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Encyclopedia > Greek primordial gods
Greek deities
series
Titans and Olympians
Aquatic deities
Chthonic deities
Personified concepts
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Primordial deities

The ancient Greeks proposed many different ideas about the primordial gods in their mythology. The many theogonies constructed by Greek poets each give a different account of which gods came first. Greek mythology comprises the collected legends of Greek gods, goddesses, heroes, and heroines, originally created and spread within an oral-poetic tradition. ... In Greek mythology, the Titans (Greek Τιτάν, plural Τιτᾶνες) are among a series of gods who oppose Zeus and the Olympian gods in their ascent to power. ... The Twelve Olympians, in Greek mythology, were the principal gods of the Greek pantheon, residing atop Mount Olympus. ... The ancient Greeks had a large number of sea gods. ... In mythology chthonic (from Greek χθονιος-pertaining to the earth; earthy) designates, or pertains to, gods or spirits of the underworld, especially in Greek mythology. ... For other uses see Muse (disambiguation). ... Asclepius (Greek also rendered Aesculapius in Latin and transliterated Asklepios) was the god of medicine and healing in ancient Greek mythology, according to which he was born a mortal but was given immortality as the constellation Ophiuchus after his death. ... In Greek mythology, Chaos or Khaos is the primeval state of existence from which the first gods appeared. ... Aether (upper air), in Greek mythology, was the personification of the upper sky, space and heaven. ... Image:Titans gaia. ... Ouranos is the Greek name of the sky, latinized as Uranus. ... In Greek mythology, Eros was the god responsible for lust, love, and sex; he was also worshipped as a fertility deity. ... In Greek mythology, Erebus, or Érebos was a primordial god, personification of darkness, offspring of Chaos alone. ... This article is about the Greek goddess. ... In Greek mythology, Tartarus, or Tartaros, is both a deity and a place in the underworld - even lower than Hades. ... Greek mythology comprises the collected legends of Greek gods, goddesses, heroes, and heroines, originally created and spread within an oral-poetic tradition. ... Theogony is a poem by Hesiod describing the origins of the gods of Greek mythology. ...

  • In Homer, Ocean and Tethys are the parents of all the gods.
  • In Hesiod, Chaos ("void", "gap") stands at the beginning, followed by Gaia, Eros, Night, Uranus, and then Aether, respectively.
  • Orphic poetry made Night the first principle. Night is also the first deity in Aristophanes's Birds, producing Eros from an egg.
  • Alcman made the water-nymph Thetis the first goddess, producing poros "path", tekmor "marker" and skotos "darkness" on the pathless, featureless void.

Greek philosophers and thinkers also constructed their own cosmogonies, with their own primordial gods: Bust of Homer in the British Museum For other uses, see Homer (disambiguation). ... Oceanus or Okeanos refers to the ocean, which the Greeks and Romans regarded as a river circling the world. ... In Greek mythology, Tethys was a Titaness and sea goddess who was both sister and wife of Oceanus. ... Hesiod (Hesiodos) was an early Greek poet and rhapsode, believed to have lived around the year 700 BCE. From the 5th century BCE, literary historians have debated the priority of Hesiod or of Homer. ... In Greek mythology, Chaos or Khaos is the primeval state of existence from which the first gods appeared. ... Image:Titans gaia. ... In Greek mythology, Eros was the god responsible for lust, love, and sex; he was also worshipped as a fertility deity. ... This article is about the Greek goddess. ... Ouranos is the Greek name of the sky, latinized as Uranus. ... Aether (upper air), in Greek mythology, was the personification of the upper sky, space and heaven. ... The head of Orpheus, from an 1865 painting by Gustave Moreau. ... This article is about the Greek goddess. ... This article is about the Greek goddess. ... A bust of Aristophanes Aristophanes (c. ... Alcman or Alcmaeon (the former being the Doric form of the name), the founder of Doric lyric poetry, to whom was assigned the first place among the nine lyric poets of Greece in the Alexandrian canon, flourished in the latter half of the 7th century BC. He was a Lydian... This article is about the Greek sea nymph. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Greek mythology - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3042 words)
A Greek deity's epithet may reflect a particular aspect of that god's role, as Apollo Musagetes is " Apollo, [as] leader of the Muses." Alternatively the epithet may identify a particular and localized aspect of the god, sometimes already ancient during the classical epoch of Greece.
It extends from the horrific crimes of the early gods and the bloody wars of Troy and Thebes, to the childhood pranks of Hermes and the touching grief of Demeter for Persephone.
Kerenyi, Karl, The Gods of the Greeks 1951.
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