FACTOID # 21: 15% of Army recruits from South Dakota are Native American, which is roughly the same percentage for female Army recruits in the state.
 
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Encyclopedia > Green Scare

The term Green Scare, alluding to the Red Scares, periods of fear over communist infiltration of U.S. society, is a term popularized by environmental activists to refer to legal action by the U.S. government against the radical environmentalist movement. Political cartoon of 1919 depicting a European anarchist attempting to destroy the Statue of Liberty. ...


It is first known to have appeared in 2002 in the wake of the February 12 congressional hearings titled "The Threat of Eco-Terrorism" which discussed groups including the Earth Liberation Front and the Animal Liberation Front.[1] The Spring edition of a prisoner support zine or newsletter, Spirit of Freedom defined the term as "the tactics that the US government and all their tentacles (FBI, IRS, BATF, Joint Terrorism Task Forces, local police, the court system) are using to attack the ELF/ALF and specifically those who publicly support them."[2] The Earth Liberation Front (ELF) is the collective name for anonymous and autonomous individuals or groups that, according to the now defunct Earth Liberation Front Press Office, use economic sabotage and guerrilla warfare to stop the exploitation and destruction of the natural environment. ... Beagles stolen by British ALF activists from a testing laboratory owned by the Boots Group. ... A zine—an abbreviation of the word fanzine, and originating from the word magazine[1][2]—is most commonly a small circulation, non-commercial publication of original or appropriated texts and images. ... The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is a federal criminal investigative, intelligence agency, and the primary investigative arm of the United States Department of Justice (DOJ). ... IRS is short for U.S. Internal Revenue Service short for Indian Revenue Service short for Independent rear suspension, used in automobiles. ... The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (BATFE or ATFE) is a law enforcement agency within the United States Department of Justice. ... The Joint Terrorism Task Force is a section of the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation charged with taking action against terrorism. ...


The term has been used by activists to describe an 2006 sweep of arrests, convictions and grand jury indictments of ELF and ALF operatives on charges relating to acts of property damage, conspiracy, arson and use of destructive devices.[3][4] In the American common law legal system, a grand jury is a type of jury which determines if there is enough evidence for a trial. ...

Contents

Operation Backfire

On December 7, 2005, seven people were arrested in various parts of the U.S. as part of the FBI's Operation Backfire.[5] At least six people were subpoenaed to testify before grand juries.[6] Three of the individuals subpoenaed ended up on a January 20, 2006, 65 count, 84 page long indictment.[7] The new indictment charged 11 people with conspiring to commit 18 acts of arson and vandalism over a 5 year period across multiple states. Some of the charges relate to a 1998 arson attack on the Vail Ski Resort in Colorado and the sabotage of a power line near Bend, Oregon, in 1999. The FBI considers these crimes to be acts of domestic terrorism and the ELF to be the nation's top domestic terror threat.[8][9] Operation Backfire is an ongoing multi-agency criminal investigation, led by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), into violent acts in the name of animal rights and environmental causes in the United States [1]. // Background In 2004 the FBI merged seven independent investigations from its Portland, Oregon field office and... is the 341st day of the year (342nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Official language(s) English Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... Bend is a city in Deschutes County, Oregon, United States. ... The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is a federal criminal investigative, intelligence agency, and the primary investigative arm of the United States Department of Justice (DOJ). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


The evidence provided for the indictments came from the testimony of five cooperating witnesses.[10] Two of the cooperating witnesses, Stanislas Meyerhoff and Kevin Tubbs, were included in the indictment.[11]


On February 23, 2006, two more individuals, Nathan Fraser Block, 24, and Joyanna Lynn Zacher, 28, were arrested in Olympia, Washington.[12] is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


On March 30, 2006, Briana Waters, a 30-year-old woman from California, was ordered to appear at a hearing at the U.S. District Court in Seattle after she was charged with two counts related to the May 2001 arson attack that destroyed the University of Washington Center for Horticulture building. She pleaded not guilty to all charges. The first count, arson, carries a mandatory minimum term of five years imprisonment; the second, using or carrying a destructive device during a crime of violence, carries a mandatory minimum of 30 years. Waters was ordered released on her personal recognizance on condition she surrender her passport. U.S. Magistrate-Judge Monica Benton, citing the "gravity of the case," also imposed electronic home monitoring on Waters when she returns to the Bay Area. In ordering the monitoring, Benton noted Waters is a mother "who cares for a small child" and a self-employed violin teacher.[13] is the 89th day of the year (90th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The University of Washington, founded in 1861, is a public research university in Seattle, Washington. ... Horticulture (Latin: hortus (garden plant) + cultura (culture)) are classically defined as the culture or growing of garden plants. ... A mandatory sentence is a judicial decision setting the punishment to be inflicted on a person convicted of a crime where judicial discretion is limited by law. ... For Microsoft Corporation’s “universal login” service, formerly known as Microsoft Passport Network, see Windows Live ID. For other types of travel document, see Travel document. ... Electronic tagging is a form of non-surreptitious surveillance consisting of an electronic device attached to a person or vehicle, especially certain criminals, allowing their whereabouts to be monitored. ...


On April 6, 2006, U.S. Attorney McGregor Scott and FBI Special Agent Drew Parenti announced four new indictments in connection with an Earth Liberation Front (ELF) October 15, 2001 arson at the Bureau of Land Management's (BLM) Litchfield Wild Horse and Burro Facility near Susanville, California. Three of those indicted already face ELF related charges in Oregon, including Canadian Darren Thurston, 36, who is in custody. Josephine Sunshine Overaker, 31, Rebecca Rubin, 32, and Joseph Dibee, 38, are at large, as is the fourth suspect named for the first time in Thursday's indictment, Justin Solondz, 26.[14] is the 96th day of the year (97th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


On October 5, 2006, the Seattle Times reported the plea agreement of Lacey Phillabaum and Jennifer Kolar.[15] In return for recommended sentences of 3 to 7 years, both women pleaded guilty and agreed to cooperate in the prosecution of the remaining defendants in the May 2001 firebombing of the University of Washington's Center for Urban Horticulture. For other uses, see 5th October (Serbia). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The daily Seattle Times is the leading newspaper in Seattle, Washington, United States. ... The University of Washington, founded in 1861, is a public research university in Seattle, Washington. ...


Cases

Chris McIntosh

On December 17, 2005 U.S. District Judge Thomas Zilly sentenced Christopher McIntosh to 8 years in prison for setting fire to a Seattle McDonald's restaurant in January, 2003.[16] McIntosh admitted guilt as part of a plea agreement, in which the prosecution said they would not ask that he spend more than ten years in prison. However, the judge was not bound to honor these requests.[17] December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... McDonalds Corporation (NYSE: MCD) is the worlds largest chain of fast-food restaurants, primarily selling hamburgers, chicken, french fries, milkshakes and soft drinks. ... A plea agreement or plea bargain is an agreement in a criminal case in which a prosecutor and a defendant arrange to settle the case against the defendant. ...


Supporters criticized the sentence as excessive "for someone who caused $5,000 damage". Prosecutors argued it was important to "protect the public" from some one who expressed no remorse, saying McIntosh was "proud of his crime, and, given the chance, he would do the same thing again."[18]


Peter Young

On December 23, 2005 Codington County, South Dakota's State Attorney Vince Foley announced that he was seeking to try Peter Daniel Young on state charges for releasing mink from fur farms in 1997. Young was recently released after serving a two year sentence in federal prison for those same crimes.[19] is the 357th day of the year (358th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Codington County is a county located in the state of South Dakota. ... Official language(s) English Capital Pierre Largest city Sioux Falls Area  Ranked 17th  - Total 77,116[1] sq mi (199,905 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 380 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... Peter Young (born in Sydney, New South Wales) was an Australian rugby league player for the Western Suburbs Magpies in the Australian New South Wales Rugby League premiership competition. ... For other uses, see Mink (disambiguation). ...


Auburn arrestees

On January 13, 2006, Eric McDavid, Lauren Weiner and Zachary Jenson were arrested in Auburn, California, charged with conspiring to damage telephone towers, the Nimbus Dam, and Forest Service facilities "by explosive or fire".[20] Prosecutors allege the FBI recorded one of the suspects suggesting anti-personnel shrapnel be added to the planned bombs.[21] is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Eric McDavid, 28 as of 2005, is an environmental activist charged with conspiring to use fire or explosives to damage property in acts of eco-terrorism for the Earth Liberation Front. ... Auburn is the county seat of Placer County, California, USA. The population was 12,462 at the 2000 census. ... The Nimbus Dam is a base load hydroelectric dam on the American River near Folsom, California. ... Logo of the U.S. Forest Service. ... It has been suggested that Fragmentation (weaponry) be merged into this article or section. ...


According to the FBI affidavit, evidence against the three came from a paid "confidential source (CS) who is deeply embedded within the subjects' cell. The CS has worked for the FBI since early 2004. S/he has agreed to testify in court." The document says that s/he has provided information in at least 12 anarchist cases since 2004.[22] According to reports by alternative media, the CS infiltrated a wide range of protests across the USA and even some in Europe.[23][24][25] Anarchism is a generic term describing various political philosophies and social movements that advocate the elimination of hierarchy and imposed authority. ...


Rod Coronado

Rod Coronado

On February 22, 2006 Rod Coronado, a prominent Native American eco-anarchist, was arrested on a felony charge of demonstrating the use of a destructive device.[26] His indictment indirectly relates to an August 1, 2003 fire in San Diego that destroyed an apartment complex causing an estimated $50 million worth of damage.[27] Coronado, a self-described "unofficial ELF spokesman",[28] gave a talk on militant environmental activism in San Diego 15 hours later where he explained how to make incendiary devices. He denies any role in the incident, and investigators do not consider him a suspect in starting the fire.[29] If convicted, he faces up to 25 years in prison and/or a $250,000 fine.[30] Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... is the 53rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Rod Coronado Rodney Adam Coronado is an American eco-anarchist and animal rights activist who has been convicted of arson, conspiracy and other crimes in connection with his activism but now advocates non-violent action. ... is the 213th day of the year (214th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... San Diego redirects here. ... hey hey you no i rock at soccer cuz no i made the school team!! yay me aka katelyn ♥ Incendiary devices or incendiary bombs are bombs designed to start fires or destroy sensitive equipment using materials such as napalm, thermite, chlorine trifluoride, or white phosphorus. ...


On March 3, 2006 Coronado was released on bail by Tucson Federal Magistrate Charles Pyle. He was required to report to the courtroom of Federal Judge Jeffrey Miller in San Diego on Monday, March 6, 2006.[31] is the 62nd day of the year (63rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... // A magistrate is a judicial officer. ... is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


SHAC7

On March 2, 2006 a New Jersey jury convicted six animal rights activists and the group they were associated with, Stop Huntingdon Animal Cruelty (SHAC) with using their website to incite threats, harassment, vandalism and attacks against the company Huntingdon Life Sciences and their business partners.[32] Originally seven individuals were charged, leading sympathizers to describe the defendants as the SHAC 7, but the case against one of the defendants was dropped. Pamelyn Ferdin, the current president of SHAC, told the jury that "for the government to say you can't say this and you can't say that is going down a very scary path of going toward fascism." However, the US Attorney's Office described the convicts as "thugs who went far beyond protected speech and lawful protest to engage in and incite intimidation, harassment and violence."[33] The judge sentenced the individuals to an aggregate of 24 years in prison, and ordered to pay a joint restitution of $1,000,001.00. SHAC USA was ordered to fully disclosure its finances and have its computers monitored.[34] is the 61st day of the year (62nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Animal liberation redirects here. ... A monkey inside Huntingdon Life Sciences in the United States. ... Huntingdon Life Sciences (HLS) is a contract animal-testing company founded in 1952 in England, now with facilities in Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire and Eye, Suffolk in the UK; New Jersey in the U.S.; and in Japan. ... Logo of the SHAC 7 Support Group. ... Pamelyn Ferdin (born February 4, 1959) is an outspoken animal rights activist and former child actress. ... Fascism is an authoritarian political ideology (generally tied to a mass movement) that considers individual and other societal interests subordinate to the interests of the state. ... Look up thug in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Restitution is the name given to a form of legal relief in which the plaintiff recovers something from the defendant that belongs, or should belong, to the plaintiff. ...


Response

The Christian Science Monitor reports that the Operation Backfire indictments have elicited concern, from activists, that authorities have "cracked the super-secrecy of ALF and ELF".[35] Alternative media organizations have condemned the arrests, some calling them a "witch hunt", "aimed at disrupting and discrediting political movements".[36] Activists, maintaining the Red Scare allusion, claim the operations are "fishing expedition[s]" carried out "in the midst of 9/11 McCarthyism.[37] The FBI disputes these claims, Director Robert Mueller claiming the agency takes action "only when volatile talk crosses the line into violence and criminal activity."[38] The Christian Science Monitor (CSM) is an international newspaper published daily, Monday through Friday. ... Alternative media are defined most broadly as those media practices falling outside the mainstreams of corporate communication. ... 1533 account of the execution of a witch charged with burning the town of Schiltach in 1531. ... Activism, in a general sense, can be described as intentional action to bring about social or political change. ... Allusion is a figure of speech, in which one refers covertly or indirectly to an object or circumstance that has occurred or existed in an external content. ... The date that commonly refers to the attacks on United States citizens on September 11, 2001 (see the September 11, 2001 Attacks). ... A 1947 comic book published by the Catechetical Guild Educational Society warning of the dangers of a Communist takeover. ... Robert Swan Mueller III (born August 7, 1944) is the current Director of the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation. ...


References

  1. ^ http://www.fbi.gov/congress/congress02/jarboe021202.htm
  2. ^ http://www.geocities.com/kk_abacus/naelp2.html
  3. ^ http://www.fbi.gov/page2/jan06/elf012006.htm
  4. ^ http://arizona.indymedia.org/news/2006/02/36924.php
  5. ^ http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/localnews/2002672354_webecoterrorism08.html
  6. ^ http://www.fbiwitchhunt.com/Eugene.html
  7. ^ http://portland.indymedia.org/en/2006/01/332266.shtml
  8. ^ http://www.fbi.gov/page2/jan06/elf012006.htm
  9. ^ http://prfamerica.org/EarthLiberationFrontNo1onFBIList.html
  10. ^ http://portland.indymedia.org/en/2006/01/332266.shtml
  11. ^ http://www.thestranger.com/seattle/Content?oid=29472
  12. ^ http://www.mediaisland.org/modules.php?op=modload&name=News&file=article&sid=712&mode=thread&order=0&thold=0
  13. ^ http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/localnews/2002901176_uwarson31m.html
  14. ^ http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20060407/ap_on_re_us/horses_arson_1
  15. ^ http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/localnews/2003289715_uwfire05m.html
  16. ^ http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/local/242381_fire27.html
  17. ^ http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/localnews/2002688656_mcdonalds17m.html
  18. ^ http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/localnews/2002688656_mcdonalds17m.html
  19. ^ http://supportpeter.com/pipermail/updates_supportpeter.com/2005-December/000019.html
  20. ^ http://www.auburnjournal.com/articles/2006/01/18/news/top_stories/03elf.txt
  21. ^ http://www.splcenter.org/intel/intelreport/article.jsp?aid=608
  22. ^ http://static.kovr.viacomlocalnetworks.com/%7Ekovr/affidavit.pdf
  23. ^ http://portland.indymedia.org/en/2006/01/332735.shtml
  24. ^ http://miami.indymedia.org/uploads/2005/06/image032.jpg
  25. ^ http://community.livejournal.com/anarchists/1483825.html#cutid1
  26. ^ http://sandiego.fbi.gov/dojpressrel/pressrel06/sd022206.htm
  27. ^ http://www.signonsandiego.com/news/metro/20060223-9999-1m23rod.html
  28. ^ http://www.nzherald.co.nz/section/story.cfm?c_id=2&ObjectID=10370129
  29. ^ http://www.fbiwitchhunt.com/SD2-23-06.html
  30. ^ http://bombsandshields.blogspot.com/2006/02/photo-of-rod-coronado-originally.html
  31. ^ http://www.indybay.org/news/2006/03/1805982.php
  32. ^ http://www.theregister.co.uk/2006/03/03/animal_rights_convictions/
  33. ^ http://www.americanchronicle.com/articles/viewArticle.asp?articleID=6534
  34. ^ http://rochester.indymedia.org/newswire/display/19013/index.php
  35. ^ http://www.csmonitor.com/2006/0130/p20s01-sten.html
  36. ^ http://www.indymedia.org/en/2006/01/831928.shtml
  37. ^ http://www.indybay.org/news/2006/01/1796923.php
  38. ^ http://www.fbi.gov/pressrel/speeches/mueller012006.htm

See also

Eco-terrorism is defined by the Federal Bureau of Investigations Domestic Terrorism Section as the use or threatened use of violence of a criminal nature against innocent victims or property by an environmentally-oriented, subnational group for environmental-political reasons, or aimed at an audience beyond the target, often... The symbol of Earth First!: a Monkey wrench and stone hammer Earth First! is a radical environmentalist organization[1] that emerged in the USA, in the great southwestern desert during the spring of 1980. ... Theory and practice Issues History Culture By region Lists Related Anarchism Portal Politics Portal ·        Green anarchism is a school of thought within anarchism which puts an emphasis on the environment. ... A security culture is a set of customs shared by a community whose members may engage in illegal activities, the practice of which minimizes the risks of such activities. ... Bill Rodgers a. ... Darren Thurston Darren Thurston is a well-known Canadian activist with a long history of involvement in animal rights, social justice and environmental issues. ... Jeff Free Luers is an anarchist and environmental activist from Eugene, Oregon currently serving a twenty-two year prison sentence for arson. ... Daniel McGowan 2004 Daniel McGowan is a left-wing extremist that was arrested and charged in federal court on multiple counts of arson and conspiracy, relating to the arson of Superior Lumber company in Glendale, Oregon on January 2, 2001 and Jefferson Poplar Farms in Clatskanie, Oregon on May 21... Craig Rosebraugh is an environmental activist who has been associated with the Earth Liberation Front (ELF) and the Animal Liberation Front (ALF), and who has served as a spokesman for both groups press office. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Peta can refer to: Peta (prefix), a prefix meaning times 1015 in the International System of Units People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), an animal-rights organization People Eating Tasty Animals, a parody of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals Peta, Greece, a town in the prefecture...

External links

  • GreenScare.org
  • Green Is the New Red
  • Portland Indymedia Green Scare Page
  • FBI's Operation Backfire

 
 

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