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Encyclopedia > Greta Garbo
Greta Garbo

photo by Arnold Genthe, 1925
Born Greta Lovisa Gustafsson
September 18, 1905(1905-09-18)
Stockholm, Sweden
Died April 15, 1990 (aged 84)
New York City, New York
Years active 1920-1941

Greta Garbo (September 18, 1905April 15, 1990) was a Swedish-born actress during Hollywood's silent film period and part of its Golden Age. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (641x838, 50 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Greta Garbo ... Self-portrait Arnold Genthe ( 1869- 1942) was a photographer, most well known for his photos of San Franciscos Chinatown and the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake. ... is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1905 (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Stockholm (disambiguation). ... is the 105th day of the year (106th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... This article is about the state. ... See also: 1919 in film 1920 1921 in film 1920s in film years in film film Events November 28 - The Mask of Zorro, starring Douglas Fairbanks, Sr. ... The year 1941 in film involved some significant events. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... The Academy Honorary Award is given irregularly by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to celebrate motion picture achievements that are not covered by existing Academy Awards. ... The Order of the Polar Star (Swedish Nordstjärneorden) is a Swedish Royal order of chivalry created by King Frederick I of Sweden on 23 February 1748, together with the Order of the Sword and the Order of the Seraphim. ... The New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actress is one of the awards given by the New York Film Critics Circle to honor the finest achievements in filmmaking. ... Anna Karenina is a critically acclaimed 1935 drama film, directed by Clarence Brown. ... Camille is an American 1936 drama film directed by George Cukor and produced by Irving Thalberg and Bernard H. Hyman, from a screenplay by James Hilton, Zoe Akins and Frances Marion. ... is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1905 (disambiguation). ... is the 105th day of the year (106th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Actors in period costume sharing a joke whilst waiting between takes during location filming. ... ... A silent film is a film which has no accompanying soundtrack. ... The Golden Age of American animation is a period in American animation history that began with the advent of sound cartoons in 1928 and lasted into the 1960s when theatrical animated shorts slowly began losing to the new medium of television animation. ...


Regarded as one of the greatest and most inscrutable movie stars ever produced by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and the Hollywood studio system, Garbo received a 1955 Honorary Oscar "for her unforgettable screen performances"[1] and in 1999 was ranked as the fifth greatest female star of all time by the American Film Institute.[2] A movie star or film star is a celebrity who is a person known for his or her roles in motion pictures. ... For alternate meanings of MGM, see MGM (disambiguation). ... The studio system was a means of film production and distribution dominant in Hollywood from the early 1920s through the early 1950s. ... The Academy Honorary Award is given irregularly by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to celebrate motion picture achievements that are not covered by existing Academy Awards. ... The Greatest Screen Legends were actors and actresses selected by the American Film Institute for their popularity, craftmanship in their career, star quality, legacy and their role in society. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Contents

Biography

Early life

Garbo was born Greta Lovisa Gustafsson in Stockholm, Sweden, the youngest of three children of Karl Alfred Gustafsson (1871–1920) and Anna Lovisa Johansson (1872–1944).[3] Garbo's older sister and brother were Alva and Sven. Stockholm [, ] is the capital and the largest City of Sweden. ...


Becoming an actress

When Garbo was 14 years old, her father, to whom she was extremely close, died. She was forced to leave school and go to work. Her first job was as a soap lather-girl in a barbershop. She stated in the book Garbo On Garbo (p. 33) that her relationship with her mother was not strained.


She then became a clerk at the department store PUB in Stockholm, where she would also model for newspaper advertisements. Her first motion picture aspirations came when she appeared in two short film advertisements (the first for the department store where she worked). They were eventually seen by comedy director Erik Arthur Petschler and he gave her a part in his upcoming film Peter The Tramp in 1922. PUB is a major department store in Stockholm, Sweden, located in two buildings at Hötorget. ... A model is a person who poses or displays for purposes of art, fashion, or other products and advertising. ...


From 1922 to 1924, she studied at the prestigious Royal Dramatic Theatre in Stockholm. While there, she met director Mauritz Stiller. He trained her in cinema acting technique, gave her the stage name "Greta Garbo", and cast her in a major role in the silent film Gösta Berlings Saga (English: The Story of Gösta Berling) in 1924, a dramatization of the famous novel by Nobel Prize for Literature Nobel Laureate, Selma Lagerlöf. She starred opposite Swedish film actor Lars Hanson and then appeared in the German film Die Freudlose Gasse - The Joyless Street. The Royal Dramatic Theatre or in Swedish Kungliga Dramatiska Teatern, colloquially known in Sweden as Dramaten, is Swedens national stage for spoken drama. Around one thousand shows are played annually on the theatres eight running stages. ... Greta Garbo & Maurice Stiller on board the S/S Drottningholm in 1925 en route to the United States Mauritz Stiller (July 17, 1883 – November 18, 1928) was an actor, screenwriter and an influential silent film director. ... For the Okkervil River album, see The Stage Names. ... The Nobel Prize in literature is awarded annually to an author from any country who has produced the most outstanding work of an idealistic tendency. The work in this case generally refers to an authors work as a whole, not to any individual work, though individual works are sometimes...


She and Stiller were brought to Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer by Louis B. Mayer when Gösta Berlings Saga caught his attention. On viewing the film, Mayer was impressed with Stiller's direction, but was much more taken with Garbo's acting and screen presence. According to Mayer's daughter, Irene, with whom he screened the film, it was the gentle feeling and expression that emanated from her eyes which so impressed her father. Unfortunately, her relationship with Stiller came to an end as her fame grew and he struggled in the studio system. He was fired by MGM and returned to Sweden in 1928, where he died soon after. For alternate meanings of MGM, see MGM (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Irene Mayer Selznick (April 2, 1907 - October 10, 1990) was an American theatrical producer. ...


Life in Hollywood

Greta Garbo in 1932
Greta Garbo in 1932
Screen Pictorial, Jan 1936, Greta Garbo as Anna Karenina on the cover of the English movie magazine

The most important of Garbo's silent movies were Torrent (1926), The Temptress (1926), Flesh and the Devil (1926), and Love (1927). She starred in the latter two with the popular leading man John Gilbert. Her name was linked with his in a much publicized romance, and she was said to have left him standing at the altar in 1926, when she changed her mind about getting married.[citation needed] Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A silent film is a film which has no accompanying soundtrack. ... Torrent is a 1926 silent American film directed by an uncredited Monta Bell based on a novel by Vicente Blasco Ibáñez. ... The Temptress is a 1926 American silent romantic drama film directed by Fred Niblo. ... Flesh and the Devil is a classic 1926 movie starring Greta Garbo and John Gilbert. ... To capitalize on their winning Romantic team in the previous years blockbuster Flesh and the Devil (1926), MGM starred its top stars, Greta Garbo and John Gilbert in LOVE (1927). ... John Gilbert John Gilbert (July 10, 1899 - January 9, 1936) was an actor and major star of the silent film era. ...


Having achieved enormous success as a silent movie star, she was one of the few actors who made the transition to talkies, though she delayed the shift for as long as possible. Her film The Kiss (1929) was the last film MGM made without dialogue (it used a soundtrack with music and sound effects only). A movie star or film star is a celebrity who is a person known for his or her roles in motion pictures. ... 1902 poster advertising Gaumonts sound films, depicting an optimistically vast auditorium A sound film is a motion picture with synchronized sound, or sound technologically coupled to image, as opposed to a silent film. ... The Kiss may refer to: // The Kiss (Rodin sculpture), a sculpture by Auguste Rodin The Kiss (Brancusi sculpture), a sculpture by Constantin Brancusi The Kiss (Klimt painting), a 1907 painting by Gustav Klimt The Kiss (Hayez painting), a painting by Romantic artist Francesco Hayez The Kiss (Photo), a photograph by...


Her low, husky voice and Swedish accent was first heard on screen in Eugene O'Neill's Anna Christie (1930), which was publicized with the slogan "Garbo Talks". The movie was a huge success. In 1931 Garbo made a German version of the movie. Eugene Gladstone ONeill (October 16, 1888 – November 27, 1953) was a Nobel- and four-time Pulitzer Prize-winning American playwright. ... Anna Christie is a 1930 MGM drama film adaptation of the 1922 play by Eugene ONeill. ... Garbo Talks is a 1984 film directed by Sidney Lumet. ...


When she was filmed, if something happened that she was not pleased with she would say, "I think I'll go back to Sweden!" She was known for always having a closed set to all visitors, and was famous for having various MGM executives and actors ejected from sets.


Garbo appeared very seductive as the World War I spy in the title role of Mata Hari (1931).She was next part of an all-star cast in Grand Hotel (1932), which won the Best Picture Oscar and featured Garbo as a Russian ballerina. “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Mata Hari is a 1931 pre-code film loosely based on the life of Mata Hari (the stage name of Margaretha Geertruida Zelle), a courtesan executed for espionage during WWI. The film stars Greta Garbo in the title role. ... Grand Hotel is a 1932 art deco movie, and is considered as a classic of the sort. ... ©A.M.P.A.S.® The Academy Award for Best Motion Picture is one of the Awards of Merit presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) to artists working in the motion picture industry. ... Russians (Русские - Russkie) are an ethnic group of East Slavic people, which live primarily in Russia and neighboring countries. ... Maya Plisetskaya, prima ballerina of the Bolshoi Ballet from 1943 to 1960 and prima ballerina assoluta from 1960 to 1990. ...


She then had a contract dispute with MGM. They finally settled and she signed a new contract in July 1932, departing for Sweden later the same month. She exercised her new control by getting her leading man in Queen Christina (1933), Laurence Olivier, replaced with Gilbert. In 1935, David O. Selznick wanted her cast as the dying heiress in Dark Victory — filmed with Bette Davis in 1939 at Warner Brothers — but she insisted on being cast instead in another screen version of Tolstoy's Anna Karenina. (She had made a silent version of Anna Karenina entitled Love with John Gilbert in 1927.) A contract is a legally binding exchange of promises or agreement between parties that the law will enforce. ... This highly fictionalized feature film, based on the life of Queen Christina of Sweden, starred Greta Garbo and John Gilbert and was released in December 1933. ... Laurence Kerr Olivier, Baron Olivier, OM, (IPA: ; 22 May 1907 – 11 July 1989) was an Academy Award, Golden Globe, BAFTA and four-time Emmy winning English actor, director, and producer. ... David O. Selznick David Oliver Selznick (May 10, 1902–June 22, 1965), was one of the icon Hollywood producers of the Golden Age. ... DVD cover showing Bette Davis. ... This article is about the actress. ... Warner Bros. ... Count Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy (September 9 [O.S. August 28] 1828 – November 20 [O.S. November 7] 1910) (Russian: , Russian pronunciation:  ), commonly referred to in English as Leo (Lyof, Lyoff) Tolstoy, was a Russian writer – novelist, essayist, dramatist and philosopher – as well as pacifist Christian anarchist and educational reformer. ... Anna Karenina is a critically acclaimed 1935 drama film, directed by Clarence Brown. ... John Gilbert John Gilbert (July 10, 1899 - January 9, 1936) was an actor and major star of the silent film era. ...


Her performance as the doomed courtesan in Camille (1936), directed by George Cukor, was called the finest ever recorded on film.[citation needed] She subsequently starred opposite Melvyn Douglas in the comedy Ninotchka (1939), directed by Ernst Lubitsch, which she herself enjoyed making, and was one of her favorites. A courtesan in mid-16th century usage was a high-class prostitute or mistress, especially one associated with rich, powerful, or upper-class men who provided luxuries and status in exchange for her services. ... Camille is an American 1936 drama film directed by George Cukor and produced by Irving Thalberg and Bernard H. Hyman, from a screenplay by James Hilton, Zoe Akins and Frances Marion. ... George Dewey Cukor (July 7, 1899 – January 24, 1983) was an American film director. ... Melvyn Edouard Hesselberg (April 5, 1901 – August 4, 1981), better known as Melvyn Douglas, was an American actor who won all three of the entertainment industrys highest awards, two Oscars, one Tony and an Emmy. ... Ninotchka is a 1939 American film by Ernst Lubitsch, starring Greta Garbo and Melvyn Douglas. ... Ernst Lubitsch (January 28, 1892 – November 30, 1947), was a German-born Jewish film director. ...


Garbo was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress for Anna Christie (1930), Romance (1930), Camille (1937) and Ninotchka (1939). Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role is one of the Academy Awards of Merit presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) to recognize an actress who has delivered an outstanding performance while working within the film industry. ... Anna Christie is a play in four acts by Eugene ONeill. ... Romance is a 1930 film which tells the story of a bishop telling a young man a cautionary tale of the dangers of falling in love with fallen women. ... Camille is an American 1936 drama film directed by George Cukor and produced by Irving Thalberg and Bernard H. Hyman, from a screenplay by James Hilton, Zoe Akins and Frances Marion. ... Ninotchka is a 1939 American film by Ernst Lubitsch, starring Greta Garbo and Melvyn Douglas. ...


Over her career, Garbo received praise from many fellow actors as well as reviewers:

Her instinct, her mastery over the machine, was pure witchcraft. I cannot analyse this woman's acting. I only know that no one else so effectively worked in front of a camera.
Bette Davis

Witch redirects here. ... This article is about the actress. ...

Later career

Ninotchka was a successful attempt at lightening Garbo's image and making her less exotic, by the insertion of a scene in a restaurant in which her character breaks into uninhibited laughter which subsequently provided the film with its famous tagline, "Garbo laughs!". The follow-up film, Two-Faced Woman (1941), attempted to capitalize by casting Garbo in a romantic comedy, where she played a double role that featured her dancing, and tried to make her into "an ordinary girl". The film, directed by George Cukor, was a critical (though not a commercial) failure. It was Garbo's last screen appearance. Ninotchka is a 1939 American film by Ernst Lubitsch, starring Greta Garbo and Melvyn Douglas. ... A tagline is a variant of a branding slogan typically used in marketing materials and advertising. ... Two-Faced Woman is a 1941 romantic comedy film made by MGM. It was directed by George Cukor and produced by Gottfried Reinhardt from a screenplay by S. N. Behrman, Salka Viertel and George Oppenheimer, based on a play by Ludwig Fulda. ... George Dewey Cukor (July 7, 1899 – January 24, 1983) was an American film director. ...


It is often reported that Garbo chose to retire from cinema after this film's failure, but already by 1935 she was becoming more choosy about her roles, and eventually years passed without her agreeing to do another film. By her own admission, Garbo felt that after World War II the world changed, perhaps forever. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


In 1941, MGM costume-designer Adrian also left the studio, later saying: Norma Shearer in an Adrian gown. ...

"It was because of Garbo that I left MGM. In her last picture they wanted to make her a sweater girl, a real American type. I said, 'When the glamour ends for Garbo, it also ends for me. She has created a type. If you destroy that illusion, you destroy her.' When Garbo walked out of the studio, glamour went with her, and so did I."[citation needed]

In 1949, Garbo filmed several screen tests as she considered reentering the movie business to shoot La Duchesse de Langeais directed by Walter Wanger; otherwise she never stepped in front of a movie camera again. The plans for this film collapsed when financing failed to materialize, and these tests were lost for 40 years, then resurfaced in someone's garage.[4] They were included in the 2005 TCM documentary Garbo,[5] and show her still radiant at age 43.[6] There were suggestions that she might appear as the "Duchess de Guermantes" in a film adaptation of Marcel Proust's In Search of Lost Time but this never came to fruition. She was offered many roles over the years, but always turned them down. A look popularised in Hollywood in the 1940s and 1950s by actresses such as Lana Turner and Jane Russell, basically the wearing of a tight sweater in order to emphasis the bustline. ... Screen Test was a British childrens quiz show produced by the BBC which ran from 1969 to 1984. ... Walter Wanger (July 11, 1894 - November 18, 1968) was an important American film producer. ... Turner Classic Movies (TCM) is a cable television channel featuring commercial-free classic movies, mostly from the Turner Entertainment and Warner Bros. ... Proust redirects here. ... In Search of Lost Time or Remembrance of Things Past (French: À la recherche du temps perdu) is a semi-autobiographical novel in seven volumes by Marcel Proust. ...


Her last interview appears to have been with the celebrated entertainment writer Paul Callan of the London Daily Mail during the Cannes Film Festival. Meeting at the Hotel du Cap Eden Roc, Callan began "I wonder . . ", before Garbo cut in with "Why wonder?", and stalked off, making it one of the shortest interviews ever published. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... The Daily Mail is a British newspaper, currently published in a tabloid format. ... The Cannes Film Festival (French: le Festival de Cannes), founded in 1939, is one of the worlds oldest, most influential and prestigious film festivals. ...


She gradually withdrew from the entertainment world completely and moved to a secluded life in New York City, refusing to make any public appearances. Up until her death, Garbo sightings were considered sport for paparazzo photographers. New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Paparazzo, Stephen. ...


Despite these attempts to flee from fame, she was nevertheless voted Best Silent Actress of the Century (her compatriot Ingrid Bergman winning the Best Sound Actress) in 1950, and was also designated as the most beautiful woman who ever lived by the Guinness Book of World Records.[7][8][9][10]   (pronounced in Swedish, but usually IPA: in English) (August 29, 1915 – August 29, 1982) was a three-time Academy Award, two-time Emmy Award, one-time BAFTA, honorary César Award, four-time Golden Globe, two-time David di Donatello, two-time Silver Ribbon, one-time NSFC, two-time NBR... The Guinness Book of Records (or in recent editions Guinness World Records, and in previous US editions Guinness Book of World Records) is a book published annually, containing an internationally recognized collection of superlatives: both in terms of human achievement and the extrema of the natural world. ...


Private life

Garbo was considered one of the most glamorous movie stars of the 1920s and 1930s. She was also famous for shunning publicity, which became part of her mystique. Except at the very beginning of her career, she granted no interviews, signed no autographs, attended no premieres, and answered no fan mail. Wikibooks has more about this subject: Marketing Look up publicity in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Her famous byline was always said to be, "I want to be alone," spoken with a heavy accent which made the word 'want' sound like vont. This quote as noted comes from her role in Grand Hotel. However, Garbo later commented, "I never said, 'I want to be alone.' I only said, 'I want to be let alone.' There is all the difference." The byline on a newspaper or magazine article gives the name, and often the position, of the writer of the article. ... Grand Hotel is a 1932 art deco movie, and is considered as a classic of the sort. ...


Garbo kept her private affairs out of the public domain. According to private letters released in Sweden in 2005 to mark the centenary of her birth, she was reclusive in part because she was "self-obsessed, depressive, and ashamed of her latrine-cleaner father."[11] A centenary is an event to celebrate the 100th anniversary of an event. ... On the Threshold of Eternity. ...


Her most famous sexual relationship — but not her only such relationship — was with actor John Gilbert. They starred together for the first time in the classic Flesh and the Devil in 1926. Their on-screen "erotic intensity"[12] soon translated into an off-camera romance, and by the end of production Garbo had moved in with Gilbert. Gilbert is said to have proposed to Garbo at least three times.[13] She reportedly wanted to quit films if they married, but Gilbert wanted her to continue her career. When a marriage was finally arranged in 1926, she failed to show up at the ceremony.[14] After their affair ended, Garbo showed great loyalty to Gilbert after his career collapsed with the coming of sound films, and insisted that he appear with her in 1933's Queen Christina. John Gilbert John Gilbert (July 10, 1899 - January 9, 1936) was an actor and major star of the silent film era. ... Flesh and the Devil is a classic 1926 movie starring Greta Garbo and John Gilbert. ... This highly fictionalized feature film, based on the life of Queen Christina of Sweden, starred Greta Garbo and John Gilbert and was released in December 1933. ...


Some also suggest that Garbo remained single in the United States because of an unrequited love for her drama school sweetheart, the Swedish actress Mimi Pollak. Garbo's personal letters recently released to the public indicate that she remained in love with Pollak for the rest of her life. When Pollak announced she was pregnant, Garbo wrote: "We cannot help our nature, as God has created it. But I have always thought you and I belonged together." Garbo's biographer Barry Paris notes that she was "technically bisexual, predominantly lesbian, and increasingly asexual as the years went by."


In 1931, Garbo met and quickly became involved with Mercedes de Acosta. The two were introduced to one another by de Acosta's lover at the time, author Salka Viertel. Her relationship with Garbo has often been described as "the love of her lifetime". From all information from the time, it is unlikely that Garbo shared those feelings. Garbo was in control of the friendship, which was close for about a year from 1931 to 32. But thereafter, theirs was a vacillating relationship, with Garbo even ignoring de Acosta - everything was at the will of Garbo. Estranged by 1937, in 1944, Garbo insisted de Acosta stop sending her poems and letters professing her love. The last known poem written by de Acosta for Garbo was written that same year. Their relationship finally ended when De Acosta wrote about her lesbian affairs in her autobiography 'Here Lies the Heart' (1960). Mercedes de Acosta (March 1, 1893 - May 9, 1968) was an American poet, playwright, costume designer, and socialite best known for her lesbian affairs with Greta Garbo, Marlene Dietrich, Alla Nazimova, Eva Le Gallienne ([1]), Isadora Duncan, Katharine Cornell, Maude Adams, Ona Munson (Belle Watling in the movie Gone With... Salka Viertel [1] (born Salomea Salka Steuermann on June 15, 1889, in Sambir, Ukraine) was an actress and screenplay writer. ...


Secluded retirement

Gravestone of Greta Garbo
Gravestone of Greta Garbo

Garbo felt her movies had their proper place in history and would gain in value. On February 9, 1951, she became a naturalized citizen of the United States. In 1954 she was awarded a special Academy Award. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2336x3504, 5539 KB) Description: Greta Garbos gravestone at Skogskyrkogården, Stockholm, Sweden Source: self-taken Date: 24 april 2005 Author: Tage Olsin Permission: Uploaded by the author Other versions of this file: File links The following pages link to this... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2336x3504, 5539 KB) Description: Greta Garbos gravestone at Skogskyrkogården, Stockholm, Sweden Source: self-taken Date: 24 april 2005 Author: Tage Olsin Permission: Uploaded by the author Other versions of this file: File links The following pages link to this... is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Naturalization is the process whereby a person becomes a national of a nation, or a citizen of a country, other than the one of his birth. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ...


In 1953, she bought a seven-room apartment in New York City at 450 East 52nd Street, where she lived for the rest of her life. New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... 52nd Street, properly West 52nd Street, is a cross street in Manhattan in the Broadway district known as Swing Street, the street of jazz, the street that never sleeps or, simply, the street. The blocks of 52nd Street between 5th and 7th avenues were renowned in the mid 20th century...


She would at times jet-set with some of the world's best known personalities such as Aristotle Onassis and Cecil Beaton, but chose to live a private life. She was known for taking long walks through the New York streets dressed casually and wearing large sunglasses, always avoiding prying eyes, the paparazzi, and media attention. Garbo did, however, receive one last flurry of publicity when nude photos, taken with a long-range lens, were published in People in 1976. Trim and relaxed, she was enjoying a swim. Aristotelis Sokratis (also Ari) Onassis (in Greek, Αριστοτέλης Ωνάσης) (January 20, 1900 – March 15, 1975) was the most famous shipping magnate of the 20th century. ... Sir Cecil Walter Hardy Beaton (January 14, 1904 – January 18, 1980) was an English fashion and portrait photographer and a stage and costume designer for films and the theatre. ... For other uses, see Paparazzi (disambiguation). ... People, a weekly magazine of celebrity and popular culture news, debuted on February 27, 1974. ...


Garbo lived the last years of her life in absolute seclusion. She had invested very wisely, particularly in commercial property along Rodeo Drive in Beverly Hills, was known for extreme frugality, and was very wealthy. Rodeo Drive sign Rodeo Drive (pronounced Spanish: ro-DAY-oh) generally refers to a famous three-block long stretch of boutiques and shops in Beverly Hills, California, United States, although the street stretches further north and south. ... Frugality (also known as thrift or thriftiness ) is the practice of acquiring goods and services at minimum cost, achieved via economical restraints or creative measures. ...


She died in New York Hospital on April 15, 1990, aged 84, as a result of pneumonia and renal failure, which had shut down her stomach and kidneys. She had previously been operated on and treated for breast cancer, which required a partial mastectomy, from which she recovered.[citation needed] is the 105th day of the year (106th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... This article is about human pneumonia. ... Chronic renal failure (CRF, or chronic kidney failure, CKF) is a slowly progressive loss of renal function over a period of months or years and defined as an abnormally low glomerular filtration rate, which is usually determined indirectly by the creatinine level in blood serum. ... The kidneys are the organs that filter wastes (such as urea) from the blood and excrete them, along with water, as urine. ... Breast cancer is cancer of breast tissue. ... In medicine, mastectomy is the medical term for the surgical removal of one or both breasts, partially or completely. ...


She was cremated and her ashes were finally interred after a long legal battle at the Skogskyrkogården Cemetery in her native Stockholm. She left her entire estate, estimated at $20,000,000 USD to her niece, Gray Reisfield of New Jersey. The crematorium at Haycombe Cemetery, Bath, England. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with SkogskyrkogÃ¥rden - The Woodland Cemetery. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...


For her contributions to cinema, she has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6901 Hollywood Boulevard. In addition, in 2005 the U.S. Postal Service and Swedish Posten jointly issued two commemorative postage stamps bearing her likeness.[15] Buskers perform on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. ... Hollywood Boulevard as taken from the Kodak Theatre Hollywood Boulevard is an avenue in Hollywood, Los Angeles, California, United States, beginning at Sunset Boulevard in the east and running northwest to Vermont Avenue, where it straightens out and runs due west to Laurel Canyon Boulevard. ... USPS and Usps redirect here. ... A Swedish postman in Husby, Stockholm. ... This article lists people who have been featured on United States postage stamps. ...


Filmography

Year Title Role Other notes
1920 Mr and Mrs Stockholm Go Shopping Elder sister former title: How Not To Dress
The Gay Cavalier Extra uncredited
1921 Our Daily Bread Companion
The Scarlet Angel Extra uncredited
1922 Peter the Tramp Greta
1924 The Story of Gösta Berling Elizabeth Dohna
1925 Joyless Street Greta Rumfort
1926 Flesh and the Devil Felicitas
The Temptress Elena
Torrent Leonora Moreno aka La Brunna
1927 Love Anna Karenina
1928 A Woman of Affairs Diana Merrick Furness
The Mysterious Lady Tania Fedorova
The Divine Woman Marianne Only a 9 minute reel still exists. Source The Mysterious Lady DVD.
1929 The Kiss Irene Guarry
The Single Standard Arden Stuart Hewlett
Wild Orchids Lillie Sterling
1930 Romance Madame Rita Cavallini Academy Award nomination - Best Actress
Anna Christie Anna Christie Academy Award nomination - Best Actress
1931 Mata Hari Mata Hari
Susan Lenox (Her Fall and Rise) Susan Lenox
Anna Christie Anna Christie
Inspiration Yvonne Valbret
1932 As You Desire Me Zara aka Marie
Grand Hotel Grusinskaya
1933 Queen Christina Queen Christina
1934 The Painted Veil Katrin Koerber Fane
1935 Anna Karenina Anna Karenina New York Film Critics Circle Award - Best Actress
1936 Camille Marguerite Gautier Academy Award nomination - Best Actress
1937 Conquest Countess Marie Walewska
1939 Ninotchka Nina Ivanovna 'Ninotchka' Yakushova Academy Award nomination - Best Actress
1941 Two-Faced Woman Karin Borg Blake
Awards
Preceded by
Pete Smith
co-awarded with Bell & Howell, Joseph I. Breen and 20th Century Fox
Academy Honorary Award
1955
co-awarded with Danny Kaye, Jon Whiteley, Vincent Winter, Kemp Niver, Gate of Hell and Bausch & Lomb
Succeeded by
Miyamoto Musashi
Preceded by
--
NYFCC Award for Best Actress
1935
for Anna Karenina
Succeeded by
Luise Rainer
for The Great Ziegfeld
Preceded by
Luise Rainer
for The Great Ziegfeld
NYFCC Award for Best Actress
1937
for Camille
Succeeded by
Margaret Sullavan
for Three Comrades

Notes

  1. ^ Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (March 11, 2005). "Academy to Celebrate Greta Garbo Centennial". Press release.
  2. ^ AFI's 100 Years...100 Stars. American Film Institute.
  3. ^ http://www.beepworld.de/members12/garbofan2/garbo_facts.htm Beepworld.de Retrieved on
  4. ^ http://www.timesonline.co.uk/article/0,,11069-1742796,00.html Timesonline.co.uk Retrieved on
  5. ^ http://www.turnerclassicmovies.com/movienews/index/?cid=104465 Turnerclassicmovies.com Retrieved on
  6. ^ http://www.turnerclassicmovies.com/thismonth/article/?cid=102802 Turnerclassicmovies.com Retrieved on
  7. ^ Garbo's lonely legacy: Seeking the actress's final resting place
  8. ^ The Epoch Times | Greta Garbo Returns
  9. ^ Slant Magazine - DVD Review: Garbo – The Signature Collection
  10. ^ Greta Garbo - Biography
  11. ^ http://observer.guardian.co.uk/international/story/0,6903,1567211,00.html Observer.guardian.co.uk Retrieved on
  12. ^ http://home.hiwaay.net/~oliver/ggflesh.htm Home.hiwaay.net Retrieved on
  13. ^ http://home.hiwaay.net/~oliver/gilbert.htm Home.hiwaay.net Retrieved on
  14. ^ http://www.goldensilents.com/stars/gretagarbo.html Goldensilents.com Retrieved on
  15. ^ http://www.usps.com/communications/news/stamps/2005/sr05_045.htm USPS.com Retrieved on

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Greta Garbo
Persondata
NAME Garbo, Greta
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Gustafsson, Greta Lovisa
SHORT DESCRIPTION actress
DATE OF BIRTH September 18, 1905
PLACE OF BIRTH Stockholm, Sweden
DATE OF DEATH April 15, 1990
PLACE OF DEATH New York City
Gösta Berlings saga (in English: The Saga of Gosta Berling, Gosta Berlings saga or The Story of Gosta Berling) is a 1924 Swedish silent film classic directed by Mauritz Stiller, starring Lars Hanson (in the title role as Gösta Berling), Gerda Lundequist (as the Majors wife... Flesh and the Devil is a classic 1926 movie starring Greta Garbo and John Gilbert. ... The Temptress is a 1926 American silent romantic drama film directed by Fred Niblo. ... Torrent is a 1926 silent American film directed by an uncredited Monta Bell based on a novel by Vicente Blasco Ibáñez. ... To capitalize on their winning Romantic team in the previous years blockbuster Flesh and the Devil (1926), MGM starred its top stars, Greta Garbo and John Gilbert in LOVE (1927). ... Romance is a 1930 film which tells the story of a bishop sharing a cautionary tale with a young man, who is going against the wishes of his family, of the dangers of falling in love with fallen women, by using a story of naivete from his past. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... Anna Christie is a 1930 MGM drama film adaptation of the 1922 play by Eugene ONeill. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... Mata Hari is a 1931 pre-code film loosely based on the life of Mata Hari (the stage name of Margaretha Geertruida Zelle), a courtesan executed for espionage during WWI. The film stars Greta Garbo in the title role. ... Susan Lenox (Her Fall and Rise) is a 1931 film made by MGM. It was directed and produced by Robert Z. Leonard from a screenplay by Leon Gordon, Zelda Sears and Edith Fitzgerald adapted by Wanda Tuchock from the novel by David Graham Phillips. ... Anna Christie was a 1931 German language film version of the 1930 film starring Greta Garbo, based on the play by Eugene ONeill. ... As You Desire Me is a 1932 film adaptation of the play by Luigi Pirandello made by MGM. It was produced and directed by George Fitzmaurice with Irving Thalberg as co-producer. ... Grand Hotel is a 1932 art deco movie, and is considered as a classic of the sort. ... This highly fictionalized feature film, based on the life of Queen Christina of Sweden, starred Greta Garbo and John Gilbert and was released in December 1933. ... The Painted Veil is a 1934 drama film made by MGM. It was directed by Ryszard Bolesławski and produced by Hunt Stromberg from a screenplay by John Meehan, Salka Viertel, and Edith Fitzgerald, adapted from the 1925 W. Somerset Maugham novel The Painted Veil. ... Anna Karenina is a critically acclaimed 1935 drama film, directed by Clarence Brown. ... 1st New York Film Critics Circle Awards January 2, 1936 The 1st New York Film Critics Circle Awards, announced on 2 January 1936, honored the best filmmaking of 1935. ... Camille is an American 1936 drama film directed by George Cukor and produced by Irving Thalberg and Bernard H. Hyman, from a screenplay by James Hilton, Zoe Akins and Frances Marion. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... Conquest (also called Marie Walewska) is a 1937 film which tells the story of a Polish countess who becomes the mistress of Napoleon in order to influence his actions towards her homeland. ... Ninotchka is a 1939 American film by Ernst Lubitsch, starring Greta Garbo and Melvyn Douglas. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... Two-Faced Woman is a 1941 romantic comedy film made by MGM. It was directed by George Cukor and produced by Gottfried Reinhardt from a screenplay by S. N. Behrman, Salka Viertel and George Oppenheimer, based on a play by Ludwig Fulda. ... Pete Smith (born September 4, 1892, in New York - died January 12, 1979, in Santa Monica, California) was a film producer and narrator of short subject films from 1931 to 1955. ... Categories: Corporation stubs ... Joseph Ignatius Breen (October 14, 1890–December 5, 1965) was an American film censor. ... Twentieth (20th) Century Fox Film Corporation (known from 1935 to 1985 as Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation) is one of the six major American film studios. ... The Academy Honorary Award is given irregularly by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences to celebrate motion picture achievements that are not covered by existing Academy Awards. ... Kaye entertaining U.S. troops at Sasebo, Japan, 25 Oct 1945 David Daniel Kaminsky, known as Danny Kaye (January 18, 1913 – March 3, 1987) was an American actor, singer and comedian. ... Jon Whiteley (born February 19, 1945 in Monymusk, Scotland) was a briefly successful child actor in films. ... Vincent Winter (born December 29, 1947 in Aberdeen, Scotland and died November 2, 1998 in Chertsey, England) was a Scottish cinema actor who was successful as a child actor. ... Gate of Hell (Japanese: 地獄門, Jigokumon) is a 1953 film directed by Teinosuke Kinugasa. ... Bausch & Lomb is an American company based in Rochester, New York, specializing in eye health products such as contact lenses, lens care products and eye surgery devices and instruments. ... The New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actress is one of the awards given by the New York Film Critics Circle to honor the finest achievements in filmmaking. ... Anna Karenina is a critically acclaimed 1935 drama film, directed by Clarence Brown. ... Luise Rainer in The Great Ziegfeld (1936) Luise Rainer (born January 12, 1910 in either Düsseldorf, Germany or Vienna, Austria) is a two-time Academy Award-winning film actress. ... Categories: Movie stubs | 1936 films | Drama films | Musical films | Biographical films | Best Picture Oscar | Best Actress Oscar (film) ... Luise Rainer in The Great Ziegfeld (1936) Luise Rainer (born January 12, 1910 in either Düsseldorf, Germany or Vienna, Austria) is a two-time Academy Award-winning film actress. ... Categories: Movie stubs | 1936 films | Drama films | Musical films | Biographical films | Best Picture Oscar | Best Actress Oscar (film) ... The New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actress is one of the awards given by the New York Film Critics Circle to honor the finest achievements in filmmaking. ... Camille is an American 1936 drama film directed by George Cukor and produced by Irving Thalberg and Bernard H. Hyman, from a screenplay by James Hilton, Zoe Akins and Frances Marion. ... Margaret Sullavan Margaret Brooke Sullavan (May 16, 1911 - January 1, 1960) was an American actress. ... Three Comrades is a 1938 film which tells the story of the friendship of three young German soldiers following World War I. It stars Robert Taylor, Margaret Sullavan, Franchot Tone, Robert Young, Guy Kibbee, Lionel Atwill and Monty Woolley. ... For information on Wikipedia press releases, see Wikipedia:Press releases. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Barry Paris is an author and journalist based in Pittsburgh, Pa. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ... For the in-memory database management system, see In-memory database. ... Turner Classic Movies (TCM) is a cable television channel featuring commercial-free classic movies, mostly from the Turner Entertainment and Warner Bros. ... is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1905 (disambiguation). ... Stockholm [, ] is the capital and the largest City of Sweden. ... is the 105th day of the year (106th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Greta Garbo - New World Encyclopedia (2466 words)
Garbo was born Greta Lovisa Gustafsson in Stockholm, Sweden, the youngest of three children born to Karl Alfred Gustafsson and Anna Lovisa Johansson.
Garbo yearned to be on stage as early as seven years old, when she would gaze at the actors going into Stockholm's Southside Theater, dressed in their costumes and make-up.
Garbo's low, husky voice and Swedish accent were first heard on screen in Eugene O'Neill's Anna Christie (1930), which was publicized with the slogan "Garbo Talks." The movie was a huge success, but Garbo hated her performance.
Greta Garbo - MSN Encarta (331 words)
Greta Garbo (September 18, 1905 – April 15, 1990) was a Swedish -born actress during Hollywood 's silent film period and part of its Golden Age.
Greta Garbo (1905-1990), Swedish-American motion-picture actor, noted for her beauty and her reticence, who became a virtual recluse while still at the height of her popularity.
Born Greta Gustaffson in Stockholm, she was educated at the Royal Dramatic Theater's school of acting.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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