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Encyclopedia > Greater London Urban Area

The Greater London Urban Area is the conurbation or continuous urban area based around London, in south east England with an estimated population of 8,505,000,[1] The urban area measured 1,623.3 kmĀ² as of the 2001 Census. A conurbation is an urban area comprising a number of cities, towns and villages which, through population growth and expansion, have physically merged to form one continuous built up area. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ...


The Greater London Urban Area includes most, but not all of Greater London (for example excluding Biggin Hill, which is surrounded by countryside), while taking in many surrounding areas such as Hemel Hempstead, Woking and Dartford that aren't generally considered parts of London itself and lie outside London's borders. It is a wholly urban area, so it is not as large as the metropolitan area. The urban area does not include places such as Slough, Luton and Potters Bar, that have gaps of countryside in between the towns themselves and the main urban area of London. The Metropolitan area has a population of 12-14 million, depending on which borders are used. The figure used by Government agencies as the area to which people commute in to London from for work is also slightly different and is known as the Travel to Work Area. Greater London is the top-level administrative subdivision covering London, England. ... , Biggin Hill is a place in the London Borough of Bromley in London, England. ... Hemel Hempstead is a town in Hertfordshire, England with a population of 81,143 at the 2001 Census. ... , See Woking (borough) for the administrative district. ... , Dartford is the principal town in the borough of Dartford. ... Commuters from East Anglia arrive at Londons Liverpool Street station The London commuter belt is the metropolitan area surrounding London from which it is possible to commute to work in the capital. ... Slough (pronounced ) is a town and unitary authority (Borough of Slough) in England. ... For other uses, see Luton (disambiguation). ... Darkes Lane, Potters Bar, looking north towards the railway bridge Potters Bar is a town in the Hertsmere borough of Hertfordshire, United Kingdom,[2] located 16 miles (25 km) directly north of London. ... The Travel to Work Area or TTWA is a statistical tool used by UK Government agencies and local authorities, especially by the Department for Work and Pensions and Job Centres, to indicate an area where the population would generally commute to a larger town or city for the purposes of...


The growth of the urban area's physical extent has largely been curtailed since the development of the Metropolitan Green Belt in 1938, which limited development within a ring of countryside around London. As London's economy has grown and house prices have risen this has led to the growth of the London commuter belt - the London urban area, plus a ring of towns that are physically separate from the urban area but still functionally operate largely as suburbs, with large proportions of their populations dependent on the urban area for employment. In city planning, the Green Belt is a concept for controlling metropolitan growth introduced around London, England by minister of housing Duncan Sandys via a Government Circular. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Commuters from East Anglia arrive at Londons Liverpool Street station The London commuter belt is the metropolitan area surrounding London from which it is possible to commute to work in the capital. ...


Most of the population growth of the Greater London Urban Area is the result of brownfield development and increasing population density. In town planning, brownfield land is an area of land previously used or built upon, as opposed to industry or mining and therefore may be contaminated by hazardous waste or pollution. ...

Contents

Constituent parts

At the time of the 2001 Census, the Office for National Statistics defined the Greater London Urban Area as being made up of the following localities.


Within Greater London

Note: these localities are not identical to the London Boroughs of the same name. While they often have similar boundaries, they include only those areas that fall within the Urban Area definition.[2] The London Borough of Barking and Dagenham is a London borough in East London and forms part of Outer London. ... The London Borough of Barnet is a London borough in North London and forms part of Outer London. ... The London Borough of Bexley is a London borough in south east Greater London which forms, with other boroughs, part of Outer London. ... The London Borough of Brent is a London borough in north west London and forms part of Outer London. ... The London Borough of Bromley is a London Borough of outer southeast London, England. ... The London Borough of Camden is a borough of London, England, which forms part of Inner London. ... For other places called Croydon see Croydon (disambiguation) For details of the town of Croydon on which this borough is centred see Croydon The London Borough of Croydon is a London borough in South London, England and part of Outer London. ... The London Borough of Ealing is a London borough in the west of the city. ... The London Borough of Enfield is the most northerly London borough and forms part of Outer London. ... The London Borough of Greenwich is an Inner London borough in south-east London, England. ... The London Borough of Hackney is a London Borough in the east end of London and part of inner London. ... The London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham is a London borough in West London and forms part of Inner London. ... The London Borough of Haringey is a London borough in North London, England, and forms part of Outer London. ... The London Borough of Harrow is a London borough of outer north-west London. ... The London Borough of Havering is a London borough in east London, England and forms part of Outer London. ... The London Borough of Hillingdon is the westernmost borough in Greater London, England. ... The London Borough of Hounslow is a London borough in West London, England. ... Arms of Islington London Borough Council Islington Town Hall Islington is a borough of London to the north of the City of London, west of Hackney, east of Camden, and south of Haringey. ... The Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea (often abbreviated to RBKC) is a London borough in the west side of central London. ... The Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames is a London borough in south-west London. ... The London Borough of Lambeth is a London borough in South London, England and forms part of Inner London. ... The London Borough of Lewisham is a London borough in south east London, England and forms part of Inner London. ... Motto: Domine dirige nos Latin: Lord, guide us Shown within Greater London Sovereign state Constituent country Region Greater London Status City and Ceremonial County Admin HQ Guildhall Government  - Leadership see text  - Mayor David Lewis  - MP Mark Field  - London Assembly John Biggs Area  - Total 1. ... The London Borough of Merton is a London borough in south west London. ... This article is about the London borough. ... The London Borough of Redbridge is a London borough in North East London, England. ... The London Borough of Richmond upon Thames is a London borough in South West London and part of Outer London. ... The London Borough of Southwark is a London borough in London, England. ... The London Borough of Sutton is a London borough in outer southwest London. ... The London Borough of Tower Hamlets is a London borough to the east of the City of London and north of the River Thames in East London. ... The London Borough of Waltham Forest is a London borough in North-East London, England and forms part of Outer London. ... The London Borough of Wandsworth is a London borough in south west London, England and forms part of Inner London. ... The City of Westminster is a borough of London, England with city status. ...


Outside Greater London

, Addlestone is a town in the Runnymede Borough of Surrey, England. ... Amersham (previously Agmondesham) is a market town 27 miles north west of London, in the Chiltern Hills, England. ... Image of Ashtead Common sign Ashtead is a large commuter village in Surrey, England separated from Leatherhead and Epsom by Green Belt. ... Banstead is a town in Surrey, England, on the border with Greater London. ... Tadworth is a village in Surrey, on the south-east slope of Epsom Downs. ... Bushey (population 24,000) is a town in the Hertsmere borough of Hertfordshire in the South East of England. ... Caterham and Warlingham was an Urban District of Surrey in England until 1974. ... , The Old Town Hall Level crossing at Chertsey, as the barriers rise Chertsey is a town in Surrey, England, on the River Thames, and its tributary rivers such as the River Bourne. ... Statistics Population: 51,998 (Census 2001) Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: TL358021 Administration District: Broxbourne Shire county: Hertfordshire Region: East of England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Hertfordshire Historic county: Hertfordshire Services Police force: Hertfordshire Constabulary Fire and rescue: {{{Fire}}} Ambulance: East of England Post... Chigwell is a civil parish in the Epping Forest district of Essex. ... Chorleywood is a town in the Three Rivers district of Hertfordshire in the United Kingdom. ... , Dartford is the principal town in the borough of Dartford. ... Statistics Population: 12,000 (inc. ... Epsom and Ewell is a local government district with borough status in Surrey, England, covering Epsom and Ewell. ... Esher is a town in the Surrey borough of Elmbridge in South East England near the River Mole. ... Molesey is a place in the Elmbridge district of Surrey. ... Hemel Hempstead is a town in Hertfordshire, England with a population of 81,143 at the 2001 Census. ... , Hoddesdon is a commuter town in the English county of Hertfordshire, situated in the Lea Valley. ... Kings Langley is a village in the borough of Dacorum in the county of Hertfordshire, England on the southern edge of the Chiltern Hills. ... For other uses of this name, see Leatherhead (disambiguation). ... For other places with the same name, see Loughton (disambiguation). ... Ottershaw is a village in the Runnymede and Weybridge district of Surrey, England about 25 miles to the south-west of London. ... , Rickmansworth is a town in the Three Rivers district of Hertfordshire, England, 4¼ miles (7km) west of Watford. ... Map of Shepperton (from OpenStreetMap) Shepperton is a small town in Surrey in the borough of Spelthorne, in England. ... South Oxhey is a place in the Three Rivers district of Hertfordshire, England. ... For the French commune, see Stains. ... , Sunbury-on-Thames is a suburb in the Surrey (formerly Middlesex) borough of Spelthorne in England. ... This page is about the town. ... Statistics Population: Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: SU925685 Administration District: Windsor and Maidenhead Region: South East England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Berkshire Historic county: Berkshire Services Police force: Thames Valley Fire and rescue: {{{Fire}}} Ambulance: South Central Post office and telephone Post town: ASCOT... Virginia Water Lake For the lake, see Virginia Water Lake. ... Waltham Abbey is a market town of about 20,400 people in the south west of the county of Essex, in the East of England region. ... Walton-On-Thames is a town in Surrey, England. ... Watford is a town and district in Hertfordshire, United Kingdom, situated 34 km (21 miles) northwest of London and within the bounds of the M25 motorway. ... West End is a village in the county of Surrey. ... Windlesham is a large village in the Surrey Heath district of Surrey in South East England. ... , See Woking (borough) for the administrative district. ... Map of Byfleet (from OpenStreetMap) Map of Byfleet (from OpenStreetMap) Byfleet is a village and suburb of Woking in Surrey, England. ...

References

  1. ^ United Nations World Urbanization Prospects, 2005 estimate for London
  2. ^ Key Statistics for Urban Areas in England and Wales Office for National Statistics (page 8 of the pdf)

External links

  • Population figures for Urban Areas in England and Wales
  • Map showing the extent of the Greater London Urban Area in 2001 (5.6Mb pdf)

 
 

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