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Encyclopedia > Greene and Greene

Brothers Charles Sumner Greene and Henry Mather Greene, who established the architectural firm of Greene and Greene, were born in Brighton, Ohio, a suburb of Cincinnati, in 1868 and 1870, respectively. They grew up primarily in St. Louis, and on their mother's family farm in West Virginia while their father attended medical school. The following is a list of famous architecture firms. ... 1868 (MDCCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... 1870 (MDCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Official language(s) English Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Area  Ranked 41st  - Total 24,244 sq mi (62,809 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 240 miles (385 km)  - % water 0. ...


As teenagers, the brothers studied at the Manual Training School of Washington University, in St Louis, Missouri, graduating in 1887-88. They studied there metalwork and woodworking primarily. Their father, a practicing homeopathic physician by this time, was very concerned with the need for sunlight and circulating fresh air; the importance of these elements was to become one of the signatures of the brothers' work. Washington University in St. ... The Gateway Arch, shown here behind the Old Courthouse, is the most recognizable part of the St. ...


Charles and Henry Greene each received a 'certificate for completion of partial course', a special two year program at MIT's School of Architecture, in 1891 They studied classical building styles, intending at that time only to gain certification for apprenticeships with architecture and construction firms upon graduation. Mapúa Institute of Technology (MIT, MapúaTech or simply Mapúa) is a private, non-sectarian, Filipino tertiary institute located in Intramuros, Manila. ... The Parthenon on top of the Acropolis, Athens, Greece Architecture (from Latin, architectura and ultimately from Greek, αρχιτεκτων, a master builder, from αρχι- chief, leader and τεκτων, builder, carpenter) is the art and science of designing buildings and structures. ... 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


After M.I.T., in the Spring of 1890, Charles Greene apprenticed first with the firm of Andrews, Jaques and Rantoul, but after four and a half months, moved to the office of R. Clipston Sturgis. By March of 1891, he had moved again to work with Herbert Langford Warren, and by the following November, he had changed again to the firm of Winslow and Wetherell. He would there until the two brothers departed to join their parents in Pasadena, California. Henry Greene apprenticed first with the firm of Chamberlin & Austin, and then briefly went to work with Shepley, Rutan and Coolidge. All of the firms that the brothers worked for were located in Boston, Massachusetts. Shepley, Rutan and Coolidge was a notable architecture firm based in Boston, Massachusetts between 1886 and 1915. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub of the Universe (The State House, according to Oliver Wendell Holmes, is the hub of the Solar System), Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ...


In 1893 their parents requested that the sons move out to Pasadena, California, where they had moved to a year before. The brothers agreed and while traveling by train from Boston they stopped at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago and saw a few examples of Japanese architecture, which made a lasting impression on both of them, according to a late-in-life interview with Henry Greene. There was actually very little Japanese influence upon their work until after Charles Greene visited the 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis, MO. Pasadena is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... One-third scale replica of Daniel Chester Frenchs Republic, which stood in the great basin at the exposition, Chicago, 2004 The Worlds Columbian Exposition (also called The Chicago Worlds Fair), a Worlds Fair, was held in the U.S. city of Chicago in 1893, to celebrate... The need to rebuild Japan after World War II proved a great stimulus to Japanese architecture, and contemporary Japanese buildings rank with the finest in the world in terms of technology and formal conception. ...


The Architectural firm of Greene and Greene was established in Pasadena in January of 1894, eventually building toward the crescendo of their "ultimate bungalows", such as the Gamble House in Pasadena, generally considered one of the finest examples of residential architecture in the United States. Such ultimate bungalows were completely custom affairs, where the vast majority of ingredients – light fixtures, furniture, tile, even woven textiles – were created for a specific space in the home. The term ultimate bungalow is most commonly used to describe the very large and detailed Craftsman style homes of such California architects as Greene and Greene, Bernard Maybeck and Julia Morgan. ... The Gamble House (constructed 1908 - 1909) is a National Historic Landmark and tourist attraction in Pasadena, California designed by the architect brothers Greene and Greene, Charles Sumner Greene and Henry Mather Greene, for David B. Gamble of the Procter & Gamble company. ... Mission, or barrel, roof tiles For the towns named Tile, see Tile, Somalia and Tile, Lebanon. ... This article is about the type of fabric. ...


In 1901 Charles Green married Alice Gordon White, and they honeymooned in Europe and her native England. It was following this trip that the firm began developing the distinctive stylistic elements that finally came together as a cohesive whole in their grand works of 1907-09. The Greenes developed a personal idiom within the Arts and Crafts aesthetic, receiving commissions to design furnishings for their houses. Charles Greene's sketches for the 1903 Mary Darling house are published in England in Academy Architecture the same year, representing the firm's first foreign publication of work. 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... It has been suggested that Handicraft be merged into this article or section. ...


In 1905 the Greene's began an association with Peter Hall as the primary contractor for their major commissions, and from 1907 with his brother John Hall, who ran a millwork shop producing their decorative arts and furniture designs.


A Structural Explosion


The structure of the Greene & Greene house is essential not only to the immense feeling of security that such an overly-supported structure brings, but also accentuates the importance of the Arts & Crafts fundamentals in the Greene & Greene style. The visual importance of the aesthetic nature of the joints, pegs, and complex wood-work symbolizes the structure of the house, and coincides with the principles taught in the Manual Training School of their youth. The structure of the house is externalized, or exploded, rather than hidden in decoration. Each element of the structure asserts itself. This extravagance of support takes its origins from the decorative bracketing of Japanese structures. Every piece of the structure is absolutely essential to the overall horizontality.


Obscurity and Rediscovery


This attention to detail would not have been possible in a larger firm, or one that took on commercial building as well as residential. The Greenes repeatedly turned down offers to construct buildings in downtown Los Angeles. The Greene brothers were not great writers or philosophers or commercial builders of great fame; rather, they were masters in their area of domestic concentration which until the 1948 received little acclaim. In 1948 they received citations from the Pasadena Chapter of the American Institute of Architects and from the national body in 1952 for creating a “new and native architecture.” That the Greene & Greene style is influential on California’s architectural history is undeniable. Their style wedded practical comfort and fine art into a refined, crafted masterpiece in which every detail contributed to the overall subtlety of the work, essentially a masterpiece of design. The American Institute of Architects (AIA) is the professional organization for architects in the United States. ...


References

  • Bosley, Edward. Greene and Greene. ISBN 0-7148-3950-7
  • Smith, Bruce R. "Greene & Greene Masterworks." ISBN 0-8118-1878-0
  • Mackinson, Randall. Greene and Greene:Creating a Style. ISBN 1-58685-116-0
  • Greene and Greene Virtual Archives at the University of Southern California.

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