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Encyclopedia > Great Smokey Mountains
A rainy day in the Great Smoky Mountains, Western North Carolina
A rainy day in the Great Smoky Mountains, Western North Carolina

The Great Smoky Mountains are a major mountain range in the southern part of the Appalachian Mountains, the second ridge line forming a north-south running mountain chain from the eastern seaboard and bordering the western side of the Blue Ridge Mountains located to the east across the Great Valley. Also called the Smoky Mountains or the Smokies, they straddle the border between Tennessee and North Carolina, and are entirely west of the Eastern Continental Divide. Image File history File links Smokies3517. ... Image File history File links Smokies3517. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (432x613, 55 KB)The Appalachians - USGS http://3dparks. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (432x613, 55 KB)The Appalachians - USGS http://3dparks. ... A rainy day in the Great Smoky Mountains, Western North Carolina The Appalachian Mountains (French: les Appalaches) are a vast system of North American mountains, partly in Canada, but mostly in the United States, forming a zone, from 100 to 300 miles wide, running from Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, 1... A mountain range (Sierra in the Spanish language) is a group of mountains bordered by lowlands or separated from other mountain ranges by passes or rivers. ... A rainy day in the Great Smoky Mountains, Western North Carolina The Appalachian Mountains (French: les Appalaches) are a vast system of North American mountains, partly in Canada, but mostly in the United States, forming a zone, from 100 to 300 miles wide, running from Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, 1500... The most general definition of mountain range is a group of mountains bordered by lowlands. ... Blue Ridge Mountains, Shinning Rock Wilderness Area Blue Ridge Mountains (NPS) Most of the rocks that form the Blue Ridge Mountains, United States, are ancient granitic and metamorphosed volcanic formations, some exceeding one billion years in age. ... Among the locations known as The Great Valley is one in the eastern United States of America, lying behind the first ridge of mountains (the Blue Ridge) extending from New York to Georgia. ... Official language(s) English Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 36th 109,247 km² 195 km 710 km 2. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq. ... The Eastern Divide or Eastern Continental Divide is a continental divide in the United States that separates the Gulf of Mexico drainage from the watersheds that flow directly into the Atlantic Ocean. ...


The crown jewel of this region is Great Smoky Mountains National Park, established as a national park in the 1930s. It is the most-visited national park in the Eastern United States. Much of the range is also protected as the Nantahala National Forest, and the Cherokee National Forest outside of the park. Main Entrance to the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, from Gatlinburg The Great Smoky Mountains National Park is a United States National Park that straddles the ridgeline of the Great Smoky Mountains portion of the Appalachian Mountains. ... Brecon Beacons National Park, Wales A national park is a reserve of land, usually owned by a national government, protected from most human development and pollution. ... This article or section is missing references or citation of sources. ... Cherokee National Forest is a large National Forest operated by the U.S. Forest Service. ...


The highest point in the Great Smokies is Clingmans Dome (6,642 feet, 2,024 meters), which is located within the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. A paved road leads to within 300 feet of the summit, and from there visitors can walk a trail to the top. A handicap-accessible tower is located at the summit, and on clear days visitors can see four states (Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia). Clingmans Dome is also the highest point in the State of Tennessee. The Smokies rise prominently above the surrounding low terrain. For example, Mount LeConte (6,593 feet, 2,010 meters) rises more than a mile above its base. Due to their prominence, the Smokies receive heavy annual amounts of precipitation. Over 80 inches of rain fall each year, and snowfall in the winter can be heavy, especially on the higher slopes. Clingmans Dome (or Clingmans Dome) is, at an elevation of 6,643 feet (2,025 metres), the highest point both in the state of Tennessee and on the Appalachian Trail. ... Main Entrance to the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, from Gatlinburg The Great Smoky Mountains National Park is a United States National Park that straddles the ridgeline of the Great Smoky Mountains portion of the Appalachian Mountains. ... Official language(s) English Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 36th 109,247 km² 195 km 710 km 2. ... Mount Le Conte is a mountain peak in Sevier County, Tennessee and part of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. ...


The name of the area comes from the natural haze that often hangs over it. As in the neighboring Blue Ridge Mountains just to the east, hydrocarbons produced by trees and other local vegetation, as well as higher humidity produce a bluish cast to the sky, even over short distances. Visibility now is dramatically reduced by smog from both the Southeastern U.S. and the Midwest, and smog forecasts are prepared daily by the Environmental Protection Agency for both nearby Knoxville and Asheville. Severe haze affecting Ampang, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia in August 2005 Moon over red and blue haze For the progressive rock band Haze, see Haze (band). ... Blue Ridge Mountains, Shinning Rock Wilderness Area Blue Ridge Mountains (NPS) Most of the rocks that form the Blue Ridge Mountains, United States, are ancient granitic and metamorphosed volcanic formations, some exceeding one billion years in age. ... Hydrocarbons are refined at oil refineries and processed at chemical plants In chemistry, a hydrocarbon is any chemical compound that consists only of the elements carbon (C) and hydrogen (H). ... The coniferous Coast Redwood, the tallest tree species on earth. ... Vegetation is a general term for the plant life of a region; it refers to the ground cover provided by plants, and is, by far, the most abundant biotic element of the biosphere. ... Humidity is the concentration of water vapor in the air. ... A typical daytime sky. ... In meteorology, visibility is a measure of the distance that can be seen clearly at any given time. ... Victorian London was notorious for its thick smogs, or pea-soupers, a fact that is often recreated to add an air of mystery to a period costume drama. ... Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... The Midwest is a common name for a region of the United States of America. ... Prediction of future events is an ancient human wish. ... EPA redirects here. ... Nickname: The Marble City, K-Town, Big Orange Country, Knox Vegas Official website: www. ... Asheville City Hall. ...


Smog is also killing the spruce trees at higher elevations, while the invasive hemlock woolly adelgids attack the hemlocks, and the balsam woolly adelgids attack the firs. Japanese ladybird beetles have been brought in, in an attempt to control the adelgids. Species About 35; see text. ... The term invasive species refers to a subset of those species defined as introduced species or non-indigenous species. ... Hemlock Woolly Adelgid or HWA: Hemlock Woolly Adelgid or HWA is a destructive introduced pest that poses a major threat to eastern and Carolina hemlock trees throughout their range. ... The word Hemlock can refer to a number of things: Several poisonous plants in the Parsley family, Apiaceae (formerly Umbelliferae) are called hemlock: Poison hemlock is a common European plant, Conium maculatum; it contains the alkaloid Coniine. ... Binomial name Adelges piceae (Ratzeburg, 1844) Balsam woolly adelgids are small wingless insects that infest and kill firs, especially Balsam Fir and Fraser Fir. ... FIR may stand for: finite impulse response (a property of some digital filters) far infrared, i. ...


Other subalpine species more typical of Maine and even Canada are also found at the highest elevations, above about 5000 feet or 1500 meters AMSL. Some bird migration actually takes place vertically, with the "local" birds going up and down the mountains rather than north and south. Official language(s) None Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  - Total   - Width   - Length    - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 39th 33,414 sq mi  86,542 km² 190 miles  305 km 320 miles  515 km 13. ... The term above mean sea level (AMSL) refers to the elevation (on the ground) or altitude (in the air) of any object, relative to the average sea level. ... // Long-distance land bird migration Many species of land migratory birds migrate very long distances, the most common pattern being for birds to breed in the temperate or arctic northern hemisphere and winter in warmer regions, often in the tropics or the temperate zones of the southern hemisphere. ... Orders Many - see section below. ...


Many wildflowers grow, including bee balm, fire pink, Solomon's seal, Dutchman's breeches, various trilliums, and even hardy orchids like showy orchis. Five wildflower species A wildflower is a flower that grows wild, meaning it was not intentionally seeded or planted. ... Species About 16 species, including: Monarda citriodora Monarda clinopodia Monarda didyma Monarda fistulosa Monarda menthifolia Monarda pectinata Monarda punctata Monarda (Bee Balm, Horsemint or Bergamot) is a genus of about 16 species of annual or perennial plants in the Lamiaceae, native to North America. ... Solomons Seal can refer to the following: The symbol also known as the Star of David, or a related legendary object The Polygonatum genus of flowering plants This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Binomial name Dicentra cucullaria (L.) Bernh. ... Species See text. ... Hardy is the name of some places in the United States of America: Hardy, Arkansas Hardy, Kentucky Hardy, Virginia Hardy is also the name of the following people: French singer and actress Françoise Hardy (born 1944) Australian novelist and journalist Frank Hardy Comedian Oliver Hardy (1892-1957) Mathematician G... Orchid re-directs here; for alternate uses see Orchid (disambiguation) Genera Over 800 See List of Orchidaceae genera. ...


There are two native species of rhododendron in the area. The Catawba rhododendron has purple flowers in May and June, while the rosebay rhododendron has shorter leaves and blooms a light pink in June and July. The orange-flowered and deciduous flame azalea closely follows along with the Catawbas. The closely-related mountain laurel blooms in between the two, and all of the blooms progress from lower to higher elevations. This article is about the plant. ... Clivia miniata right hereflowers. ... Binominal name Kalmia latifolia L. Mountain-laurel is the common name of Kalmia latifolia a flowering shrub of the family Ericaceae Found in the eastern USA, this is a poisonous broad-leaved (3-12 cm long, 1-4 cm wide) evergreen shrub, between 3-9 m tall. ...


The reverse is true in autumn, when nearly-bare mountaintops covered in rime ice (frozen fog) can separated from green valleys by very bright and varied leaf colors. The rhododendrons are deciduous broadleafs, whose leaves droop in order to shed wet and heavy snows that come through the region in winter. Fall redirects here. ... Categories: Stub | Forms of water ... Sunlight filters through a thin layer of fog on a crisp winter morning in Albuquerque, New Mexico. ... Fljótsdalur in East-Iceland A valley is a landform, which can range from a few square miles (square kilometers) to hundreds or even thousands of square miles (square kilometers) in area. ... Deciduous means temporary or tending to fall off (deriving from the Latin word decidere, to fall off). ... Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants (also angiosperms or Magnoliophyta) are one of the major groups of modern plants, comprising those that produce seeds in specialized reproductive organs called flowers, where the ovulary or carpel is enclosed. ... For other uses, see Snow (disambiguation). ... Winter is one of the four seasons of temperate zones. ...


Several rivers rise from streams in the Smokies, including the Little Pigeon River, Oconaluftee River, Nantahala River and several others. The French Broad River actually originates in the Blue Ridge Mountains, and flows through Asheville and all the way across the northeastern end of the Smokies. A Southern Railway line runs along the river as well. The Murray River in Australia. ... A running stream. ... The Little Pigeon River is the name of several rivers in the United States: Little Pigeon River in Indiana Little Pigeon River - Three rivers of that name in Michigan Little Pigeon River in Tennessee This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share... Rafting down Nantahala Falls, a Class III rapid on the Nantahala River, with Nantahala Outdoor Center Nantahala River is located in western North Carolina in the United States, near the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. ... The French Broad River flows from near Rosman in Transylvania County, North Carolina, into Tennessee. ... Downtown Asheville bustles with activity at midday while smog silently obscures the Smoky Mountains to the west. ... Norfolk Southern Corporation (AAR reporting mark NS) NYSE: NSC is a US publicly-traded stock corporation based in Norfolk, Virginia. ...


Flooding can and does occur after heavy rains. In 2004, the remnants of Hurricane Frances caused major flooding, landslides, and high winds, soon followed by Hurricane Ivan which made it even worse. Other post-hurricanes, including 1989's Hurricane Hugo, have caused similar damage in the Smokies. A flood (in Old English flod, a word common to Teutonic languages; compare German Flut, Dutch vloed from the same root as is seen in flow, float) is an overflow of water, an expanse of water submerging land, a deluge. ... Rain falling For other uses see Rain (disambiguation). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... B C D E F G H I 10 J K L M N O Categories: | | | | | ... Landslide of soil and regolith in Pakistan A landslide is a geological phenomenon which includes a wide range of ground movement, such as rock falls, deep failure of slopes, and shallow debris flows, see flow. ... Wind is the roughly horizontal movement of air (as opposed to an air current) caused by uneven heating of the Earths surface. ... Lowest pressure 910 mbar (hPa) Damages $17. ... This article is about weather phenomena. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hurricane Hugo was a destructive Category 5 Atlantic hurricane that struck Puerto Rico, St. ...


The culture of this area is that of Appalachia, and previously the Cherokee people. Tourism is a huge draw to the area, particularly to Pigeon Forge and Gatlinburg in Tennessee, and Cherokee, North Carolina. Rafting, either leisurely tubing or in full whitewater, is common all summer. Skiing is also done in winter, though for a short season, at places like Cataloochee and Ober Gatlinburg. The word culture, from the Latin colo, -ere, with its root meaning to cultivate, generally refers to patterns of human activity and the symbolic structures that give such activity significance. ... Appalachian Region of the U.S., as defined by the Appalachian Regional Commission Appalachian zones of the US - USGS Appalachia is a term used to include a region stretching from the state of New York to Alabama that surrounds the Appalachian mountains. ... For other uses, see Cherokee (disambiguation). ... More than 3 million tourists visited the Taj Mahal in Agra, India in 2004. ... Pigeon Forge is a city located in Sevier County, Tennessee. ... Gatlinburg is a city located in Sevier County, Tennessee. ... Cherokee is a town in Swain County, North Carolina. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Whitewater. ... Whitewater is formed in a rapid, when a rivers gradient drops enough to form a bubbly, or aerated and unstable current; the frothy water appears white. ... For other senses of this word, see Summer (disambiguation). ... Members of the US Air Force skiing (and snowboarding) at Keystone Resorts 14th Annual SnoFest An alpine skier Deep powder skiing Skiing is the activity of gliding over snow using skis (originally wooden planks, now usually made from fiberglass or related composites), with metal edges, strapped to the feet... Winter is one of the four seasons of temperate zones. ...


Country music legend Dolly Parton is from the Smokies, born and raised in Pigeon Forge, and lending her name to her Dollywood amusement park. country music, see Country music (disambiguation) In popular music, country music, also called country and western music or country-western, is an amalgam of popular musical forms developed in the Southern United States, with roots in traditional folk music, Celtic music, blues, gospel music, and old-time music that began... Dolly Rebecca Parton (born January 19, 1946) is an American country singer, songwriter, composer, author and actress. ... Dollywood train. ... Amusement park is the more generic term for a collection of rides and other entertainment attractions assembled for the purpose of entertaining a fairly large group of people. ...


 
 

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