FACTOID # 25: If you're tired of sitting in traffic on your way to work, move to North Dakota.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Grill (cooking)
Food cooking on a charcoal grill
Food cooking on a charcoal grill

There are multiple varieties of grills, with most falling into one of two categories: gas-fueled and charcoal. There is a great debate over the merits of charcoal or gas for use as the cooking method between grillers. Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1200x800, 123 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Grilling Grill (cooking) User:Bishonen/Archive 9 Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1200x800, 123 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Grilling Grill (cooking) User:Bishonen/Archive 9 Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital... Charcoal is the blackish residue consisting of impure carbon obtained by removing water and other volatile constituents from animal and vegetation substances. ... Grilling means cooking directly under a source of direct, dry heat. ... BMWs distinctive kidney-shaped grille on an E34 M5 Audis single frame grille, here on a second generation TT Grille is also the name of a German self-propelled artillery vehicle. ... A gas is one of the four major phases of matter (after solid and liquid, and followed by plasma, that subsequently appear as a solid material is subjected to increasingly higher temperatures. ... Fuel is any material that is capable of releasing energy when its chemical or physical structure is changed or converted. ... Charcoal is the blackish residue consisting of impure carbon obtained by removing water and other volatile constituents from animal and vegetation substances. ...


Gas-fueled grills typically use propane (LP) or natural gas (NG) as their fuel source, with gas-flame either cooking food directly or heating grilling elements which in turn radiate the heat necessary to cook food. Gas grills are available in sizes ranging from small, single steak grills up to large, industrial sized restaurant grills which are able to cook enough meat to feed a hundred or more people. Gas grills are designed for either LP or NG, although it is possible to convert a grill from one gas source to another. Propane is a three-carbon alkane, normally a gas, but compressible to a liquid that is transportable. ... Natural gas is a gaseous fossil fuel consisting primarily of methane. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Fire. ... Cooking is the act of applying heat to food in order to prepare it to eat. ...


Charcoal grills typically use charcoal briquets as their fuel source. The briquets, when burned, will transform into embers radiating the heat necessary to cook food. One may say with certainty that E.G. Kingsford was the prime force behind the American grilling tradition. Kingsford was a relative of Henry Ford who saw that Ford's Model T production lines were producing a large amount of wood scraps that were just being discarded. Kingsford pitched a simple idea to Ford: Set up a charcoal manufacturing facility next to the assembly line and sell the charcoal, with the Ford name, in Ford dealerships. Ford, knowing a good idea when he saw one, immediately implemented Kingsford's idea. After Kingsford's death, the company was renamed Kingsford Charcoal Co. in his honor. Today, Kingsford charcoal is the dominant brand used by charcoal grillers. A briquette (or briquet) is a block of flammable matter, such as escaillage, which can be used to start a fire. ... Henry Ford (1919) Henry Ford (July 30, 1863 – April 7, 1947) was the founder of the Ford Motor Company and father of modern assembly lines used in mass production. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Ford Model T For the blues musician, see T-Model Ford. ...

A propane gas grill with a custom-built aluminium stand partly submerged in snow in Akureyri, Iceland.
A propane gas grill with a custom-built aluminium stand partly submerged in snow in Akureyri, Iceland.

Another personality in the charcoal grilling camp is George Stephen. The stereotypical American charcoal grill is a hollow, metal hemisphere with three legs and a small metal disc to catch ash, with a lower grate to hold the charcoal and an upper grate to hold the food to be cooked. George Stephen created the hemispherical grill design, jokingly called "Sputnik" by Stephen's neighbors. Stephen, a welder, worked for Weber Brothers Metal Works, a metal fabrication shop primarily concerned with welding steel spheres together to make buoys. Stephen was tired of wind blowing ash onto his food when he grilled. One day he had an epiphany: he took the lower half of a buoy, welded three steel legs onto it, and fabricated a shallower hemisphere for use as a lid. He took the results home and within weeks was selling the grills first to his neighbors, then to customers, and finally started the Weber-Stephen Products Company. Weber grills come in many sizes, again, in small 14 inch diameter grills up to a full size 24 inch diameter grill. Download high resolution version (1902x1920, 276 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1902x1920, 276 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Propane is a three-carbon alkane, normally a gas, but compressible to a liquid that is transportable. ... A gas is one of the four major phases of matter (after solid and liquid, and followed by plasma, that subsequently appear as a solid material is subjected to increasingly higher temperatures. ... General Name, Symbol, Number aluminium, Al, 13 Chemical series poor metals Group, Period, Block 13, 3, p Appearance silvery Atomic mass 26. ... Animation of snowcover changing with the seasons. ... Nickname: Höfuðstaður Norðurlands (Capital of North Iceland) Location in Iceland Coordinates: Constituency Northeast Area    - City 125 km²  (48. ...


Grilling is a pervasive tradition in the United States. There are many cook-offs for steak grilling and barbecue (midwestern and southern style) around the United States with serious cash prizes involved in most. Almost all competition grillers use charcoal, most often in large, custom designed brick or steel grills. They can range from a few 55 gallon oil drums sawed lengthwise on their sides to make a lid and grill base, to large, vehicle sized grills made of brick, weighing nearly a ton. Grilling means cooking directly under a source of direct, dry heat. ... A barbecue on a trailer at a block party in Kansas City. ... Midwest as shown by U.S. Census Bureau official map from [3] Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... Southern United States. ...

Contents

Types of Charcoal Grills

There are many different charcoal grill configurations - square, round, rectangular, with or without a lid, with or without venting - but the majority of charcoal grills fall into the following five categories:


Brazier Grill: The simplest and most inexpensive of charcoal grills, the brazier grill is made of wire and sheet metal and composed of a cooking grid placed over a charcoal pan, which is usually supported by legs. The brazier grill does not have a lid or venting system. Heat is adjusted by moving the cooking grid up or down over the charcoal pan. Even after George Stephen invented the kettle grill in the early 1950s, the brazier grill remained a dominant charcoal grill type for a number of years. Brazier grills are available at most discount department stores during the summer.


Advantages: Inexpensive, compact, portable.


Disadvantages: No lid, flimsy construction, ineffective in wind and rain.



Hibachi: The hibachi grill design originated in China,[citation needed] but the name is a Japanese word which refers to a heating device not usually used for cooking. (For the purposes of this article, "hibachi" will refer to the cooking grill.) In its most common form, the hibachi is an inexpensive grill made of either sheet steel or cast iron and composed of a charcoal pan and two small, independent cooking grids. Like the brazier grill, heat is adjusted by moving the cooking grids up and down. Also like the brazier grill, the hibachi does not have a lid. Some hibachi designs have venting systems for heat control. The hibachi is a good grill choice for those who do not have much space for a larger grill, or those who wish to take their grill traveling.


Advantages: Inexpensive, compact, portable, cast iron models can last for years.


Disadvantages: No lid, has less cooking capacity than other charcoal grills, ineffective in wind and rain.



Kettle Grill: The kettle grill is considered the classic American grill design. The original and often-copied Weber kettle grill, invented in 1951 by George Stephen, has remained one of the best and most reliable charcoal grill designs to date. The grill is composed of a lid, cooking grid, charcoal grid, lower chamber, venting system, ash collection pan, legs, and wheels. The lower chamber that holds the charcoal is shaped like a kettle, giving the grill its name. The kettle design distributes heat more evenly and allows the griller to configure the grill for indirect cooking (or barbequing.) For indirect cooking, charcoal is piled on one side of the chamber and a water pan is placed on the other. The venting system allows the griller to precisely control heat by adjusting airflow into the bottom of the grill. Smaller, more portable versions exist, such as the Weber Smokey Joe.


Advantages: Sturdy, feature-packed, lidded design, can be used for indirect cooking (barbequing), heat control through venting system, usable in wind and rain, many accessories.


Disadvantages: Moderately priced, larger models not portable.



Cart Grill: The charcoal cart grill is quite similar in appearance to the typical gas grill. The cart grill is usually rectangular in design, has a hinged lid, cooking grid, charcoal grid, and is mounted to a cart with wheels and side tables. Most cart grills have a way to adjust heat, either through moving the cooking surface up, the charcoal pan down, through venting, or a combination of the three. Cart grills often have an ash collection drawer for easy removal of ashes while cooking. Their rectangular design makes them usable for indirect cooking as well. Charcoal cart grills, with all their features, can make charcoal grilling nearly as convenient as gas grilling. Cart grills can also be quite expensive, with prices between $199 and $2,500 USD.


Advantages: Sturdy, feature-packed, lidded design, can be used for indirect cooking (barbequing), heat control through movable grids and venting system, usable in wind and rain.


Disadvantages: Large, heavy, moderately priced to expensive, not portable.



Barrel Grill: In its most primitive form, the barrel grill is nothing more than a 55-gallon steel barrel sliced in half lengthwise. Hinges are attached so the top half forms the lid and the bottom half forms the charcoal chamber. Vents are cut into the top and bottom for airflow control. A chimney is normally attached to the lid. Charcoal grids and cooking grids are installed in the bottom half of the grill, and legs are attached. Like kettle grills, barrel grills work well for grilling as well as true barbequing. For barbequing, lit charcoal is piled at one end of the barrel and food to be cooked is placed at the other. With the lid closed, heat can then be controlled with vents. Fancier designs available at stores may have other features, but the same basic design does not change.


Advantages: Lots of space for cooking for large crowds, can be used for true barbequing, can be inexpensive if you have a steel barrel and have access to welding equipment.


Disadvantages: Large, will rust through eventually, retail models can be expensive, heavy, not portable.


Other Charcoal Grill Types

Ceramic Cooker: The ceramic cooker design has been around for roughly 3,000 years. The shichirin, a Japanese grill traditionally of ceramic construction, has existed in its current form since the Edo period. Recently, the ceramic cooker design has been made popular by the the Kamado and Big Green Egg companies. The ceramic cooker is just as versatile as the kettle grill but the ceramic chamber retains heat more efficiently. Ceramic cookers are equally adept at grilling, smoking, and barbequing foods. A shichirin The shichirin   (Japanese: 七輪, literally seven wheels) is a small charcoal grill. ... The following text needs to be harmonized with text in the article History of Japan#Edo Period. ...


Commonly grilled food and cooking methods

  • Steaks (Pre-heat on high. This way the grill is hot and will sear the outside of the steak, holding in flavorful juices. By the time it is "done" the outside will be blackened (but not burned) and you'll still have some pink in the middle.)
  • Hot Dogs (Turn occasionally until the outside has darkened.)
  • Hamburger Patties/Cube Steaks (For quarter-pound patties, grill over medium-high heat, 8 minutes on one side, 7 minutes on the other.)
  • Sausage ("Brats" or Bratwurst and kielbasa are popular choices. Grill until outsides are darkened or split sausages are slightly black around the edges.)
  • Chicken Breast (Marinate in Italian dressing, Teriyaki sauce, or lemon/lime juice. Grill over medium heat, 8 minutes per side, to internal temperature of 170o F. Do not turn more than necessary.)
  • Pork Chops (Delicious when marinated in Italian dressing. Grill over medium-high heat for 6-8 minutes per side.)
  • Shrimp (Medium/low heat. Don't overcook.)
  • Asparagus (Marinate in oil and salt.)

A steak served with a pat of butter and mushrooms A steak is a slice from a larger piece of meat, typically beef. ... A large hot dog with ketchup A hot dog is classified as a type of sausage or, alternatively, a sandwich on a suitably shaped bun with the sausage and condiments on it. ... It has been suggested that makkara be merged into this article or section. ... Pork chops, cooked and served. ... Superfamilies Alpheoidea Atyoidea Bresilioidea Campylonotoidea Crangonoidea Galatheacaridoidea Nematocarcinoidea Oplophoroidea Palaemonoidea Pandaloidea Pasiphaeoidea Procaridoidea Processoidea Psalidopodoidea Stylodactyloidea True shrimp are small, swimming, decapod crustaceans classified in the infraorder Caridea, found widely around the world in both fresh and salt water. ... Binomial name Asparagus officinalis L. Asparagus is a type of vegetable obtained from one species within the genus Asparagus, specifically the young shoots of Asparagus officinalis. ...

Further reading

  • Jamie Purviance and Sandra McRae: Weber's Big Book of Grilling, 1st. edn. (Canada: Weber-Stephens Products Co., 2001) ISBN 0-8118-3197-3.

See also

Rotisserie Spit Roast redirects here. ... Grilling means cooking directly under a source of direct, dry heat. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Piezo ignition is a type of ignition that is used in portable camping stoves and gas grills. ... Charcoal is the blackish residue consisting of impure carbon obtained by removing water and other volatile constituents from animal and vegetation substances. ... The hibachi (Japanese: 火鉢, literally fire bowl) is a traditional Japanese heating device. ... A shichirin The shichirin   (Japanese: 七輪, literally seven wheels) is a small charcoal grill. ... A barbecue on a trailer at a block party in Kansas City. ...

External Links


 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m