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Encyclopedia > Greater Sudbury
Greater Sudbury, Ontario
Grand-Sudbury, Ontario

Flag

Coat of arms
Nickname: The Nickel City
Motto: Aedificemus
(Latin for "Come, let us build together")
Coordinates: 46°29′24″N 81°00′36″W / 46.49, -81.01
Country Canada
Province Ontario
Established 1893 (as Sudbury)
  2001 (as Greater Sudbury)
Government
 - Mayor John Rodriguez
 - Governing Body Greater Sudbury City Council
 - MPs Raymond Bonin (LPC), Diane Marleau (LPC)
 - MPPs Rick Bartolucci (OLP), Shelley Martel (NDP)
Area
 - City 3,200 km²  (1,235.5 sq mi)
Elevation 347.5 m (1,140 ft)
Population (2006)[1]
 - City 157,857
 - Density 49.3/km² (127.7/sq mi)
 - Urban 106,612
 - Metro 158,258
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Postal code span P3(A-G), P3L, P3N, P3P, P3Y, P0M
Area code(s) 705
Metropolitan area rank: 24th in Canada
Municipal rank: 29th in Canada
Website: City of Greater Sudbury

Greater Sudbury (2006 census population 157,857) is a city in Northern Ontario, Canada. Greater Sudbury was created in 2001 by amalgamating the cities and towns of the former Regional Municipality of Sudbury, along with several previously unincorporated geographic townships. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This work is copyrighted. ... This article or section seems to contain too many examples (or of a poor quality) for an encyclopedia entry. ... A motto (from Italian) is a phrase or a short list of words meant formally to describe the general motivation or intention of an entity, social group, or organization. ... For other uses, see Latin (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... Canada consists of ten provinces and three territories. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman - Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 106 - Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area [1] Ranked... This is a list of mayors of Sudbury, Ontario, including the suburban communities that were amalgamated with Sudbury to create the city of Greater Sudbury on January 1, 2001. ... This article is about a politician. ... Greater Sudbury City Council is the governing body of the City of Greater Sudbury, Ontario, Canada. ... The House of Commons (French: Chambre des communes) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the Senate. ... Raymond C. Bonin Raymond C. Bonin (born November 20, 1942) is a Canadian politician. ... The Liberal Party of Canada (French: ), colloquially known as the Grits (originally Clear Grits), is a Canadian federal political party. ... Diane Marleau, PC , MP (born June 21, 1943 in Kirkland Lake, Ontario) is a Canadian politician. ... The Liberal Party of Canada (French: ), colloquially known as the Grits (originally Clear Grits), is a Canadian federal political party. ... A Legislative Assembly in some parts of the Commonwealth refers to a legislature, or a chamber of the legislature. ... Rick Bartolucci (born October 10, 1943 in Sudbury, Ontario) is a Liberal member of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario representing the Sudbury riding. ... The Ontario Liberal Party is a center-right provincial political party in the province of Ontario, Canada. ... Ontario NDP MPP Shelley Martel Shelley Martel (born April 8, 1963 in Sudbury, Ontario) is a politician in Ontario, Canada. ... The Ontario New Democratic Party (formerly known as the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation, Ontario Section) is a social democratic political party in Ontario, Canada. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... ‹ The template below (Unit of length) is being considered for deletion. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Crowded Shibuya, Tokyo shopping district An urban area is an area with an increased density of human-created structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Metronome, a public art installation showing the time in New York City The Eastern Time Zone (ET) of the Western Hemisphere falls mostly along the east coast of Northern America and the west coast of South America. ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Eastern Daylight Time or EDT is equal to: In North America, Eastern Standard Time + 1, or UTC − 4 hours. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Area code 705 (1-705) includes most of Northeastern Ontario and Central Ontario. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The table below lists the 100 largest metropolitan areas in Canada by population, using data from the Canada 2001 Census[1] and the Canada 2006 Census. ... The table below lists the 100 largest municipalities in Canada by population, using data from the Canada 2006 census for census subdivisions. ... 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... Northern Ontario is the part of the province of Ontario, Canada, which lies north of Lake Huron, Georgian Bay, the French River and Lake Nipissing. ... The Regional Municipality of Sudbury was a Regional Municipality in Ontario, Canada, which existed from 1973 to 2000. ...


It is the largest city in Northern Ontario in population, and the 24th largest metropolitan area in Canada. In land area, it is now the largest city in Ontario, the seventh largest municipality in Canada, and the largest municipality in English Canada legally designated as a city. This is a list of the 100 largest cities and towns (see note) in Canada ranked by area. ...


Greater Sudbury is one of only five cities in Ontario — the others are Toronto, Ottawa, Hamilton and Kawartha Lakes — which constitute their own independent census divisions, and are not part of any district, county or regional municipality. This article is about the capital city of Canada. ... Motto: Together Aspire - Together Achieve Location in the province of Ontario, Canada Coordinates: , Country Canada Province Ontario Incorporated June 9, 1846[1] Government  - Mayor Fred Eisenberger  - City Council Hamilton City Council  - Representatives 5 MPs and 5 MPPs Area [2]  - City 1,138. ... Location of Kawartha Lakes in Ontario The City of Kawartha Lakes is a city in east-central Ontario, Canada. ... Outline map of Canadas Census Divisions in 2001 Note: This page refers only to subdivisions in Canada. ... Local government areas called districts are used, or have been used, in several countries. ... A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ... A regional municipality (or region) is a type of Canadian municipal government which works much like a county; the method of government depends on how it is defined. ...


It is also the only city in Ontario which has two official names — its name in French is Grand-Sudbury. Unlike designations such as Greater Toronto or Greater Montreal, the name "Greater Sudbury" refers to a single city, not a conurbation of independent municipalities. However, the name Sudbury, without its official modifiers, is still the more common name for the city in everyday usage. A map of Torontos Census Metropolitan Area, which contains a large portion of the Greater Toronto Area. ... The Greater Montreal Area is a term used to describe either the Montreal, Quebec, Canada Census Metropolitan Area or the Montreal Metropolitan Community (French: Communauté métropolitaine de Montréal) The CMA is defined by Statistics Canada while the Montreal Metropolitan Community is a level of government in Quebec, and...


The city's Census Metropolitan Area consists of the city proper and the First Nations reserves of Whitefish Lake and Wanapitei, and had a population of 158,258 in the 2006 census. Informally, some residents of the area may also consider the metropolitan area to include the towns of Markstay-Warren, St.-Charles and French River, a region commonly known as Sudbury East. A census metropolitan area, or CMA is a Canadian census subdivision comprising a large urban area (known as the urban core) and adjacent areas (known as urban and rural fringes) that have a high degree of social and economic integration with the urban core. ... In Canada, an Indian reserve is specified by the Indian Act as a tract of land, the legal title to which is vested in Her Majesty, that has been set apart by Her Majesty for the use and benefit of a band. ... Whitefish Lake First Nation is an Ojibwa reserve in Ontario. ... Wanapitei 11 is an Indian reserve in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... Markstay-Warren is a town in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... St. ... For alternate meanings, see French River, Ontario The Municipality of French River is a town in the Canadian province of Ontario, in the Sudbury District. ... Sudbury East was a provincial electoral riding in the Canadian province of Ontario, which existed from 1967 to 1999. ...

Contents

History

Originally named Sainte-Anne-des-Pins ("St. Anne of the Pines"), the community started as a small lumber camp in McKim township. During construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway in 1883, blasting and excavation revealed high concentrations of nickel-copper ore at Murray Mine on the edge of the Sudbury Basin. The term township generally means the district or area associated with a town. ... An eastbound CPR freight at Stoney Creek Bridge in Rogers Pass. ... For other uses, see Nickel (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Copper (disambiguation). ... Iron ore (Banded iron formation) Manganese ore Lead ore Gold ore An ore is a volume of rock containing components or minerals in a mode of occurrence which renders it valuable for mining. ... Murray Mine is a defunct nickel and copper mine in Greater Sudbury, Ontario. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


Earlier, in 1856, provincial land surveyor Albert Salter had located magnetic abnormalities in the area that were strongly suggestive of mineral deposits, although his discovery aroused little attention because the area was remote and inaccessible at that time. However, the railway construction made mineral prospecting in the area more economically feasible, and thus the community, renamed Sudbury in honour of the CPR commissioner's wife's hometown in England, grew rapidly as a mining town. Sudbury was incorporated as a town in 1893, and as a city in 1930. The town's first mayor was Stephen Fournier. Sudbury is a small, ancient market town in the county of Suffolk, England, on the River Stour, 15 miles from Colchester and 60 miles from London. ... Jean-Étienne (Stephen) Fournier (1852-1919) was a Canadian politician, who served as the first mayor of Sudbury, Ontario. ...


Through the decades that followed, Sudbury's economy went through boom and bust cycles as world demand for nickel rose and fell. Demand was high during the First World War, when Sudbury-mined nickel was used extensively in the manufacture of artillery in Sheffield, England. It bottomed out when the war ended, rose again in the mid-1920s, then fell as the Great Depression hit, and rose again during the Second World War. The Frood Mine alone accounted for 40 per cent of all the nickel used in Allied artillery production during the war. After the end of that war, however, Sudbury was in a good position to supply nickel to the United States government when it decided to stockpile non-Soviet supplies during the Cold War. “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Sheffield is a city and metropolitan borough in South Yorkshire, England. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... Frood Mine is a nickel mine in Greater Sudbury, Ontario. ... Look up ally in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Artillery (disambiguation). ... Soviet redirects here. ... For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ...


In 1940, Sudbury became the first city in Canada to install parking meters. A traditional style parking meter A parking meter is a device used to collect money in exchange for the right to park a vehicle in a particular place for a limited amount of time. ...


In the 1950s and 60s, Sudbury was beset by extensive labour unrest, as Inco and Falconbridge employees not only fought their companies for the right to unionize, but also fought amongst themselves as to what union would represent them. For the nickel-based alloys, see Inconel. ... Falconbridge Limited is Toronto, Ontario based resource company involved in the exploration, mining, processing and marketing of metal and mineral products including nickel, copper, cobalt and platinum. ...

Banner welcoming wartime hardrock miners, c. October 5, 1942

Both the Mine, Mill and Smelter Workers and the United Steelworkers of America had support among Sudbury miners, and there were often riots in the streets as the rival factions confronted each other. Ultimately, the two unions settled into an uneasy truce, with Mine Mill winning the right to unionize Falconbridge, and the Steelworkers winning the right to unionize Inco. Banner in Sudbury, Ontario, circa 5 October 1942 welcoming hardrock miners. ... Banner in Sudbury, Ontario, circa 5 October 1942 welcoming hardrock miners. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Underground hard rock mining refers to various underground mining techniques used to excavate hard minerals such as those containing metals like gold, copper, zinc, nickel and lead or gems such as diamonds. ... is the 278th day of the year (279th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Western Federation of Miners famous flyer entitled Is Colorado in America? The Western Federation of Miners (WFM) was a radical labor union that gained a reputation for militancy in the mine fields of the western United States. ... The United Steel Workers of America (USWA) claims over 1. ...


In February 1956, the Mine Mill held its Canadian convention, which was particularly notable for being the first non-U.S. concert given by Paul Robeson after the United States government instituted its travel ban against him. The same year, the city approved a natural gas contract with Northern Ontario Natural Gas — the city's mayor at the time, Leo Landreville, was later forced to resign from the Supreme Court of Ontario bench after allegations that he had received stock favours in exchange for the contract. Paul LeRoy Bustill Robeson (April 9, 1898 – January 23, 1976) was a multi-lingual American actor, athlete, bass-baritone concert singer, writer, civil rights activist, Communist sympathizer, Spingarn Medal winner, and Lenin Peace Prize laureate. ... For other uses, see Natural gas (disambiguation). ... Northern Ontario Natural Gas was a natural gas company in Canada in the 1950s and 1960s, which was involved in a stock trading scandal that implicated Supreme Court of Ontario judge Leo Landreville and three members of Premier Leslie Frosts cabinet. ... Leo Landreville (1910 - 1996) was a Canadian politician and lawyer, who served as mayor of Sudbury, Ontario in 1955 and 1956 before being appointed to the Supreme Court of Ontario as a judge. ... The Ontario Court of Appeal is headquartered in downtown Toronto, in historic Osgoode Hall. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


On August 20, 1970, a tornado struck the city and its suburbs, killing six people and remaining the eighth deadliest tornado in Canadian history. is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... On August 20, 1970, an F3 tornado hit the Canadian city of Sudbury, Ontario. ...


In 1973, the city and its suburban communities were reorganized into the Regional Municipality of Sudbury. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Labour issues would continue to be Sudbury's dominant economic challenge. In 1978, Inco workers embarked on a strike over production and employment cutbacks, which lasted for nine full months. As Inco was by this time Sudbury's largest employer, the strike decimated Sudbury's economy. When the strike finally ended in 1979, the city's government recognized the urgent need to diversify the city's economy. Through an aggressive strategy, the city tried to attract new employers and industries through the 1980s and 1990s. Today mining remains an important industry, but Sudbury also derives economic strength as a centre of commerce, government, tourism and science and technology research. Although Inco remains the city's largest single employer, the mining industry is no longer the city's largest sector of employment.


The city's economic growth has also been hindered at times by taxation issues: because of federal corporate taxation rules pertaining to natural resources companies, Sudbury's ability to directly levy municipal taxes on Inco and Falconbridge is severely curtailed, compared to most cities whose major employers operate in other industries. As a result, unlike most cities, fully 75 per cent of Greater Sudbury's tax base comes from residential property taxes. [1] Prior to the creation of the Regional Municipality of Sudbury in 1973, the city could not in fact levy any taxes against the mining companies at all, a fact which sometimes left the city without a sufficient tax base to adequately maintain or improve municipal services. Concurrently with the creation of the Regional Municipality, the city was given the power to levy property taxes on the companies' surface operations, but not on underground facilities. This change improved the city's tax base somewhat, but the ongoing discrepancy has still been cited as a factor in municipal politics as recently as the 2006 municipal election. The Greater Sudbury municipal election, 2006 will be held in the city of Greater Sudbury, Ontario, Canada on November 13, 2006. ...


The former regional municipality was amalgamated in 2001 into the single-tier city of Greater Sudbury. In 2006, there was renewed debate on the municipal amalgamation. The former town of Rayside-Balfour, and many of its residents, are unhappy with their position in the city, and lobbied for a deamalgamation referendum during the 2006 municipal election. City council refused to endorse such a referendum, although even with the council's endorsement a vote would still have to be approved by the provincial Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing. In 2006, then-Mayor David Courtemanche appointed former MPP Floyd Laughren to chair an advisory committee to review and make recommendations to improve the quality of city services to the outlying communities. Laughren submitted his final report on January 10, 2007, making 34 recommendations for improvements in the city's municipal ward structure, communications, transportation, recreation and transit services. Rayside-Balfour was a town in Ontario, Canada, which existed from 1973 to 2000. ... Elections Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) or plebiscite (from Latin plebiscita, originally a decree of the Concilium Plebis) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ... The Ministry of Municipal Affairs and Housing is responsible for municipal affairs and housing in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... David Courtemanche (born 1964) is the outgoing mayor of Greater Sudbury, Ontario. ... A Member of Provincial Parliament (MPP) is an elected member of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Ontario, Canada. ... Floyd Laughren (born October 3, 1935 in Shawville, Quebec) is a former politician in Ontario, Canada. ... January 10 is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...


Also in 2006, both of the city's major mining companies, Inco and Falconbridge, were taken over by new owners: Inco was acquired by the Brazilian company CVRD, while Falconbridge was purchased by the Swiss company Xstrata. Xstrata donated the historic Edison Building, the onetime head office of Falconbridge, to the city in 2007 to serve as the new home of the municipal archives. Companhia Vale do Rio Doce - CVRD is a global diversified mining company and is also the largest logistics operator in Brazil. ... Xstrata plc is an international mining company. ... The Edison Building is a historic building in Greater Sudbury, Ontario. ... For alternate uses see: Archive (disambiguation). ...


Government

Prior to 1973, Sudbury comprised portions of the geographic townships of Neelon and McKim. The term township generally means the district or area associated with a town. ...


In 1973, provincially-mandated restructuring of municipal government organized the city of Sudbury and surrounding towns into the Regional Municipality of Sudbury, which consisted of seven municipalities. The population figures cited next to each are for 1996, the last Canadian census before the amalgamated city came into effect: The Regional Municipality of Sudbury was a Regional Municipality in Ontario, Canada, which existed from 1973 to 2000. ... 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ...

Municipal responsibilities were distributed between the council of the Regional Municipality and the councils of the individual towns and cities. The region covered 2,607 square kilometres. Valley East was a town in Ontario, Canada, which existed from 1973 to 2000. ... Rayside-Balfour was a town in Ontario, Canada, which existed from 1973 to 2000. ... Nickel Centre was a town in Ontario, Canada, which existed from 1973 to 2000. ... Walden was a town in Ontario, Canada, which existed from 1973 to 2000. ... Onaping Falls was a town in Ontario, Canada, which existed from 1973 to 2000. ... Capreol is a community in the Ontario city of Greater Sudbury. ...


In 1979, Sudbury became the first city in Canada to install a TTY line in the mayor's office to help improve service to deaf citizens. The city also implemented a new 3-1-1 service in 2007. A telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD) is an electronic device for text communication via a telephone line, used when one or more of the parties has hearing or speech difficulties. ... The non-emergency telephone number 3-1-1 is a special N-1-1 telephone number in many communities in Canada and the United States that provides quick, easy-to-remember access to non-emergency municipal services or a Citizen Service Center. ...


The five towns and two cities of the region, as well as several unorganized townships, were amalgamated by provincial order on January 1, 2001 to become the city of Greater Sudbury. The city is headed by a council and mayor. The main municipal office is at Tom Davies Square, named for a former chair of the Regional Municipality of Sudbury. Citizen service offices, which provide an access point for public services such as license applications, are also located in some of the suburban communities, often in the libraries or former town halls of the pre-amalgamation municipalities. is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Greater Sudbury City Council is the governing body of the City of Greater Sudbury, Ontario, Canada. ... This is a list of mayors of Sudbury, Ontario, including the suburban communities that were amalgamated with Sudbury to create the city of Greater Sudbury on January 1, 2001. ... Tom Davies Square is the city hall of Greater Sudbury, Ontario. ...


The current mayor of Greater Sudbury is John Rodriguez, who defeated David Courtemanche in the 2006 municipal election. This article is about a politician. ... David Courtemanche (born 1964) is the outgoing mayor of Greater Sudbury, Ontario. ... The Greater Sudbury municipal election, 2006 will be held in the city of Greater Sudbury, Ontario, Canada on November 13, 2006. ...


The city is represented federally by Members of Parliament Diane Marleau in the Sudbury riding, and Ray Bonin in Nickel Belt. Their counterparts in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario are Rick Bartolucci in Sudbury and Shelley Martel in Nickel Belt. Members of the House of Commons in the 38th Parliament of Canada, as of November 10, 2005. ... Diane Marleau, PC , MP (born June 21, 1943 in Kirkland Lake, Ontario) is a Canadian politician. ... Sudbury is the name of a federal electoral district in Ontario, Canada. ... Raymond Bonin (born November 20, 1942 in Sudbury, Ontario) is a Canadian politician. ... Nickel Belt is an informal nickname for the Greater Sudbury region in Northern Ontario, because of the belt of nickel ore deposits found in the area. ... The Provincial Parliament of Ontario, is the legislature of the Canadian province of Ontario. ... Rick Bartolucci (born October 10, 1943 in Sudbury, Ontario) is a Liberal member of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario representing the Sudbury riding. ... Ontario NDP MPP Shelley Martel Shelley Martel (born April 8, 1963 in Sudbury, Ontario) is a politician in Ontario, Canada. ... Nickel Belt is a provincial electoral district in the Canadian province of Ontario. ...


The provincial Ministry of Northern Development and Mines has its head office in the city. The Ministry of Northern Development and Mines is responsible for the economic development of Northern Ontario, and for mining in the Canadian province of Ontario. ...


Communities

The name Greater Sudbury is almost exclusively a political designation. In common usage, the city is still generally referred to as Sudbury. The usage "Greater City of Sudbury" (rather than "City of Greater Sudbury") is also heard on occasion, but is technically incorrect.


Outside of the region, the name "Sudbury" is still commonly understood to refer only to the former city of Sudbury, with the outlying communities often believed to remain distinct from the city itself. Some of the outlying communities, for example, still retain their own distinct postal and telephone exchange codes — as of 2006, these services have still not been fully integrated into a single citywide system. Postcodes are generally clearly visible outside Australia Post offices. ... A telephone operator manually connecting calls with patch cables at a telephone switchboard. ...


In local usage, however, the name "Sudbury" is more ambiguous. It may refer either to the city as a whole or exclusively to the urban core of old Sudbury, but is at the same time rarely if ever used as a geographic disambiguator. For instance, a resident of Chelmsford would not tell their neighbour they were going shopping "in Sudbury", but rather "downtown" or "in Minnow Lake" or "in New Sudbury".


See List of communities in Greater Sudbury. This is a list of communities in Greater Sudbury, Ontario. ...


Geography

The ore deposits in Sudbury are part of a large geological structure known as the Sudbury Basin, believed to be the remnants of a 1.85-billion year old meteorite impact crater. Sudbury ore contains profitable amounts of many elements, especially transition metals, including platinum. It also contains an unusually high concentration of sulfur. When nickel-copper ore is smelted, this sulfur is released into the environment, where it is toxic to vegetation. Carried aloft, it combines with atmospheric water to form sulfuric acid. This contaminates atmospheric water, resulting in a phenomenon known as acid rain. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Willamette Meteorite A meteorite is a natural object originating in outer space that survives an impact with the Earths surface without being destroyed. ... Tycho crater on Earths moon. ... In chemistry, the term transition metal (sometimes also called a transition element) has two possible meanings: It commonly refers to any element in the d-block of the periodic table, including zinc, cadmium and mercury. ... General Name, Symbol, Number platinum, Pt, 78 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 10, 6, d Appearance grayish white Standard atomic weight 195. ... General Name, Symbol, Number sulfur, S, 16 Chemical series nonmetals Group, Period, Block 16, 3, p Appearance lemon yellow Standard atomic weight 32. ... Sulfuric (or sulphuric) acid, H2SO4, is a strong mineral acid. ... The term acid rain or more accurately acid precipitation is commonly used to mean the deposition of acidic components in rain, snow, dew, or dry particles. ...

The Inco Superstack dominates the Sudbury skyline.
The Inco Superstack dominates the Sudbury skyline.

As a result, Sudbury was widely, although not entirely accurately, known for many years as a wasteland. In parts of the city, vegetation was devastated, both by acid rain and by logging to provide fuel for early smelting techniques, as well as wood for the reconstruction of Chicago after the Great Chicago Fire of 1871. The resulting erosion exposed bedrock, which was charred in most places to a pitted, dark black appearance. There was not a complete lack of vegetation in the region, however. Paper birch and wild blueberry are notable examples of plants which thrived in the acidic soils, and even during the worst years of the city's environmental damage, not all parts of the city were equally affected. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 1156 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Greater Sudbury Inco Superstack Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 1156 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Greater Sudbury Inco Superstack Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner... The Inco Superstack from a distance of about 10 km, seen from the far side of Lake Ramsey. ... Logging is the process in which trees are cut down usually as part of a timber harvest. ... Electric phosphate smelting furnace in a TVA chemical plant (1942) Chemical reduction, or smelting, is a form of extractive metallurgy. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ... Artists rendering of the fire, by John R Chapin, originally printed in Harpers Weekly The Great Chicago Fire was a conflagration that burned from Sunday October 8 to early Tuesday October 10, 1871, killing hundreds and destroying about four square miles in Chicago, Illinois. ... Bedrock is the native consolidated rock underlying the Earths surface. ... Binomial name Betula papyrifera Marsh. ... For other uses, see Blueberry (disambiguation). ...


During the Apollo manned lunar exploration program, NASA astronauts trained in Sudbury to become familiar with shatter cones, a rare rock formation connected with meteorite impacts. However, the popular misconception that they were visiting Sudbury because it purportedly resembled the lifeless surface of the moon dogged the city for years. This article is about the series of human spaceflight missions. ... This article is about the American space agency. ... A conical fragment of rock with regular thin grooves (striae) that radiate from the top (apex) of the cone. ... This article is about Earths moon. ...


In the late 1970s, private, public, and commercial interests combined to establish an unprecedented "regreening" effort. Lime was spread over the charred soil of the Sudbury region by hand and by aircraft. Seeds of wild grasses and other vegetation were also spread. In twenty years, over three million trees were planted. The city's Nickel District Conservation Authority also operates a large conservation area, the Lake Laurentian Conservation Area, in the city's south end. The ecology of the Sudbury region has recovered dramatically, due both to the regreening program and improved mining practices. In 1992, Sudbury was one of twelve world cities given the Local Government Honours Award at the United Nations Earth Summit to honour the city's community-based environmental reclamation strategies. More recently, the city has begun to rehabilitate the slag heaps that surround the Copper Cliff smelter area, with the planting of grass and trees. Calcium oxide (CaO), commonly known as lime, quicklime or burnt lime, is a widely used chemical compound. ... Subfamilies There are 7 subfamilies: Subfamily Arundinoideae Subfamily Bambusoideae Subfamily Centothecoideae Subfamily Chloridoideae Subfamily Panicoideae Subfamily Pooideae Subfamily Stipoideae The true grasses are monocotyledonous plants (Class Liliopsida) in the Family Poaceae, also known as Gramineae. ... The Nickel District Conservation Authority is a conservation authority in Greater Sudbury, Ontario. ... A conservation area is a tract of land that has been awarded protected status in order to ensure that natural features or biota are safeguarded. ... The Lake Laurentian Conservation Area is a 2,400-acre (950-hectare) conservation area in Greater Sudbury, Ontario. ... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, also known as the Earth Summit (or, in Portuguese, Eco 92) was a major conference held in Rio de Janeiro from June 3 to June 14, 1992. ... A slag heap is a pile made of accumulated tailings, which are by-products of mining. ...


Sudbury is on the Canadian (Precambrian) Shield. With 330 lakes within its boundaries, Sudbury has more lakes than any other municipality in Canada. Among the most notable are Lake Wanapitei, the largest lake in the world completely contained within the boundaries of a single city, and Lake Ramsey, just a few kilometres south of downtown Sudbury, which held the same record before the municipal amalgamation in 2001 brought Lake Wanapitei fully inside the city limits. Canadian Shield The Canadian Shield— also called the Precambrian Shield, Laurentian Shield, Bouclier Canadien (French), or Laurentian Plateau— is a large shield covered by a thin layer of soil that forms the nucleus of the North American craton. ... The Wanapitei crater is the water-filled structure in this image that also includes the oval Sudbury crater. ... Lake Ramsey is a lake in Greater Sudbury, Ontario, located near the citys downtown core. ...


Seismic activity

On November 29, 2006, the city was hit by a minor earthquake, which registered 4.1 on the Richter scale and had its epicentre approximately five kilometres west of Lively. It is believed that the movement began on the 7200 level of Creighton Mine, as ground stress worked its way through upper and lower levels along what is called the Creighton fault. [2] No major damage was reported, although there were reports of the quake being felt as far away as Toronto. is the 333rd day of the year (334th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... An earthquake is the result of a sudden release of stored energy in the Earths crust that creates seismic waves. ... The Richter magnitude test scale (or more correctly local magnitude ML scale) assigns a single number to quantify the size of an earthquake. ... The epicenter or epicentre (ancient Greek: επίκεντρον) is the point on the Earths surface that is directly above or below the center of a localized explosive event or point of seismic energy release. ... This article is about the mine. ...


Seismologists confirmed in early December that the quake was most likely related to mining activity in the region. Mining-related seismological activity is not uncommon in the region, although it rarely causes any significant damage — in the most notable such incident, the then-outlying community of Worthington was destroyed on October 4, 1927 when a rock shift caused part of community to collapse into a mine shaft. No lives were lost in that incident, however, as a mine foreman had noticed the warning signs and successfully evacuated the community the previous evening. Similarly, on June 20, 1984, four miners at Falconbridge were killed in a rock burst which registered 3.4 on the Richter scale. Worthington is the name of both a community and a ghost town in the Canadian province of Ontario, which lie within the boundaries of the city of Greater Sudbury. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Shaft mining is a type of underground mining done by use of a mine shaft. ... is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Falconbridge, Ontario can mean the following places: Falconbridge, Middlesex County, Ontario Falconbridge, Greater Sudbury, Ontario This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... In geology, a rock burst is a spontaneous, violent fracture of rock that can occur in deep mines. ...


Small earthquakes were also reported on March 13[3] and September 20, 2005 [4]. is the 72nd day of the year (73rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Demographics

(Multiple Responses Included)

Ethnic origin Population Percent
Canadian 74,945 48.82%
French 59,580 38.81%
English 30,295 19.73%
Irish 24,910 16.22%
Scottish 21,300 13.87%
Italian 12,025 7.83%
German 10,180 6.63%

[5] The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... This article is about the country. ...


The population of Sudbury has declined slightly in recent years, due mostly to many young Sudburians moving to other parts of Canada, especially the southern cities of Ontario. In 2001, the total population of Sudbury was 155,219, a drop of 6.1 percent, comparing to the 1996 population of 165,336. Approximately 18.27 percent of the population is under 14 years of age, while those over 65 number 13.84 percent. The average is 38.9 years of age.


In the 2006 census, the city's population increased to 157,857, a growth of 1.7 per cent over 2001 but still down from 1996. Of that population, 106,612 lived in the city's urban core, while the remaining 51,245 lived in more rural communities within the city limits.


Sudbury is largely a bilingual city. Sudbury has a large Francophone population, mostly due to the vast amount of inhabitants of French origin. Some 62.3% of the population speak English as their first language, followed by French at 28.2%.[6] This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


Similar to other northern cities, the majority of residents are Christian[7]. Almost 90 percent of the population claims various Christian denominations, the vast majority being Roman Catholic: 64.58%, Protestant: 23.09%, and other Christian groups numbering 1.62%. Other religions such as Islam, Judaism, and Hinduism constitute less than one per cent. For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Hinduism (known as in modern Indian languages[1]) is a religious tradition[2] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ...


Transportation

Highway 17 is the main branch of the Trans-Canada Highway, connecting the city to points east and west. An approximately 25-kilometre (15 mile) segment of Highway 17, from Mikkola to Whitefish, is freeway. As of 2006, this segment is one of only two full freeway segments (the other being Highway 11 southeast of North Bay) in all of Northern Ontario. Highway 17 is a route of the Trans-Canada Highway through Ontario, Canada. ... The Trans-Canada Highway is a federal-provincial highway system that joins all ten provinces of Canada. ... ‹ The template below (Unit of length) is being considered for deletion. ... Interstate 80 (Eastshore Freeway) in Berkeley, California: a typical American freeway (MUTCD definition) A freeway, also known as a highway, superhighway, autoroute, autobahn, autostrada, dual carriageway, expressway, Autosnelweg or motorway, depending on the country of discussion, is a type of road designed for safer high-speed operation of motor vehicles... Typical HWY 11 sign style Ontario provincial highway 11 is one of the longest of Ontarios Kings Highways, with a current length (as of 2004) of 1 636 km (1,016 miles). ... North Bay ( , time zone EST) is a city in Northeastern Ontario, Canada (2006 population 53,966). ...


Highway 69, also a branch of the Trans-Canada Highway, leads south to Parry Sound, where it connects to the Highway 400 freeway to Toronto. Highway 400 will eventually be extended to reach Greater Sudbury; although the timetable may be subject to change, this construction is currently scheduled for completion in 2017. Highway 69 is a major north-south highway in Central and Northern Ontario, linking Sudbury with Highway 400 in Parry Sound. ... Parry Sound (population 6,500) is a town in southern Ontario, Canada, located on the eastern shore of Georgian Bay). ... The Kings Highway 400, more commonly known as Highway 400 or the 400, is a key north-south 400-Series Highway in the Canadian province of Ontario that links the city of Toronto to the central and northern sections of the province. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Diversity Our Strength Image:Toronto, Ontario Location. ...


Highway 144 leads north to Timmins. Highway 144 is a long provincial highway in the Canadian province of Ontario, linking the cities of Greater Sudbury and Timmins in the Northern Ontario region. ... Timmins, with a population of 42,997 (2006), is a city in northeastern Ontario, Canada on the Mattagami River. ...


The provincial Ministry of Transportation has announced tentative plans to extend the Highway 17 freeway east to Coniston along the Southwest and Southeast Bypasses in the mid-2010s, near the completion date of the Highway 400 construction. Studies have also been completed on the freeway segment's westerly extension as far as Espanola, although no construction timetable has been set. In the longer term, the whole highway may eventually be subsumed into Highway 417, although to date no formal project planning has taken place and that is likely decades away. Ministry of Transportation Headquarters in St. ... The Southwest Bypass east of its intersection with Long Lake Road (Municipal Road 80). ... Espanola (2006 census population 5,314) is a town in Northern Ontario, Canada. ... Highway 417 is a 400-series highway in Ontario. ...


Greater Sudbury is the only census division in Northern Ontario that maintains a system of numbered municipal roads, similar to the county road system in the southern part of the province. Municipal road signage in Greater Sudbury. ... Shields for CR 581 in Tampa, Florida. ...


The Greater Sudbury Airport is served by regional carrier lines such as Bearskin and Air Canada Jazz. Sunwing Vacations also offers direct flights out of the Greater Sudbury Airport to Orlando (Florida, USA), Varadero (Cuba), and to Cancún/Mayan Riviera (Mexico). Sudbury is also served by rail (Via Rail, with The Canadian between Toronto and Vancouver, and the Lake Superior between Sudbury and a string of smaller area communities to White River) and inter-city bus service (Greyhound Canada and Ontario Northland). The city also maintains a public transit system, Greater Sudbury Transit. Greater Sudbury Airport (ICAO identifier CYSB) is located in the city of Greater Sudbury, Ontario, approximately 20 kilometres northeast of downtown between the communities of Garson and Skead. ... Bearskin Airlines is a small Canadian airline providing regional service to various locations to and from northern Ontario and Manitoba. ... Jazz Air LP (Air Canada Jazz) is a Canadian regional airline based in the Halifax Regional Municipality, at the Halifax Stanfield International Airport in Enfield, Nova Scotia. ... Sunwing Airlines is an airline based in Canada. ... Greater Sudbury Airport (ICAO identifier CYSB) is located in the city of Greater Sudbury, Ontario, approximately 20 kilometres northeast of downtown between the communities of Garson and Skead. ... Nickname: Location in Orange County and the state of Florida. ... Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Largest metro area Miami metropolitan area Area  Ranked 22nd  - Total 65,795[1] sq mi (170,304[1] km²)  - Width 361 miles (582 km)  - Length 447 miles (721 km)  - % water 17. ... , Aerial photo of Varadero Varadero is a popular resort town in the province of Matanzas, Cuba, and one of the largest in the Caribbean. ... Giant Mexican flag in the Hotel Zone Cancún (pronounced as IPA: ) is a coastal city in Mexicos easternmost state, Quintana Roo, on the Yucatán Peninsula. ... The Mayan Riviera or Riviera Maya is one of the top touristic destinatios in Mexico. ... VIA Rails trains travelling by Highway 401 near Brockville, Ontario. ... VIA Rail Canadas The Canadian The Canadian is a Canadian transcontinental passenger train originally operated by the Canadian Pacific Railway. ... This article refers to the city in British Columbia, Canada. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... White River (population 1000), is a township located in Ontario, Canada. ... Calgary-based Greyhound Canada is a subsidiary of Naperville, Illinois-based Laidlaw International, Incorporated (formerly Laidlaw, Inc. ... A pair of ON diesels work Hearst, ON, in 2003 Ontario Northland Railway (ONR, AAR reporting marks ONT, ONTA) is a Canadian railway and provincial Crown corporation. ... A taxi serving as a bus Public transport comprises all transport systems in which the passengers do not travel in their own vehicles. ... Greater Sudbury Transit is a public transport authority that operates buses in Greater Sudbury, Ontario, Canada. ...


Education

Greater Sudbury is home to three postsecondary institutions: Laurentian University, a bilingual university, Cambrian College, an English college of applied arts and technology, and Collège Boréal, a francophone college with additional campuses throughout Northern Ontario. (Boréal does, however, offer a few trade courses in English.) Laurentian University is also home to the Sudbury campus of the Northern Ontario School of Medicine (NOSM). NOSM was the first medical school to open in Canada in 30 years, opening its doors in September 2005. Laurentian University (Université Laurentienne), founded in 1960, is a mid-sized bilingual university in Greater Sudbury, Ontario, Canada. ... Cambrian College is a College of Applied Arts and Technology in Greater Sudbury, Ontario. ... Collège Boréal is a francophone College of Applied Arts and Technology based and with its principal campus in Greater Sudbury, Ontario, Canada. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Northern Ontario School of Medicines logo. ...


English-language public schooling is provided by the Rainbow District School Board. The board operates 30 elementary and seven secondary schools throughout the city, plus one school for students with special needs and the Cecil Facer Youth Centre for young offenders. The Sudbury Catholic District School Board offers publicly-funded English-language Catholic schools, with 18 elementary schools, four high schools and an adult education centre. French-language public schools are administered by the Conseil scolaire de district du Grand Nord de l'Ontario with nine elementary and three secondary schools. Finally, the French-language catholic board is the Conseil scolaire de district catholique du Nouvel-Ontario, with 18 elementary and four secondary schools. Principal: Mary Brown Trustee: Jeanna Miller Enrolement as of October 31st, 2005: 440 full-time equivalent // Adamsdale Public School is located in the Minnow Lake neighbourhood of Greater Sudbury. ... Sudbury Catholic District School Board is a school board in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... The Conseil scolaire de district du Grand Nord de lOntario manages the French-language schools in northern Ontario. ... The Conseil scolaire de district catholique du Nouvel-Ontario is a school board in the Canadian province of Ontario. ...


There are also two Christian private schools in the city (Glad Tidings Academy and King Christian Academy), as well as a Montessori school. The Montessori method is a methodology for nursery and elementary school education, first developed by Dr. Maria Montessori. ...


Culture

The Big Nickel at Dynamic Earth in Sudbury
The Big Nickel at Dynamic Earth in Sudbury

Download high resolution version (841x623, 57 KB) Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (841x623, 57 KB) Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...

Franco-Ontarians

Approximately 30 per cent of the city's population is Franco-Ontarian, particularly in the former municipalities of Valley East and Rayside-Balfour. The city has the largest proportion of francophones to the general population of any major city in Ontario. Sudbury also has the second largest francophone community of any city in English Canada, ranking behind only Ottawa. Franco-Ontarians (French: Franco-ontarien) are French Canadian or francophone residents of the Canadian province of Ontario. ... This article is about the capital city of Canada. ...


As a result, Sudbury is a very important centre in Franco-Ontarian cultural history, and the francophone community of Sudbury has played a central role in developing and maintaining many of the cultural institutions of francophone Ontario. Those institutions include the Théâtre du Nouvel-Ontario, La Nuit sur l'étang, La Galerie du Nouvel-Ontario, Le Centre franco-ontarien de folklore and the Prise de parole publishing company. Théâtre du Nouvel-Ontario (Theatre of Northern Ontario) is a Canadian professional theatre company. ... La Nuit sur létang (The Night on the Pond) is a Canadian music festival, held annually in Greater Sudbury, Ontario. ... La Galerie du Nouvel-Ontario is an art gallery in Greater Sudbury, Ontario, Originally launched in 1974 by artists associated with the Cooperative des artistes du Nouvel-Ontario, the gallery was first established as part of La Slague, a local franco-ontarian community centre. ... Prise de parole (Take the word) is a Canadian book publishing company. ...


The Franco-Ontarian flag, as well, calls Sudbury home. It was first flown in 1975, at Laurentian University. As of 2006, it is now permanently flown at Tom Davies Square. Tom Davies Square is the city hall of Greater Sudbury, Ontario. ...


Visitor attractions

Sudbury has lent its mining heritage to two major tourist attractions: Science North, an interactive science museum built atop an ancient earthquake fault on the shore of Lake Ramsey, and Dynamic Earth, an earth sciences exhibition which is also home to the Big Nickel, one of Sudbury's most famous landmarks. A mining heritage monument also overlooks the city's Bell Park. Science North logo. ... Dynamic Earth is an interactive science museum in Greater Sudbury, Ontario, Canada. ... The Big Nickel @ Dynamic Earth in Sudbury The Big Nickel is a nine- metre (30- foot) replica of a 1951 Canadian nickel, on the grounds of Dynamic Earth in Greater Sudbury, Ontario, Canada. ... Bell Park is a large municipal park in Greater Sudbury, Ontario, located on the western shore of Lake Ramsey. ...


Another city landmark, the Inco Superstack, is the tallest freestanding chimney in the Western hemisphere. The city is also home to the Greater Sudbury Heritage Museums, a network of historical community museums. The Inco Superstack from a distance of about 10 km, seen from the far side of Lake Ramsey. ... Look up Chimney in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Greater Sudbury Heritage Museums are a network of four small community history museums in Greater Sudbury, Ontario. ...


In 2007, the city undertook a community project which saw the downtown Paris Street bridge retrofitted with 72 flagpoles, each of which will permanently display the flag of a world nation demographically represented among the population of Sudbury. Although its status has not yet been confirmed, organizers of the project submitted it to the Guinness Book of World Records for consideration as the world's longest span of flags on a bridge. The Guinness Book of Records (or in recent editions Guinness World Records, and in previous US editions Guinness Book of World Records) is a book published annually, containing an internationally recognized collection of superlatives: both in terms of human achievement and the extrema of the natural world. ...


Science and technology

Sudbury was one of the first Canadian cities to plan and implement its own digital telecommunications strategy. Beginning in 1996, the city began constructing a fibre optic network which saw over 400 kilometres of cable laid down to serve the city's business and citizen populations. In November 2005, the city was named one of the world's "Smart 21 Communities" by the Intelligent Community Forum, a worldwide project to honour technological innovation. Other named cities included Waterloo, Ottawa, Philadelphia, Dubai, Seoul, London, Manchester and Melbourne. [8] Telecommunication involves the transmission of signals over a distance for the purpose of communication. ... Fiber Optic strands An optical fiber in American English or fibre in British English is a transparent thin fiber for transmitting light. ... , Waterloo, Ontario, Canada is the smallest of the three cities in the Regional Municipality of Waterloo, and is adjacent to the larger city of Kitchener. ... This article is about the capital city of Canada. ... Nickname: City of Brotherly Love, Philly, the Quaker City Motto: Philadelphia maneto (Let brotherly love continue) Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Mayor John F. Street (D) Area    - City 369. ... Coordinates: , Emirate Government  - Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Area [1]  - Metro 4,114 km² (1,588. ... Seoul (서울)   [] is the capital of South Korea and is located on the Han River in the countrys northwest. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the City of Manchester in England. ... This article is about the Australian city; the name may also refer to City of Melbourne or Melbourne city centre. ...


The Creighton Mine site in Sudbury is the site of the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory, the lowest background radiation particle detector in the world. Artists concept of SNOs detector. ...


Sudbury hosted the International Physics Olympiad in 1997. The International Physics Olympiad (IPhO) is an annual physics competition for high school students. ...


Retail

Sudbury is one of the only cities remaining in Ontario where retail stores are still not permitted to open on Boxing Day, December 26. Instead, stores in Sudbury begin their post-Christmas Boxing Day sales on December 27. In recent years, some major chain retailers in the city have occasionally chosen to disregard the municipal bylaw, opening on December 26 and voluntarily accepting the risk of a fine. Boxing Day is a public holiday observed in many Commonwealth countries on 26 December. ... is the 360th day of the year (361st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... December 27 is the 361st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (362nd in leap years). ... is the 360th day of the year (361st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


With retail businesses in the city increasingly locating outside of the downtown core, particularly in the Four Corners, Kingsway and Lasalle Boulevard areas, the city has struggled in recent years to maintain a vibrant downtown. Recent projects have included the creation of Market Square, a farmer's and craft market, the redevelopment of the Rainbow Centre mall, streetscape beautification projects, and the creation of the Downtown Village Development Corporation, a committee of business and government representatives responsible for creating and maintaining neighbourhood improvement initiatives in the downtown core. At various times, city councillors and community groups have proposed that the city purchase the CPR stockyards west of Elgin Street in order to expand the downtown area, although to date this has not been pursued. An eastbound CPR freight at Stoney Creek Bridge in Rogers Pass. ...


Arts and theatre

The city is home to two art galleries, the Art Gallery of Sudbury and La Galerie du Nouvel-Ontario. Both are dedicated primarily to Canadian art, especially but not exclusively artists from Northern Ontario. The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City. ... The Art Gallery of Sudbury is an art gallery in Greater Sudbury, Ontario. ... La Galerie du Nouvel-Ontario is an art gallery in Greater Sudbury, Ontario, Originally launched in 1974 by artists associated with the Cooperative des artistes du Nouvel-Ontario, the gallery was first established as part of La Slague, a local franco-ontarian community centre. ...


The city has two professional theatre companies, the anglophone Sudbury Theatre Centre and the francophone Théâtre du Nouvel-Ontario. The STC has its own theatre venue downtown, while the TNO stages its productions in the auditorium at Collège Boréal. Theatre productions are also staged by students at Laurentian University's affiliated Thornloe faculty, by a community theatre company at Cambrian College, as well as by high school drama students at Sudbury Secondary School and École secondaire Macdonald-Cartier. Serge Sudeikins poster for the Bat Theatre (1922). ... The Sudbury Theatre Centre is a professional theatre company, located in Greater Sudbury, Ontario. ... Théâtre du Nouvel-Ontario (Theatre of Northern Ontario) is a Canadian professional theatre company. ... Collège Boréal is a francophone College of Applied Arts and Technology based and with its principal campus in Greater Sudbury, Ontario, Canada. ... Laurentian University (Université Laurentienne), founded in 1960, is a mid-sized bilingual university in Greater Sudbury, Ontario, Canada. ... Thorneloe University is a federated school of Laurentian University in Greater Sudbury, Ontario. ... Cambrian College is a College of Applied Arts and Technology in Greater Sudbury, Ontario. ... Sudbury Secondary School is a high school in Greater Sudbury, Ontario, Canada. ...


An annual film festival, Cinéfest, is also held in the city each September. The animated CBC Television series Chilly Beach is produced at March Entertainment's Sudbury studio. Cinéfest is an annual film festival in Greater Sudbury, Ontario. ... CBC Television is a Canadian English language television network. ... Movie Poster Chilly Beach is a Canadian animated television series, which airs on CBC Television in Canada and The Comedy Channel in Australia. ... March Entertainment is a Canadian producer of digital animated entertainment for television and the World Wide Web. ...


Music

In 2006 and 2007, community discussion has centred on the creation of a performing arts centre. Sudbury has some trouble attracting concert tours, in part because, since the demise of the Grand Theatre in the 1990s, the city lacks a suitable mid-size concert venue for bands that have outgrown the bar circuit but are not yet able to fill venues such as the Sudbury Arena. Bell Park's outdoor Grace Hartman Amphitheatre and Laurentian University's Fraser Auditorium are sometimes used for summer bookings, although neither is available year-round. Additionally, the relatively small size of the Northern Ontario market means that major touring artists will appear, if they play any venues in the region at all, at either the Sudbury Arena or Sault Ste. Marie's Steelback Centre, but not both. The Sudbury Arena is a 6,000-seat multi-purpose arena in Sudbury, Ontario Canada. ... Bell Park is a large municipal park in Greater Sudbury, Ontario, located on the western shore of Lake Ramsey. ... Laurentian University (Université Laurentienne), founded in 1960, is a mid-sized bilingual university in Greater Sudbury, Ontario, Canada. ... Nickname: Motto: Naturally Gifted Coordinates: , Country Canada Province Ontario District Algoma District Incorporated 1887 (town), 1912 (city) Government  - City Mayor John Rowswell  - Governing body The Corporation of the City of Sault Sainte Marie  - MPs Tony Martin  - MPPs David Orazietti Area  - City  276 sq mi (715 km²) Elevation  630 ft (192... The Steelback Centre or SBC is a 4,400 seat sports and entertainment centre in downtown Sault Ste. ...


Smaller touring indie rock bands, as well as some local musicians, are usually booked at The Townehouse Tavern, while local bands play a number of small music venues across the city. Indie rock is a subgenre of rock music often used to refer to bands that are on small independent record labels or that arent on labels at all. ...


The city is also home to two annual music festivals, the Northern Lights Festival Boréal and La Nuit sur l'étang. The local Sudbury Symphony Orchestra performs six annual concerts of classical music, currently staged at the city's Glad Tidings Tabernacle. A music festival is a festival oriented towards music that is sometimes presented with a theme such as musical genre, nationality or locality of musicians, or holiday. ... Northern Lights Festival Boréal is an annual folk festival in Greater Sudbury, Ontario, Canada. ... La Nuit sur létang (The Night on the Pond) is a Canadian music festival, held annually in Greater Sudbury, Ontario. ... The Sudbury Symphony Orchestra is a symphony orchestra which makes its home in the Canadian city of Greater Sudbury, Ontario. ... Classical music is a broad, somewhat imprecise term, referring to music produced in, or rooted in the traditions of, European art, ecclesiastical and concert music, encompassing a broad period from roughly 1000 to the present day. ...


Although local bands in the Sudbury area play music in a variety of genres, from rock to punk to country to heavy metal to folk to hip hop, the city's most nationally and internationally successful artists, such as Robert Paquette, Kate Maki, Nathan Lawr, Gil Grand, Kevin Closs, CANO, Jake Mathews and Chuck Labelle, have predominantly been in the country, folk and country-rock genres. Another notable Canadian country rock band, Ox, includes two musicians from Sudbury, Ryan Bishops and Mark Browning, but is currently based in Vancouver. The punk rock band Statues and the rap metal bands Project Wyze and Konflit dramatiK have also had some success. For other uses, see Rock music (disambiguation). ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... This article includes a list of works cited but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Heavy metals, in chemistry, are chemical elements of a particular range of atomic weights. ... Folk music can have a number of different meanings, including: Traditional music: The original meaning of the term folk music was synonymous with the term Traditional music, also often including World Music and Roots music; the term Traditional music was given its more specific meaning to distinguish it from the... Hip hop is a cultural movement that began amongst urban African American youth in New York and has since spread around the world. ... Robert Paquette (born 1949 in Sudbury, Ontario) is a Canadian folk singer-songwriter. ... Kate Maki is a Canadian singer-songwriter. ... Nathan Lawr is a Canadian singer-songwriter, currently fronting the band Nathan Lawr and the Minotaurs. ... Gil Grand (born January 8, 1968) is a country music singer, best known for his song Famous First Words. Gil was born Gilles Lagrander in Sudbury, Ontario, Canada. ... Kevin Closs is a Canadian singer-songwriter from Greater Sudbury, Ontario. ... CANO were a Canadian progressive rock band in the 1970s and 1980s. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Jean-Guy (Chuck) Labelle is a Canadian singer-songwriter, who is one of the most prominent Canadian performers of francophone country music. ... Ox is a Canadian alternative country band. ... For other uses, see Vancouver (disambiguation). ... Rap metal is a musical genre that takes influence from both rap music and heavy metal music. ... Project Wyze was a Canadian rapcore band active in the early 2000s. ...


LGBT community

Sudbury also has a moderately sized but active LGBT community. This community is partially fuelled by local residents, out of town students attending the city's three postsecondary institutions, as well as residents of surrounding Northern Ontario cities. Zig's, the city's prominent gay business, is the only gay bar in all of Northern Ontario. The initialism LGBT is used to refer collectively to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender people. ...


The city first held its Pride parade in 1997. The event, which takes place in August, has been held annually ever since. There was no parade in 2006 due to organizational problems, but the 2007 ten-year anniversary march was a success. Sudbury Pride is an annual LGBT pride parade and festival, held in Greater Sudbury, Ontario, Canada. ...


Sudbury in art and literature

Notable works of fiction set primarily or partially in Sudbury or its former suburbs include Bruce McDonald's film Roadkill, Paul Quarrington's novel Logan in Overtime, Robert J. Sawyer's Neanderthal Parallax trilogy, Alistair MacLeod's novel No Great Mischief, and Jean-Marc Dalpé's play 1932, la ville du nickel and his short story collection Contes sudburois. The city is also fictionalized as "Chinookville" in several books by American comedy writer Jack Douglas. Bruce McDonald (born May 28, 1959 in Kingston, Ontario) is a Canadian film and television director. ... Roadkill is a 1989 film by Canadian director Bruce McDonald. ... Paul Lewis Quarrington (born July 22, 1953) is a Canadian novelist, playwright, screenwriter, filmmaker and musician. ... Robert J. Sawyer is a Canadian science fiction writer, dubbed the dean of Canadian science fiction by the Ottawa Citizen in 1999. ... The Neanderthal Parallax is a trilogy of novels by Robert J. Sawyer. ... Cover of Island (2001). ... No Great Mischief is a 1999 novel by Alistair MacLeod. ... Jean-Marc Dalpé (born 1957 in Ottawa, Ontario) is a Canadian playwright and poet. ... Jack Douglas (April 26, 1909-February 3, 1989) was an American comedy writer. ...


One of Stompin' Tom Connors' most famous songs, "Sudbury Saturday Night", is inspired by the city and its hard rock mining image. Quebec musician Mononc' Serge also wrote a song about the city, titled "Sudbury", on his 2001 album Mon voyage au Canada. Charles Thomas Stompin Tom Connors OC (born February 9, 1936) is one of Canadas most prolific and well-known folk singers. ... Sudbury Saturday Night is one of the most famous songs by Stompin Tom Connors, which depicts the hard-drinking, hard-partying social life of hard rock miners in the Northern Ontario mining city of Sudbury. ... Mononc Serge (real name Serge Robert) is a Québécois musician who sings in French and is best known for his extremely (often exaggeratedly) vulgar lyrics and his irreverent songs making fun of local celebrities and politicians. ...


In the television show Heroes, character Eden McCain was dumped into Lake Ramsey after committing suicide. Heroes is an American Emmy Award-nominated science fiction drama television series, created by Tim Kring,[1] which premiered on NBC on September 25, 2006. ... Eden McCain, born Sarah Ellis, is a fictional character featured in the television show Heroes. ... Lake Ramsey is a lake in Greater Sudbury, Ontario, located near the citys downtown core. ...


In the 1990 film Roadkill, the main character is sent to Sudbury to track down the band Children of Paradise. Roadkill is a 1989 film by Canadian director Bruce McDonald. ...


Artist A. Y. Jackson's 1953 painting "Spring on the Onaping River" depicts a waterfall on the Onaping River between Dowling and Onaping. A scenic lookout on Highway 144 enables a view of the waterfall. The painting itself hung at Sudbury Secondary School from 1955 to 1974, when it was stolen from the school grounds shortly after Jackson's death and has never subsequently been recovered. A.Y. Jackson at work Alexander Young Jackson, CC , CMG (born October 3, 1882 in Montreal, Quebec, died April 5, 1974 in Kleinburg, Ontario) was a Canadian painter and founding member of the Group of Seven. ... Sudbury Secondary School is a high school in Greater Sudbury, Ontario, Canada. ...


In 2007, Ontario's French language public broadcaster, TFO, announced that it would produce a new comedy series, Météo Plus. The series, set to premiere in 2008, will be both produced and set in Sudbury. TFO is a French language educational public television network in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... The word comedy has a classical meaning (comical theatre) and a popular one (the use of humor with an intent to provoke laughter in general). ... Météo Plus is a Canadian television sitcom, scheduled to go into production in the fall of 2007 for broadcast on TFO, the French language public broadcaster in Ontario, in 2008. ...


Health care

Greater Sudbury serves as the health care centre for much of northeastern Ontario through the Sudbury Regional Hospital. The hospital currently has three sites: St. Joseph's Health Centre (the old Sudbury General Hospital), Sudbury Memorial, and Laurentian. Formerly three separate hospitals, the government of Ontario amalgamated the hospitals in the late 1990s under its health care restructuring agenda. The one-site care facility is still under construction at the site of Laurentian Hospital. Laurentian is also the site of the Regional Cancer Program, which treats cancer patients from across the north. In 1968, the first successful coronary artery bypass surgery in Canada was performed at Sudbury Memorial Hospital. Sudbury Regional Hospital is a hospital located in the city of Greater Sudbury, Ontario, Canada. ... Early in a coronary artery bypass surgery during vein harvesting from the legs (left of image) and the establishment of bypass (placement of the aortic cannula) (bottom of image). ...


Mental health services are also provided to the area through the Northeast Mental Health Centre.


Emergency services

Greater Sudbury is served by the Greater Sudbury Police Service, [9] headquarted in downtown Sudbury. There is also a detachment of the Ontario Provincial Police located in the McFarlane Lake area of the city's south end. The city also provides ambulance / EMS and fire services. Greater Sudbury Fire Services operates from 25 fire stations located throughout the city, with a combination of full-time and paid part-time firefighters. Prior to the municipal amalgamation of 2001, most of the suburban towns were served by separate volunteer fire departments, which were amalgamated into the current citywide service as part of the municipal restructuring. Police and EMS services, however, were provided by a single region-wide system prior to amalgamation. The Ontario Provincial Police (O.P.P.) is the provincial police force for the province of Ontario, Canada. ... A Series of Unfortunate Events by Lemony Snicket, see V.F.D.. See also the Firefighter article and its respective sections regarding VFDs in other countries. ...


Sports

The Sudbury Wolves of the Ontario Hockey League play in the city, at the Sudbury Arena. The city is also home to a harness racing track, located in Azilda, called Sudbury Downs. That facility, although not a full casino, also has slot machines. Sudbury Wolves make an entrance on home ice Sudbury Wolves, 1938 The Sudbury Wolves are a junior ice hockey team that play in the Ontario Hockey League. ... OHL All-Star Game 2006 Opening Face Off. ... The Sudbury Arena is a 6,000-seat multi-purpose arena in Sudbury, Ontario Canada. ... A trotter training at Vincennes hippodrome Harness racing is a form of horse-racing in which the horses race in a specified gait. ... Azilda is a community in the Ontario city of Greater Sudbury. ... Sudbury Downs is a harness racing track located in Greater Sudbury, Ontario, Canada, on Bonin Road near the community of Chelmsford. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Slot machines in the Trump Taj Mahal A slot machine (American English), fruit machine (British English), or poker machine (Australian English) is a certain type of casino game. ...


Laurentian University is represented in the Canadian Interuniversity Sport league by the Laurentian Voyageurs and the Laurentian Lady Vees. Cambrian College is represented in the Canadian Colleges Athletic Association by the Cambrian Golden Shield, and Collège Boréal is represented by the Boréal Vipères. High school students compete in the Sudbury District Secondary School Athletic Association (SDSSAA), which is a division of Northern Ontario Secondary School Athletics (NOSSA). CIS Logo Canadian Interuniversity Sport (CIS) is the national governing body of university sport in Canada. ... The Canadian Colleges Athletic Association (or CCAA) is the national governing body for college sports in Canada. ...


The city hosted the IAAF World Junior Championships in Athletics in 1988. Sudbury also played host to the Brier, Canada's annual men's curling championships, in 1953 and 1983, and to the 2001 Scott Tournament of Hearts, the women's curling championship. The 1988 World Junior Championships in Athletics is the 1988 version of the World Junior Championships in Athletics. ... The Tim Hortons Brier is an annual professional Canadian mens curling championship, sanctioned by the Canadian Curling Association. ... Curling is a team sport with similarities to bowls and bocce, played on a rectangular sheet of carefully prepared ice by two teams of four players each. ... The 2001 Scott Tournament of Hearts was held February 17-25 at the Sudbury Arena in Sudbury, Ontario. ...


The Sudbury Spartans football club have played in the Northern Football Conference since 1954. The team was originally known as the Hardrocks in honour of the city's mining industry. However, then coach Sid Forster believed that the name "Hardrocks" sounded too much like a street gang and the name was changed to the Spartans in 1967. This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ...


Climate

Temperature Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily Average -13.6 -11.4 -5.3 3.1 11.3 16.2 19 17.7 12.3 5.8 -1.5 -9.5 3.7
Daily Maximum -8.4 -6.1 -0.1 8.5 17.2 22 24.8 23.1 17.3 10 2 -5.1 8.8
Daily Minimum -18.6 -16.6 -10.4 -2.2 5.3 10.4 13.3 12.3 7.2 1.5 -5.1 -13.9 -1.4
Precipitation Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Rainfall(mm) 12.5 7.1 29.8 47 75.9 77.7 76.6 90.7 101.2 76.8 47.6 13.7 656.5
Snowfall(cm) 63.8 50 38.9 18.3 1.5 0 0 0 0.1 5.3 32.4 64.2 274.4
Precipitation(mm) 68.6 50.6 65.9 64.9 77.5 77.8 76.6 90.5 101.3 82.1 76.5 67.1 899.3

Weather averages are for the period from 1970 to 2000.


December 2006 was notable for a lack of lasting snow cover from mid-December to mid-January 2007. In 2006, Sudbury experienced a rare "Green Christmas".


Notable People

This list includes people from all communities who have lived, or continue to live within the current city boundaries.

Robert Adetuyi (born Sudbury, Ontario) is a Canadian screenwriter and film director. ... Stomp the Yard is a 2007 drama film produced by Rainforest Films and released through Sony Pictures Screen Gems imprint on January 12, 2007. ... Al Arbour Alger Joseph Arbour (born November 1, 1932 in Sudbury, Ontario, Canada) was a player and coach in the National Hockey League. ... Larry Aurie (February 8, 1905 in Sudbury, Ontario, Canada – Died - December 11, 1952) was a Canadian professional ice hockey Right Winger who played 11 seasons in the National Hockey League for the Detroit Cougars, Detroit Falcons and Detroit Red Wings // Aurie was known for his goal-scoring achievements and for... The Detroit Red Wings are a professional ice hockey team based in Detroit, Michigan. ... Alexander (Alex) Baumann (born April 21, 1964) is a Canadian athlete, who won two gold medals and set two world records in swimming at the 1984 Olympics in Los Angeles. ... Todd Bertuzzi (born 2 February 1975) is a Canadian professional ice hockey player in the National Hockey League (NHL) with the Anaheim Ducks. ... “NHL” redirects here. ... Hector Toe Blake (August 21, 1912 - May 17, 1995) was a Canadian ice hockey player and coach in the National Hockey League. ... The Stanley Cup The Stanley Cup (French: ) is the championship trophy of the National Hockey League (NHL), the major professional ice hockey league in Canada and the United States. ... Michel Bock, is the winner of the 2005 Governor Generals Literary Awards in the French, non fiction category. ... The nominees for the 2005 Governor Generals Awards for Literary Merit were announced on October 17. ... French (français, langue française) is one of the most important Romance languages, outnumbered in speakers only by Spanish and Portuguese. ... Joe Bowen (born April 5, 1951 in Sudbury, Ontario), is a Canadian sportscaster. ... Andrew Brunette (b. ... It is proposed that this article be deleted, because of the following concern: Non notable reality show contestant If you can address this concern by improving, copyediting, sourcing, renaming or merging the page, please edit this page and do so. ... Canadian Idol is a reality television show on the Canadian television network CTV, based on the popular British show Pop Idol and its American counterpart American Idol. ... Jeffrey Buttle (born September 1, 1982 in Smooth Rock Falls, Ontario) is a Canadian figure skater. ... Robert Campeau is a Canadian financier and real estate developer born in Chelmsford, Ontario (near Sudbury) on August 3, 1923. ... Carlyle at the 2006 NHL Awards Ceremony. ... Judith Feld Carr is a musician and humanitarian, who resides in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination... Cindy Cook with her friends from Polka Dot Door Cindy Cook (born in Sudbury, Ontario) is a Canadian childrens entertainer. ... Polka Dot Door was a childrens television series produced and broadcast by TVOntario from 1971 until 1993. ... Jean-Marc Dalpé (born 1957 in Ottawa, Ontario) is a Canadian playwright and poet. ... Since their creation in 1937, the Governor Generals Literary Awards have become one of Canadas most prestigious prizes, awarded in both French and English in seven categories: Fiction, Non-fiction, Poetry, Drama, Childrens Literature-Text, Childrens Literature-Illustration, and Translation. ... Paul Desmarais, Sr. ... Robert Dickson is a Canadian poet, translator and academic. ... The 2002 Governor Generals Awards for Literary Merit were be presented by Adrienne Clarkson, Governor General of Canada, at a ceremony at Rideau Hall on Tuesday, November 19. ... Ron Duguay (born July 6, 1957 in Sudbury, Ontario, Canada) is a retired professional ice hockey centre who played 12 seasons in the NHL between 1977 and 1989. ... Neil McGraw with Dr. Rand Dyck at 14th Annual Model Parliament, Jan. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      Political Science is the field concerning the theory and practice of politics and the description and analysis of political systems and political behaviour. ... Laurentian University (Université Laurentienne), founded in 1960, is a mid-sized bilingual university in Greater Sudbury, Ontario, Canada. ... Judith Jacobson Erola (born January 16, 1934 in Sudbury, Ontario) is a former Canadian politician, who represented the riding of Nickel Belt in the Canadian House of Commons from 1980 to 1984. ... Robert Esmie (born July 5, 1972) is a Canadian athlete, winner of the gold medal in the 4x100 m relay at the 1996 Summer Olympics. ... Michael Anthony Foligno (born January 29, 1959 in Sudbury, Ontario, Canada) is a retired professional ice hockey right winger who played in the National Hockey League for fifteen seasons from 1979-80 until 1993-94. ... Aaron Gavey (born 22 February 1974 in Sudbury, Ontario, Canada) is an ice hockey centre who currently plays for the Anaheim Mighty Ducks of the NHL. Gavey was drafted 74th overall by the Tampa Bay Lightning in the 1992 NHL Entry Draft. ... Gerald Sandford Graham (born 27 April 1903 in Sudbury, Ontario - died 5 July 1988 St Leonards-on-Sea, East Sussex was Rhodes Professor of Imperial History at Kings College, London from 1949 until his retirement in 1970. ... James Alexander (Jim) Jerome (born March 4, 1933) is a Canadian jurist and former politician and Speaker of the Canadian House of Commons. ... Current house speaker Peter Milliken In Canada the Speaker of the House of Commons (French: Président de la Chambre des communes) is the presiding officer of the lower house and is elected by fellow MPs. ... Gary Kinsman (born 1955 in Toronto, Ontario) is a Canadian sociologist. ... Sociology (from Latin: socius, companion; and the suffix -ology, the study of, from Greek λόγος, lógos, knowledge) is an academic and applied discipline that studies society and human social interaction. ... Floyd Laughren (born October 3, 1935 in Shawville, Quebec) is a former politician in Ontario, Canada. ... David John Lowry (born 14 February 1965) is a retired professional ice hockey player from Sudbury, Ontario, Canada. ... Ross McLaren is a Canadian artist and filmmaker, based in New York City. ... Bruce Mau (born October 25, 1959 in Sudbury, Ontario) is a Canadian designer. ... Stéphane (Stef) Paquette (born 1973 in Chelmsford, Ontario) is a Franco-Ontarian singer-songwriter and actor from Canada. ... Dr. Michael Persinger Dr. Michael Persinger (born June 26, 1945) is a cognitive neuroscience researcher employed at Laurentian University, Canada since 1971. ... Reg Plummer (born August 6, 1953 in Sudbury, Ontario) is a former field hockey player from Canada, who participated in two consequentive Summer Olympics for his native country, starting in 1976 in Montreal, Canada. ... Marie-Paule Charette Poulin (born June 21, 1945 in Sudbury, Ontario) is a Canadian senator. ... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The Senate of Canada (French: Le Sénat du Canada) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the House of Commons. ... The Liberal Party of Canada (French: ), colloquially known as the Grits (originally Clear Grits), is a Canadian federal political party. ... Kimberly Rogers (c. ... In justice and law, house arrest is the situation where a person is confined (by the authorities) to his or her residence. ... ... Arthur Howie Ross (January 13, 1886 - August 5, 1964) was a Canadian ice hockey executive and defenceman in the National Hockey League and its predecessor, the National Hockey Association. ... John Rutherford was a history professor in the Department of History at Laurentian University. ... Brian Savage is a Sudbury-born NHL hockey player, he became most popular playing for the Montreal Canadiens, though he was later traded to the Phoenix Coyotes and then to the St Louis Blues. ... Eddie Shack (born February 11, 1937 in Sudbury, Ontario) is a retired Canadian hockey player. ... Sandra Shamas (born 1957 in Sudbury, Ontario) is a Canadian comedic actress and writer. ... Sonja Smits (born September 8, 1958 in Ottawa Valley, Ontario, Canada) is a television actress who has played roles in many television series, including: Falcon Crest, Airwolf, Odyssey 5, The Outer Limits, Street Legal, Traders and The Eleventh Hour. ... Traders was a Canadian television drama series, which aired on Global Television Network from 1995 to 2000. ... For other meanings, see Street legal (disambiguation). ... The Eleventh Hour (debuted 2002) is a Canadian television drama series which airs weekly on CTV. The show revolves around the reporters and producers at a fictional television newsmagazine series, The Eleventh Hour. ... Patrick Henry Travers (born April 12, 1954) a native of Toronto, Ontario, Canada, is a Hendrix-influenced guitarist who began putting out albums on Polydor Records in the mid 1970s. ... Alex Trebek, with his once-iconic mustache, hosting a 1986 episode of Jeopardy! George Alexander Trebek (born as Giorgi Suka-Alex Trebek [1] on July 22, 1940) is an Emmy Award-winning Canadian-American television personality and game show host whos best known as the host of the game... “Jeopardy” redirects here. ...

Media

This is a list of media outlets in the city of Greater Sudbury, Ontario, Canada. ...

Sister cities

Image File history File links Flag_of_Belarus. ... Homel (Belarusian and Russian: Гомель, Gomeľ; Yiddish: , Homl), also known as Gomel, is the second-largest city of Belarus and the main city of Homel Province. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland. ... Kokkola (Karleby in Swedish) is a town and municipality of Finland. ...

References

  1. ^ "Liberals Declare Growth Plan for North," Sudbury Star, 18 May 2007.
  2. ^ Natural Resources Canada (29 November). Earthquake Report (2006-11-29) (HTML). Retrieved on 2006-09-05.
  3. ^ Natural Resources Canada (13 March). Earthquake Report (2005-03-13) (HTML). Retrieved on 2006-09-05.
  4. ^ Natural Resources Canada (21 September). Earthquake Report (2005-09-21) (HTML). Retrieved on 2006-09-05.
  5. ^ Statistics Canada (2001). Ethno-Cultural Portrate of Canada, Table 1 (HTML). Retrieved on 2007-09-05.
  6. ^ Statistics Canada (2001). 2001 Community Profile (HTML). Retrieved on 2007-09-05.
  7. ^ Statistics Canada (2001). 2001 Community Profile (HTML). Retrieved on 2007-09-05.
  8. ^ URENIO Portal: Innovation, Environments of Innovation, Intelligent Cities and Regions (HTML). Retrieved on 2007-09-06.
  9. ^ Greater Sudbury Police Service (HTML). Retrieved on 2007-09-06.

is the 333rd day of the year (334th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 72nd day of the year (73rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Weather information

Sudbury, Unorganized, North Part
Nairn and Hyman North
West  Greater Sudbury   East
South
Markstay-Warren
Whitefish Lake 6, Sudbury, Unorganized, North Part

  Results from FactBites:
 
Greater Sudbury, Ontario - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2142 words)
Sudbury was incorporated as a town in 1883, and as a city in 1930.
Prior to 1973, Sudbury comprised portions of the geographic townships of Neelon and McKim.
The ore deposits in Sudbury are part of a large geological structure known as the Sudbury Basin, believed to be the remnants of a 1.85-billion year old meteorite impact crater.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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