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Encyclopedia > Greifswald
Greifswald
Town Hall (red) and Cathedral
Coat of arms Location
Coat of arms of Greifswald
Coordinates 54°5′″N 13°23′″E / Expression error: Unexpected / operator, Expression error: Unexpected / operator
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Administration
Country Germany
State Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
District Urban district
Town subdivisions 16 borroughs
Lord Mayor Dr. Arthur König (CDU)
Basic statistics
Area 50.50 km² (19 sq mi)
 - Elevation 5 m  (16 ft)
Population 53,281  (01/12/2005)
 - Density 1,055 /km² (2,733 /sq mi)
Other information
Postal codes 17489-17493
Area code 03834
Licence plate code HGW
Website www.greifswald.de

Greifswald (from German Greif, "griffin", and Wald, "forest") is a town in northeastern Germany. Located in the Pomeranian part of the state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, it borders the Baltic Sea, and is crossed by a small river. The population is roughly 55,000, including about 11,000 students of the traditional Ernst Moritz Arndt University of Greifswald. under GNU-FDL, taken September 2004 source: http://de. ... Image File history File links Wappen_Greifswald. ... Image File history File links Karte_Deutschland. ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Time zones of Europe: Pale colours indicate countries without daylight saving Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Eastern European Time Central Africa Time Israel Standard Time South Africa Standard Time Central European Summer Time West Africa Summer Time Category: ... This is an alphabetical list of countries of the world, including independent states (both those that are internationally recognised and generally unrecognised), inhabited dependent territories and areas of special sovereignty. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (German: Mecklenburg-Vorpommern) is a Bundesland (federal state) in northern Germany. ... There are 439 German districts (Kreise), administrative units in Germany. ... This is a list of urban districts in Germany. ... Councillor Patrick (Pat) John Stannard, Lord Mayor of Oxford (2004). ... The Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU - Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands) is the largest conservative political party in Germany. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... German Postleitzahl map of the first two digits Postal codes in Germany, Postleitzahl (plural Postleitzahlen, abbreviated to PLZ), consist of five digits, which indicate the wider area (first two digits), and the postal district (last three digits). ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ... German car number plates (Kfz-Kennzeichen) show the place where the car carrying them is registered. ... A website (alternatively, Web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on a Web server, usually accessible via the Internet or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML, that is almost always accessible via HTTP, a... Duchy of Pomerania, ruled by the slavic dynasty of the Griffins (Polish: Gryfici, German: Greifen), was a semi-independent principality in the 17th century. ... Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (German: Mecklenburg-Vorpommern) is a Bundesland (federal state) in northern Germany. ... The Baltic Sea is located in Northern Europe, from 53°N to 66°N latitude and from 20°E to 26°E longitude. ... Greifswald in Germany Ernst Moritz Arndt University of Greifswald is located in Greifswald, Germany, between the Islands Rügen and Usedom, and is the second oldest university in Northern Europe. ...


The city is officially known as Universitäts- und Hansestadt Greifswald, which means University and Hanseatic City of Greifswald. Carta marina of the Baltic Sea region (1539). ...


Despite its rather small population, Greifswald retains a certain supraregional relevance which can be linked to its intellectual role as a university town and to the take-over of central functions of the former Prussian province Pomerania (German: Pommern) after World War II: Motto: Suum cuique Latin: To each his own Prussia at its peak, as leading state of the German Empire Capital Königsberg, later Berlin Political structure Duchy, Kingdom, Republic Duke1  - 1525–68 Albert I  - 1688–1701 Frederick III King1  - 1701–13 Frederick I  - 1888–1918 William II Prime Minister1,2... Duchy of Pomerania, ruled by the slavic dynasty of the Griffins (Polish: Gryfici, German: Greifen), was a semi-independent principality in the 17th century. ... Pomerania (Polish: Pomorze, German: Pommern and Pommerellen, Pomeranian (Kashubian): Pòmòrze and Pòmòrskô, Latin: Pomerania, Pomorania) is a geographical and historical region in northern Poland and Germany on the south coasts of the Baltic Sea between and on both sides of the Vistula and Oder (Odra) rivers... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...

  • seat of the bishop of the Pomeranian Protestant Church since 1947
  • Reichsbahndirektion (railway administration) for Vorpommern 1945-1990
  • Landesarchiv (state archive) since 1946
  • Pomeranian State Museum
  • Oberverwaltungsgericht (Higher Administrative Court) for the state Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
  • Landesverfassungsgericht (State Constitutional Court) for the state Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
  • Finanzgericht (Financial Court) for the state Mecklenburg-Vorpommern

Contents

This article is about a title or office in religious bodies. ... Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (German: Mecklenburg-Vorpommern) is a Bundesland (federal state) in northern Germany. ... Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (German: Mecklenburg-Vorpommern) is a Bundesland (federal state) in northern Germany. ... Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (German: Mecklenburg-Vorpommern) is a Bundesland (federal state) in northern Germany. ...

Geography

Greifswald is situated at the southern end of the Baltic Sea between the islands of Rügen and Usedom, in the Northeast of Germany. It is part of the state Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, and lies in the smaller Pomeranian part of it. The Baltic Sea is located in Northern Europe, from 53°N to 66°N latitude and from 20°E to 26°E longitude. ... Map of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania highlighting the district Rügen Rügen (Polish: Rugia) is an island located off the coast of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania in the Baltic Sea. ... Landsat satellite photo of Szczecin Lagoon - Usedom is the western of the two large islands separating the waters of the Lagoon from the Baltic Sea, the eastern island is Wolin. ... Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (German: Mecklenburg-Vorpommern) is a Bundesland (federal state) in northern Germany. ...

Wieck, the seaside part of Greifswald.
Wieck, the seaside part of Greifswald.

The small river Ryck passes through the old town which is about 3km away from the Baltic Sea, and then flows into the Bay of Greifswald. The small nearby islands of Koos and Riems are politically also part of the City of Greifswald. The area around Greifswald is relatively low and flat, the highest point reaching only as high as 36 metres. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1944, 734 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Greifswald Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1944, 734 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Greifswald Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... The Baltic Sea is located in Northern Europe, from 53°N to 66°N latitude and from 20°E to 26°E longitude. ... Bay of Greifswald (German: Greifswalder Boden; Polish: Zatoka Greifswaldzka) is a basin in the south-western Baltic Sea, off the shores of Germany. ...


At the mouth of the river Ryck rests the is the seaside part of Greifswald, Greifswald-Wieck which features a small beach, many restaurants, and hotels.


History

The first settlers were Danish Cistercian monks, who founded the Brick Gothic Eldena monastery in 1199. The salt trade helped the monastery grow to a monumental religious centre. The earliest known document that refers to Greifswald was written in 1248. Enjoying a steady increase in population, Greifswald also became one of the earliest members of the Hanseatic League at the end of the 13th century, which further increased trade and wealth. Cistercians coat of arms The Order of Cistercians (OCist) (Latin: ), otherwise White Monks (from the colour of the habit, over which a black scapular or apron is sometimes worn) is a Roman Catholic order of enclosed monks. ... Holstentor in Lübeck - background left , right St. ... Events John Lackland, becomes King of England Births Isobel of Huntingdon (d. ... For other uses, see Salt (disambiguation). ... For broader historical context, see 1240s and 13th century. ... Carta marina of the Baltic Sea region (1539). ... (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ...

Ruin of Eldena monastery (founded in 1199).
Ruin of Eldena monastery (founded in 1199).

In 1456, Greifswald's mayor Heinrich Rubenow laid the foundations of the second oldest university in Northern Europe, which is one of the oldest in Germany, and was, periodically, the oldest in Sweden and Prussia respectively. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 867 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Greifswald Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 867 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Greifswald Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... // Events July 7 - Joan of Arc acquitted (but she had already been executed). ... Greifswald in Germany Ernst Moritz Arndt University of Greifswald is located in Greifswald, Germany, between the Islands Rügen and Usedom, and is the second oldest university in Northern Europe. ... Motto: Suum cuique Latin: To each his own Prussia at its peak, as leading state of the German Empire Capital Königsberg, later Berlin Political structure Duchy, Kingdom, Republic Duke1  - 1525–68 Albert I  - 1688–1701 Frederick III King1  - 1701–13 Frederick I  - 1888–1918 William II Prime Minister1,2...


As a result of the Thirty Years' War Greifswald became part of the Kingdom of Sweden in 1631 and remained Swedish until 1815, when it became part of Prussia. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... // Events February 5 - Roger Williams emigrates to Boston. ... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ... Motto: Suum cuique Latin: To each his own Prussia at its peak, as leading state of the German Empire Capital Königsberg, later Berlin Political structure Duchy, Kingdom, Republic Duke1  - 1525–68 Albert I  - 1688–1701 Frederick III King1  - 1701–13 Frederick I  - 1888–1918 William II Prime Minister1,2...


The city survived World War II without much destruction although it housed a larger army garrison. In April 1945, Oberst Rudolf Petershagen surrendered the city to the Red Army without combat. In the years of the German Democratic Republic the city lost almost half of its historic buildings, due to neglected restoring and demolition of parts of the Old Town. The city's buildings were in a rather sorry state in 1989, but since the German reunification most parts of Greifswald have been renovated. The historic marketplace is especially worth mentioning which is considered one of the most beautiful in northern Germany. The city attracts many tourists, also due to its proximity to the Baltic Sea. The Baltic Sea is located in Northern Europe, from 53°N to 66°N latitude and from 20°E to 26°E longitude. ...


The largest nuclear powerplant in the former East Germany was located at Lubmin, near Greifswald. It had four reactors which were successively brought online starting in 1974. The plant was promptly shut down after the reunification of Germany due to safety concerns, particularly in regard to the near-meltdown on November 24, 1989. As the powerplant had been one of the biggest employers of the region, the loss of about 9,000 jobs had a huge impact on Greifswald. GDR redirects here. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... November 24 is the 328th day (329th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ...


Greifswald has had about 68,000 inhabitants in 1988, but the numbers have dropped continually to 53,000 in 2005. The reasons include migration because of a high rate of unemployment and a decline in the birth rate but also a lot of people moving to the surrounding villages.

The University's main building.
The University's main building.
Monument to Heinrich Rubenow (founder of the university).
Monument to Heinrich Rubenow (founder of the university).
Greifswald's old university campus, with audimax and main building, in the historic city centre.
Painting of Caspar David Friedrich featuring Greifswald.
Painting of Caspar David Friedrich featuring Greifswald.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Greifswald

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2304x1728, 1954 KB) Beschreibung Beschreibung Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Ernst Moritz Arndt University of Greifswald Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2304x1728, 1954 KB) Beschreibung Beschreibung Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Ernst Moritz Arndt University of Greifswald Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from... Greifswald in Germany Ernst Moritz Arndt University of Greifswald is located in Greifswald, Germany, between the Islands Rügen and Usedom, and is the second oldest university in Northern Europe. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (450x679, 45 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Greifswald Ernst Moritz Arndt University of Greifswald Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (450x679, 45 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Greifswald Ernst Moritz Arndt University of Greifswald Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2304x1728, 1949 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Greifswald Ernst Moritz Arndt University of Greifswald Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2304x1728, 1949 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Greifswald Ernst Moritz Arndt University of Greifswald Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2560x1806, 412 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Greifswald ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2560x1806, 412 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Greifswald ... Self-portrait in chalk, 1810 by fellow artist Georg Friedrich Kersting, 1812 Caspar David Friedrich (September 5, 1774 – May 7, 1840) was a 19th century German romantic painter, considered by many critics to be one of the finest representatives of the movement. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...

Politics

Politics is traditionally, as in most of Pomerania, dominated by the conservative CDU. Duchy of Pomerania, ruled by the slavic dynasty of the Griffins (Polish: Gryfici, German: Greifen), was a semi-independent principality in the 17th century. ... The Christian Democratic Union (CDU - Christlich-Demokratische Union) is a political party in Germany. ...


City Council

The city council is elected for five year terms. Since the last election on 13 June 2004, the 42 city council seats are allocated as follows:

  • CDU (conservatives) - 16 seats
  • Left Party (socialists) - 9 seats
  • SPD (social democrats) - 8 seats
  • Greens - 3 seats
  • FDP (liberals) - 2 seats
  • others - 4 seats

The Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU - Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands) is the largest conservative political party in Germany. ... The Left Party (In German: , officially with a period at the end), formerly Party of Democratic Socialism (Partei des Demokratischen Sozialismus, PDS) is a left-wing socialist political party in Germany. ... SPD redirects here. ... Bündnis 90/Die Grünen (literally: Alliance 90/The Greens), the German Green Party, is a political party in Germany whose regional predecessors were founded in the late 1970s as part of the new social movements. ... The Free Democratic Party (Freie Demokratische Partei - FDP) is a liberal political party in Germany. ...

Twinning

Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Osnabrück is a city in Lower Saxony, Germany, some 80 km NNE of Dortmund, 45 km NE of Münster, and some 100 km due west of Hanover. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Tvers coat of arms depicts grand ducal crown placed on a throne. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... The centre of Kotka Kotka (Finnish word for Eagle) is a town and municipality of Finland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ...   IPA: is a city in SkÃ¥ne in southern Sweden. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... Kristianstad is a municipality and city in Scania in southernmost Sweden. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... County Hedmark District Hedemarken Municipality NO-0403 Administrative centre Hamar Mayor (2004) Einar Busterud (By- og bygdelista - The City and Rural areas Party) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 257 351 km² 338 km² 0. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... Coat of Arms of Goleniów Goleniów (Kashubian/Pomeranian: Gòlnowò; German: Gollnow) is a town in Pomerania, north-western Poland with 22. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Maison dAdam, House of Adam, the oldest house of Angers. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... College Station is a city in Brazos County, Texas, near the boundary area between East Texas and Central Texas. ...

Education

Universities and Colleges

Greifswald in Germany Ernst Moritz Arndt University of Greifswald is located in Greifswald, Germany, between the Islands Rügen and Usedom, and is the second oldest university in Northern Europe. ... // Events July 7 - Joan of Arc acquitted (but she had already been executed). ... At Wikiversity you can learn more and teach others about Theology at: The School of Theology Theology finds its scholars pursuing the understanding of and providing reasoned discourse of religion, spirituality and God or the gods. ... Lady Justice or Justitia is a personification of the moral force that underlies the legal system (particularly in Western art). ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... medicines, see medication and pharmacology. ... The philosopher Socrates about to take poison hemlock as ordered by the court. ... Euclid, Greek mathematician, 3rd century BC, as imagined by by Raphael in this detail from The School of Athens. ... Pedagogy is the art or science of teaching. ...

Secondary Schools

An 1859 portrait of Alexander von Humboldt by the artist Julius Schrader, showing Mount Chimborazo in the background. ... Friedrich Ludwig Jahn Friedrich Ludwig Jahn (Turnvater Jahn) (August 11th 1778, Lanz - October 15th 1852, Freyburg) was a German Prussian gymnastics educator and patriot. ... // Events The Edict of Orleans suspends the persecution of the Huguenots. ... Johann Gottfried Herder Johann Gottfried von Herder (August 25, 1744 – December 18, 1803), German poet, critic, theologian, and philosopher, is best known for his influence on authors such as Goethe and the role he played in the development of the larger cultural movement known as romanticism. ...

Science

Greifswald in Germany Ernst Moritz Arndt University of Greifswald is located in Greifswald, Germany, between the Islands Rügen and Usedom, and is the second oldest university in Northern Europe. ... The Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik (IPP) is a physics institute for the investigation of plasma physics, with the aim of working towards fusion power. ... A Plasma lamp In physics and chemistry, a plasma is an ionized gas, and is usually considered to be a distinct phase of matter. ... Garching bei München or Garching is a town in Bavaria, Germany near Munich. ... Stellarator magnetic field and magnets A stellarator is a device used to confine a hot plasma with magnetic fields in order to sustain a controlled nuclear fusion reaction. ... Wendelstein is the name of a mountain in the Chiemgau (see Rosenheim (district)) two experimental stellarators (nuclear fusion reactors) of the Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik: The Wendelstein 7-AS is located in Garching near Munich, Germany Its successor, the Wendelstein 7-X is currently being built in Greifswald... The Krupp family is a prominent 400-year-old German family from Essen, famous for their steel production and manufacture of ammunition and armaments. ... Interdisciplinary work is that which integrates concepts across different disciplines. ... He was the one who discovered the cause of FMD or Foot-and-Mouth Diesease. ... Fig. ... By the mid 20th century humans had achieved a mastery of technology sufficient to leave the surface of the Earth for the first time and explore space. ... Biology studies the variety of life (clockwise from top-left) E. coli, tree fern, gazelle, Goliath beetle Biology is the science of life (from the Greek words bios = life and logos = word). ...

People from Greifswald

Self-portrait in chalk, 1810 by fellow artist Georg Friedrich Kersting, 1812 Caspar David Friedrich (September 5, 1774 – May 7, 1840) was a 19th century German romantic painter, considered by many critics to be one of the finest representatives of the movement. ... Hans Fallada (born July 21, 1893 in Greifswald as Rudolf Ditzen, died February 5, 1947 in Berlin) was a German writer. ... Wolfgang Arthur Reinhold Koeppen (* 23 June 1906 in Greifswald; † 15 March 1996 in Munich) is one of the best known German authors of the post war period. ... Maximilian Josef Sommer born 26 June 1934 in Greifswald, Germany is a German - American film actor. ... Greifswald in Germany Ernst Moritz Arndt University of Greifswald is located in Greifswald, Germany, between the Islands Rügen and Usedom, and is the second oldest university in Northern Europe. ...

See also

Duchy of Pomerania, ruled by the slavic dynasty of the Griffins (Polish: Gryfici, German: Greifen), was a semi-independent principality in the 17th century. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Western Pomerania. ... Swedish Pomerania (Swedish: Svenska Pommern) was a Dominion under the Swedish Crown from the 17th to the 19th century, situated on the German Baltic Sea coast. ... Greifswald in Germany Ernst Moritz Arndt University of Greifswald is located in Greifswald, Germany, between the Islands Rügen and Usedom, and is the second oldest university in Northern Europe. ...

External links

Tourism links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Greifswald (151 words)
It is situated at the coast of the Baltic Sea and the mouth of the Ryck river.
After rapid growth Greifswald was one of the co-founders of the Hanseatic League at the end of the 13th century.
The town of Greifswald was captured by Sweden in 1631.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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