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Encyclopedia > Great Railroad Strike

Since the building of railroads they were the advance agents of industrialism, opening a national market for the first time and themselves providing a market for iron, steel, coal, and the products of related industries. But by 1877 construction of new track and rolling stock had virtually halted, related industries were sagging, and wages were slashed for railroad workers. This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... General Name, Symbol, Number iron, Fe, 26 Chemical series transition metal Group, Period, Block 8 (VIIIB), 4 , d Density, Hardness 7874 kg/m3, 4. ... Steel framework Steel is a metal alloy whose major component is iron, with carbon being the primary alloying material. ... Coal is a fossil fuel extracted from the ground either by underground mining, open-pit mining or strip mining. ... 1877 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


The strike

The very same year, on July 17 in Martinsburg, Virginia, railroad workers were given another salary cut for the year. Many workers were outraged by this and started a strike on their employers. The Governor of Virginia called for militia to stop the protestors but the militia refused to take action. Afterwards, federal troops were called in to stop the strikers (first time since 1830). The strikers soon went to the streets. Bloody battles began which included injury and death. July 17 is the 198th day (199th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 167 days remaining. ... This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... This is a list of Governors of Virginia since Virginia became a U.S. state following the American Revolutionary War. ... A militia is a group of citizens organized to provide paramilitary service. ...


This strike spread throughout the branches of the railroad to other areas in the U.S:


In Maryland, the local militia opened fire on the protestors killing ten. Soon the Union troops moved in and began to put down this rebellion wherever they went. A few weeks later, the great railroad strikes were over. State nickname: Old Line State; Free State Other U.S. States Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Governor Robert L. Ehrlich Official languages English Area 32,160 km² (42nd)  - Land 25,338 km²  - Water 6,968 km² (21%) Population (2000)  - Population 5,296,486 (19th)  - Density 165 /km² (5th) Admittance into...


The mayor of Chicago successfully called for 5000 vigilantes to help restore order. Some violence broke out on July 25 between police and the mob, but events reached a peak on the next day. Bloody encounters between police and enraged mobs occurred. At least 18 men and boys died and millions of dollars of property were lost. Chicago (officially named the City of Chicago) is the third largest city in the United States (after New York City and Los Angeles), with an official population of 2,896,016, as of the 2000 census. ...


As the strike went on, many employees united themselves against their employers showing that labor victories and reforms were needed to prevent future disasters. Some legislatures and Congress prepared the armories in several cities in order to prevent similar strikes in the future. The Congress of the United States is the legislative branch of the federal government of the United States of America. ... An armory is a military depot used for the storage of weapons and ammunition. ...


Many workers had shown themselves to be discontented with the ways of maltreatment from American society and that now was the time for greater changes in worker reforms.


  Results from FactBites:
 
1877: The Great Railroad Strike | libcom.org (2619 words)
The great State of Pennsylvania was in an uproar; New Jersey was afflicted by a paralysing dread; New York was mustering an army of militia; Ohio was shaken from Lake Erie to the Ohio River; Indiana rested in a dreadful suspense.
The strike spread to Pittsburgh and the Pennsylvania Railroad.
When the great railroad strikes of 1877 were over, a hundred people were dead, a thousand people had gone to jail, 100,000 workers had gone on strike, and the strikes had roused into action countless unemployed in the cities.
Great railroad strike of 1877 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2190 words)
Of the country's 364 railroads, 89 went bankrupt, over 18,000 businesses failed between 1873 and 1875 and unemployment reached 14 percent by 1876, while workers who kept their jobs were employed for a mere six months out of the year and suffered a 45% cut in their wages, or approximately one dollar per day.
Thus, the massive overbuilding of the nation’s railroads, and the overinvestment by bankers of depositors’ funds in the railroads laid the foundation for the Panic and the depression that followed.
Although the Pullman Strike was broken, and the labor movement was the clear loser, unions learned from their lessons, eventually returning to a position of power in the 1930s and remaining strong into the 1980s.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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