports to the President and the Congress, beginning in December 1999.[19] The Act of Congress establishing the Advisory Panel is titled Section 1405 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 1999.[19] The Advisory Panel was also referred to as the Gilmore Commission, after its chair former Governor of Virginia James S. Gilmore III.[20] is the 290th day of the year (291st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Gilmore Commission is the informal and commonly used name for the U.S. Congressional Advisory Panel to Assess Domestic Response Capabilities for Terrorism Involving Weapons of Mass Destruction. ... Tim Kaine, the current Governor The Governor of Virginia serves as the chief executive of the Commonwealth of Virginia for a four-year term. ... Categories: People stubs | Politics stubs | 1949 births | Governors of Virginia ...


References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c International Religious Freedom Report 2006, (Austria), released by the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, United States Department of State.
    "The vast majority of groups termed "sects" by the Government were small organizations with fewer than 100 members. Among the larger groups was the Church of Scientology, with between 5,000 and 6,000 members, and the Unification Church, with approximately 700 adherents throughout the country. Other groups found in the country included Divine Light Mission, Eckankar, Hare Krishna, the Holosophic community, the Osho movement, Sahaja Yoga, Sai Baba, Sri Chinmoy, Transcendental Meditation, Landmark Education, the Center for Experimental Society Formation, Fiat Lux, Universal Life, and The Family."
  2. ^ a b Enquête Parlementaire visant à élaborer une politique en vue de lutter contre les practiques illégales des sectes et le danger qu'elles représentent pour la société et pour les personnes, particulièrement les mineurs d'âge. Rapport fait au nom de la Commission d'enquête par MM. Duquesne et Willems. Partie II. [Parliamentary Inquiry with the aim of detailing a policy for combating the illegal practices of cults and the danger they represent for society and for people, especially minors. Report made in the name of the Commission of Inquiry by Messieurs Duquesne and Willems. Part 2.] available online -- bilingual report in French and Flemish, retrieved 2007-01-08.
  3. ^ a b c d "Doomsday Religious Movements", PERSPECTIVES, a Canadian Security Intelligence Service publication, Report # 2000/03, December 18, 1999. available online, last updated November 1, 2000.
  4. ^ a b French report, 1995, English translation, National Assembly of France, Parliamentary Commission report.
  5. ^ a b "Sekten" - Risiken und Nebenwirkungen: Informationen zu ausgewählten neuen religiõsen und weltanschaulichen Bewegungen und Psychoangeboten. [Cults: Risks and Side-effects. Information on selected new religious and world-view Movements and Psycho-offerings] Herausgeben von der Senatsverwaltung fuer Schule, Jugend and Sport. [Published by the Senate administration for School, Youth and Sport]. Edited by Anne Rũhle and Ina Kunst. Version: December 1997. Downloadable in PDF form Retrieved 2007-02-06.
  6. ^ a b c d Advisory Panel to Assess Domestic Response Capabilities for Terrorism Involving Weapons of Mass Destruction (December 15, 1999). Assessing The Threat: First Annual Report to The President and The Congress of the Advisory Panel to Assess Domestic Response Capabilities for Terrorism Involving Weapons of Mass Destruction. DIANE Publishing, 18, 24, 26, 28, 38, 40, 46-51. ISBN 1428981128. 
  7. ^ Religious Freedom Report 1999, Austria, Section I. Freedom of Religion.
  8. ^ Religious Freedom Report 2000, Austria, Section I. Freedom of Religion.
  9. ^ Religious Freedom Report 2002, Austria, Section I. Freedom of Religion.
  10. ^ Religious Freedom Report 2003, Austria, Section I. Religious Demography.
  11. ^ Religious Freedom Report 2004, Austria, Section I. Religious Demography.
  12. ^ Religious Freedom Report 2005, Austria, Section I. Religious Demography.
  13. ^ Fautré, Willy (2002). The Sect Issue in France and in Belgium. Human Rights Without Frontiers Int..
  14. ^ Human Rights Without Frontiers Int. Human Rights in Belgium Annual Report (Events in 2005).
  15. ^ Circulaire du 27 mai 2005 relative à la lutte contre les dérives sectaires
  16. ^ Cults, Religion & Violence 2002 ISBN 0-521-66898-0 5 , (Listed as "Dangerous" by the French Parliamentary Commission (1996), also defined as "enemies of the state" in Greece, 1993).
  17. ^ Suspect Organizations and Individuals Possessing Long-Range Fifty Caliber Sniper Weapons, United States House of Representatives, Committee on Government Reform, August 17, 1999., VI: Additional Cases: "Montana Doomsday Religious Cult - "Church Universal and Triumphant", Page 8.

    The GAO investigators found a 1989 case in Montana in which members of a "doomsday religious cult" had stockpiled many weapons, including several fifty caliber weapons. The cult is called the "Church Universal and Triumphant" (C.U.T.), and its leader is Elizabeth Clare Prophet. The cult was in the process of building underground bunkers to prepare for the end of the world. This investigation began because Ms. Prophet's and another cult member used birth certificates of deceased individuals to obtain driver's licenses so that they could purchase and stockpile weapons.
    In an ATF crackdown, agents found that the cult members had illegally acquired hundreds of weapons and thousands of rounds of ammunition. Among this stockpile was ten semi-automatic fifty caliber weapons purchased with false identifications. The cult members were convicted of illegally purchasing firearms. According to GAO, Ms. Prophet continues to lead the cult and was not charged in connection with these offenses. The Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor Affairs (DRL) at the United States Department of State is one of four bureaus that comprise the Office of the Under Secretary for Global Affairs. ... Department of State redirects here. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... “CSIS” redirects here. ... is the 352nd day of the year (353rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... The Palais Bourbon, front The French National Assembly (French: ) is one of the two houses of the bicameral Parliament of France under the Fifth Republic. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Type Bicameral Speaker of the House of Representatives House Majority Leader Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Steny Hoyer, (D) since January 4, 2007 House Minority Leader John Boehner, (R) since January 4, 2007 Members 435 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party... is the 229th day of the year (230th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ...

  18. ^ a b c d e Project Megiddo, FBI Strategic Assessment, October 20, 1999, retrieved 3/7/07.
  19. ^ a b Staff (December 15, 2003). "Forging America’s New Normalcy: Securing Our Homeland, Protecting Our Liberty" 5. GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved on 2007-11-16. 
  20. ^ Staff. "News Release: GILMORE COMMISSION CALLS FOR IMPROVED HOMELAND SECURITY STRATEGY", RAND, GlobalSecurity.org, December 15, 2003. Retrieved on 2007-11-16. 

F.B.I. and FBI redirect here. ... is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit global policy think tank first formed to offer research and analysis to the United States armed forces. ... is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Further reading

Dr. John Gordon Melton is the founding director of the Institute for the Study of American Religion and is a research specialist with the Department of Religious Studies at the University of California, Santa Barbara. ... The headquarters of the Cambridge University Press, in Trumpington Street, Cambridge. ... The Congressional Research Service is the public policy research arm of the United States Congress. ... Construction of the Thomas Jefferson Building, from July 8, 1888 to May 15, 1894. ... is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ...

See also


 
 

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