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Encyclopedia > GroenLinks
This article is about the Dutch political party. For the Australian newspaper, see Green Left Weekly.
Politics - Politics portal

The Netherlands
Green Left Weekly is a left-wing Australian newspaper. ... Politics is a process by which collective decisions are made within groups. ... The Netherlands (Dutch: Nederland) is the European part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands (Dutch: Koninkrijk der Nederlanden). ...



This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
the Netherlands
Image File history File links Coat_of_arms_of_the_Netherlands. ... Politics of the Netherlands takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democracy and a constitutional monarchy, where the prime minister of the Netherlands is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system with about 15 parties at national elections. ...

The Netherlands have been an independent monarchy since March 16, 1815, and have been governed by members of the House of Orange-Nassau since. ... Beatrix of the Netherlands (Beatrix Wilhelmina Armgard van Oranje-Nassau) (born January 31, 1938), Princess of Orange-Nassau, Princess of Lippe-Biesterfeld, styled HM The Queen is the Queen of The Netherlands, having acceded to the throne in 1980. ... The cabinet of the Netherlands or council of ministers plans and implements government policy. ... The second cabinet of Jan Peter Balkenende has been in office in the Netherlands from May 27, 2003. ... The Prime Minister of the Netherlands (Minister-President in Dutch) is the chairman of the council of ministers and active executive authority of the Dutch government. ... Prime Minister of the Netherlands Dr. Jan Peter Balkenende ▶ (help· info) (* May 7, 1956) is Prime Minister of The Netherlands since July 22, 2002. ... The Estates-General (Staten-Generaal) is the parliament of the Netherlands. ... The Tweede Kamer (second chamber) is the lower house of the Staten-Generaal, the parliament in the Netherlands. ... The Eerste Kamer (literally First Chamber in Dutch) is the Upper House or Senate of the Netherlands parliament, the States-General. ... This article lists political parties in the Netherlands. ... Elections in the Netherlands gives information on election and election results in the Netherlands. ... In the Netherlands, the Council of State is a constitutionally established advisory body to the government which consists of members of the royal family and Crown-appointed members generally having political, commercial, diplomatic, or military experience. ... The European Union or EU is a supranational and intergovernmental union of 25 European states. ... Image File history File links European_flag. ... The drug policy of the Netherlands is based on two principles: Drug use is a public health issue, not a criminal matter The distinction between hard drugs and soft drugs It is a pragmatic policy. ... The Netherlands abandoned its traditional policy of neutrality after World War II. The Dutch have since become engaged participants in international affairs. ... There are several terms used in Dutch politics which are not easily translated into English. ...

GroenLinks (GL, English: GreenLeft) is a Dutch Green political party. The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... This article is about the green parties around the world. ... A political party is an organization that seeks to attain political power within a government, usually by participating in electoral campaigns. ...

Contents


Party History

Foundation

GroenLinks was founded on March 1, 1989 as a merger of the Politieke Partij Radicalen (Radical Political Party, founded 1968), the Pacifistisch Socialistische Partij (Pacifist Socialist Party, founded 1958), the Communistische Partij Nederland (Communist Party of the Netherlands, founded 1909) and the Evangelische Volkspartij (Evangelical People's Party, founded 1981). Only the first three had participated actively in the merger-talks, the EVP joined only after the talks had been concluded. Before 1989 the parties had been grouped under the nominator 'small left'. In local and European elections, when there were less seats to divide the parties had already worked together. In the European elections of 1984 as the Rainbow Alliance. Common campaigns against nuclear weapons and energy had further strenghtened the willingness of the parties to cooperate. The distasterous elections of 1986 forced the parties cooperate. In 1989 they presented a combined candidate list, and in 1991 the four parties officially ceased to exist. March 1 is the 60th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (61st in leap years). ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Political Party of Radicals (PPR) was dutch leftwing political party. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... The Pacifist Socialist Party, or PSP, was a Dutch political party. ... 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Communist party of the Netherlands (CPN, in Dutch Communistische Partij Nederland) was a communist party of the Netherlands. ... 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The Evangelical Peoples Party (Dutch: Evangelische Volkspartij) was a party of the Christian left in the Netherlands it was represented in the Dutch Parliament between 1982 and 1986. ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 km (11 mi) above the epicenter. ... National summary Parties Christian Democratic Appeal (Christen-Democratisch Appèl) Democrats 66 (Democraten 66) Labour Party (Partij van de Arbeid) Pacifist Socialist Party (Pacifistisch Socialistische Partij) Peoples Party for Freedom and Democracy (Volkspartij voor Vrijheid en Democratie) Political Party Radicals (Politieke Partij Radicalen) Political Reformed Party (Staatkundig Gereformeerde Partij... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

a GroenLinks activist in a demonstration, October 2004
a GroenLinks activist in a demonstration, October 2004

Download high resolution version (1760x1168, 582 KB)a Dutch Green Left activist in a demonstration, 2004-10-02. ... Download high resolution version (1760x1168, 582 KB)a Dutch Green Left activist in a demonstration, 2004-10-02. ...

History

In the 1989 elections the party only got six seats. In its first period in parliament, GroenLinks was unable to provide good opposition to the third cabinet of Lubbers. In the 1994 elections, while the major left-wing Labour Party lost a considerable number of seats, GreenLeft was unable to profit of this. The party even lost one seat itself, and got a meager 5 seats. National summary Parties Christian Democratic Appeal (Christen-Democratisch Appèl) Democrats 66 (Democraten 66) Green Left (GroenLinks), merger of Political Party Radicals, Pacifist Socialist Party, Communist Party of the Netherlands and Evangelical Peoples Party Labour Party (Partij van de Arbeid) List Janmaat-Center Democrats (Lijst Janmaat-Centrumdemocraten), secession of... The Netherlands cabinet Lubbers-3 (1989-1994) was formed by a coalition of the christian-democrats, CDA and the labour party, PVDA. Coal of the cabinet was to come to social renewing. ... National summary Parties Center Democrats (Centrumdemocraten) Christian Democratic Appeal (Christen-Democratisch Appèl) Democrats 66 (Democraten 66) General Elderly Peoples League (Algemeen Ouderenverbond) Green Left (GroenLinks) Labour Party (Partij van de Arbeid) Peoples Party for Freedom and Democracy (Volkspartij voor Vrijheid en Democratie) Political Reformed Party (Staatkundig Gereformeerde... For the Belgian political party of the same name, see Partij van de Arbeid (Belgium). ...


In 1994 Paul Rosenmöller was elected party leader. Under him, GroenLinks became the major voice of the opposition against both cabinets of Kok, although the CDA was the largest opposition party. In 1998 elections the party won twelve seats in parliament. The party began to openly speculate about participation in the next government coalition. In 2001 the parliamentary party supported the War in Afghanistan. This led to major upheaval within the party. After some time, the parliamentary party changed its position. 1994 (MCMXCIV in Roman) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... Paul Rosenmöller (May 11, 1956) is a dutch journalist. ... The First cabinet of Wim Kok was formed by the political parties PVDA, VVD and D66 (1994-1998). ... National summary Parties Christian Democratic Appeal (Christen-Democratisch Appèl) Democrats 66 (Democraten 66) Green Left (GroenLinks) Labour Party (Partij van de Arbeid) Peoples Party for Freedom and Democracy (Volkspartij voor Vrijheid en Democratie) Political Reformed Party (Staatkundig Gereformeerde Partij) Reformatorian Political Federation (Reformatorische Politieke Federatie) Reformed Political Alliance... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ...


In the 2002 elections, however, Fortuyn became a major player. Against Fortuyn's right-wing populism, Rosenmöller was a major opponent. Fortuyn was shot. The dutch political climate became harder. Threats were made against Rosenmöller's life. The GreenLeft fell back to ten seats. Rosenmöller left politics, Femke Halsema became the next party leader. In the 2003 elections Halsema lost two seats, leaving only eight seats. In 2004 Halsema claimed the party was a leftwing-liberal party, stressing multiculturalism as one of GroenLinks core values. Elections in the Netherlands for the Tweede Kamer of Parliament Introduction The Dutch general election of 2002, held on May 15, 2002 was completely focused on the assassination of populist leader Pim Fortuyn, who questioned all forms of policies undertaken by the “purple cabinet” of Wim Kok. ... Wilhelmus Simon Petrus Fortuijn, known as Pim Fortuyn (surname pronounced somewhat like for-TOYN, IPA: ), (February 19, 1948 – May 6, 2002), was a controversial, openly gay, charismatic politician in the Netherlands who formed his own party Lijst Pim Fortuyn (List Pim Fortuyn or LPF). ... Introduction The Dutch general election of 2003 held on January 22, 2003 was held after the fall of the first Balkenende cabinet on October 16, 2002. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Look up liberal on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Liberal may refer to: Politics: Liberalism American liberalism, a political trend in the USA Political progressivism, a political ideology that is for change, often associated with liberal movements Liberty, the condition of being free from control or restrictions Liberal Party, members of...


Ideology & Issues

Part of the green politics series

Green issues Green politics is a body of political ideas informed by environmentalism aimed at developing a sustainable society. ... Download high resolution version (3229x1999, 1840 KB)Sunflowers in Fargo, North Dakota. ... This list of Green party issues aims at giving an overview about Wikipedia articles that have to do with Green parties. ...


Worldwide green parties (list): Global Greens · Africa · Americas · Asia-Pacific · Europe This article is about the green parties around the world. ... ‹ The template below has been proposed for deletion. ... This article is about the green parties around the world. ... The Federation of Green Parties of Africa is the organization of Green parties in Africa. ... The Federation of the Green Parties of the Americas is the organization of Green parties in North America and South America. ... The Asia-Pacific Green Network is a federation of national Green parties in countries in the Pacific Ocean and Asia, and is a member of the Global Greens. ... European Greens (or the European Green Party) is the name of the European Green Party, a political party at European level. ...


Global Greens Charter: ecological wisdom · social justice · participatory democracy · nonviolence · sustainability · respect diversity The Global Greens Charter is a document that 800 delegates from the Green parties of 70 countries decided upon a first gathering of the Global Greens in Canberra, Australia in April 2001. ... The term ecological wisdom, or ecosophy, is a philosophy of ecological harmony or equilibrium. ... Social Justice is a concept that has fascinated philosophers ever since Plato rebuked the young Sophist, Thrasymachus, for asserting that justice was whatever the strongest decided it would be. ... Participatory democracy is a broadly inclusive term for many kinds of consultative decision making which require consultation on important decisions by those who will carry out the decision. ... Nonviolence (or non-violence) is a set of assumptions about morality, power and conflict that leads its proponents to reject the use of violence in efforts to attain social or political goals. ... Sustainability is a systemic concept, relating to the continuity of economic, social, institutional and environmental aspects of human society. ... The prerogative to respect diversity, often said to begin with biodiversity of non-human life, is basic to some 20th century studies such as cultural ecology, Queer studies, and anthropological linguistics. ...

This series is linked to the Politics and Elections series.

The core ideals of GroenLinks are democracy, respect for the environment, social justice and international solidarity. The party has its historical roots in socialism and pacifism (hence, Left); the party emphasises the conservation of nature and the environment (hence, Green). The pacifist principles of GroenLinks were placed under heavy pressure by the Second Gulf War, the Kosovo crisis and the War in Afghanistan. The link with its socialist roots were also weakened as the party gradually moved closer to the centre of the political spectre: in 2004, party leader Femke Halsema announced she saw her own party as a leftist liberal party. Politics is a process by which collective decisions are made within groups. ... Social Justice is a concept that has fascinated philosophers ever since Plato rebuked the young Sophist, Thrasymachus, for asserting that justice was whatever the strongest decided it would be. ... Socialism is an ideology of a social and economic system in which the means of production are collectively owned and administered by all of society. ... Pacifism is the opposition to war or violence as a means of settling disputes. ... The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view. ... The deepest visible-light image of the universe, the Hubble Ultra Deep Field. ... This article is about the green parties around the world. ... Femke Halsema attending a demonstration Femke Halsema (Haarlem, April 25, 1966) is a politician in the Netherlands. ...



Some of the party's major issues:

  • GroenLinks seeks to create an economy that is both social and durable. It for instance proposes to lower the tax on labour. They claim this, by making labour intensive production cheaper, would improve employment, and increase lower incomes. Furthermore, they claim this labour intensive production is more environmentally friendly, than capital intensive production.
  • The Party is a staunch defender of the Dutch laws on euthanasia, abortion, same-sex marriage, and soft drugs.
  • GroenLinks defends the multicultural society, and see migration as a postive force.
  • GroenLinks has it roots in pacifist parties, but has supported the war in Kosovo and Afghanistan.
  • The party is critical of European policy, but a proponent of European integration.
  • GroenLinks is a staunch defender of the rule of law, against the War on Terrorism.
  • The party wants to democratize the Dutch political system, and is against the monarchy on principle.

A tax is an involuntary fee paid by individuals or businesses to a state, or to functional equivalents of a state, including tribes, secessionist movements or revolutionary movements. ... Manual labor is a term used for hard physical work done with the hands, especially in an unskilled manual job such as fruit and vegetable picking, et cetera. ... In politics, a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has an alternative meaning based on an alternative meaning of capital) is the principal city or town associated with its government. ... A euthanasia machine. ... // Registered partnership On January 1, 1998 registered partnerships (Dutch: geregistreerd partnerschap) were introduced in law in the Netherlands. ... The drug policy of the Netherlands is based on two principles: Drug use is a public health issue, not a criminal matter A distinction between hard drugs and soft drugs exists It is a pragmatic policy. ... Multiculturalism is a public policy approach for managing cultural diversity in a multiethnic society, officially stressing mutual respect and tolerance for cultural differences within a countrys borders. ... This article is about non-human migration. ... For other uses, see Kosovo (disambiguation). ... European integration is the process of political and economic (and in some cases social and cultural) integration of European states into a tighter bloc. ... The War on Terrorism or War on Terror (in U.S. foreign policy circles, Global War on Terrorism or GWOT; recently also Long War) is a controversial campaign by the United States government and some of its allies with the stated goal of ending international terrorism by stopping terrorist groups... A monarchy, (from the Greek monos, one, and archein, to rule) is a form of government that has a monarch as Head of State. ...

Representation

Leadership

Leader of the Lower House faction

2003 - now Femke Halsema
1994 - 2003 Paul Rosenmöller
1993 - 1994 Peter Lankhorst
1989 - 1993 Ria Beckers-de Bruijn

Lijsttrekker 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Femke Halsema attending a demonstration Femke Halsema (Haarlem, April 25, 1966) is a politician in the Netherlands. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV in Roman) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... Paul Rosenmöller (May 11, 1956) is a dutch journalist. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... There are several terms used in Dutch politics which are not easily translated into English. ...

2003: Femke Halsema
2002: Paul Rosenmöller
1998: Paul Rosenmöller
1994: Ina Brouwer and Mohammed Rabbae
1991: Ria Beckers

Members of the Lower House of Parliament

Development of the number of seats in the Lower House, of the 150 available:

1972 - 16 (7 PPR, 7 CPN, 2 PSP)
1977 - 6 (3 PPR, 2 CPN, 1 PSP)
1981 - 9 (3 PPR, 3 CPN, 3 PSP)
1982 - 9 (2 PPR, 3 CPN, 3 PSP, 1 EVP)
1986 - 3 (2 PPR, 1 PSP)
1991 - 6 (GL)
1994 - 5
1998 - 11
2002 - 10
2003 - 8

After the 2003 elections the party has eight representatives in the lower house of parliament: 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1972 calendar). ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV in Roman) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... For the Cusco album, see 2002 (album). ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Tweede Kamer (second chamber) is the lower house of the Staten-Generaal, the parliament in the Netherlands. ...

  1. drs. F. (Femke) Halsema, chairperson of the parliamentary party
  2. ir. M.B. (Marijke) Vos, vice-chairperson of the parliamentary party
  3. N. (Naïma) Azough
  4. A.J.W. (Wijnand) Duyvendak
  5. W. (Ineke) van Gent
  6. Dr. P.L.M. (Paul) Jungbluth
  7. Drs. F. (Farah) Karimi
  8. Drs. C.C.M. (Kees) Vendrik

Femke Halsema attending a demonstration Femke Halsema (Haarlem, April 25, 1966) is a politician in the Netherlands. ... Marijke Vos (officially Maria Bernadina Vos, born in Leidschendam may 4, 1957) is a dutch politician. ...

Members of the Upper House of Parliament

Development of the number of seats in the Upper House, of the 75 available:

1991 - 4
1995 - 4
1999 - 8
2003 - 5

After the 2003 elections the party has five representatives in the lower house of parliament: 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1995 (MCMXCV in Roman) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Eerste Kamer (literally First Chamber in Dutch) is the Upper House or Senate of the Netherlands parliament, the States-General. ...

  1. Mr. D.J.B. (Diana) de Wolff, chairperson of the parliamentary party
  2. Drs. L.H.G. (Leo) Platvoet, vice-chairperson of the parliamentary party
  3. Drs. J.J.M. (Jos) van der Lans
  4. S.R. (Sam) Pormes
  5. Ch. P. (Tof) Thissen

Members of the European Parliament

Development of the number of seats in the Higher House, of the between 600 to 700 available:

1989 - 2
1994 - 1
1999 - 4
2004 - 2

GroenLinks MEPs are part of the faction Greens/EFA. 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV in Roman) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The European Greens - European Free Alliance (The Greens/European Free Alliance; Greens/EFA; French: Le Groupe Verts/Alliance libre européenne; Les Verts/ALE, German Fraktion der Grünen/Freie Europäische Allianz) is one of the parliamentary groups in the European Parliament. ...


After the 2004 European Parliament elections the party has two representatives in the European Parliament: Elections to the European Parliament were held from June 10, 2004 to June 13, 2004 in the 25 member states of the European Union, using varying election days according to local custom. ... The European Parliament is the parliamentary body of the European Union (EU), directly elected by EU citizens once every five years. ...

  1. Drs. K.M. Buitenweg, and
  2. Drs. J.J. Lagendijk

Together with Kathalijne Maria Buitenweg (born 27 March 1970 in Rotterdam) is a Dutch politician and Member of the European Parliament for the Green Left, which is part of the European Greens, and sits on the European Parliaments Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs. ... Joost Lagendijk (born 8 June 1957 in Roosendaal, Netherlands) is a Dutch politician and Member of the European Parliament. ...

  1. Bart Staes from the Belgian party Groen!, they form one transnational delegation.

Bart Staes is a Member of the European Parliament (MEP) for the Belgian environmentalist party Groen!. Categories: People stubs | Green politicians ... Green! (Groen!) is the Flemish green party in Belgium. ...

Local & Provincial Government

GroenLinks provides one Queen's Commissioner (out of 12) in North Holland, and 7 mayors (out of 414). Dutch mayors and Queen's Commissioners are appointed by the Minister of the Interior. GroenLinks is part of the North Holland Gedeputeerde Staten. GroenLinks is part of several Colleges of Aldermen & Mayors (municipal government), notably Nijmegen, Utrecht and Leiden. There are two levels of local government in The Netherlands, the provinces and the municipalities. ... Capital Haarlem Queens Commissioner Mr. ... The Interior Minister is a member of a Cabinet in a Government. ... Capital Haarlem Queens Commissioner Mr. ... There are several terms used in Dutch politics which are not easily translated into English. ... Nijmegen (Zuid-Gelders: Nèhméége) (obsolete spellings: Nijmwegen, Nymegen, Nieumeghen — known in German as Nimwegen, French as Nimègue, and Spanish as Nimega) is a municipality and a city in the east of the Netherlands, near the German border. ... Utrecht refers to various cities and areas: A province of the Netherlands A city in the Netherlands, and capital of the province of the same name A (historic) bishopric of the Netherlands An agglomeration in the Netherlands that includes the city of Utrecht A city in South Africa, in the... Leyden redirects here. ...


Electorate

The electorate of the GreenLeft is dominantly female, urban, and well-educated. Furthermore the generation of '68 is over represented. Most of its voters have a post-materialist orientation. The mirror of the Roman Goddess Venus is often used to represent the female sex. ... Look up urban in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The University of Cambridge is an institute of higher learning. ... Post materialism is an economic philosophy focussing on quality of life and enviornmental sustainability over income and material possessions. ...


Organization

Organizational structure

The highest organ of GroenLinks is the party congress, open to all members. The congress elects the party-board, it decides on the order of the candidates for national and european elections and it has a final say over the party program. The congress convenes every year, in spring. The party board consists out of twelve members who are elected for a three year term. The chairperson of this board is the only paid position on the board, the others are unpaid volunteers. For the months that the congress does not convene, a Party Council takes over its role. It consists out of delegates of all the 250 municipal branches.


Linked organisations

The independent youthwing is called DWARS (Dutch for "transverse", but also for "stubborn"), the GreenLeft Youth. GroenLinks publishes the GroenLinks Magazine monthly. The scientific buro publishes "de Helling" (Dutch for "the Slope").


International organisations

GroenLinks is a founding member of the European Green Party, and the European Federation of Green Parties. Furthermore it is a member of the Global Greens. European Greens (or the European Green Party) is the name of the European Green Party, a political party at European level. ... The European Federation of Green Parties is an umbrella organization of green parties in Europe. ... This article is about the green parties around the world. ...


Relationships to other parties

GroenLinks was founded to become a middle sized party on the left of the PvdA. In the 1994 elections however the Socialist Party also entered parliament. It became clear that the SP was more radical on the classical issues of the left. This made the GreenLeft the centre party of the dutch Left. This position is examplified by the call of Femke Halsema to form a leftwing coalition after the 2007 elections, knowing that such a coalition is only possible with GroenLinks. But also theLijstverbinding between SP and GL in the 1998 and 2002 elections, and between GL and PvdA in the 2004 european elections are examples of this position. The Socialist Party (Dutch: Socialistische Partij) is a socialist party in the Netherlands. ... There are several terms used in Dutch politics which are not easily translated into English. ...


Links

  • http://www.groenlinks.nl/
  • http://www.greens-efa.org/
  • http://www.europeangreens.org/


Green Parties
Africa Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Côte d'Ivoire, Kenya, Mali, Mauritius, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Somalia, South Africa
Americas Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Mexico, Nicaragua, Peru, St. Vincent & the Grenadines, United States
Asia-Pacific Australia, Iran, Israel, Japan, Mongolia, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, Pakistan, Philippines, Polynesia, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Vanuatu
Europe
(EGPFYEG)
Albania, Austria, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, England and Wales, Estonia, Flanders, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Luxembourg, Malta, Moldova, Netherlands (The Greens), Netherlands (Green Left), Northern Ireland, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Scotland, Serbia and Montenegro, Slovakia, Spain (Confederación de Los Verdes), Spain (Federación de Los Verdes - Izquierda Verde), Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, Wallonia and Brussels
Italic links indicate observers or non-members of the Global Greens.

  Results from FactBites:
 
GroenLinks - definition of GroenLinks in Encyclopedia (541 words)
GroenLinks (GL, GreenLeft) is a political party in the Netherlands.
The pacifist principles of GroenLinks were placed under heavy pressure after the September 11, 2001 attacks, during the decision-making by the cabinet and the Lower House regarding the active participation of Dutch forces in the war in Afghanistan.
GroenLinks had about 12,000 members in December 2001, but this number rose dramatically during the period surrounding the two elections in 2002 and 2003 and the murder of Pim Fortuyn.
GroenLinks - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1299 words)
GroenLinks was founded on March 1, 1989 as a merger of the Politieke Partij Radicalen (Radical Political Party, founded 1968), the Pacifistisch Socialistische Partij (Pacifist Socialist Party, founded 1958), the Communistische Partij Nederland (Communist Party of the Netherlands, founded 1909) and the Evangelische Volkspartij (Evangelical People's Party, founded 1981).
Under him, GroenLinks became the major voice of the opposition against both cabinets of Kok, although the CDA was the largest opposition party.
GroenLinks is a staunch defender of the rule of law, against the War on Terrorism.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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