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Encyclopedia > Greenfield, Massachusetts
Greenfield, Massachusetts
Leavitt-Hovey House circa 1910
Image:Greenfield, MA Seal.jpg
Seal
Location in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°35′15″N 72°36′00″W / 42.5875, -72.6
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Franklin County
Settled 1686
Incorporated 1775
Government
 - Type Mayor-council city
Area
 - City  21.9 sq mi (56.8 km²)
 - Land  21.7 sq mi (56.3 km²)
 - Water  0.2 sq mi (0.5 km²)
Elevation  250 ft (76 m)
Population (2000)
 - City 18,168
 - Density 836.2/sq mi (322.9/km²)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 01301
Area code(s) 413
Website: http://www.townofgreenfield.org/

The Town of Greenfield, is a city in Franklin County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 18,168 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Franklin County 6. Greenfield is home to Greenfield Community College, the Pioneer Valley Symphony Orchestra, and the Franklin County Fair. Image File history File links Leavitt-Hovey House, 1797, designed by Asher Benjamin. ... Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... Franklin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. ... Mayor-Council government is one of two variations of government most commonly used in modern representative municipal governments in the United States. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The metre or meter is a measure of length. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Mr. ... Area code 413 is the area code for western Massachusetts. ... Franklin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Franklin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Massachusetts. ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... Greenfield Community College is a two-year Community College in Greenfield, Massachusetts. ...

Contents

History

Settled in 1686, Greenfield was set off from Deerfield and incorporated in 1753. Named for the Green River, the town was the eastern terminus of the Mohawk Trail, a principal route for settlers traveling west into Upstate New York. Greenfield was attacked repeatedly by Native Americans until 1735. 1686 (MDCLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Deerfield is a town located in Franklin County, Massachusetts. ... 1753 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The Mohawk Trail began as an Native American trade route which connected Atlantic tribes with tribes in Upstate New York and beyond. ... The areas highlighted in YELLOW and GREEN are those which are considered to be a bona fide part of Upstate New York from the perspective of New York City. ... Native Americans in the United States are the indigenous peoples from the regions of North America now encompassed by the continental United States, including parts of Alaska. ... Events April 16 - The London premiere of Alcina by George Frideric Handel, his first the first Italian opera for the Royal Opera House at Covent Garden. ...


The town is located at the confluence of the Deerfield and Green rivers, not far from where they both merge into the Connecticut River. In the 1800s, Greenfield was the site of the first cutlery factory in the country. The community has several houses designed by noted native-born architect, Asher Benjamin. His Leavitt-Hovey House, built in 1797, is now the Greenfield Public Library. "Poet's Seat Tower," located atop Rocky Mountain and named in honor of local 19th century bard, Frederick Goddard Tuckerman, provides a dramatic view of the city. Confluence of Rhine and Mosel at Koblenz In geography, a confluence describes the point where two rivers meet and become one, usually when a tributary joins a more major river. ... Deerfield River Deerfield River is a river that runs for 73 miles from southern Vermont through northwestern Massachusetts to the Connecticut River. ... The Connecticut River as seen from the French King Bridge in western Massachusetts. ... // Invention of the Jacquard loom in 1801. ... Used cutlery: a plate, a fork and knife, and a drinking glass. ... Asher Benjamin, architect Design for a Federal style house, by Asher Benjamin Asher Benjamin (June 15, 1773-July 26, 1845), born in Greenfield, Massachusetts, was a prominent American architect who transitioned between Federal style architecture and later Greek Revival. ... 1797 (MDCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 11-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Bard (ca. ... Frederick Goddard Tuckerman (1821-1873) was an American poet, now remembered mostly for his sonnet series. ...


The area is home to an optical illusion known as a gravity hill. It is located on Shelburne Road, while facing Greenfield, immediately after the Route 2 bridge. From under the overpass, the road appears to rise slightly to a crest a few hundred feet away. The illusion is slight, but convincing. A car in neutral at the "bottom" of the rise will appear to crawl uphill. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with illusion. ... A gravity hill, also known as a magnetic hill (and sometimes a mystery hill or a gravity road), is a place where the layout of the surrounding land produces the optical illusion that a very slight downhill slope appears to be an uphill slope. ... Massachusetts State Highway 2, always referred to simply as Route 2, is a major East-West state highway in Massachusetts. ...


Greenfield's city status was established by election of its first mayor, Christine Forgey, in 2003. When a town, it had been governed by a selectboard. It is the Commonwealth's newest city. 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 56.8 km² (21.9 mi²). 56.3 km² (21.7 mi²) of it is land and 0.5 km² (0.2 mi²) of it (0.87%) is water. Greenfield is drained by the Deerfield and Green rivers. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


The town is located at latitude 42 degrees 35 minutes North, longitude 72 degrees, 36 minutes West. On a road map, Greenfield is situated at the intersection of Interstate 91 and Route 2, near where the borders of Massachusetts, Vermont, and New Hampshire meet. Interstate 91 (abbreviated I-91) is an interstate highway in the New England section of the United States. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... Official language(s) None Capital Montpelier Largest city Burlington Area  Ranked 45th  - Total 9,620 sq mi (24,923 km²)  - Width 80 miles (130 km)  - Length 160 miles (260 km)  - % water 3. ... Official language(s) English Capital Concord Largest city Manchester Area  Ranked 46th  - Total 9,359 sq mi (24,239 km²)  - Width 68 miles (110 km)  - Length 190 miles (305 km)  - % water 3. ...


Demographics

This article describes the town of Greenfield as a whole. Additional demographic details are available which describe only the central settlement within the city, although those details are included in the aggregate values reported here. See: Greenfield (CDP), Massachusetts. Greenfield is a census-designated place (CDP) located in the city of Greenfield in Franklin County, Massachusetts. ...

Old Stone Mill circa 1920
Old Stone Mill circa 1920

As of the census2 of 2000, there were 18,168 people, 7,939 households, and 4,374 families residing in the city. The population density was 322.8/km² (836.2/mi²). There were 8,301 housing units at an average density of 147.5/km² (382.1/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.39% White, 1.34% Black or African American, 0.32% Native American, 1.10% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.41% from other races, and 2.43% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.54% of the population. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 7,939 households out of which 26.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.6% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.9% were non-families. 36.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.88. This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ...

The Weldon in 1913
The Weldon in 1913

In the town the population was spread out with 21.9% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, and 17.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 88.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.4 males. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Year 1913 (MCMXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


The median income for a household in the town was $33,110, and the median income for a family was $46,412. Males had a median income of $33,903 versus $26,427 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,830. About 11.4% of families and 14.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.2% of those under age 18 and 11.1% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Points of interest

  • Historical Society of Greenfield
  • Guiding Star Grange is a community hall, known for traditional music and dance in the Pioneer Valley.
  • Greenfield Center School, an independent K-8th grade school, is the a site of The Coalition of Essential Schools and the home of the New England Coalition of Progressive Educators.

The Guiding Star Grange, located in Greenfield, Massachusetts, was the first grange organized in the state in 1873. ... Greenfield Center School is an independent day school for students in kindergarten through eight grade, located in Greenfield, Massachusetts. ...

Notable residents

  • Asher Benjamin, architect
  • Dr. James N. Benneyan, [1] Scientist, worldwide authority on statistical quality control in health care (Greenfield High School Class of 1981)
  • Peter Bergeron, baseball player
  • Scott Crago, musician (Greenfield High School Class of 1982)
  • Paul Harrington,President, Reebok Brand [2](Greenfield High School Class of 1979)
  • Kevin Hassett, [3], Conservative economist, McCain Economic Adviser, Author "Dow 36,000" (Greenfield High School Class of 1980)
  • Penn Jillette, magician (Greenfield High School Class of 1973)
  • Robin Lane, musician, [4]former leader Robin Lane and the Chartbusters
  • Nathan R. Lynch, Law Professor[5], Bill of Rights defender (Greenfield High School Class of 1979)
  • Dr. Kevin Matherson, scientist, holder of Hewlett-Packard's key digital photography patents (Greenfield High School class of 1979)
  • Jack Moran, actor & screenwriter
  • Michael Moschen, juggler (Greenfield High School Class of 1973)
  • Jay D. Rice, 1999 Connecticut Open Golf Champion, Private Investor [6]
  • Victoria Radd Rollins[7]First Amendment Lawyer, Clinton Administration official (Greenfield High School Class of 1974)
  • Frederick Goddard Tuckerman, poet
  • Marty Tirrell, Syndicated Sports Talk Show Host (Attended Franklin County Technical School, C. 1979)
  • Winter Miller, playwright ("In Darfur")
  • Christopher Baldwin, comic strip artist ("Bruno")

Asher Benjamin, architect Design for a Federal style house, by Asher Benjamin Asher Benjamin (June 15, 1773-July 26, 1845), born in Greenfield, Massachusetts, was a prominent American architect who transitioned between Federal style architecture and later Greek Revival. ... Peter Francis Bergeron (born November 9, 1977, in Greenfield, Massachusetts) is a Major League Baseball outfielder. ... Scott Francis Crago (born July 26, 1963) is an American session drummer, most notably recognized for his work with The Eagles since 1994. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Michael Moschen Michael Moschen is one of the worlds leading jugglers. ... The Connecticut Open is the Connecticut state open golf tournament, open to both amateur and professional golfers. ... Frederick Goddard Tuckerman (1821-1873) was an American poet, now remembered mostly for his sonnet series. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Greenfield Community College | Greenfield, Massachusetts (187 words)
Greenfield Community College is striving to help local immigrants get on their way to better jobs and more education by now offering English language courses both in the morning and evening so that everyone who wants to take the courses can, regardless of whether they work day jobs or second shift....
This fall Greenfield Community College is offering a humanities course called “These Are The Breaks: A Critical Analysis of the History of Hip-Hop Culture and its Social Impact.”...
Greenfield Community College is making its massage program more accessible for students seeking to enter the massage and body work field or professionals in the field looking to improve their skills....
Greenfield, Massachusetts - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (698 words)
Greenfield's city status was established by election of its first mayor, Christine Forgey, in 2003.
Greenfield is drained by the Deerfield and Green rivers.
On a road map, Greenfield is situated at the intersection of Interstate 91 and Route 2, near where the borders of Massachusetts, Vermont, and New Hampshire meet.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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