FACTOID # 27: If you're itching to live in a trailer park, hitch up your home and head to South Carolina, where a whopping 18% of residences are mobile homes.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Groningen (city)
Groningen
Official flag of Groningen
Flag

Coat of arms
Coordinates: 53°13′N 6°33′E / 53.217, 6.55
Country Netherlands
Province Groningen
Municipality Groningen
Area (2006)
 - Total 83.69 km² (32.3 sq mi)
 - Land 79.59 km² (30.7 sq mi)
 - Water 4.10 km² (1.6 sq mi)
Population (1 January 2007)
 - Total 181,819
 - Density 2,284/km² (5,915.5/sq mi)
  Source: CBS, Statline.
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Boroughs of Groningen
Boroughs of Groningen

Groningen is the capital city of the province of Groningen in the Netherlands. With a population of 185,000 it is by far the largest city in the north of the Netherlands. Gröningen is a town in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The flag of Groningen The flag of Groningen was adopted in 1950 , and is based upon the coats-of-arms of the City of Groningen and the Ommelanden. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Location of Groningen, from Dutch wikipedia Created by User:Mtcv, vrij te gebruiken = freely usable. ... The flag of Groningen Groningen is the northeast province of the Netherlands with a typical dialect (Gronings) with regional nuances. ... Groningen can refer to: A province of the Netherlands. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Statistics Netherlands is a Dutch governmental institution that gathers statistical information about the Netherlands. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (902x598, 197 KB) Groningen city boroughs File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Groningen (city) Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (902x598, 197 KB) Groningen city boroughs File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Groningen (city) Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or...

Contents

History

The city was founded on the northernmost point of the "Hondsrug" area. The most ancient document referring to Groningen's existence dates from the year 1040. However, the city already existed long before then, for the oldest archaeological traces found are believed to stem from the years 3950-3720 BC, although the first major settlement in Groningen has been traced back to the third century AD.

In the 13th century, when Groningen was an important trade center, its inhabitants built a city wall so as to declare its authority. The city had a strong influence on its surrounding lands and made its dialect a common tongue. The most influential period of the city was the end of the 15th century, when the nearby province of Friesland was mainly under its regulation. During these years, the Martini Tower was built, which loomed over the city at 127 meters tall. It was the highest building in Europe at that time. But an end came to the city's independence when it chose to join forces with the Spanish during the war in 1594. Later it switched sides, joining the Republic of the United Netherlands. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (960x1280, 166 KB) Own picture from Andre Engels. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (960x1280, 166 KB) Own picture from Andre Engels. ... The Martinitoren (Martini Tower) is the highest church tower in the city of Groningen, The Netherlands. ... The Martinitoren (Martini Tower) is the highest church tower in the city of Groningen, The Netherlands. ...


In 1614, the University of Groningen was founded, initially only for religious education. In the same period the city expanded rapidly and a new city wall was built. That same city wall would later, in 1672, be fiercely attacked by the bishop of Münster, Bernhard von Galen, but the wall resisted and Groningen kept its freedom. To this day, this event is celebrated on 28 August, when the city bustles with music and fireworks. The University of Groningen, established in 1614, it is the second oldest and third largest university in the Netherlands, boasting more than 100,000 graduates since its inception. ... The Bishopric of Münster was an ecclesiastical principality in the Holy Roman Empire, located in the northern part of todays North Rhine-Westphalia and western Lower Saxony. ... Christoph Bernhard Freiherr von Galen (October 12, 1606 - September 19, 1678), was prince-bishop of Munster and born to a noble Westphalian family, Reduced to poverty through the loss of his paternal inheritance, he took holy orders; but this did not prevent him from fighting on the side of the... is the 240th day of the year (241st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Fireworks (disambiguation). ...


The city did not escape the devastation of World War II. In particular, the main square, Grote Markt, was largely destroyed in April 1945, at the end of the war. However, the Martini Tower and its church, the 'Goudkantoor' (Gold office), and the City Hall were not damaged. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...

Main building of the University of Groningen
View from the Martini Tower
View from the Martini Tower
 The Aa Church
The Aa Church
The Herestraat, the main shopping street
The Herestraat, the main shopping street
A modern Church in south Groningen
A modern Church in south Groningen
Image:The lonesome guy.JPG
A man wearing a kilt in the Herestraat

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1280x960, 218 KB) Own picture from Andre Engels. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1280x960, 218 KB) Own picture from Andre Engels. ... The Groninger Museum The Groninger Museum is a museum in Groningen in the north of The Netherlands. ... Download high resolution version (768x1024, 204 KB)Photo by Fruggo, 2004, main building of the University of Groningen (The Netherlands), licence CC-BY File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (768x1024, 204 KB)Photo by Fruggo, 2004, main building of the University of Groningen (The Netherlands), licence CC-BY File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The University of Groningen, established in 1614, it is the second oldest and third largest university in the Netherlands, boasting more than 100,000 graduates since its inception. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1200x1600, 1179 KB) View from the Martini Tower by Martha Vásquez take in July, 2006 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1200x1600, 1179 KB) View from the Martini Tower by Martha Vásquez take in July, 2006 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (480x640, 69 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Groningen (city) ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (480x640, 69 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Groningen (city) ... Image File history File linksMetadata Herestraat_Groningen. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Herestraat_Groningen. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixels Full resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 683 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A modern church in Groningen I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixels Full resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 683 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A modern church in Groningen I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ...

Art, culture and nightlife

Although Groningen is not a large city, it does have an important role as the main urban center of this part of the country, particularly in the fields of music and other arts, education, and business. The large number of students living in Groningen also contributes to a diverse cultural scene for a city of its size.


University of Groningen

The University of Groningen (in Dutch: Rijksuniversiteit Groningen) has a rich academic tradition which dates back to 1614, after the University of Leiden it is the oldest university located in The Netherlands. The university educated the first female student and the first astronaut in the history of the country, the first president of the European Bank and a Nobelprizewinner. They share their academic roots with around 200.000 people, who were either students, teachers or researchers at the university.


Museums

The most important and most famous museum in Groningen is the Groninger Museum. With the construction of its current building, designed by Alessandro Mendini, the museum has been transformed into one of the most modern and innovative of its kind in the Netherlands. In addition, the city also has a science museum, a comics museum and a tobacco museum. The Groninger Museum The Groninger Museum is a museum in Groningen in the north of The Netherlands. ... Alessandro Mendini (born 1931 in Milan) is an Italian designer and architect. ... Image:Science Museum bernoulli exhibit. ... Comics (or, less commonly, sequential art) is a form of visual art consisting of images which are commonly combined with text, often in the form of speech balloons or image captions. ... Shredded tobacco leaf for pipe smoking Tobacco can also be pressed into plugs and sliced into flakes Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. ...


Theatre and music

Groningen has its own City Theatre (Stadsschouwburg), located on the Turfsingel, a big theatre and concert venue called "Martini Plaza" and another major cultural venue on the Trompsingel, called the "Oosterpoort." Then there is "Vera", located on the Oosterstraat, "Grand Theatre" on the Grote Markt and "Simplon" on the Boterdiep. Several cafes feature live music, a few of which specialize in jazz music, including "Jazzcafe De Spieghel" on the Peperstraat. The jazz music students from the Prins Claus Conservatorium have been known to hold regular jam sessions in cafes such as "Peter Pan" on the Voor Het Voormalige Klein Poortje. The Prins Claus Conservatorium is one of the nine conservatoires in the Netherlands. ...


Nightlife

Groningen's nightlife depends largely on its student population. Its cultural scene is vibrant and remarkable for a city of such a its size. In particular, the Grote Markt, the Vismarkt, and the Poelestraat and Peperstraat are crowded at night, especially on Thursdays and Fridays when some bars do not close until 7 in the morning. In 2006 Groningen was elected "de beste binnenstad" (the best city center) of the Netherlands.


Partner towns

The city is twinned with the following cities:[1] Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

and in addition with the state of Flag of the United States Michigan Image File history File links Flag_of_Austria. ... The Grazer Schloßberg Clock Tower Graz [graːts] (Slovenian: Gradec IPA: /gra. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Palestine. ... Jabalia (Arabic: جباليا), with a registered population of 103,646 inhabitants (as of June 30 2002), is the largest Palestinian refugee camp in existence. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Kaliningrad (Russian: ; Lithuanian: Karaliaučius; German  , Polish: Królewiec; briefly Russified as Kyonigsberg), is a seaport and the administrative center of Kaliningrad Oblast, the Russian exclave between Poland and Lithuania on the Baltic Sea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... Osiedle TysiÄ…clecia at night Coordinates: , Country Voivodeship Powiat city county Gmina Katowice Established 16th century City Rights 1865 Government  - Mayor Piotr Uszok Area  - City 164. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Murmansk coin Murmansk (Russian: ; Finnish: (archaic); Northern Sami: ; Skolt Sami: ) is a city in the extreme northwest part of Russia with a seaport on the Kola Bay, 12 km from the Barents Sea on the northern shore of the Kola Peninsula, not far from Russias borders with Norway and... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... , Newcastle upon Tyne (usually shortened to Newcastle) is a large city in Tyne and Wear, England. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Denmark. ... Odense is the third largest city in Denmark with 145,554 inhabitants (Odense city January 1, 2004) and the capital of the island of Funen. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Oldenburg (Low German: Ollnborg) is an Independent City in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nicaragua. ... San Carlos is the capital city of the Río San Juan department of Nicaragua. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Estonia. ... County Area 159. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ...   (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Tientsin) is one of the four municipalities of China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic. ... Zlín (during 1948-90 named Gottwaldov) is a city in Zlínský kraj (region), in southeastern Moravia, Czech Republic, on the Drevnice River, at 49. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Official language(s) None (English, de-facto) Capital Lansing Largest city Detroit Largest metro area Metro Detroit Area  Ranked 11th  - Total 97,990 sq mi (253,793 km²)  - Width 239 miles (385 km)  - Length 491 miles (790 km)  - % water 41. ...


Politics

The city council has 39 members. The left-wing parties PvdA and GroenLinks are the largest. After the elections in 2002, they formed a coalition with CDA and VVD. Jacques Wallage has been the mayor since 1998. As a result of the elections of 2006, three left-wing parties (PvdA, GroenLinks and SP), decided to form a new coalition, which was appointed on April 26th, 2006. For the Belgian political party of the same name, see Partij van de Arbeid (Belgium). ... GroenLinks (GL, GreenLeft) is a political party in the Netherlands. ... The Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA) (Dutch: Christen Democratisch Appèl) is a Dutch Christian-democratic political party. ... The Volkspartij voor Vrijheid en Democratie (VVD), literally Peoples Party for Freedom and Democracy, is a free market liberal party in the Netherlands. ... Jacques Wallage (born September 27, 1946) is a Jewish Dutch politician. ... The Socialist Party (Dutch: Socialistische Partij) is a socialist party in the Netherlands. ...


Industry

There are two sugar factories within the municipality borders of Groningen, one operated by CSM and one by Suikerunie. The factories produce around 600,000 tonnes of beet sugar annually (2005 figures). This article is about sugar as food and as an important and widely traded commodity. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... A tonne or metric ton (symbol t), sometimes referred to as a metric tonne, is a measurement of mass equal to 1,000 kilograms. ... Two sugar beets - the one on the left has been cultivated to be smoother than the traditional beet, so that it traps less soil. ...


Transport

Groningen has been called the "World Cycling City", since 57% of journeys within the city are made by bicycle.[citation needed] The city is very much adapted to the wishes of those who want to get around without a car, as it has an extensive cycle network, good public transport, and a large pedestrianized zone in the city center. In the Italian TV program of investigative journalism "Report" appeared a short movie [1], considering the use of bikes in Groningen a good practice to emulate in Italy.


The train station (served by the Nederlandse Spoorwegen and Arriva) has regular services to most of the major cities in the Netherlands, plus Schiphol Airport, and Germany. Nederlandse Spoorwegen or NS (Dutch railways) is the main public transport railway company in the Netherlands. ... An Arriva train in Denmark Arriva plc is a UK-based international public transport operator and vehicle rental company, headquartered in Sunderland. ... Schiphol (IATA: AMS, ICAO: EHAM) (municipality Haarlemmermeer) is the Netherlands main airport. ...


There are also direct buses between Groningen (train station) and Bremen (airport), run by Public Express. This article is about the city in Germany. ...


Football stadium

The football (soccer) stadium of FC Groningen is called Euroborg. Opened in January 2006, the stadium has 20,000 seats. The former football stadium of FC Groningen is the Oosterpark Stadion (12,500 seats). A player (wearing the red kit) has penetrated the defence (in the white kit) and is taking a shot at goal. ... FC Groningen is a football club from Groningen in the Netherlands. ... Euroborg is the name for the new stadium for FC Groningen, Groningens Eredivisie football club. ... The Oosterpark Stadion is the football (soccer) stadium of the city Groningen. ...


Born in Groningen

Roche Braziliano (born c. ... Events February 10 - The Académie française in Paris is expanded to become a national academy for the artistic elite. ... Daniel Bernoulli Daniel Bernoulli (February 8, 1700 – March 17, 1782) was a Dutch-born mathematician who spent much of his life in Basel, Switzerland where he died. ... Events January 1 - Russia accepts Julian calendar. ... Josef Israëls (January 27, 1824 - August 12, 1911), Dutch painter, was born at Groningen, of Jewish parents. ... 1824 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... -1... Leopold I 1831 (MDCCCXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Samuel van Houten (February 17, 1837 - 14 October 1930) was a Dutch liberal politician. ... Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom (1837 - 1901) 1837 (MDCCCXXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Heike Kamerlingh Onnes (September 21, 1853 – February 21, 1926) was a Dutch physicist. ... 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Johan Huizinga (b. ... Year 1872 (MDCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Jaap Eden first became famous as a speed skater, winning the World Championships in 1893, 1895 and 1896. ... 1873 (MDCCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Julia Bertha Culp (October 6, 1880 - October 13, 1970), the Dutch nightingale, was an internationally celebrated mezzo-soprano in the years 1901 - 1919. ... Year 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Jan Christiaan Uiterwijk (May 16, 1915 - 29 August 2005) was a Dutch entrepreneur. ... Year 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday[1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Ida Vos (maiden name Gudema) (Groningen, December 13th 1931 - Amstelveen, April 3th 2006) was a Dutch author of Jewish heritage. ... Year 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1931 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Wim T. Schippers Wim T. Schippers (born 1 July 1942 in Groningen) is a Dutch artist, comedian and voice actor. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Kornelia Corrie Winkel (born February 26, 1944 in Groningen) is a former backstroke swimmer from The Netherlands, who won the silver medal in the 4x100 m medley relay at the 1964 Summer Olympics. ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Joanna Gash (born 21 July 1944), has been a Liberal member of the Australian House of Representatives since March 1996, representing the Division of Gilmore on the southern coast of New South Wales. ... Jan Sloot (died 1999) was a Dutch electronics technician, who claimed to have developed a revolutionary data compression technique, the Sloot Digital Coding System, which could compress a complete movie down to 8 kilobytes of data— this is orders of magnitude greater compression than the best currently available technology. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... The late Alfred Lagarde performed the original voice of Telly on Sesamstraat, the Dutch co-production of Sesame Street. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Gerard Kemkers (born March 8, 1967 in Groningen) is a former ice speed skater from the Netherlands, who represented his native country at the 1988 Winter Olympics in Calgary, Canada. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... Stephan Patrick Veen (born July 27, 1970 in Groningen) is a retired field hockey forward and midfielder from The Netherlands, who twice became olympic champion with the Dutch national squad: in 1996 and in 2000. ... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Rutger Smith (born July 9, 1981) is a Dutch athlete competing in shot put and discus throw. ... Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... Kim Feenstra (born August 23, 1986 in Groningen, The Netherlands) was named the winning contestant of Cycle 2 of Hollands Next Top Model. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Hollands Next Top Model (retroactively Hollands Next Top Model Cycle 2) features a dynamic reality show format - in that the viewers not only witness an intense competition to find a top model but also the impact of the competition on and day-to-day lives of a diverse...

Trivia

  • The city is nationally known as the "Metropolis of the North" and as "Martinistad" referring to the Martini Tower.
  • The city is known as "Stad" in the local dialect, which simply translates as City, because Groningen is the only large city in the province of Groningen.
  • In the autumns months, the sugar factories produce a distinct sweet smell that can be detected from most parts of the city.

The Martinitoren (Martini Tower) is the highest church tower in the city of Groningen, The Netherlands. ... The flag of Groningen Groningen is the northeast province of the Netherlands with a typical dialect (Gronings) with regional nuances. ...

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Battle of Groningen took place during the final month of the Second World War, from April 13th to April 16th 1945 in the city of Groningen between a mixture of German soldiers, Dutch and Belgian SS troops numbering 6,000 and the entire 2nd Canadian Infantry Division. ...

References

  1. ^ Partner towns on the city web site.

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Groningen (city) (617 words)
Groningen (or ''Grunn'' in the local dialect) is a municipality and a middle-size city in the north of the Netherlands, and capital of Groningen province.
Citizens of the city of Groningen are known as ''Stadjers''.
The city is noted for its ''Martinitoren'' (Martini Tower), the fifth tallest church tower in the Netherlands.
Groningen (city) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1028 words)
Groningen is the capital city of the province of Groningen in the Netherlands.
Groningen is a city with a diverse industry and economy and a lot of cultural institutions and activities.
Groningen's nightlife is due its students population and cultural scene vibrant and remarkable for its size.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m