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Encyclopedia > Greenpoint, Brooklyn
Landmark 19th-century rowhouses on tree-lined Kent Street in Greenpoint Historic District.
Landmark 19th-century brick rowhouses on tree-lined Lorimer Street in the Greenpoint Historic District.

Greenpoint is the northernmost neighborhood in the New York City borough of Brooklyn. It is bordered on the southwest by Williamsburg at the Bushwick inlet, on the southeast by the Brooklyn-Queens Expressway and East Williamsburg, on the north by Newtown Creek and Long Island City, Queens at the Pulaski Bridge, and on the west by the East River. The neighborhood is part of Brooklyn Community Board 1. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Historicdist1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Historicdist1. ... A neighbourhood or neighborhood (see spelling differences) is a geographically localised community located within a larger city or suburb. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... The Five Boroughs redirects here. ... This article is about the borough of New York City. ... Williamsburg is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Brooklyn, bordering Greenpoint, Bed-Stuy, and Bushwick. ... On the Brooklyn-Queens Expressway (I-278). ... East Williamsburg is a marketing term created by real-estate speculators for the area in the northwestern portion of the borough of Brooklyn in New York City, which is in or around Bushwick. ... Newtown Creek and its tributaries: Maspeth Creek, English Kills, and Dutch Kills Newtown Creek is a tributary of the East River, approximately 3. ... Industrial Long Island City, Manhattan Skyline behind. ... The Pulaski Bridge in New York City connects Long Island City in Queens to Greenpoint in Brooklyn over Newtown Creek. ... New York City waterways: 1. ... The Brooklyn Community Board 1 is a local governement unit of the city of New York, encompassing the neighborhood of Flushing Avenue, Williamsburg, Greenpoint, Northside, and Southside in the borough of Brooklyn. ...


Nestled in the northernmost reach of Brooklyn and surrounded by waterways on three borders, this waterfront neighborhood lies only a short distance from both Manhattan and Queens. For other uses, see Manhattan (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Queens (disambiguation) and Queen. ...


Notable individuals born and/or raised in Greenpoint include actress Mae West, children's book author Margaret Wise Brown, and pop singer Pat Benatar. MAE-West is a major Internet peering point located in San Jose, California. ... Margaret Wise Brown (23 May 1910 - 13 November 1952) was a United States author of childrens literature, which include Goodnight Moon and The Runaway Bunny, both illustrated by Clement Hurd. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...

Contents

History

Episcopal church in Greenpoint Historic District, built in 1853.

Greenpoint was founded in 1657 by Dutch settlers and its name refers to a small peninsula of land at what is now the westernmost end of Freeman Street that protruded into the East River, hence the name, Green Point. In the nineteenth century, Greenpoint established itself as a center of shipbuilding and waterborne commerce; its shipbuilding, printing, pottery, glassworks and foundries were staffed by generation after generation of hardworking immigrants. The homes built for the merchants and the buildings erected for their workers sprang up along streets that lead down to the waterfront. Today, this area is on the National Register of Historic Places as Greenpoint’s Historic District. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 1. ... A typical plaque showing entry on the National Register of Historic Places. ...


Greenpoint’s East River waterfront holds the maritime history of the community. The buildings which formerly manufactured the ropes for the shipbuilding industry are still there. The launch site of the USS Monitor lies on Bushwick Creek. Long a site of shipbuilding, the neighborhood’s dockyards harbored the construction of the Monitor—the Union’s first ironclad fighting ship built during the American Civil War. The Monitor, together with seven other ironclads, was built at the Continental Ironworks in Greenpoint. USS Monitor was the first ironclad warship commissioned by the United States Navy. ... In this map:  Union states prohibiting slavery  Union territories  Border states on the Union side which allowed slavery  Kansas, which entered and fought with the Union as a free state after the Bleeding Kansas crisis  The Confederacy  Confederate claimed and sometimes held territories During the American Civil War, the Union... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total...


After a long history as a stable, working-class neighborhood and immigrant haven, Greenpoint began to see some of the effects of gentrification by the 1980s. The New York Times noted extraordinary rent increases and displacement as early as 1986, mirroring the pattern of residential conversions of industrial buildings seen in nearby Williamsburg, as well as the similar formation of a smaller art community.[1] Today, rents in Greenpoint are among Brooklyn's highest, and new construction is prevalent on streets where most buildings date back up to a century.[2] The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ...


Rezoning of 2005

View from Greenpoint's East River waterfront of Manhattan, with Green Street Pier in foreground
View from Greenpoint's East River waterfront of Manhattan, with Green Street Pier in foreground
View of Greenpoint's East River waterfront and Manhattan.

On May 11, 2005, the New York City Council passed a large-scale rezoning of the Greenpoint and Northside waterfront from manufacturing to residential and mixed use with a set-aside (and $100 million in funding) for the creation of open waterfront park space, with a two-mile-long esplanade to be built in segments. The land is being rezoned to permit new housing, where luxury highrises could be developed along with low-rise subsidized housing as part of the plan's inclusionary housing strategy. The rezoned waterfront will also include retail, a 28-acre waterfront park, and a continuous riverfront promenade. The rezoning is part of a continuing process of gentrification in the area, which was once characterized by manufacturing and other light industry interspersed with smaller residential buildings, but now contains over a hundred residentially converted loft buildings and new residential buildings. The rezoning is projected to result in the creation of about 10,000 new apartments in about 10 years. Image File history File links Gpskylineview. ... Image File history File links Gpskylineview. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 429 pixelsFull resolution (2226 × 1194 pixel, file size: 617 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) My photo of waterfront in Greenpoint, Brooklyn, in June 2007. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 429 pixelsFull resolution (2226 × 1194 pixel, file size: 617 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) My photo of waterfront in Greenpoint, Brooklyn, in June 2007. ... New York City waterways: 1. ... For other uses, see Manhattan (disambiguation). ... is the 131st day of the year (132nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ...


Critics of the rezoning contend that rezoning will irrecoverably distort the existing community's character ("Manhattanization"), force out existing residents (mostly Hispanics) and lacks adequate provisions for public transportation or public safety infrastructure to accommodate the expected new residents. The advocates of rezoning cite its projected economic benefits, e.g.; a new waterfront promenade and "Inclusionary Housing". Similar set-asides for "affordable" housing have gone unfulfilled in previous large-scale developments, such as Battery Park City. The promenade of Battery Park City. ...


Demographics

Polish stores in Greenpoint.
Polish stores in Greenpoint.

Greenpoint is largely working class and multi-generational; it is not uncommon to find three generations of family members living in this community. The neighborhood is sometimes referred to as "Little Poland" due to its large population of working-class Polish immigrants, reportedly the second largest concentration in the United States after Chicago. [citation needed] Greenpoint is not only populated with Polish immigrants and Polish-Americans, a significant population of Hispanics (Puerto Ricans, Dominicans, Ecuadorans and Mexicans) can be found north of Greenpoint Avenue. Italian Americans and Irish Americans can be found in the southeastern section of Greenpoint. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 451 pixelsFull resolution (1962 × 1107 pixel, file size: 472 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 451 pixelsFull resolution (1962 × 1107 pixel, file size: 472 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Little Poland is an informal name for part of a neighborhood in Greenpoint, Brooklyn. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ... Polish-American refers to American citizens of Polish descent. ... An Italian-American is an American of Italian descent. ... Irish Americans are residents or citizens of the United States who claim Irish ancestry. ...


Greenpoint was originally settled by Dirck Volckertsen (Dirck the Norman, the namesake of Norman Avenue) in 1645. German and Irish immigrants settled after the British took control of New Amsterdam in 1664. Polish immigrants arrived in the late 19th century.


Environmental Litigation

In 1950, the predecessor of the ExxonMobil Oil company spilled 17 to 30 million gallons of oil into Newtown Creek. This is considered to be the worst oil spill in United States history.[3]. Oil is believed to have been seeping into the groundwater since then. Groundwater in this area is not used as drinking water,as all of New York City's drinking water presently comes from upstate reservoirs. For other uses, see Exon (disambiguation). ... Newtown Creek and its tributaries: Maspeth Creek, English Kills, and Dutch Kills Newtown Creek is a tributary of the East River, approximately 3. ...


In January of 2006, State and oil company officials asserted that to date half of the spill has been cleaned up. On October 20, 2005, local residents within the area of the oil recovery operation, which is located in the predominantly commercial/industrial eastern section of Greenpoint near the East Williamsburg Industrial Park, filed a lawsuit against ExxonMobil, BP and Chevron in Brooklyn State Supreme Court, alleging they have suffered adverse consequences to their health although there has been no proof to date of these claims. In fact, a Dept. of Health Study completed in May 2007, showed no vapors were coming from the spill into peoples homes.[4] On July 17, 2007 New York State Attorney General Andrew Cuomo filed a lawsuit against ExxonMobil and ExxonMobil Refining and Supply Company to force a comprehensive clean up of Newtown Creek. is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... East Williamsburg is a marketing term created by real-estate speculators for the area in the northwestern portion of the borough of Brooklyn in New York City, which is in or around Bushwick. ... For other uses, see Exon (disambiguation). ... This article is about the energy corporation. ...


Landmarks and Attractions

Parks include McCarren Park (formerly known as Greenpoint Park), the neighboorhood's largest green space, and the smaller McGolrick Park (formerly known as Winthrop Park), which contains both the landmarked Shelter Pavilion (1910) and an allegorical monument (1938) to the USS Monitor ironclad ship. McCarren Park is a public park in New York City, USA. It is located in the Greenpoint section of Brooklyn, and is bordered by Nassau Avenue, Bayard Street, Leonard Street and North 12th Street. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... USS Monitor was the first ironclad warship commissioned by the United States Navy. ...


Of architectural interest in Greenpoint are: The Episcopal Church of the Ascension (Ascension Greenpoint) (1853) the oldest church in Greenpoint on Kent Street, the Astral Apartments (1886) on Franklin Street, the Saint Anthony of Padua Roman Catholic Church (1875) on Manhattan Avenue, the Eberhard-Faber Pencil Factory on Greenpoint Ave at Franklin St., the Russian Orthodox Cathedral of the Transfiguration of Our Lord (1921) on North 12th Street, the Oliver Hazard Perry School (P.S. 34) (1867) on Norman Avenue (the oldest continuously operating public school building in New York City); the North Fork (formerly Green Point) Savings Bank (1908) and the Saint Stanislaus Kostka Roman Catholic Church (1896) on Humboldt Street, which serves as a Catholic shrine for the Polish community. Saint Anthony of Padua, also venerated as Saint Anthony of Lisbon (Santo António de Lisboa), particularly in Portugal (August 15, 1195 – June 13, 1231), is a Catholic saint who was born in Lisbon, Portugal, as Fernando de Bulhões (pron. ... Oliver Hazard Perry Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry (August 23, 1785 – August 23, 1819) was an officer in the United States Navy. ... North Fork Bank is an American bank headquartered in Melville, New York. ... Stanisław Kostka, S.J. (28 October 1550–15 August 1568), was a Polish novice of the Society of Jesus. ...


Additionally, St. Cecilia's Roman Catholic Church and School, on Monitor Street between Richardson and Herbert Streets, has served the community since 1871. The school was remodeled for its Centennial. The current church dates to 1891. Saint Cecilias is a Roman Catholic church located at 84 Herbert Street, Greenpoint, Brooklyn, New York. ...


Trivia

  • Greenpoint Hospital, on Skillman Avenue between Kingsland and Debevoise Avenues, was opened in 1914 and was operation through the early 1980s. Interestingly, it is well outside the currently accepted boundaries of Greenpoint.
  • The streets in Greenpoint are named alphabetically. Walking south along Manhattan Avenue, you will find Ash, Box, Clay, Dupont, Eagle, Freeman, Green, Huron, India, Java and Kent Streets. Then comes Greenpoint Avenue, formerly known as Lincoln Street. Further south one can find Milton, Noble and Oak Streets. All streets were originally designated by letters, not by name; A Street, B Street, etc. Calyer Street comes after Oak Street, was formerly known as "P Street" and is followed by Quay Street.

The Departed is a 2006 crime film directed by Martin Scorsese and starring Leonardo DiCaprio (in his third movie with Scorsese), Matt Damon, Jack Nicholson and Mark Wahlberg. ... Donnie Brasco is the name of two things: Most common is the FBI agent with the real name Joseph D. Pistone. ... External links An Archetypal Mob Trial: Its Just Like in the Movies, The New York Times, May 23, 2004. ... For other uses, see Michael Madsen (disambiguation). ... Sleepers has several meanings: for the 1996 film, see Sleepers (film) for railway sleepers, see railroad tie Sleepers is also a solo album by rapper Big Pooh from the group Little Brother. ... This article is about the American action movie. ... cover of DVD release Romeo Is Bleeding is a 1994 darkly comic police story starring Lena Olin and Gary Oldman. ... For other uses, see The Siege (disambiguation). ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... This article is about the 2007 NBC Television Program. ... Third Watch is an NBC television drama set in New York City that ran from 1999 to 2005. ...

References

The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ... The modern New York Sun is a daily newspaper published in New York City. ... is the 322nd day of the year (323rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... In journalism, news agencies are bodies established to supply news reports to newspapers, magazines, and radio and television broadcasters. ... is the 150th day of the year (151st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ...

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