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Encyclopedia > Group of Seven (artists)

The Group of Seven was a group of Canadian landscape painters in the 1920s, originally consisting of Franklin Carmichael, Lawren Harris, A. Y. Jackson, Frank Johnston, Arthur Lismer, J. E. H. MacDonald, and Frederick Varley. Tom Thomson was also associated with the Group, but was never an official member, since he died before the Group was formed. Emily Carr was inspired and admired by the Group, and was invited to take part in art shows—a radical invitation for a woman at that time—but Carr was also never an official member. Other artists eventually joined the Group, which was then renamed the Canadian Group of Painters. The Harvesters, by Pieter Brueghel the Elder, 1565: Peace and agriculture in a pre-Romantic ideal landscape, without sublime terrors Landscape art depicts scenery such as mountains, valleys, trees, rivers and forests. ... The Mona Lisa is perhaps the best-known artistic painting in the Western world. ... Sometimes referred to as the Jazz Age or primarily in North America and in Australia as the Roaring Twenties . In Europe it is sometimes refered to as the Golden Twenties. ... Frank Carmichael Franklin Carmichael (May 4, 1890-October 24, 1945) is a Canadian artist. ... Lawren Stewart Harris (October 23, 1885-January 29, 1970) was a Canadian painter. ... A.Y. Jackson at work Alexander Young Jackson, CC , CMG (born October 3, 1882 in Montreal, Quebec, died April 5, 1974 in Kleinburg, Ontario) was a Canadian painter and founding member of the Group of Seven. ... Frank Johnston is a Canadian artist associated with the Group of Seven. ... Arthur Lismer CC (June 27, 1885 – March 23, 1969) was born in England in 1885. ... J.E.H. MacDonald (1888-1949) was a member of the famous Group of Seven Canadian artists. ... Frederick Horsman Varley (January 2, 1881-September 8, 1969) was a member of the Canadian Group of Seven artists. ... For the American politician, see Tommy Thompson. ... Emily Carr Emily Carr (December 13, 1871 – March 2, 1945) was a Canadian artist and writer. ... The Canadian Group of Painters was a group of noted Canadian painters formed in 1931. ...

Red Maple by A.Y. Jackson
Red Maple by A.Y. Jackson

The Group of Seven was strongly influenced by European Impressionism of the late Nineteenth Century in the Montmartre district of Paris. Red Maple by A.Y. Jackson This painting is the property of the National Gallery of Canada. ... Red Maple by A.Y. Jackson This painting is the property of the National Gallery of Canada. ... Europe is conventionally considered one of the seven continents which, in this case, is more a cultural and political distinction than a physiogeographic one. ... Impressionism was a 19th century art movement, that began as a loose association of Paris-based artists who began publicly exhibiting their art in the 1860s. ... Montmartre seen from the centre Georges Pompidou (1897), a painting by Camille Pissarro of the boulevard that led to Montmartre as seen from his hotel room. ... The neutrality and factual accuracy of this article are disputed. ...


Thomson, MacDonald, Lismer, Varley, Johnston and Carmichael met as employees of the design firm Grip Ltd. in Toronto. In 1913, they were joined by A. Y. Jackson and Lawren Harris. The group received monetary support from Dr. James MacCallum. MacCallum owned land on Georgian Bay and Thomson worked as a guide in nearby Algonquin Park, both places where he and the other artists often travelled for inspiration. Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Diversity Our Strength City of Toronto, Ontario, Canadas Location. ... 1913 (MCMXIII) is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... Georgian Bay is a large bay of Lake Huron, located in Ontario, Canada. ... A Moose Dines on Lily Pads Algonquin Provincial Park is a Provincial Park in central Ontario, Canada. ...


This informal group was temporarily split up during World War I, during which Jackson and Varley became official war artists. A further blow to the group came in 1917 when Thomson died while canoeing in Algonquin Park. He appeared to have suffered a blow to the head and showed no signs of drowning. The circumstances of his death remain mysterious. Clockwise from top: Trenches in frontline, a British Mark I Tank crossing a trench, the Royal Navy battleship HMS Irresistible sinking after striking a mine at the battle of the Dardanelles, a Vickers machine gun crew with gas masks and a Sopwith Camel biplane. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ...


The seven who formed the original group reunited after the war. They continued to travel throughout Ontario, especially the Muskoka and Algoma regions, sketching the landscape and developing techniques to represent it in art. In 1919 they began to call themselves the Group of Seven, and by 1920 they were ready for their first exhibition. Prior to this, many artists believed the Canadian landscape was either unpaintable or not worthy of being painted. Reviews for the 1920 exhibition were mixed, but as the decade progressed the Group came to be recognized as pioneers of a new, Canadian, school of art. Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Official languages English, French (in some areas) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 106 24 Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 4th 1,076,395... 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1920 (MCMXX) is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ... 1920 (MCMXX) is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ...


The Group's champions during its early years included Barker Fairley, a co-founder of Canadian Forum magazine, and the warden of Hart House at the University of Toronto, J. Burgon Bickersteth. (from What is Wrong with Canadian Art Canadian Art magazine, Autumn 1948) Barker Fairley (May 1887-October 1986) was a British-born painter, writer, and educator. ... Hart House Hart House is a student centre at the University of Toronto. ... Founded in 1827, the University of Toronto (U of T), in Toronto, Ontario, is the largest university in Canada. ...


The members of the Group began to travel elsewhere in Canada for inspiration, including British Columbia, Quebec, Nova Scotia, and the Arctic. These painters were the first artists of European descent who depicted the Arctic. In 1926 A. J. Casson joined the group which soon numbered ten members with the additions of Edwin Holgate and LeMoine Fitzgerald. Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Official languages English Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Lieutenant-Governor Iona Campagnolo Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 36 6 Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 5th 944,735 km² 2. ... The first European explorer to reach Quebec was Jacques Cartier, who planted a cross either in the Gaspé in 1534 or at Old Fort Bay on the Lower North Shore and sailed into the St. ... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit (Latin: One defends and the other conquers) Official languages English Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Lieutenant-Governor Myra Freeman Premier John Hamm (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 11 10 Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 12th 55,283 km² 3. ... The red line indicates the 10°C isotherm in July, commonly used to define the Arctic region border The Arctic is the area around the Earths North Pole. ... 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... A. J. Casson (1898-1992) was a Canadian artist. ... Edwin Holgate (born in Allandale, Ontario in 1892; died in Montreal, Quebec in 1977), was a Canadian artist, painter and engraver. ... Lionel LeMoine Fitzgerald (March 17, 1890-August 7, 1956) was a Canadian artist, a member of the Group of Seven. ...


The Group's influence was so widespread by the end of 1931 that they no longer found it necessary to continue as a group of painters. At their eighth exhibition in December of that year they announced that they had disbanded and that a new association of painters would be formed, known as the Canadian Group of Painters. The Canadian Group held its first exhibition in 1933. 1931 (MCMXXXI) is a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...


External links

Group of Seven
Original members: Franklin Carmichael | Lawren Harris | A. Y. Jackson | Frank Johnston | Arthur Lismer | J. E. H. MacDonald | Frederick Varley
Other members: A. J. Casson | Edwin Holgate | LeMoine Fitzgerald | Tom Thomson

  Results from FactBites:
 
Group of Seven (artists) - definition of Group of Seven (artists) in Encyclopedia (522 words)
The Group of Seven was a group of Canadian landscape painters in the 1920s, originally consisting of Franklin Carmichael, Lawren Harris, A.
The Group's influence was so widespread by the end of 1931 that they no longer felt it was necessary to continue as a separate group of painters.
The Group of Seven was largely influenced by the European Impressionism taking place in the Montparnasse quarter of Paris.
Group of Seven (artists) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (551 words)
The Group of Seven was strongly influenced by European Impressionism of the late Nineteenth Century in the Montmartre district of Paris.
In 1919 they began to call themselves the Group of Seven, and by 1920 they were ready for their first exhibition.
The Group's influence was so widespread by the end of 1931 that they no longer found it necessary to continue as a group of painters.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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