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Encyclopedia > Groton, Connecticut
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Waterfront of Groton, Connecticut looking upriver
Waterfront of Groton, Connecticut looking upriver

Groton is a town located on the Thames River in New London County, Connecticut. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 39,907. Groton is the home of the Electric Boat Corporation, the major contractor for submarine work for the US Navy, and the Navy's SUBASE New London. The Pharmaceutical company Pfizer Inc. is also a major employer. Groton, Connecticut, looking up the Thames River (Connecticut) © 2004 Matthew Trump File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Groton, Connecticut, looking up the Thames River (Connecticut) © 2004 Matthew Trump File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Thames River, seen from the waterfront in New London, Connecticut The Thames River is a short river and tidal estuary in the U.S. state of Connecticut. ... New London County is located in the southeastern corner of the state of Connecticut. ... Jump to: navigation, search This article is about the year 2000. ... Electric Boat division of General Dynamics Corporation is the major contractor for submarine work for the United States Navy. ... USS Los Angeles A submarine is a specialized watercraft that can operate underwater. ... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ... The town of Groton, Connecticut is host to SUBASE New London and the Electric Boat division of General Dynamics. ...

Contents


Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 117.1 km² (45.2 mi²). 81.1 km² (31.3 mi²) of it is land and 36.0 km² (13.9 mi²) of it is water. The total area is 30.75% water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is the area equal to a square with sides each 1 mile long. ...


History

Groton was incorporated as a town in 1705, when it separated from New London. Incorporation made it less necessary for Groton residents to cross the Thames to New London, a hazardous task at the time. Events Construction begins on Blenheim Palace, in Oxfordshire, England. ...


Soon after incorporation, the first Baptist church in the Connecticut, now known as the Old Mystic Baptist Church, was founded in Groton in 1705. Jump to: navigation, search Baptist churches are part of a Christian movement often regarded as an Evangelical, Protestant denomination. ... A coffeeshop along Main Street in Mystic Mystic is a census-designated place located in New London County, Connecticut. ... Events Construction begins on Blenheim Palace, in Oxfordshire, England. ...


In September 6, 1781, the Battle of Groton Heights took place. British forces aided by Benedict Arnold attacked Ft. Griswold and then set fire to New London and Groton Bank. September 6 is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years). ... 1781 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The Battle of Groton Heights was a battle of the American Revolutionary War. ... Jump to: navigation, search Benedict Arnold For other people of the same name, see Benedict Arnold (disambiguation). ...


Groton originally encompassed the present towns of Groton and Ledyard. The center of town was located at the intersection of present-day Routes 184 and 117. The town's first school and church, the tavern and a stagecoach shop (the current Haley House) were located at this intersection. When Ledyard separated from Groton to become a separate town in 1836, the area was no longer the geographic center, but it is still known as Center Groton. Ledyard is a town located in New London County, Connecticut. ... 1836 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


The Battle of Groton Heights Memorial was erected in 1830 to the 185 men who defended the colonies' freedom at Ft. Griswold. Today, Ft. Griswold is Connecticut's only intact Revolutionary War fort. The 134-foot tall monument became the symbol of the town and is featured in the town's seal. The Battle of Groton Heights was a battle of the American Revolutionary War. ... 1830 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... State nickname: The Constitution State Other U.S. States Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport Governor M. Jodi Rell (R) Senators Chris Dodd (D) Joe Lieberman (D) Official languages English Area 14,371 km² (48th)  - Land 12,559 km²  - Water 1,809 km² (12. ... Jump to: navigation, search The American Revolution is the series of events, ideas, and changes that resulted in the political separation of thirteen colonies in North America from the British Empire and the creation of the United States of America. ...


In the 19th century, Clipper ships and packets were built in the shipyards on the Mystic River. The most important vessel built at Mystic was the clipper ship Andrew Jackson, which in 1859 made a record-setting voyage between New York City and San Francisco in 89 days, 4 hours. The Civil War Ironclad Galena was the first ocean-going ironclad of the Union Navy. A model of a vessel of the clipper type, the four-masted barque named Belle Étoile A clipper was a very fast multiple-masted sailing ship of the 19th century. ... 1859 is a common year starting on Saturday. ... New York City, officially named the City of New York, is the most populous city in the United States, the most densely populated major city in North America, and is at the center of international finance, politics, entertainment, and culture. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Ironclad warships, frequently shortened to just ironclads, were ships sheathed with thick iron plates for protection. ... USS Galena, an ironclad screw steamer, was one of the first three ironclads, each of a different design, built by the Union Navy during the American Civil War. ...


In the 20th century, the shipbuilding industry moved from the Mystic River to the Thames River. Electric Boat is the town's largest employer. During World War II, Electric Boat completed submarines every two weeks. In 1954, Electric Boat launched the USS Nautilus, the world's first nuclear powered submarine. Presently, the Nautilus is decommissioned and permanently berthed at the Submarine Force Library and Museum. Due to the long-standing history of Submarines in the town, many residents feel that Groton is the "Submarine Capital of the World". Electric Boat is sometimes used as a colloquial abbreviation for the US Electric Boat Corporation. ... Jump to: navigation, search World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrinations, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons such as the atom bomb World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a mid-20th-century conflict that... 1954 was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... USS Nautilus (SSN-571), the first nuclear-powered submarine and a unique prototype, was the sixth ship of the United States Navy to be so named. ...


Demographics

As of the census2 of 2000, there are 39,907 people, 15,473 households, and 9,980 families residing in the town. The population density is 492.3/km² (1,275.2/mi²). There are 16,817 housing units at an average density of 207.4/km² (537.4/mi²). The racial makeup of the town is 83.61% White, 6.95% Black or African American, 0.83% Native American, 3.33% Asian, 0.17% Pacific Islander, 1.66% from other races, and 3.45% from two or more races. 5.01% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of Wikipedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... Jump to: navigation, search This article is about the year 2000. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There are 15,473 households out of which 33.4% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.5% are married couples living together, 10.5% have a female householder with no husband present, and 35.5% are non-families. 29.2% of all households are made up of individuals and 9.5% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.41 and the average family size is 2.99. Marriage is a legal, social, and religious relationship between individuals which has formed the foundation of the family for most societies. ...


In the town the population is spread out with 24.8% under the age of 18, 11.8% from 18 to 24, 33.0% from 25 to 44, 18.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.1% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 32 years. For every 100 females there are 104.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 105.5 males.


The median income for a household in the town is $46,154, and the median income for a family is $51,402. Males have a median income of $36,204 versus $30,255 for females. The per capita income for the town is $23,995. 6.1% of the population and 4.9% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 8.0% of those under the age of 18 and 6.1% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


See also: Groton (city), Connecticut Groton is a city located in New London County, Connecticut. ...


External link

  • Groton town home page


Flag of Connecticut

State of Connecticut File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... State nickname: The Constitution State Other U.S. States Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport Governor M. Jodi Rell (R) Senators Chris Dodd (D) Joe Lieberman (D) Official languages English Area 14,371 km² (48th)  - Land 12,559 km²  - Water 1,809 km² (12. ...

Capital:

Hartford This is a list of United States state capitals: See also List of current and former capital cities within the United States List of capitals of subnational entities Reference http://www. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...

Regions:

Greater New Haven | Greater Hartford | Litchfield Hills | Lower Connecticut River Valley | Naugatuck River Valley | New York metropolitan area/Gold Coast | Quiet Corner | Southeastern Connecticut This list of regions of the United States includes official (governmental) and non-official areas within the borders of the United States, not including U.S. states, the federal district of Washington, D.C. or standard subentities such as cities or counties. ... The Greater New Haven area is the metropolitan area whose extent includes those towns in Connecticut that share an economic, social, political, and historical focus on New Haven, Connecticut. ... The Greater Hartford region is a region located in the state of Connecticut centered around the states capital of Hartford. ... The Litchfield Hills is a region of the state of Connecticut located in the northwestern corner of the state; it is a term that is semi-contiguous with the boundaries of Litchfield County, for which it is named. ... The Lower Connecticut River Valley is a region of the state of Connecticut focused around Middlesex County, eastern sections of New London County, and the juncture where the Connecticut River meets Long Island Sound. ... The Naugatuck River Valley is a region of the state of Connecticut located in the central-southwest of the state, and is focused around the southern reaches of the Naugatuck and Housatonic Rivers. ... Jump to: navigation, search The metropolitan area of New York City, also called Greater New York or Greater New York City is defined by the U.S. Census as the New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT Metropolitan Statistical Area based on broad social and economic integration... The Gold Coast is a region of the state of Connecticut roughly contiguous with the boundaries of Fairfield County; it derives its regional nickname from Fairfield County being ranked as one of the wealthiest counties in the United States and being the headquarters to most of the hedge funds in... The Quiet Corner is a region of the state of Connecticut, located in the northeastern corner of the state. ... The Southeastern Connecticut region comprises, as the name suggests, the southeastern corner of the state of Connecticut. ...

Largest cities:

Ansonia | Bridgeport | Bristol | Danbury | Fairfield | Greenwich | Groton | Hartford | Meriden | Middletown | Milford | Naugatuck | New Britain | New Haven | New London | North Haven | Norwalk | Norwich | Shelton | Stamford | Torrington | Waterbury | West Hartford Ansonia is a city and town located in New Haven County, Connecticut. ... Bridgeport (41n10, 73w12 EST) is the largest city by population in Connecticut, and is located in southeastern Fairfield County, Connecticut. ... Bristol is a city located in Hartford County, Connecticut. ... City nickname: The Hat City Location in the state of Connecticut County Fairfield County, Connecticut Area  - Total  - Water 114. ... Fairfield is a town located in Fairfield County, Connecticut, about five miles southwest of Bridgeport on the Gold Coast of Connecticut. ... Greenwich is a town located in Fairfield County, Connecticut. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Meriden is a city located in New Haven County, Connecticut. ... Middletown is a city located in Middlesex County, Connecticut, along the Connecticut River, in the south-central part of the state, 16 miles (26 km) south of Hartford. ... Milford is a partially independent city that is located partially in New Haven County in Connecticut. ... Naugatuck is a borough located in New Haven County, Connecticut. ... City nickname: Beehive City Location Location within the state of Connecticut Government State Connecticut Mayor Timothy T. Stewart Physical characteristics Area      Land      Water 34. ... City nickname: The Elm City Location in the state of Connecticut Founded April 24, 1638 County New Haven County Mayor John DeStefano, Jr. ... View of New London from across the Thames River New London, Connecticut is a city in New London County, at the mouth of the Thames River and on the northeastern shore of Long Island Sound. ... North Haven is a town located in New Haven County, Connecticut on the outskirts of New Haven, Connecticut. ... City nickname: County Fairfield County, Connecticut Area  - Total  - Water 59. ... Norwich is a city located in New London County, Connecticut. ... Shelton is a city located in Fairfield County, Connecticut. ... Stamford is a city located in Fairfield County, Connecticut, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 117,083. ... Torrington is the largest city in Litchfield County, Connecticut. ... Waterbury is a city located in New Haven County, Connecticut. ... West Hartford is a town located in Hartford County, Connecticut, United States. ...

Counties:

Fairfield | Hartford | Litchfield | Middlesex | New Haven | New London | Tolland | Windham List of Connecticut counties: Connecticut counties Fairfield County: one of four original counties created in Connecticut in 1666. ... Fairfield County is located in the southwestern corner of the state of Connecticut. ... Hartford County is located in the north central part of the state of Connecticut. ... Litchfield County is located in the northwestern corner of the state of Connecticut. ... Middlesex County is located in the south central part of the state of Connecticut. ... New Haven County is located in the south central part of the state of Connecticut. ... New London County is located in the southeastern corner of the state of Connecticut. ... Tolland County is a county located in the northeastern part of the state of Connecticut. ... Windham County is a county located in the northeastern corner of the state of Connecticut. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Connecticut locations by per capita income: Information From Answers.com (509 words)
Connecticut is the richest state in the United States of America per capita, with a per capita income of $43,173 (2003).
Connecticut has some of the largest gaps between the rich and poor in America, as the middle class flees urban areas as too expensive and unpleasant, leaving the poor to stay behind further burdening the cities' economies.
There are eight counties located in Connecticut, three of which are in the top 100 richest counties in the country.
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