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Encyclopedia > Greenwich Hospital
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Greenwich Hospital from the bank of the Thames
Greenwich Hospital from the bank of the Thames
Statue of George II in the Grand Square of the Greenwich Hospital, with the dome above the Chapel entrance to the left. The Queen's House and Royal Greenwich Observatory are visible in the background
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Statue of George II in the Grand Square of the Greenwich Hospital, with the dome above the Chapel entrance to the left. The Queen's House and Royal Greenwich Observatory are visible in the background
Greenwich Hospital viewed from the Royal Greenwich Observatory. The collonaded National Maritime Museum (with the central Queen's House) is located in front of the Greenwich Hospital
Greenwich Hospital viewed from the Royal Greenwich Observatory. The collonaded National Maritime Museum (with the central Queen's House) is located in front of the Greenwich Hospital
The Chapel, Greenwich Hospital
The Chapel, Greenwich Hospital

The Greenwich Hospital was founded in 1694 as the Royal Naval Hospital for Seamen. Jump to: navigation, search ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 835 KB) Picture of an Greenwich Hospital from the banks of the Thames in Greenwich, London, England. ... Jump to: navigation, search ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 835 KB) Picture of an Greenwich Hospital from the banks of the Thames in Greenwich, London, England. ... Several places exist with the name Thames, and the word is also used as part of several brand and company names Most famous is the River Thames in England, on which the city of London stands Other Thames Rivers There is a Thames River in Canada There is a Thames... Download high resolution version (600x750, 58 KB)Statue of George II in the grounds of the Royal Naval College, Greenwich. ... Download high resolution version (600x750, 58 KB)Statue of George II in the grounds of the Royal Naval College, Greenwich. ... George II King of Great Britain and Ireland George II (George Augustus) (10 November 1683–25 October 1760) was King of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) and Archtreasurer and Prince-Elector of the Holy Roman Empire from 11 June 1727 until his death. ... The Queens House, Greenwich The Queens House, Greenwich, (designed by architect Inigo Jones for Anne of Denmark (the queen of King James I of England) and afterwards used by Queen Henrietta Maria) is one of the most important buildings in British architectural history. ... Royal Observatory, Greenwich The original site of the Royal Greenwich Observatory (RGO), which was built as a workplace for the Astronomer Royal, was on a hill in Greenwich Park in Greenwich, London, overlooking the River Thames. ... The Greenwich Hospital, with the Queens House in the foreground Image by ChrisO File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Greenwich Hospital, with the Queens House in the foreground Image by ChrisO File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Royal Observatory, Greenwich The original site of the Royal Greenwich Observatory (RGO), which was built as a workplace for the Astronomer Royal, was on a hill in Greenwich Park in Greenwich, London, overlooking the River Thames. ... The National Maritime Museum, Greenwich The National Maritime Museum (NMM) is the leading maritime museum of the United Kingdom, and one of the most important in the world. ... The Queens House, Greenwich The Queens House, Greenwich, (designed by architect Inigo Jones for Anne of Denmark (the queen of King James I of England) and afterwards used by Queen Henrietta Maria) is one of the most important buildings in British architectural history. ... Chapel of the Greenwich Hospital Image by ChrisO File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Chapel of the Greenwich Hospital Image by ChrisO File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Events February 6 - The colony Quilombo dos Palmares is destroyed. ...


It is a Royal Charity for the benefit of seafarers and their dependents, with the Secretary of State for Defence acting as the Crown's sole Trustee. Jump to: navigation, search Allegorical personification of Charity as a mother with three infants by Anthony van Dyck Charity is a term in Christian theology (one of the three theological virtues), meaning loving kindness towards others; it is held to be the ultimate perfection of the human spirit, because it... The Secretary of State for Defence is the senior United Kingdom government minister in charge of the Ministry of Defence. ... The Crown is a term which is used to separate the government authority and property of the state in a kingdom from any personal influence and private assets held by the current Monarch. ... The word trustee is a legal term that refers to a member of a trust, which can be set up for any of a variety of purposes, and is entrusted with the administration of property on behalf of others. ...


The hospital was established as a residential home for injured sailors, on the model of Les Invalides and the Chelsea Hospital. The charity now funds sheltered housing for former Royal Navy personnel and the Royal Hospital School at Holbrook in Suffolk. The church at the Invalides, with its dome Les Invalides in Paris, France consists of a complex of buildings in the 7th arrondissement containing museums and monuments, all relating to Frances military history, as well as a hospital and a retirement home for war veterans, the buildings original... Figure Court of Royal Hospital Chelsea The Royal Hospital Chelsea is a retirement home and nursing home for British soldiers who are unfit for further duty due to injury or old age, located in the Chelsea region of central London. ... Jump to: navigation, search The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the senior service of the British armed services, being the oldest of its three branches. ... Holbrook is the name of several towns or cities: Holbrook, New South Wales, Australia Holbrook, Derbyshire, England Holbrook, Kent, England Holbrook, South Yorkshire, England Holbrook, Suffolk, England Holbrook, Arizona, USA Holbrook, Massachusetts, USA Holbrook, Nebraska, USA Holbrook, New York, USA Holbrook, Pennsylvania, USA There are also several people with the... Suffolk (pronounced suffuk) is a large traditional and administrative county in the East Anglia region of eastern England. ...


The hospital occupied its prime riverside site on the south bank of the river Thames in Greenwich, London for over 170 years, closing to pensioners in 1869. Several places exist with the name Thames, and the word is also used as part of several brand and company names Most famous is the River Thames in England, on which the city of London stands Other Thames Rivers There is a Thames River in Canada There is a Thames... This page is about Greenwich in England. ... 170 is the natural number following 169 and preceding 171. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1869 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ...


It was subsequently occupied by the Royal Naval College until 1998 when the site was opened to the public and the main buildings transferred to academic uses. The principal occupant is now the University of Greenwich. The Old Royal Naval College The Royal Naval College, Greenwich, was a Royal Navy training establishment between 1873 and 1998, in the centre of the Maritime Greenwich World Heritage Site in London. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1998 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... Statue of George II in the Grand Square of the University, with the dome above the Chapel entrance to the left. ...


The Greenwich Hospital charity remains the ground landlord of the site. A landlord is the owner of a house, apartment, condominium, or land which is rented or leased to an individual or business, who is called the tenant. ...


History of the Buildings

Greenwich Hospital was built on the site of the Palace of Placentia, which had fallen into disrepair during the English Civil War and was finally demolished in 1694. The hospital was created on the instructions of Mary II, who had been inspired by the sight of wounded sailors returning from the Battle of La Hogue in 1692. She ordered the King Charles wing of the Palace - originally designed by architect John Webb for King Charles II in 1664 - to be remodelled as a naval hospital to provide a counterpart for the Chelsea Hospital for soldiers. Sir Christopher Wren and his assistant Nicholas Hawksmoor gave their services free of charge as architects of the new Royal Hospital. Sir John Vanbrugh succeeded Wren as architect, completing the complex to Wren's original plans. The Palace of Placentia was an English Royal Palace built by Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester in 1428, in Greenwich, London on the banks of the River Thames. ... Jump to: navigation, search The term English Civil War (or Wars) refers to the series of armed conflicts and political machinations which took place between Parliamentarians and Royalists from 1642 until 1651. ... Events February 6 - The colony Quilombo dos Palmares is destroyed. ... Jump to: navigation, search Mary II (30 April 1662–28 December 1694) reigned as Queen of England and Ireland from 13 February 1689 until her death, and as Queen of Scotland (technically as Mary II of Scotland) from 11 April 1689 until her death. ... The Battle of Barfleur, 29 May 1692 by Richard Paton, painted 18th century. ... Events February 13 - Massacre of Glencoe March 1 - The Salem witch trials begin in Salem Village, Massachusetts Bay Colony with the charging of three women with witchcraft. ... Architect at his drawing board, 1893 An architect, also known as a building designer, is a person involved in the planning, designing and oversight of a buildings construction, whose role is to guide decisions affecting those building aspects that are of aesthetic, cultural or social concern. ... Architect John Webb (1611-24 October 1672) was born in Butley in Somerset and became son-in-law and personal assistant to fellow architect and theatre designer Inigo Jones from 1628, having married Jones daughter Anne. ... Jump to: navigation, search Charles II (29 May 1630–6 February 1685) was the King of England, King of Scots, and King of Ireland from 30 January 1649 (retrospectively de jure) or 29 May 1660 (de facto) until his death. ... Events March 12 - New Jersey becomes a colony of England. ... Figure Court of Royal Hospital Chelsea The Royal Hospital Chelsea is a retirement home and nursing home for British soldiers who are unfit for further duty due to injury or old age, located in the Chelsea region of central London. ... Christopher Wren by Godfrey Kneller, 1711. ... The career of Nicholas Hawksmoor (probably 1661 - 25 March 1736) formed the brilliant middle link in Britains trio of great baroque architects. ... Sir John Vanbrugh in Godfrey Knellers Kit-cat portrait, considered one of Knellers finest portraits. ...


An early controversy arose when it emerged that the original plans for the hospital would have blocked the riverside view from the Queen's House. Queen Mary therefore ordered that the buildings be split, providing an avenue leading from the river through the hospital grounds up to the Queen's House and Greenwich Hill beyond. This gave the hospital its distinctive look, with its buildings arranged in a number of quadrants. Its four main buildings (the 'Courts') are bisected east-west by a square or processional route, and north-south by an internal road. The Queens House, Greenwich The Queens House, Greenwich, (designed by architect Inigo Jones for Anne of Denmark (the queen of King James I of England) and afterwards used by Queen Henrietta Maria) is one of the most important buildings in British architectural history. ...


The two principal buildings are King Charles' Court (the only surviving part of the old royal palace), completed in 1705, and Queen Mary's Court, completed in 1742. With the King Charles building to the west, the symmetry of the riverside frontage is maintained by Queen Anne Court (architects: Wren and Hawksmoor) to the east. Events Construction begins on Blenheim Palace, in Oxfordshire, England. ... // Events January 24 - Charles VII Albert becomes Holy Roman Emperor. ...


The grand square in between maintained access to, and a river view from, the nearby Queen's House and Greenwich Park beyond. Parallel to the river, the Hospital's buildings are bisected by a road leading eastwards from a gate-house by Greenwich town centre. To the south of this road, two further palatial buildings complete the Hospital. The Queens House, Greenwich The Queens House, Greenwich, (designed by architect Inigo Jones for Anne of Denmark (the queen of King James I of England) and afterwards used by Queen Henrietta Maria) is one of the most important buildings in British architectural history. ... One of the Royal Parks of London, Greenwich Park is a former deer-park in Greenwich and one of the largest single green spaces in south east London. ...

Painted Hall of Greenwich Hospital
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Painted Hall of Greenwich Hospital

Behind King Charles Court is King William Court (designed by Wren, but completed by Hawksmoor and Sir John Vanbrugh), famous for its Painted Hall. Behind Queen Anne Court is Queen Mary Court (planned by Wren and Hawksmoor, but not built until after Wren's death, by Thomas Ripley). Queen Mary Court houses the Chapel, designed by Wren but not completed until 1742. Its present appearance dates from 1779, having been rebuilt to a design by James Stuart after a devastating fire. Download high resolution version (650x920, 105 KB)Painted Hall of the Royal Naval College, Greenwich. ... Download high resolution version (650x920, 105 KB)Painted Hall of the Royal Naval College, Greenwich. ... Sir John Vanbrugh in Godfrey Knellers Kit-cat portrait, considered one of Knellers finest portraits. ... // Events January 24 - Charles VII Albert becomes Holy Roman Emperor. ... 1779 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


The Greenwich Hospital buildings did include an actual hospital, or infirmary: the Dreadnought Seamen's Hospital (which took its name from a hospital ship moored off Greenwich in 1870). 1870 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


The buildings were taken over by the Royal Naval College in 1873, and they remained a military education establishment until 1998 when they passed into the hands of the Greenwich Foundation for the Royal Naval College The new Foundation has University of Greenwich and Trinity College of Music. Crest on the gate of the Royal Naval College The Royal Naval College was a Royal Navy training establishment between 1873 and 1998, in the centre of the Maritime Greenwich World Heritage Site in London, United Kingdom. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1873 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1998 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... Statue of George II in the Grand Square of the University, with the dome above the Chapel entrance to the left. ... Trinity College of Music is not quite one of the UKs top music conservatories but its getting there, today based in Greenwich, London, England. ...


The Painted Hall and Chapel of the Hospital remain open to members of the public, and a service is held in the Chapel every Sunday at 11am which is open to all. The Hospital buildings have appeared in several films, including Four Weddings and a Funeral, The Madness of King George, The Mummy Returns and Lara Croft: Tomb Raider (2001). Four Weddings and a Funeral is a 1994 British romantic comedy film directed by Mike Newell. ... The Madness of King George is a 1994 film which tells the story of King George III of the United Kingdoms deteriorating mental health, and the equally declining relationship between him and his son, the Prince of Wales. ... Promotional poster for The Mummy Returns The Mummy Returns is a 2001 movie starring Brendan Fraser, Rachel Weisz, and is directed by Stephen Sommers. ... Categories: Movie stubs | Action films | Adventure films | 2001 films | Films based on video games ...


On the riverside in front of the north-east corner of King Charles' Court is an obelisk (designed by Philip Hardwick and unveiled in 1855) erected in memory of Arctic explorer Joseph RenĂ© Bellot. Philip Hardwick [1792]]-1870) was an architect (son of architect Thomas Hardwick Junior and grandson of Thomas Hardwick Senior) particularly associated with transport-related buildings (eg: railway stations, warehouses) in London and elsewhere. ... 1855 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The red line indicates the 10°C isotherm in July, commonly used to define the Arctic region border The Arctic is the area around the Earths North Pole. ... Joseph René Bellot (March 18, 1826-1853) was a French Arctic explorer. ...


See also: List of hospitals in the UK Jump to: navigation, search Here is a list of hospitals in the United Kingdom. ...


Links

Greenwich Foundation


Maritime Greenwich World Heritage Site


There is also a Greenwich Hospital located in Greenwich, Connecticut. It is not as large as its British counterpart, but it is the largest and most significant hospital in Greenwich. Greenwich is a town located in Fairfield County, Connecticut. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Greenwich Hospital: History (634 words)
Greenwich Hospital's greatest visible legacy is its magnificent buildings designed by Sir Christopher Wren by the Thames in southeast London - in the shadow of Canary Wharf and the Millennium Dome.
Greenwich Hospital also received the property of Captain Kidd executed for piracy some time earlier; and a proportion of the prize money won in the great naval wars of the 18th century.
The Hospital's affairs are delegated to the Admiralty Board, but the management of its continuing charitable roles is vested in the Director of Greenwich Hospital and a small London-based staff.
GREENWICH HOSPITAL (793 words)
Greenwich District Hospital was the first complete hospital to be designed by the Ministry of Health's Hospital Design Unit acting as design consultants to the South East Metropolitan Regional Hospital Board.
The 1962 Hospital Plan for England and Wales proposed that St. Alfege's Hospital, Greenwich should be redeveloped to form a District General Hospital of about 800 beds.
The whole hospital was to be ventilated mechanically and none of the windows would open so that the air in the wards would be as ‘pure’ as possible.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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