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Encyclopedia > Greater Poland Uprising (1806)
Greater Poland Uprising of 1806
Part of the War of the Fourth Coalition
Date November 1806
Location Greater Poland
Result Decisive French and Polish victory
Combatants
First French Empire.
Polish insurgents
Kingdom of Prussia
Commanders
Napoleon I,
Jan Henryk Dąbrowski,
Józef Poniatowski
Frederick William III
Strength
 ? French soliders
ca. 23.000 Polish soliders
? pospolite ruszenie
 ?
Casualties
 ?  ?
War of the Fourth Coalition
MaidaSaalfeld – Jena-Auerstadt – Greater PolandGolymin – Pułtusk – Eylau – Danzig – HeilsbergFriedland

Greater Poland Uprising of 1806 was a military insurrection by Poles in Wielkopolska (Greater Poland) against the occupying Prussian forces after the Partitions of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (1772–1793). In the Napoleonic Wars, the Fourth Coalition was an alliance organized against Napoleons French Empire in 1806–1807. ... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Voivodship wielkopolskie since 1999 Coat of Arms for voivodship wielkopolskie Greater Poland (also Great Poland; Polish: , German: Großpolen, Latin: Polonia Maior) is a historical region of west-central Poland. ... Map of the First French Empire in 1811, with the Empire in dark blue and sattelite states in light blue Capital Paris Language(s) French Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1804-1814/1815 Napoleon I Napoleon II Legislature Parliament  - Upper house Senate  - Lower house Corps législatif History  - French Consulate  - Established 18... Location Official languages Polish Established church Roman Catholic Capital Warsaw Largest City Warsaw Head of state Duke of Warsaw Area about 155,000 km² Population about 4. ... Flag of Prussia (1894 - 1918) The Kingdom of Prussia existed from 1701 until 1918, and from 1871 was the leading kingdom of the German Empire, comprising in its last form almost two-thirds of the area of the Empire. ... Napoléon I, Emperor of the French (born Napoleone di Buonaparte, changed his name to Napoléon Bonaparte)[1] (15 August 1769; Ajaccio, Corsica – 5 May 1821; Saint Helena) was a general during the French Revolution, the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from... Jan Henryk Dabrowski Jan Henryk DÄ…browski (b. ... Noble Family Poniatowski Coat of Arms CioÅ‚ek Parents Andrzej Poniatowski Maria Teresa Kinsky Consorts Zelia SitaÅ„ska Zofia Potocka Children with Zelia SitaÅ„ska: Józef SzczÄ™sny Poniatowski; with Zofia Potocka: Karol Józef Poniatowski. ... Frederick William III (German: , August 3, 1770 – June 7, 1840) was king of Prussia from 1797 to 1840. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with levée en masse. ... Combatants Kingdom of Prussia Russian Empire United Kingdom Sweden Electorate of Saxony Kingdom of Sicily First French Empire: - Kingdom of Italy - Kingdom of Naples - Kingdom of Holland - Kingdom of Etruria - Confederation of the Rhine - Swiss Confederation - Polish insurgents Kingdom of Spain Commanders Duke of Brunswick Prince of Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen Count... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Maida. ... The Battle of Saafeld took place on October 10, 1806, between 7,000 Prussians under Prince Louis of Prussia and a division of Lannes corps under the Marshal himself. ... Combatants First French Empire Prussia Commanders Napoleon I Louis Nicolas Davout Duke of Brunswick Prince Hohenlohe Strength 90,000 (Jena); 27,000 (Auerstedt) 38,000 (Jena); 63,000 (Auerstedt) Casualties 5,000 dead and wounded (Jena); 7,000 killed, wounded, or missing (Auerstedt) 25,000 dead, wounded, or captured (Jena... Combatants France Russia Commanders Marshal Murat General Golitsyn Strength 38,000 soldiers [1] 16,000-18,000 soldiers, 28 guns[2] Casualties 700 750 The Battle of Golymin took place on 26 December 1806 during the Napoleonic Wars at Golymin, Poland, between around 17,000 Russian soldiers with 28 guns... The Battle of PuÅ‚tusk took place on December 26, 1806 during the Napoleonic Wars near PuÅ‚tusk, Poland, between 60,000 Russian soldiers with 120 guns under General Bennigsen and 35,000 French soldiers under Marshal Lannes. ... The Battle of Eylau, fought on February 7–8, 1807, was a bloody and inconclusive contest between the forces of Napoléon and a mostly Russian army under General Bennigsen. ... The Battle of Heilsberg took place in 1807, during the Napoleonic Wars. ... Combatants First French Empire Russian Empire Commanders Napoléon Bonaparte General Bennigsen Strength 80,000 60,000 Casualties 8,000 killed and wounded[1] 20,000 killed and wounded[2] The Battle of Friedland, fought on June 14, 1807 about twenty-seven miles (43 km) southeast of the modern Russian... Greater Poland (also Great Poland; Polish: Wielkopolska, German: Grosspolen, Latin: Polonia Maior) is one of the historical regions of Poland. ... Motto: Suum cuique Latin: To each his own Prussia at its peak, as leading state of the German Empire Capital Königsberg, later Berlin Political structure Duchy, Kingdom, Republic Duke1  - 1525–68 Albert I  - 1688–1701 Frederick III King1  - 1701–13 Frederick I  - 1888–1918 William II Prime Minister1,2... The Partitions of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (Polish: Rozbiór Polski or Rozbiory Polski; Lithuanian: Lietuvos-Lenkijos padalijimai, Belarusian: Падзелы Рэчы Паспалітай) took place in the 18th century and ended the existence of the sovereign Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. ...


The 1806 Greater Poland Uprising was organized by General Jan Henryk Dąbrowski to help advancing French forces under Napoleon I in liberating Poland from Prussian occupation. The Wielkopolska Uprising was a decisive factor that allowed the formation of the Duchy of Warsaw (1806) and the inclusion of Wielkopolska in that polity. The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... Napoléon I, Emperor of the French (born Napoleone di Buonaparte, changed his name to Napoléon Bonaparte)[1] (15 August 1769; Ajaccio, Corsica – 5 May 1821; Saint Helena) was a general during the French Revolution, the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from... Location Official languages Polish Established church Roman Catholic Capital Warsaw Largest City Warsaw Head of state Duke of Warsaw Area about 155,000 km² Population about 4. ... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Greater Poland (also Great Poland; Polish: Wielkopolska, German: Grosspolen, Latin: Polonia Maior) is one of the historical regions of Poland. ...


It was one of the two most sucessful (entirely victorious) uprisings in the history of Poland, in addition to the Greater Poland Uprising of 1918-1919. Over the past millennium, the territory ruled by Poland has shifted and varied greatly. ... Soldiers of the Greater Polish Army The Greater Poland Uprising of 1918–1919, or Wielkopolska Uprising of 1918–1919 (Polish: powstanie wielkopolskie 1918–19 roku; German: Großpolnischer Aufstand) or Posnanian War was a military insurrection of Poles in the Greater Poland (also called the Grand Duchy of Poznań or... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ...

Contents

Historical background

The War of the Fourth Coalition between napoleonic France and Kingdom of Prussia gave hope to the Polish inhabitants of Greater Poland of recovering their independance. Combatants Kingdom of Prussia Russian Empire United Kingdom Sweden Electorate of Saxony Kingdom of Sicily First French Empire: - Kingdom of Italy - Kingdom of Naples - Kingdom of Holland - Kingdom of Etruria - Confederation of the Rhine - Swiss Confederation - Polish insurgents Kingdom of Spain Commanders Duke of Brunswick Prince of Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen Count... Flag of Prussia (1894 - 1918) The Kingdom of Prussia existed from 1701 until 1918, and from 1871 was the leading kingdom of the German Empire, comprising in its last form almost two-thirds of the area of the Empire. ... Voivodship wielkopolskie since 1999 Coat of Arms for voivodship wielkopolskie Greater Poland (also Great Poland; Polish: , German: Großpolen, Latin: Polonia Maior) is a historical region of west-central Poland. ...


Napoleon, counting on the benefits of gaining control over lands on the other side of Prussia, sent a group of emissaries to South Prussia to collect information about the situation in the province and the sympathies of the Polish citizens. On 20 September 1806 the emperor issued orders to form a new division from Polish deserters from the Prussian army. There were so many that two days later, Napoleon decided to form a second division. Bonaparte as general Napoleon Bonaparte ( 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a general of the French Revolution and was the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from November 11, 1799 to May 18, 1804, then as Emperor of the French (Empereur des... South Prussia (1793-1806) was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia, created in Greater Poland after the second partition of Poland (1793). ... September 20 is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years). ... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Symbol of the Polish 1st Legions Infantry Division in NATO code A division is a large military unit or formation usually consisting of around ten to twenty thousand soldiers. ...


Open conflict between France and Prussia made Prussia let only a small number of troops in Greater Poland. Moreover, a large portion of its soliders had the Polish nationality. This caused many troubles to Prussian commanders, for instance, between 1 November and 20 December, 3000 troops escaped from Toruń Corps , that means 1/7 of all soldiers. November 1 is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 60 days remaining. ... December 20 is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // ToruÅ„ ( ; German: ; Kashubian: , see also other names) is a city in northern Poland, on the Vistula River. ...


The large impact on morale of Germans and Poles contributed to the French victory at the battle of Jena-Auerstedt. Combatants First French Empire Prussia Commanders Napoleon I Louis Nicolas Davout Duke of Brunswick Prince Hohenlohe Strength 90,000 (Jena); 27,000 (Auerstedt) 38,000 (Jena); 63,000 (Auerstedt) Casualties 5,000 dead and wounded (Jena); 7,000 killed, wounded, or missing (Auerstedt) 25,000 dead, wounded, or captured (Jena...


Mission of general Dąbrowski

In order to organize a diversion on the back of Prussians, Napoleon chose General Jan Henryk Dąbrowski, who was in the same time staying in Italy. This decision was intentional. Dąbrowski was chosen for this mission because he had a great respect in Greater Poland after fights of corps that he had commanded during the uprising of 1794. Jan Henryk Dabrowski Jan Henryk DÄ…browski (b. ... The 1794 Greater Poland Uprising (Polish: powstanie wielkopolskie 1794 roku) was a military insurrection by Poles in Wielkopolska (Greater Poland) against the occupying Prussian forces after the 1793 Second Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. ... 1794 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


Napoleon send a message to Dąbrowski on 5 October 1806, and on 22 October the General met with the Emperor at Dessau. During this audience, Napoleon ordered Dąbrowski to go to Poznań and organize there regular Polish troops. After four days of preparation, Dąbrowski proposed to Emperor his plan of forming a Polish army of 40 000 soliders. To realize this plan, Dąbrowski asked to have Polish officers from other napoleonic units sent to him , and on his special request, Józef Wybicki was designated as head of civilian authorities. This group heard from Napoleon, who was already in Berlin, that "[Poles] have to deserve independence" and, when asked whether he would create a Polish State, Napoleon answered: "If I see that Poles are worth being a nation". October 5 is the 278th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (279th in leap years). ... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... October 22 is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 70 days remaining. ... Dessau is a town in Germany on the junction of the rivers Mulde and Elbe, in the Bundesland (Federal State) of Saxony-Anhalt. ... PoznaÅ„ ( ; full official name: The Capital City of PoznaÅ„, Polish: StoÅ‚eczne Miasto PoznaÅ„ (Latin: , German: , Yiddish: פּױזן Poyzn) is a city in west-central Poland with over 578,900 inhabitants (2002). ... Józef Wybicki Józef Wybicki (1747–1822) was a Polish general, poet and political figure. ... Berlin is the capital city and one of the sixteen states of the Federal Republic of Germany. ...


Uprising

Entrence of Jan Henryk Dąbrowski to Poznań painted by January Suchodolski

Dąbrowski send in front of him some emissaries to Poznań to check the situation. When they came back to the General with news, that the whole "region is full of patriotic spirit and joy about the sucess of French Army", Dąbrowski and Wybicki arrived at the city on 3 November 1806 leading the first units of French army. Their incoming became a large Polish patriotic manifestation. On this same day, Dąbrowski called Poles to stand with arms on Napoleon's side and fight against Prussian ocupation. Alongside, Dąbrowski and Wybicki created Voivodship Commissions (Komisja wojewódzka). Their task was to take control over administration, and keep the area quiet, preventing fights on social and economical background. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... January Suchodolski (September 19, 1797 in Grodno – March 20, 1875 in Boimie near Siedlce) was a Polish painter and Army officer. ... PoznaÅ„ ( ; full official name: The Capital City of PoznaÅ„, Polish: StoÅ‚eczne Miasto PoznaÅ„ (Latin: , German: , Yiddish: פּױזן Poyzn) is a city in west-central Poland with over 578,900 inhabitants (2002). ... November 3 is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 58 days remaining. ... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


Dąbrowski's and Wybicki's proclamation was enthusiasticaly adopted by thebourgeoisie but with reserve by szlachta. Therefore, in the newly created Poznań Department, Polish units were formed mostly in large urban areas like Poznań, and in the countryside, mobilisation was very slow. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Polish szlachcic. ... PoznaÅ„ Department (Polish: Departament PoznaÅ„ski) was a unit of administrative division and local government in Polish Duchy of Warsaw in years 1806-1815. ...


In Kalisz Department a hand Proclamation was especially announced on 9 November. Large centers of uprising fighters took place in Kalisz and Konin. On 10 November Polish fighters engaged in battles against Prussian troops near Ostrzeszów and Kępno; then, on 13 November, the uprising spread in Sieradz land. Kalisz Department (Polish: Departament Kaliski) was a unit of administrative division and local government in Polish Duchy of Warsaw in years 1806- 1815. ... November 9 is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 52 days remaining. ... Kalisz (pronounce: [kaliʃ]) is a city in central Poland with 109,800 inhabitants (1995). ... St Andrews Church in Konin Konin is a town on the Warta river in central Poland with 80,355 inhabitants (2005). ... November 10 is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 51 days remaining. ... Ostrzeszów (former German: ) is a town in Poland, in Greater Poland Voivodeship. ... CoA KÄ™pno is a town in Poland. ... November 13 is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 48 days remaining. ...


Poles had the most difficult situation in Bydgoszcz Department. As Commander of newly created Polish units in this region, General Amilkar Kosiński had to fight against the largest Prussian troops in Greater Poland on one side and with an uncooperative French intendent on the other one. Bydgoszcz Department (Polish: Departament bydgoski) was a unit of administrative division and local government in Polish Duchy of Warsaw in years 1806- 1815. ... The title of intendant (French intendant, Spanish intendente) has been used in a number of countries through history. ...


Meanwhile, Dąbrowski was already creating a regular army, mobilising one man from each ten cottages, and on 3 December appointed the pospolite ruszenie as auxillaries to the regular troops. During all this time, regular units of Army created by Dąbrowski, alongside with some irregular uprising troops, cleaned up Greater Poland from resisting but separated Prussian units. Uprising spreaded in other regions, and in November, fighters took control over Jasna Góra fortress. December 3 is the 337th (in leap years the 338th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with levée en masse. ... Medieval Jasna Góra Monastery Jasna Góra Monastery Jasna Góra Monastery Jasna Góra Monastery by night The Jasna Góra Monastery (pl. ...


Mainly due to the action of Wybicki at the begining of January 1807, the regular Polish army, organised like other Napoleon's armies, had 23.000 soldiers (20.000 of them were form Poznań and Kalisz Departments). Emperor himself stayed in Poznań between 27 November and 12 December 1806. Year 1807 (MDCCCVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar). ... November 27 is the 331st day (332nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... December 12 is the 346th day (347th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 19 days remaining. ... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


Pommeranian Campaign

On 1 January 1807, Dąbrowski was near Łowicz, were he received, from the hands of Wincenty Krasiński, a bulawa of hetman Stefan Czarniecki. The great merits of Dąbrowski and his popularity among soldiers weren't considered much, when the Chief of War Office in the Ruling Commission (szef Dyrekcji Wojny w Komisji Rządzącej) had to be appointed. On this office was appointed Józef Poniatowski, who was unfavourable to Dąbrowski. Napoleon chose him because he wanted to guarantee the cooperation of Polish aristocracy. A large difference between Dąbrowski and Poniatowski was already marked during the writing of Polish Army Code. Poniatowski wanted to keep corporal punishment on, but Dąbrowski loudly opposed against it. To avoid this conflict, Napoleon decided that Polish Army would adopt French code. January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... Year 1807 (MDCCCVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar). ... Łowicz is a town in central Poland with about 32,000 inhabitants. ... Noble Family KrasiÅ„ski Coat of Arms Åšlepowron Parents Jan KrasiÅ„ski Antonina Czacka Consorts Maria Urszula RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ Children with Maria Urszula RadziwiÅ‚Å‚ Zygmunt KrasiÅ„ski Date of Birth April 5, 1782 Place of Birth Boreml Date of Death November 24, 1858 Place of Death Warsaw Count Wincenty KrasiÅ„ski... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... Hetman`s coat of arms Hetman StanisÅ‚aw Koniecpolski of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth Hetman was the title of the second highest military commander (after the monarch) used in 15th to 18th century Poland and Grand Duchy of Lithuania, known from 1569 to 1795 as the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. ... Noble Family Czarniecki Coat of Arms Łodzia Parents  ? Consorts  ? Children  ? Date of Birth 1599 Place of Birth Czarnce, Poland Date of Death July 18, 1665 Place of Death  ? Stefan Czarniecki, Stephen Czarniecki (1599-July 18, 1665) Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth general and nobleman (szlachcic). ... Noble Family Poniatowski Coat of Arms CioÅ‚ek Parents Andrzej Poniatowski Maria Teresa Kinsky Consorts Zelia SitaÅ„ska Zofia Potocka Children with Zelia SitaÅ„ska: Józef SzczÄ™sny Poniatowski; with Zofia Potocka: Karol Józef Poniatowski. ... Corporal punishment is forced pain intended to change a persons behaviour or to punish them. ...


On 3 January, French marshall Louis Alexandre Berthier gave the order to existing units of planned divisons of Poznań and Kalisz Departments to form one brigade from each Department. The Commander of Poznań Brigade was General Wincenty Axamitowski and Kalisz Brigade was commanded by General Stanisław Fiszer. Both brigades of infantry formed a division commanded by general Dąbrowski. Brigades were enforced by 300 Polish cavalry units, in addition to the unit from Warsaw Department, that were both transformed in a unique regiment of cavalry commanded by the son of Jan Henryk Dąbrowski - Lt. Col. Jan Michał Dąbrowski. All the units of the new division, that started their march on 7 January, had to meet in Bydgoszcz. January 3 is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Louis Alexandre Berthier, Marshal of France Louis Alexandre Berthier, prince de Neuchâtel (February 20, 1753 – June 1, 1815), marshal of France, Vice-Constable of France beginning in 1808, and chief of staff under Napoleon, was born at Versailles. ... In military science a brigade is a military unit that is part of a division and includes regiments (where that level exists), or (in modern armies) is composed of several battalions (typically two to four) and directly attached supporting units. ... Volunteer Representative Squadron of City of PoznaÅ„ in uniforms of 15th PoznaÅ„ Uhlans Regiment Polish Cavalry (Polish: ) can trace its origins back to the days of Medieval mounted knights. ... Warsaw Department (Polish: Departament Warszawski) was a unit of administrative division and local government in Polish Duchy of Warsaw in years 1806-1815. ... January 7 is the seventh day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Bydgoszcz ( ; German: ; Latin: ) is a city in northern Poland, on the Brda and Vistula rivers, with a population of 369,151 (2004). ...


Meanwhile, the units commanded by Amilkar Kosiński, that were fighting against regular Prussian troops since December, won the battle of Koronowo and marched to Świecie, forcing the enemy to leave the town and securing this place of concentration of the newly created division. Koronowo is a town located in the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodship, 25km from Bydgoszcz, Poland. ... Other languages FAQs | Table free Welcome to Wikipedia, the free-content encyclopedia that anyone can edit. ...


Before the begining of the new campaign, main Polish troops were enforced and reorganized into three divisions: Poznań Division commanded by J. H. Dąbrowski, Kalisz Division commanded by Józef Zajączek and Warsaw division commanded by Józef Poniatowski. Kalisz Division was sent to siege Grudziądz and Warsaw Divison moved northwards with the whole French Army in direction of Gdańsk. On this time, 6.000 soldiers of the Poznań Division stayed near Bydgoszcz and later moved to Gniezno and Tczew. Both towns were captured, but Poles were forced to retreat by Prussian troops. Later on, Poniatowski ordered to disband part of pospolite ruszenie that weaked Poznań Division, that on February 1807 was sent on backs for reinforcemnt. After that, in this area, only the troops of Gen. Kosiński were fighting in this area. Prince Józef ZajÄ…czek (1752-1826) was a Polish general and the commander of the KoÅ›ciuszko Uprising in 1794 after Tadeusz KoÅ›ciuszko was imprisoned. ... A siege is a military blockade of a city or fortress with the intent of conquering by force or attrition, often accompanied by an assault. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... GdaÅ„sk ( ; IPA: ), also known by its German name Danzig ( ) and several other names, is the sixth-largest city in Poland and is Polands principal seaport and the capital of the Pomeranian Voivodeship. ... Gniezno (pronounced: [gɲȋεznÉ”]) is a town in central-western Poland, some 50 km east of PoznaÅ„, inhabited by about 73,000 people. ... Bridge over Vistula River (19th century) Tczew (German: ; Kashubian/Pomeranian: Dërszewò) is a town on the Vistula river in Eastern Pomerania, Kociewie, northern Poland with 60,128 inhabitants (1 January 2005). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with levée en masse. ...


After a reorganization, Poznań Division was composed of 6 batalions of infantry, 3 squadrons of cavalry and 2.000 of pospolite ruszenie commanded by Gen. Michał Sokolnicki. On 15 February, cavalry again captured Tczew, but there once again was forced to retreat. Therefore, on 23 February, the whole division attacked the town that was defended by a strong Prussian garrison. After 7 hours of battle, Poles captured Tczew, but Gen. Dąbrowski was wounded ; that forced him to leave his division for a while, and his son was heavily injured too. Therefore, J. M. Dąbrowski was promoted to the rank of Brigade General and moved to Invalide Corps. After the battle, the new commander of brigade became Gen. Kosiński. In military terminology, a battalion consists of two to six companies typically commanded by a lieutenant colonel. ... Infantry of the Royal Irish Rifles during the Battle of the Somme in World War I. Infantry are soldiers who fight primarily on foot with small arms in organized military units, though they may be transported to the battlefield by horses, ships, automobiles, skis, or other means. ... A Squadron is a small unit or formation of cavalry, aircraft (including balloons), or naval vessels. ... February 15 is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Bridge over Vistula River (19th century) Tczew (German: ; Kashubian/Pomeranian: Dërszewò) is a town on the Vistula river in Eastern Pomerania, Kociewie, northern Poland with 60,128 inhabitants (1 January 2005). ... February 23 is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... GeneraÅ‚ brygady (literally General of a brigade, abbreviated gen. ...


Earlier, on January 1807, Dąbrowski had formed from the Poznań troops a Division group commanded by Col. Garczyński. This unit captured Piła, Wałcz and Wieluń. On Febuary 1807 Garczyński's group was subordinated to Gen. Kosiński and later, with some troops of pospolite ruszenie, sent to fight near Szczecinek. At this time, the troops of Sokolnicki captured Słupsk and, later on, took part on the siege of Gdańsk, that surrendered on May 1807. Also on May, Poznań Division, renamed as 3rd Polish Divison, returned under the command of Gen. J. H. Dąbrowski. After the capture of Gdańsk, Polish troops fought also in Masuria including the battle of Friedland. Year 1807 (MDCCCVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar). ... PiÅ‚a (German Schneidemühl) is a town in northwestern Poland. ... WaÅ‚cz is a county town in northwestern Poland with approx. ... WieluÅ„ is a town in central Poland with 25,500 inhabitants (1995). ... Szczecinek (German: ; Kashubian: ) is a town in Middle Pomerania, northwestern Poland with some 40,000 inhabitants. ... SÅ‚upsk ( ; former German: , occasionally Stolpe; Kashubian and Pomeranian: Stolpsk; Latin: Stolpe) is a city with approximately 100,000 inhabitants in northwestern Poland. ... Sailing on Lake MikoÅ‚ajki. ... Combatants First French Empire Russian Empire Commanders Napoléon Bonaparte General Bennigsen Strength 80,000 60,000 Casualties 8,000 killed and wounded[1] 20,000 killed and wounded[2] The Battle of Friedland, fought on June 14, 1807 about twenty-seven miles (43 km) southeast of the modern Russian...


Aftermath

Pommeranian Campaign was ended by the capitulation of Königsberg on 15 June 1807, the later treaties of Tilsit and the recognition of Duchy of Warsaw by Kingdom of Prussia. Former German name of the city of Kaliningrad. ... June 15 is the 166th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (167th in leap years), with 199 days remaining. ... Year 1807 (MDCCCVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar). ... The Treaties of Tilsit were two agreements signed by Napoleon I of France in the town of Tilsit in July, 1807. ... Location Official languages Polish Established church Roman Catholic Capital Warsaw Largest City Warsaw Head of state Duke of Warsaw Area about 155,000 km² Population about 4. ...


References

  • Marek Rezler Jan Henryk Dąbrowski 1755--1818, Poznań 1982, Krajowa Agencja Wydawnicza
  • Jerzy Topolski, Lech Trzeciakowski (red) Dzieje Poznania, tome II part 1 1793-1918, Warszawa-Poznań 1994, Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe ISBN 83-01-11393-6

 
 

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