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Encyclopedia > Greenbrier Resort

The Greenbrier is a five star resort in White Sulphur Springs in Greenbrier County, West Virginia. For most of its history it was owned by the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway. It is now a wholly-owned subsidiary of CSX Corporation. White Sulphur Springs is a city located in Greenbrier County, West Virginia, United States. ... Greenbrier County is a county located in the state of West Virginia. ... The Chesapeake and Ohio Railway (C&O) was a Class I railroad formed in 1869 in Virginia from many smaller railroads begun in the 19th century. ... CSX Transportation (AAR reporting mark CSXT) is a Class I railroad in the United States, owned by the CSX Corporation. ...

Contents


History

A spring of sulphur water is at the center of the resort property. It issues forth below the green dome of the white-columned Springhouse that has been the symbol of The Greenbrier for generations. Beginning in 1778, people came to "take the waters" to restore their health. For the first one hundred and twenty-five years the resort was known by the name White Sulphur Springs.


In 1858, a hotel was built on the property. In 1910, the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway purchased the resort property, building additional amenities and the Greenbrier Hotel in 1913.


Secret Emergency Relocation Center

In the late 1950s the U.S. government approached The Greenbrier for assistance in the creation of an Emergency Relocation Center to house Congress in the aftermath of a nuclear holocaust. The classified, underground facility was built in conjunction with an above ground addition to the hotel, the West Virginia Wing, between 1959 and 1962. For thirty years the owners of The Greenbrier maintained an agreement with the federal government that, in the case of an international crisis, the entire resort property would be conveyed to government use, specifically as the emergency location of the legislative branch.The underground facilty contained a dormitory, kitchen, hospital and even a broadcast center for members of Congress. The broadcast center had backdrops to make it appear members of Congress were actually broadcasting from Washington DC by changing the backdrop for each season. The convention center which was actually used by the Greenbrier guests for business meetings was actually a disguised workstation area for members of Congress complete with hidden blast doors. The center was maintained by workers who were allegedly hotel audio visual employees. Many of these same workers are employed by the hotel today and until recently gave guided tours. The complex is still maintained today by the Greenbrier and the facility remains much like it was in 1992 when the secret was revealed. Congress in Joint Session. ...


The bunker's existence was not acknowledged until The Washington Post revealed it in a 1992 story; immediately after the Post story, the government decommissioned the bunker. The bunker is currently closed for public tours. The Washington Post is the largest and oldest newspaper in Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ...


Gambling

CSX has been lobbying the West Virginia Legislature for years to allow casino gambling at The Greenbrier, arguing that gaming would dramatically increase occupancy of the resort during the winter off-season. Under the plan, the bunker would be converted into a high-end casino, and only registered guests would be allowed to gamble there. The legislature has passed legislation that would allow gambling at the resort if approved by Greenbrier County voters. In 2002, the voters of the county turned down this option. The Trump Taj Mahal in Atlantic City, New Jersey. ... Gambling has had many different meanings depending on the cultural and historical context in which it is used. ... Greenbrier County is a county located in the state of West Virginia. ...


Golf

The resort also has a significant place in golf history. Golf legend Sam Snead was the resort's official pro for many years. Also, in 1979, The Greenbrier was the site of the first Ryder Cup contested under the current format of United States against Europe. More recently, The Greenbrier hosted the 1994 Solheim Cup, the women's equivalent to the Ryder Cup. Golf (gowf in Scots) is a game where individual players or teams hit a ball into a hole using various clubs, and is one of the few ball games that does not use a fixed standard playing area. ... Samuel Jackson Snead (May 27, 1912 – May 23, 2002) was one of the top golfers in the world for most of 4 decades. ... This page refers to the year 1979. ... The Ryder Cup is a golf trophy contested biennially in an event officially called the Ryder Cup Matches by teams from Europe and the United States. ... Europe is conventionally considered one of the seven continents of Earth which, in this case, is more a cultural and political distinction than a physiographic one, leading to some dispute as to Europes actual borders. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... The Solheim Cup is a biennial golf tournament for professional women golfers contested by teams representing Europe and the United States. ...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Greenbrier's bunker reopens -- to tourists - Roanoke.com (786 words)
Washington Post reporter Ted Gup checked into The Greenbrier resort, requested a room on the fourth floor in the West Virginia Wing, walked into Kleisner's office and pulled from his briefcase detailed drawings of the top-secret nuclear fallout shelter built underneath a wing of the hotel.
Today, not only is the secret out, the resort has also just completed two years worth of renovations on the more than 112,000-square-foot nuclear fallout shelter commissioned by President Eisenhower in the late 1950s to house Congress.
The renovations are meant to preserve the bunker's history for tourists, but primarily allow The Greenbrier to rent out the space for companies to store their documents in a secure, climate-controlled facility.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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