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Encyclopedia > Grenadier

A Grenadier was originally a specialized assault trooper for siege operations, first established as a distinct role in the early 17th century. Grenadiers were soldiers who would throw grenades and storm breaches, leading the forefront of such a breakthrough. For the Boston area punk band see Siege (band). ... Grenade may refer to: The well-known hand grenade commonly used by soldiers. ...


The earliest references to these grenade-throwing soldiers are from Austria and Spain. References also appear in England during the English Civil War. However, it was King Louis XIV of France who made the Grenadier an official type of soldier and company during his army reforms late in the 17th century. According to Rene Chartrand, Lt. Col. Jean Martinet introduced the idea of having men detailed to throw grenades in the RĂ©giment du Roi in 1667. Wikimedia Commons has media related to: England Inter. ... The term English Civil War (or Wars) refers to the series of armed conflicts and political machinations which took place between Parliamentarians and Royalists from 1642 until 1651. ... For the musical group of the same name, see Louis XIV (band). ... // Events January 20 - Poland cedes Kyiv, Smolensk, and eastern Ukraine to Russia in the Treaty of Andrusovo that put a final end to the Deluge, and Poland lost its status as a Central European power. ...


The first grenades were small spheres filled with gunpowder fused with a length of slow-match. The grenadiers had to be tall and strong enough to hurl the heavy objects far enough not to harm themselves or their comrades, and disciplined enough to stand at the forefront of the fight, light the fuse, wait, and throw at the appropriate moment to minimize the opportunity for the enemy to throw the grenade back. Over time, such regiments came to be regarded as elite. Gunpowder whether black powder or smokeless powder, is a substance which burns very rapidly and is used as a propellant in firearms. ...


Wide hats with broad brims were discarded and replaced with caps. This was originally to allow the grenadier to sling his longarm or musket over his back with greater ease while throwing grenades (initially, only these unique troops were provided with slings). By 1700, several regiments had adopted a cap in the shape of bishop's mitre, usually decorated with the unit's insignia. In addition to grenades, they were equipped with contemporary longarms. The uniform included a belt tube that held the match for lighting the fuse; this feature was retained in several later grenadier uniforms. Events January 1 - Russia accepts Julian calendar. ... MITRE is a US not-for-profit corporation that manages three federally-funded research and development centers whose main activities are applying computer-based automation to large and complex tasks. ... ...


Grenade usage declined significantly in the 18th century, a fact that can be attributed to the improved effectiveness of massive infantry line tactics and firelock technology; however, the need for elite assault troops remained, and the existing grenadier units were used for this purpose. The term grenadier was retained or adopted by various elite infantry units, including Potsdam Grenadiers, Napoleon's Imperial Guard, the Imperial Russian Grenadier Leib Guards Regiment, Grenadier Guards and the 101st Grenadiers. The latter was part of the British Indian Army and claimed to be the first and oldest grenadier regiment in the British Empire. During the American Revolution the Connecticut 1st Company Governor's Foot Guards [[1]] and the 11th Regiment of Connecticut Milita had grenadier companies [[2]]. This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The Potsdam Giants was a Prussian infantry regiment composed of taller-than-average soldiers. ... For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). ... An imperial guard describes any group of military bodyguard or retainers responsible for the protection of an imperial person, be they an Emperor, Empress or Imperial Prince or Princess. ... The Russian Empire in 1913 Greater Arms of the Russian Empire, adopted in 1882 Simplified Coat of Arms of the Russian Empire Flag of Russian Empire 1858-1883 Flag of Russian Empire 1914-1917 Imperial Russia is the term used to cover the period of history from the expansion of... The term Leib Guard (Russian: ) collectively distinguished military units serving as personal guards of the Emperor of Russia. ... The Grenadier Guards is the most senior regiment of the Guards Division of the British Army, and, as such, is the most senior regiment of infantry. ... The 101st Grenadiers was a regiment of the British Indian Army. ... The Indian Army in the time of the British Raj (1857–1947) See Indian Army for the post-independence (and post-partition) army of the Republic of India. ... The British Empire in 1897, marked in pink, the traditional colour for Imperial British dominions on maps The British Empire was the worlds first global power and the largest empire in human history, a product of the European Age of Discovery that began with the global maritime empires of... The American Revolution is the series of events, ideas, and changes that resulted in the political separation of thirteen colonies in North America from the British Empire and the creation of the United States of America. ...


In modern times, regiments using the name grenadiers are effectively indistinguishable from other infantry, especially when hand grenades, RPGs, and other types of explosive arms have become standard-issue weaponry; however, such regiments retain at least the tradition of their elite past. Grenadier can also refer to soldiers utilizing grenade launchers, including those mounted on rifles. A WWII-era MkIIA1 pineapple fragmentation hand grenade A hand grenade is a hand-held bomb designed to be thrown by hand. ... A rocket propelled grenade (RPG) is a man-portable, shoulder-launched weapon capable of firing an explosive device longer distances than an otherwise unassisted soldier could throw. ... A grenade launcher is weapon that fires or launches a grenade to longer distances than a soldier could throw by hand. ...


In the Swiss Army, the Grenadiers form the elite Special Forces. They are used for especially challenging operations and are initially trained in Isone, a secluded, mountainous region in the South of Switzerland. The Swiss Grenadiers specialize in urban warfare, guerilla warfare, anti-terrorist operations, commando tactics, sniper missions, and other special operations. Military of Switzerland On May 18, 2003, Swiss voters approved the military reform project Army XXI that will drastically reduce the size of the Swiss Army. ... Special Forces are relatively small military units raised and trained for special operations missions such as Special Reconnaissance (SR), Unconventional Warfare (UW), Direct Action (DA), Counter-Terrorism (CT), and Foreign Internal Defense (FID). ... Urban warfare is warfare conducted in populated urban areas such as towns and cities. ... Guerrilla (also called a partisan) is a term borrowed from Spanish (from guerra meaning war) used to describe small combat groups. ... The French Navy commando Jaubert storm the Alcyon in a mock assault. ... The traditional definition of a sniper is an infantry soldier especially skilled in field craft and marksmanship, who kills selected enemies from concealment with a rifle at long distances. ...


External links

  • The Grenadier Pages

  Results from FactBites:
 
grenadier - definition of grenadier in Encyclopedia (380 words)
A Grenadier was originally a specialized assault trooper for siege operations, first established as a distinct role in the early 17th century.
Grenadiers were soldiers who would throw grenades and storm breaches, leading the forefront of such a breakthrough.
The term grenadier was retained or adopted by various infantry units that were considered elite, including Potsdam Grenadiers, Napoleon's Imperial Guard, the Imperial Russian Grenadier Guards Regiment, Grenadier Guards and the 101st Grenadiers - this regiment claimed to be the oldest, and first, grenadier regiment in the British Empire.
USS Grenadier (SS-210) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1119 words)
USS Grenadier (SS-210), a Tambor-class submarine, was the first ship of the United States Navy to be named for the grenadier fish, relatives of cod that are very common in bathyal and abyssal habitats.
On 20 June Grenadier participated in the search for O-9 (SS-70), which had failed to surface after a deep test dive, and was present two days later as memorial exercises were conducted over the spot where O-9 and her crew lay.
On 25 May Grenadier was diverted from her patrol area to Midway Island, where she formed part of the submarine patrol line as the American fleet in a bloody but brilliant battle handed the Imperial Navy its first defeat in some three hundred years.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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