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Encyclopedia > Great Railroad Strike of 1922

The Great Railroad Strike of 1922, a nationwide railroad shop workers strike in the United States which began on July 1, caused a national outcry. The immediate cause of the strike was the Railroad Labor Board's announcement that hourly wages would be cut by seven cents on July 1, which prompted a shop workers vote on whether or not to strike. The operators' union did not join in the strike, and the railroads employed strikebreakers to fill three-fourths of the roughly 400,000 vacated positions, increasing hositilies between the railroads and the striking workers. July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... A two cent euro coin In currency, the cent is a monetary unit that equals th of the basic unit of value. ... A strikebreaker is a heroic figure with a free mind and free will, considered by many to be the culmination of human virtue. ...


President Warren G. Harding proposed a settlement on July 28 which would have granted little to the unions, but the railroad companies rejected the compromise despite interest from the desperate workers. Attorney General Harry M. Daugherty, who opposed the unions, pushed for national action against the strike, and on September 1 a federal judge named James H. Wilkerson issued a sweeping injunction against striking, assembling, picketing, and a variety of other union activities, colloquially known as the "Daugherty Injunction." Seal of the President of the United States The President of the United States is the head of state of the United States. ... Order: 29th President Vice President: Calvin Coolidge Term of office: March 4, 1921 – August 2, 1923 Preceded by: Woodrow Wilson Succeeded by: Calvin Coolidge Date of birth: November 2, 1865 Place of birth: Near Blooming Grove, Ohio Date of death: August 2, 1923 Place of death: San Francisco, California First... July 28 is the 209th day (210th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 156 days remaining. ... Harry Micajah Daugherty (January 26, 1860–October 12, 1941) (daw-GER-tee) was an American politician. ... September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years). ... Employees of the BBC form a picket line during a strike in May 2005. ...


There was widespread opposition to the injunction and a number of sympathy strikes shut down some railroads completely, but the strike eventually died out as many shopmen made deals with the railroads on the local level. The often unpalatable concessions — coupled with memories of the violence and tension during the strike — soured relations between the railroads and the shopmen for quite some time. A sympathy strike is a labour strike that is initiated by workers in one industry and supported by workers in a separate but related industry. ...


Sources

Online excerpt (http://www.iamawlodge1426.org/hisupdate30.htm) from Robert Rodden's The Fighting Machinists.


Illinois Trades & Labor Assembly summary of the strike (http://www.bntrades.org/news.php?id=10)


  Results from FactBites:
 
Chapter 11. The Conquest of Power. Reed, John. 1922. Ten Days That Shook the World (7508 words)
Immediately the poor of the great cities, the inmates of institutions, were plunged in miserable want: delegations of starving cripples, of orphans with blue, pinched faces, besieged the building.
But the great impulse of the masses, the great heroism of millions of workers, soldiers and peasants, in Moscow, Petrograd, at the front, in the trenches, in the villages, pushed aside the deserters as a railway train scatters saw-dust….
Passenger traffic on the Trans-Siberian Railroad was suspended for two weeks, while thirteen trains, loaded with bolts of cloth and bars of iron assembled by the Factory-Shop Committees, were sent out eastward, each in charge of a Commissar, to barter with the Siberian peasants for grain and potatoes….
History & Heritage: Utah's Greek Americans (1777 words)
Funerals were held regularly in the church for young men killed by falls of coal and ore, in railroad accidents, and in the smelters and mills.
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The devastation in the Greek towns of the county was great.
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