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Encyclopedia > Griffith Park
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South Griffith Park, looking eastward from Griffith Observatory
South Griffith Park, looking eastward from Griffith Observatory

Griffith Park is a large public park at the eastern end of the Santa Monica Mountains. It is situated in the Los Feliz neighborhood of Los Angeles, California. The park covers 4,210 acres (17 km²) of land, making it one of the largest urban parks in North America. It is the second-largest city park in California, after Mission Trails Preserve in San Diego. Image File history File links Current_event_marker. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 1. ... Panorama of Los Angeles and Griffith Observatory viewed from the Hollywood Hills. ... An Australian park A park is any of a number of geographic features. ... Santa Monica Mountains The Santa Monica Mountains are a low transverse range in southern California in the United States. ... Contemporary view of L.A. from behind the Griffith Observatory in Los Feliz. ... Nickname: Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates: State California County Los Angeles County Incorporated April 4, 1850 Government  - Type Mayor-Council  - Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D)  - City Attorney Rocky Delgadillo  - Governing body City Council Area  - City  498. ... This article is about the unit of measure known as the acre. ... A kilometre (American spelling: kilometer) (symbol: km) is a unit of length equal to 1000 metres (from the Greek words khilia = thousand and metro = count/measure). ... A Central Park landscape An urban park, also known as a municipal park, is a park that is built in cities mostly to reduce air pollution and as a place to relax. ... A photograph of Cowles Mountain, facing East, taken on the trail to Pyles Peak. ... Nickname: Location of San Diego within San Diego County Coordinates: Country United States State California County San Diego Founded July 16, 1769 Incorporated March 27, 1850 Government  - Mayor Jerry Sanders  - City Attorney Michael Aguirre  - City Council Scott Peters Kevin Faulconer Toni Atkins Tony Young Brian Maienschein Donna Frye Jim Madaffer...

Contents

History

After successfully investing in mining, Colonel Griffith J. Griffith purchased Rancho Los Feliz (near the Los Angeles River) in 1882 and created an ostrich farm there. Although ostrich feathers were commonly used in making women's hats in the late-1800s, Col. Griffith created the farm primarily to lure residents of Los Angeles to his nearby property developments. After the property rush peaked, and supposedly spooked by the ghost of Antonio Feliz (a previous owner of the property) he donated 3015 acres (12 km²) to the city of Los Angeles on December 16, 1896. Griffith Jenkins Griffith (January 4, 1805–July 6, 1919) was an American immigrant from Wales who made millions in a mining syndicate in the 1880s. ... The Los Angeles River, highlighted in red (on the left). ... Binomial name Struthio camelus Carolus Linnaeus, 1758 The present-day distribution of Ostriches. ... Beginning of the Napoleonic Wars (1805 - 1815). ... This article is about the unit of measure known as the acre. ... -1... Year 1896 (MDCCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar). ...


Afterward Griffith was tried and convicted for shooting and severely wounding his wife[1]; when released from prison he attempted to fund the construction of an observatory, planetarium, and amphitheater in the park. His reputation in the city was tainted by his crime, however, so the city refused his money. MolÄ—tai Astronomical Observatory An observatory is a location used for observing terrestrial and/or celestial events. ... // A planetarium is a theatre built primarily for presenting educational and entertaining shows about astronomy and the night sky, or for training in celestial navigation. ... The name amphitheatre (alternatively amphitheater) is given to a public building of the Classical period (being particularly associated with ancient Rome) which was used for spectator sports, games and displays. ...


In 1912, Griffith designated 100 acres (400,000 m²) of the park, at its northwest corner along the Los Angeles River, be used to "do something to further aviation." The Griffith Park Aerodrome was the result. Aviation pioneers such as Glenn L. Martin and Silas Christoffersen used it. The aerodrome passed to the National Guard Air Service. Air operations continued on a 2,000-foot-long runway (610 m) until 1939, when the City Planning commission complained that a military airport violated the terms of Griffith's deed. The National Guard squadron moved to Van Nuys, and the Aerodrome was demolished, though the rotating beacon and its tower remained for many years. From 1946 until the mid-1950s, Rodger Young Village occupied the area which had formerly been the Aerodrome. Today that site is occupied by the Los Angeles Zoo parking lot, the Gene Autry Western Heritage Museum, soccer fields, and the interchange between the Golden State Freeway and the Ventura Freeway. The Glenn L. Martin Company was an aircraft company founded by aviation pioneer Glenn L. Martin on August 16, 1912. ... The Air National Guard (ANG) is part of the United States National Guard and a reserve component of the United States Air Force (USAF). ... Van Nuys is a district within the city of Los Angeles, California, United States. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... A summer crowd of the LA Zoo The Los Angeles Zoo is a large zoo located in Los Angeles, California. ... Southern California freeways Interstate 5; the Golden State Freeway is highlighted in red, the Santa Ana Freeway is highlighted in purple, and the San Diego Freeway is highlighted in blue. ... The Ventura Freeway is a freeway in southern California running from Ventura to Pasadena. ...


Griffith set up a trust fund for the improvements he envisioned, and after his death in 1919 the city began to build what Griffith had wanted. The amphitheater, the Greek Theatre, was completed in 1930, and Griffith Observatory was finished in 1935. Subsequent to Griffith's original gift further donations of land, city purchases, and the reversion of land from private to public have expanded the Park to its present size. The Greek Theatre is a 5,700-seat amphitheater located at Griffith Park in Los Angeles, California. ... Panorama of Los Angeles and Griffith Observatory viewed from the Hollywood Hills. ...


Hired as part of a welfare project, 3,780 men were in the park clearing brush on October 3, 1933, when fire broke out in the Mineral Wells area. Many of the workers volunteered or were ordered to fight the fire, and foremen with no knowledge of fire fighting directed the effort, setting inappropriate backfires and sending hundreds of workers into a steep canyon. When the wind changed direction they were trapped. In all, 29 men were killed and 150 were injured. Professional firefighters arrived and limited the blaze to 47 acres (190,000 m²). Because of the disorganized nature of the employment, it took weeks to establish the exact death toll and identify the bodies. The Griffith Park fire remains the deadliest in Los Angeles history.[2] October 3 is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ...


Attractions

Visitors can attend concerts under the stars at the magnificent Greek Theatre, which was built to resemble a Greek amphitheater. Visitors can study the stars at the newly renovated Griffith Observatory and planetarium. In addition to the observatory and Greek theater, Griffith Park hosts the Los Angeles Zoo, the Museum of the American West and a merry-go-round. The Hollywood Sign is located on the southern flank of Griffith Park's Mount Lee. At the Travel Town Museum, one can ride on a miniature railroad operated by the Los Angeles Live Steamers and see retired railroad locomotives, passenger cars and street cars from bygone eras. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 504 pixelsFull resolution (2814 × 1773 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 504 pixelsFull resolution (2814 × 1773 pixel, file size: 1. ... A summer crowd of the LA Zoo The Los Angeles Zoo is a large zoo located in Los Angeles, California. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 874 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Griffith Park Museum of the American... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 874 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Griffith Park Museum of the American... Museum of the American West in Los Angeles, California Statue of Gene Autry in front of Autry National Center The Museum of the American West is a western heritage museum located in Griffith Park in Los Angeles, California. ... The Greek Theatre is a 5,700-seat amphitheater located at Griffith Park in Los Angeles, California. ... Panorama of Los Angeles and Griffith Observatory viewed from the Hollywood Hills. ... // A planetarium is a theatre built primarily for presenting educational and entertaining shows about astronomy and the night sky, or for training in celestial navigation. ... A summer crowd of the LA Zoo The Los Angeles Zoo is a large zoo located in Los Angeles, California. ... Museum of the American West in Los Angeles, California Statue of Gene Autry in front of Autry National Center The Museum of the American West is a western heritage museum located in Griffith Park in Los Angeles, California. ... This article is about the fairground ride. ... The Hollywood Sign is a famous landmark in the Hollywood area of Los Angeles, California, spelling out the name of the area in 50-foot[1] (15. ... Mount Lee is a peak in the Santa Monica Mountains on whose southern slope the Hollywood Sign is located (north of Mulholland Hwy). ... The Travel Town Museum is an outdoor transportation museum in Griffith Park in Los Angeles, California. ... Model railroading (US) or Railway modelling (UK) is a hobby in which rail transport systems are modeled at a reduced scale. ... Los Angeles Live Steamers Railroad Museum (LALS) is a non-profit 501(c)3 public benefit corporation that was founded in 1956 by train enthusiasts for the purpose of educating people in railroad history and lore and to further the avocation of Live steam, gas-mechanical and electronic scale model... This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... Great Western Railway No. ... Restored passenger cars on display at the Mid Continent Railway Museum in North Freedom, WI. A passenger car is a piece of railroad rolling stock that is designed to carry passengers. ... Street cars in New Orleans A modern tram in the Töölö district of Helsinki, Finland For modern innovations aimed at increasing the capacity and speed of tramway systems, see light rail. ...

There are two 18 hole golf courses (including the Roosevelt Golf Course), a baseball field, athletic fields, along with several basketball and tennis courts on the grounds. The park also has a swimming pool which is open during the summer months. The park is laced with many hiking and equestrian trails deep within the mountains away from neighboring residential districts. The local (Angeles) unit of the Sierra Club has been leading free evening and weekend conditioning hikes in Griffith Park every week for almost 50 years. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 1. ... Panorama of Los Angeles and Griffith Observatory viewed from the Hollywood Hills. ... The Roosevelt Municipal Golf Course is a 9 hole golf course located in the Griffith Park area of Los Angeles, California. ... A baseball field is a playing field used for baseball. ... In basketball, the basketball court is the playing surface, consisting of a rectangular floor with baskets at either end. ... A tennis courts dimension A tennis court is where a game of tennis is played. ... A swimming pool, sometimes also referred to in some countries as a swimming bath(German. ... Two hikers in the Mount Hood National Forest Eagle Creek hiking Hiking is a form of walking, undertaken with the specific purpose of exploring and enjoying the scenery. ... A young rider at a horse show in Australia. ... The Sierra Club is an American environmental organization founded on May 28, 1892 in San Francisco, California by the well-known preservationist John Muir, who became its first president. ...

Griffith Park was used as a location in the first two Back to the Future movies. In the first movie it was used for Marty's starting point when accelerating to 88mph in the film's climax, and in the second movie it was used for the "River Road Tunnel" scene when Marty was trying to get the almanac back. The same tunnel was used as the entrance to Toontown in Who Framed Roger Rabbit. The park was also featured in the Robert Altman movie Short Cuts and Disney's The Rocketeer starring Billy Campbell and Jennifer Connelly. The park's Bronson Canyon is a popular location for motion picture and television production. Location for the hit television show Salute Your Shorts. A cave in this canyon was used as the Batcave in the Batman television series of the 1960s. In addition located near the Sheriff's Station is the Tunnel Entrance that was used in several episodes of Beauty and the Beast, the 1980's television show. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 1. ... Mount Lee is a peak in the Santa Monica Mountains on whose southern slope the Hollywood Sign is located (north of Mulholland Hwy). ... The Hollywood Sign is a famous landmark in the Hollywood area of Los Angeles, California, spelling out the name of the area in 50-foot[1] (15. ... Back to the Future is a 1985 science fiction/comedy film directed by Robert Zemeckis and written by Bob Gale and Zemeckis. ... Toontown is a fictional city near Los Angeles where animated characters, or toons, live. ... Who Framed Roger Rabbit is a 1988 film produced by Amblin Entertainment and The Walt Disney Company (on its Touchstone Pictures banner), Using traditional animation and live action. ... Robert Bernard Altman (February 20, 1925 – November 20, 2006) was an American film director known for making films that are highly naturalistic, but with a stylized perspective. ... Short Cuts is a 1993 film directed by Robert Altman. ... The Rocketeer is a 1991 superhero adventure film produced by Walt Disney Pictures/Touchstone Pictures[1] and directed by Joe Johnston. ... Billy Campbell as Thadiun Okona in the Star Trek: The Next Generation episode The Outrageous Okona. William O. Campbell (born July 7, 1959 in Charlottesville, Virginia is an actor who who is well known for his starring role in the television series Once and Again as well as his role... Jennifer Lynn Connelly (born December 12, 1970) is an Academy Award-winning American film actress and former child model. ... The famous cave opening at Bronson Canyon Bronson Canyon is a location in Griffith Park, California that has become famous as the setting for an astounding number of movies and TV shows filmed throughout the 20th and 21st centuries. ... The Batcave. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... Illustration by Warwick Goble Beauty and the Beast is a traditional fairy tale (type 425C -- search for a lost husband -- in the Aarne-Thompson classification). ...


Another seasonal attraction during late November through December is the annual holiday light festival display sponsored by the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power. Spectators can walk or drive their vehicles through it. Los Angeles Department of Water and Power (LADWP) is the largest municipal utility in the United States, serving 3. ...


Park hours and parking

The park is open 6 am to 10:00 pm. All hiking trails and mountain roads close at sunset. Ample free parking is available on the south side off of Vermont Canyon Road inside the park; cars can be left parked at the parking lot next to the Greek theater until 10:30 pm, even though the park gates are closed to entering cars at sunset.


Plans

The Los Angeles Department of Recreation & Parks is currently in the planning stages for future development of the park; their initial Master Plan is posted at: L.A parks.org. Opposition to the proposed Master Plan comes from groups such as Save Griffith Park, which opposes the further commercialization and development of the park.


Problems

Vandalism

Destroyed picnic table seats and tagging in south Griffith Park.
Destroyed picnic table seats and tagging in south Griffith Park.

Like most parks in Los Angeles County, vandalism, in the form of property destruction and tagging, by local gangs is a noticeable problem at Griffith Park. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 1. ... Vandalism is the conspicuous defacement or destruction of a structure, a symbol or anything else that goes against the will of the owner/governing body. ... Graffiti (strictly, as singular, graffito, from the Italian — graffiti being the plural) are images or letters applied without permission to publicly viewable surfaces such as walls or bridges. ... This is a list of street gangs operating or formerly operating in California. ...


Fire of May 2007

At about 1:30pm local time on Tuesday, May 8th. 2007 a brush fire broke out in the park. By late evening, about 600 of the park's 4,200 acres were scorched. Residents of Los Feliz were evacuated as the fire neared homes on the southern side of the park. The Los Angeles Zoo was evacuated of all visitors and non essential staff. 500 firefighters are on the scene, and no homes have been burned as of 11:00pm on May 8th. One of the casualties of the fire is Dante's View, a popular public garden and hiking destination on the east slope of Mt. Hollywood.[3]


Gallery

References

  1. ^ "Death Summons Noble Woman", Los Angeles Sunday Times, November 13, 1904
  2. ^ "The Fire of '33", Glendale News-Press, October 1-4, 1993. Accessed 2007-05-08.
  3. ^ "Homes evacuated as Griffith Park fire rages", Los Angeles Times, May 8, 2007. Accessed 2007-05-08.

External links

Coordinates: 34°8′3.39″N, 118°17′54.87″W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Griffith Park - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1198 words)
Griffith Park is a large public park at the eastern end of the Santa Monica Mountains.
The park is laced with many hiking and equestrian trails deep within the mountains away from neighboring residential districts.
Like most parks in Los Angeles County, vandalism, in the form of property destruction and tagging, by local gangs is a noticeable problem at Griffith Park.
Griffith Park Hiking (2980 words)
In 1882, Griffith settled in Los Angeles, and purchased a 4,071 acre portion of the Rancho Los Feliz, which stretched northward from the northern boundaries of the Pueblo de Los Angeles.
Griffith Park stands today a monument to the dedicated vision of one man – Griffith Jenkins Griffith, Park Commission, civic philanthropist, advocate of parklands, and speaker of recreation for the health of Los Angeles.
Griffith Park lies just west of the Golden State Freeway (I-5), roughly between Los Feliz Boulevard on the south and the Ventura Freeway (SR 134) on the north.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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