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Encyclopedia > Group marriage

Group marriage or circle marriage is a form of polygamous marriage in which more than one man and more than one woman form a family unit, with all the members of the group marriage being considered to be married to all the other members of the group marriage, and all members of the marriage share parental responsibility for any children arising from the marriage.[1] The term polygamy (many marriages in late Greek) is used in related ways in social anthropology, sociobiology, and sociology. ... Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ... a family of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso in 1997 Family is a Western term used to denote a domestic group of people, or a number of domestic groups linked through descent (demonstrated or stipulated) from a common ancestor, marriage or adoption. ... A parent is a father or mother; one who begets or one who gives birth to or nurtures and raises a child; a relative who plays the role of guardian // Mother This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Line marriage is a fictional form of group marriage in which the family unit continues to add new spouses of both sexes over time so that the marriage does not end.


Group marriage is occasionally called polygynandry, from a combination of the words polygyny and polyandry. It has been suggested that Sororal polygyny be merged into this article or section. ... In social anthropology and sociobiology, polyandry (Greek: poly- many, andros- man) means a female forming a sexual union with more than one male. ...

Contents

Traditional cultures

Group marriage is rare in the Western world. Among the cultures listed in George Murdock's Ethnographic Atlas, the Caingang people of Brazil practiced group marriage most frequently as a socially accepted form of marriage, with 8% of unions being group marriage and 14% and 18% respectively being polyandrous and polygynous. [2] The term Western world, the West or the Occident (Latin occidens -sunset, -west, as distinct from the Orient) [1] can have multiple meanings dependent on its context (e. ... For the first mayor of Calgary, Alberta, see George Murdoch George Peter Murdock (May 11, 1897 - March 29, 1985) was a notable anthropologist. ... The Kaingang people are a Native American ethnic group spread out over the four southern Brazilian states of São Paulo, Paraná, Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul. ... In social anthropology and sociobiology, polyandry (Greek: poly- many, andros- man) means a female forming a sexual union with more than one male. ... It has been suggested that Sororal polygyny be merged into this article or section. ...


Modern cultures

Group marriage occasionally occurred in communal societies founded in the 19th and 20th centuries. An exceptionally long-lived example was the Oneida Community founded by the Congregationalist minister John Humphrey Noyes in 1848. Noyes taught that he and his followers had undergone sanctification; that is, it was impossible for them to sin, and that for the sanctified, marriage (along with private property) was abolished as an expression of jealousy and exclusiveness. The Oneida commune practiced sexual communalism and shared parental responsibilities, and in effect functioned as a large group marriage until sometime in the period 1879-1881. A Commune is a kind of intentional community where most resources are shared and there is little or no personal property. ... The Oneida Society (Oneida Community) was a utopian commune founded by John H. Noyes in 1848 near Oneida, New York. ... Congregational churches are Protestant Christian churches practicing congregationalist church governance, in which each congregation independently and autonomously runs its own affairs. ... John Humphrey Noyes (September 3, 1811 â€“ April 13, 1886) was a U.S. utopian. ... Sanctification or in its verb form, sanctify, literally means to set apart for special use or purpose, that is to make holy or sacred (compare Latin sanctus holy). Therefore sanctification refers to the state or process of being set apart, i. ... For other uses, see Sin (disambiguation). ...


The Kerista Commune practiced group marriage in San Francisco from 1971 to 1991. Kerista was a new religion that was started in New York City in 1956 by Bro Jud Presmont. ...


It is difficult to estimate the number of people who actually practice group marriage in modern societies, as this form of marriage is not officially recognized or permitted in any jurisdiction, and illegal in many. It is also not always visible when people sharing a residence consider themselves privately to form (or self-identify as) a group marriage. With the legalization of Same-sex marriage in Canada and some parts of the United States, some members of the polyamory movement are talking about a reform movement to also allow group marriage. [verification needed] International recognition Civil unions and domestic partnerships Recognized in some regions Unregistered co-habitation Recognition debated Civil unions legal, same-sex marriage debated See also Same-sex marriage Civil union Registered partnership Domestic partnership Timeline of same-sex marriage Listings by country This box:      Same-sex marriage is a term... Polyamory (from poly=multiple + amor=love) is the desire, practice, or acceptance of having more than one loving, intimate relationship at a time with the full knowledge and consent of everyone involved. ...


Group marriage in fiction

Interest in, and practice of nonmonogamy is well-known in modern science fiction fandom. Group marriage has been a theme in some works of science fiction — especially the later novels of Robert A. Heinlein, such as Stranger in a Strange Land, Time Enough For Love, and The Moon Is a Harsh Mistress. Harsh Mistress describes a line marriage; the relationship in Stranger is a communal group, much like the Oneida Society. Nonmonogamy is a blanket term covering several different types of interpersonal relationship in which some or all participants have multiple marital, sexual, and/or romantic partners. ... Science fiction fandom or SF fandom is the community of people actively interested in science fiction and fantasy literature, and in contact with one another based upon that interest. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... This article is about the literary concept. ... Robert Anson Heinlein (July 7, 1907 – May 8, 1988) was one of the most popular, influential, and controversial authors of hard science fiction. ... For other uses, see Stranger in a Strange Land (disambiguation). ... Time Enough for Love is a science fiction novel by Robert A. Heinlein published in 1973. ... The Moon Is A Harsh Mistress cover The Moon Is a Harsh Mistress is a 1966 science fiction novel by Robert A. Heinlein about a lunar penal colonys revolt against rule from Earth. ... The Moon Is A Harsh Mistress cover The Moon Is a Harsh Mistress is a 1966 science fiction novel by Robert A. Heinlein about a lunar penal colonys revolt against rule from Earth. ... Group marriage or Circle Marriage is a form of marriage in which more than one man and more than one woman form a family unit, and all members of the marriage share parental responsibility for any children arising from the marriage. ... For other uses, see Stranger in a Strange Land (disambiguation). ... The Oneida Community was a utopian commune founded by John Humphrey Noyes in 1848 in Oneida, New York. ...


Robert A. Heinlein described line families in detail in The Moon Is a Harsh Mistress. Heinlein's characters argue that the line family creates economic continuity and parental stability in an unpredictable, dangerous environment. In Mistress, Manuel's line marriage is said to be over one hundred years old. The family is portrayed as being economically comfortable because the improvements and investments made by previous spouses compounded, rather than being lost between generations. Heinlein also makes a point of telling the reader that this family is racially diverse. Robert Anson Heinlein (July 7, 1907 – May 8, 1988) was one of the most popular, influential, and controversial authors of hard science fiction. ... The Moon Is A Harsh Mistress cover The Moon Is a Harsh Mistress is a 1966 science fiction novel by Robert A. Heinlein about a lunar penal colonys revolt against rule from Earth. ...


Line marriage is also commonly practiced in Joe Haldeman's 1981 novel, Worlds. Haldeman describes how individual families joined forces, both in bed and on paper, in order to avoid inheritance taxes. Many of these consensual corporations were made up of three-mate marriages called triunes. Joseph William Haldeman is an American science fiction author. ...


Group marriage is also addressed, albeit briefly, in the 1989 Star Trek novel 'Star Trek: The Lost Years', by J.M. Dillard (published by Pocket Books). A minor character, Lt. Nguyen, enters into a group marriage within it and is portrayed as a relatively normal occurrence within the society of the Star Trek world.


References

  • Ethnographic Atlas Codebook, derived from George P. Murdock’s Ethnographic Atlas.
  • Emens, Elizabeth F. (2004). "Monogamy's Law: Compulsory Monogamy and Polyamorous Existence". New York University Review of Law & Social Change 29 (2): 277. 
  • Murdock, George Peter (1949). Social Structure. New York: The MacMillan Company. ISBN 0-02-922290-7. 
  • Star Trek: The Lost Years, from Jeanne Kalogridis's (pen name J.M. Dillard) 'Star Trek: The Lost Years' - Lt. Nguyen, a minor character, enters into a group marriage in this book.

| Author: Dillard, J.M. | Year: 1989 (eBook, 2003). | ID: ISBN-10: 0-7434-5422-7 (see also ISBN-13: 978-0-7434-5422-3). | Pages: 440. | More on author - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jeanne_Kalogridis | More on this title - http://www.simonsays.com/content/book.cfm?tab=1&pid=481304 Elizabeth F. Emens (born September 19, 1972, Columbus, Ohio) is a legal scholar and currently an Associate Professor of Law at Columbia University. ... For the first mayor of Calgary, Alberta, see George Murdoch George Peter Murdock (May 11, 1897 - March 29, 1985) was a notable anthropologist. ...


Footnotes

  1. ^ , Murdock, 1949, p. 24.
    group marriage or a marital union embracing at once several men and several women.
  2. ^ , Murdock, 1949, p. 24.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Group Marriage: A Legal Right? (1152 words)
After all, her amendment would ban marriage not only between couples of the same sex, but also between (that is, among) groups.
Arguments that are sometimes made against group marriage actually turn out to be arguments for group marriage.
Right-wing writer Kurtz repeats the most common argument against group marriage: "[Monogamous] marriage is a critical social institution.
Group marriage - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (591 words)
Group marriage or Circle Marriage is a form of marriage in which more than one man and more than one woman form a family unit, and all members of the marriage share parental responsibility for any children arising from the marriage.
Group marriage occasionally occurred in communal societies founded in the 19th and 20th centuries.
Group marriage has been a theme in some works of science fiction- especially the later works of Robert Heinlein's novels, such as Stranger in a Strange Land and The Moon is a Harsh Mistress.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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