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Encyclopedia > Greater Kudu
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Greater Kudu
Greater Kudu Cow
Greater Kudu Cow
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Subfamily: Bovinae
Genus: Tragelaphus
Species: T. strepsiceros
Binomial name
Tragelaphus strepsiceros
(Pallas, 1766)

The Greater Kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros) is a woodland antelope found throughout eastern and southern Africa. Despite occupying such widespread territory, they are sparsely populated in most areas, due to a delicining habitat, deforestation and hunting.[2] An adult can weigh from 195–315 kilograms (though the female tends to be lighter) and grow to be 1–1.5 metres tall at the shoulder, with a length of 1.95–2.45 metres.[2] Download high resolution version (1212x1250, 396 KB)Kudu cow, Okavango, Botswana, taken & submitted by Paul Maritz (paulmaz) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The conservation status of a species is an indicator of the likelihood of that species continuing to survive either in the present day or the future. ... Image File history File links Status_iucn2. ... Conservation Dependent (LR/cd) was an IUCN category assigned to species or lower taxa which were dependent on conservation efforts to prevent the taxon becoming threatened with extinction. ... Scientific classification or biological classification is a method by which biologists group and categorize species of organisms. ... Digimon, the only known animals. ... Template:Tax more Chordates (phylum Chordata) are a group of animals that includes the vertebrates, together with several closely related invertebrates. ... Subclasses Allotheria* Order Multituberculata (extinct) Order Volaticotheria (extinct) Order Palaeoryctoides (extinct) Order Triconodonta (extinct) Prototheria Order Monotremata Theria Infraclass Marsupialia Infraclass Eutheria The mammals are the class of vertebrate animals characterized by the production of milk in females for the nourishment of young, from mammary glands present on most species... Families Suidae Hippopotamidae Tayassuidae Camelidae Tragulidae Moschidae Cervidae Giraffidae Antilocapridae Bovidae The even-toed ungulates form the mammal order Artiodactyla. ... Subfamilies Bovinae Cephalophinae Hippotraginae Antilopinae Caprinae A bovid is any of almost 140 species of cloven-hoofed mammals belonging to the family Bovidae. ... Tribes Bovini Boselaphini Strepsicerotini The biological subfamily Bovinae (or bovines) includes a diverse group of about 24 species of medium-sized to large ungulates, including domestic cattle, Bison, the Water Buffalo, the Yak, and the four-horned and spiral-horned antelopes. ... Species T. spekeii T. angasii T. scriptus T. buxtoni T. imberbis T. strepsiceros T. eurycerus The genus Tragelaphus contains several species of bovine, all of which are reletivly antelope-like. ... In biology, binomial nomenclature is the formal method of naming species. ... Peter Simon Pallas (September 22, 1741 - September 8, 1811) was a German-born Russian zoologist. ... 1766 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Limber Pine woodland, Toiyabe Range, central Nevada Biologically, a woodland is a treed area differentiated from a forest. ... Genera Aepyceros Alcelaphus Antidorcas Antilope Cephalophus Connochaetes Damaliscus Gazella Hippotragus Kobus Madoqua Neotragus Oreotragus Oryx Ourebia Pantholops Procapra Sylvicapra Taurotragus Tragelaphus and others Antelope are herbivorous mammals of the family Bovidae, often noted for their horns. ...  Eastern Africa (UN subregion)  East African Community  Central African Federation (defunct)  geographic, including above East Africa or Eastern Africa is the easternmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics. ... Categories: Africa geography stubs | Southern Africa ... A world map showing the continent of Africa. ...

Contents

Physical characteristics and Info

They have a narrow body and long legs. They have brown to bluish grey coats with white vertical torso stripes. The greater kudu exhibits a small white chevron on top its head. The males have large manes along their throat. The males have large horns with two to three twists. Their horn's combined length can reach up to 1.8 meters.


Habitat

The range of the greater kudu stretches from Eritrea to Tanzania and in Zambia, South Africa, and Angola. They have also been introduced in small numbers into New Mexico. The Habitat of the Greater Kudu includes Thick Accacia brush, Rocky hillsides, dry riverbeds and anywhere with a constant supply of water.


Diet

The diet of the greater kudu is leaves and grass.


Sexual Dimorphism

The male greater kudu tends to be much larger than female. The males also tend to vocalize much more than the females. They can vocalize with low grunts, clucks, humming, and gasping. Males will be fully mature at five years of age, whereas females will mature at age three.


Social System

Greater Kudus live in same sex herds of three to ten individuals and their calves. A herds area can encompass 800 to 1500 acres. The herds spend an average of 54% of the day foraging for food. Greater Kudu's are crepuscular.


Reproduction

Mating season for the greater kudu is at the end of the rainy season in southern Africa. The courtship of the greater kudu includes the male rubbing his neck against the female's. Gestation is nine months. Calving generally starts between February and March, when the grass tends to be at its highest.


Offspring and Maternal Care

For the first two weeks of a calves life they hideout where predators cannot find them. For four to fives weeks after that they roam with the herd only during day. Males will become self-sufficient at 6 months old. Females become self-sufficient at around 1 to 2 years old.


Predators

Predators of the greater kudu include lions and spotted hyenas,and leopards


Specialized Adaptations

The Greater Kudu has evolved many traits unique to their species. One trait is a method of evading predators where they jump over obstacles that the predator could not jump over making them hard to follow it. Because they are often active in times of day with very little light they have developed their sense of smell and hearing.


Gallery

See also

Binomial name Tragelaphus imberbis (Blyth, 1869) The Lesser Kudu (Tragelaphus imberbis) are forest antelope found in East Africa and (possibly) the southern Arabian Peninsula. ... Kudu dung spitting (Bokdrol Spoeg in Afrikaans) is a sport in some parts of Africa. ...

References

  1. ^ Antelope Specialist Group (1996). Tragelaphus strepsiceros. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 11 May 2006.
  2. ^ a b (1994) Wildlife Fact File. IMP Publishing Ltd, Group 1, Card 110. ISBN 08-50-04-0016. 

  Results from FactBites:
 
AWF: Wildlife: Kudu (580 words)
Both the greater kudu and its close cousin the lesser kudu have stripes and spots on the body, and most have a chevron of white hair between the eyes.
Kudu numbers are also affected by humans hunting them for their meat, hides and horns, or using their habitats for charcoal burning and farming.
Kudus are highly susceptible to the rinderpest virus, and many scientists think recurring epidemics of the disease have reduced kudu populations in East Africa.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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