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Encyclopedia > Großglockner
Grossglockner (Big Bell)
Elevation: 3,798 metres (12,461 feet)
Latitude: 47° 04′ N
Longitude: 12° 42′ E
Location: Austria
Range: High Tauern
First ascent: 1800
Easiest route: scramble

Großglockner (German for Big Bell), with a height of 3798 m above sea level is Austria's highest mountain. It lies on the boundary between Carinthia and the East Tyrol and is the highest peak in the Glockner group, a group of mountains along the main ridge of the Hohe Tauern. The summit itself lies on the Glockner ridge, which branches to the south off the main ridge. At Großglockner's foot lies the Pasterze, the biggest glacier in the Austrian Alps. Elevation has several related meanings: Geography The elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or possibly some other fixed point). ... Latitude, denoted φ, gives the location of a place on Earth north or south of the Equator. ... Map of Earth showing curved lines of longitude Longitude, sometimes denoted λ, describes the location of a place on Earth east or west of a north-south line called the Prime Meridian. ... The Republic of Austria (German: Republik Österreich) is a landlocked country in Central Europe. ... The most general definition of mountain range is a group of mountains bordered by lowlands. ... The High Tauern (German Hohe Tauern) is the highest range of the Alps in Austria. ... In climbing, a first ascent (FA) is the first climb to reach the top of a mountain, or the first to follow a particular climbing route. ... 1800 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Mountaineering is an umbrella term that can variously be used to describe the actions of climbing, hillwalking and scrambling. ... Scrambling is a category of climbing that does not entail the use of any ropes on the ascent or descent. ... German (called Deutsch in German; in German the term germanisch is equivalent to English Germanic), is a member of the western group of Germanic languages and is one of the worlds major languages. ... For considerations of sea level change, in particular rise associated with possible global warming, see sea level rise. ... The Republic of Austria (German: Republik Österreich) is a landlocked country in Central Europe. ... Carinthia ( German Kärnten, Slovenian Koroška) is a federal state or Bundesland, located in the south of Austria. ... This article is about Tyrol, the shire. ... The High Tauern (German Hohe Tauern) is the highest range of the Alps in Austria. ... Austrias longest glacier, the Pasterze, winds its 8 km (5 mile) route at the foot of Austrias highest mountain, the Grossglockner A glacier is a large, long-lasting river of ice that is formed on land and moves in response to gravity. ... The Alps is the collective name for one of the great mountain range systems of Europe, stretching from Austria in the east, Slovenia, Italy, Switzerland, Liechtenstein and Germany, through to France in the west. ...


The characteristic pyramid-shaped peak actually consists of two pinnacles, Großglockner and Kleinglockner (3700 m) (klein = small in German), separated by a saddle-like formation known as the Glocknerscharte. German (called Deutsch in German; in German the term germanisch is equivalent to English Germanic), is a member of the western group of Germanic languages and is one of the worlds major languages. ...


The first assault on Großglockner in 1799 failed. In the summer of 1800 a second expedition was organized by Franz-Xaver Salm-Raifferscheid, Prince-Bishop of Gurk: 62 persons, among them 47 guides, took part. The old Salmhütte, at 2750m, was specially built to furnish shelter for this undertaking. On 28 July 1800, brothers Martin and Sepp Klotz, along with two other carpenters, and even a clergyman from Dölsach named Horasch, challenged themselves to reach the summit by way of the Hohenwartscharte. 1799 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1800 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Gurk (Slovenian Krka) is a river in Carinthia, Austria. ... 1800 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


There is also a direct climbing route from the Pasterze glacier to the Glocknerscharte: the Pallavicini Trough. Alfred Markgraf Pallavicini undertook the first climb on this route in 1876 with three guides from Heiligenblut. 1876 is a leap year starting on Saturday. ...


Also famous is the scenic highway Großglockner-Hochalpenstraße between Heiligenblut and Fusch, built between 1930 and 1935, which reaches a height of 2572m. 1930 is a common year starting on Wednesday. ...


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