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Encyclopedia > Great Kanto Earthquake

The Great Kanto Earthquake (関東大震災 Kantō daishinsai) struck the Kanto plain on the Japanese main island of Honshu at 11:58 on the morning of September 1, 1923. The quake was later estimated to have had a magnitude between 7.9 and 8.4 on the Richter scale. It destroyed the Japanese port city of Yokohama as well as the surrounding prefectures of Chiba, Kanagawa, Shizuoka, and Tokyo. This article or section should be merged with Kanto region The Kanto plain is the relatively flat region of Japan where Tokyo is located. ... todo mal de [ [ Shikoku ] ] a través del [ [ mar interior ] ], y noreste de [ [ Kyushu ] ] a través del [ [ estrecho de Kanmon ] ]. Es la séptima isla más grande, y la segunda isla populosa en el mundo después de [ [ Java (isla)|Java ] ] (véase [ [ lista de las islas de la población ] ]). < style=float del div... September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years). ... 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Global earthquake epicenters, 1963–1998 An earthquake is a sudden and sometimes catastrophic movement of a part of the Earths surface. ... The Richter magnitude test scale (or more correctly local magnitude ML scale) assigns a single number to quantify the size of an earthquake. ... Japans tallest building, the Landmark Tower, is in the Minato Mirai 21 district of Yokohama. ... Chiba Prefecture (千葉県 Chiba-ken) is located in the Greater Tokyo Area of Honshu Island, Japan. ... Kanagawa Prefecture (神奈川県; Kanagawa-ken) is a geographic and political area located in the Kanto region on Honshu island, Japan. ... Shizuoka (静岡市; -shi) is the capital city of Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. ... View of Tokyos Shibuya district Long a symbol of Tokyo, the Nijubashi Bridge at the Kokyo Imperial Palace. ...

According to most reliable sources, at least 105,385 lost their lives and over 37,000 were reported missing, believed dead. Most of the fatalities were caused by 88 fires which broke out separately and spread rapidly due to high winds from a typhoon near the Noto Peninsula. In several places, firestorms were observed—the largest of which claimed at least 30,000 lives at Rikugun Honjo Hifukusho. As the earthquake had caused water mains to break, putting out the fires took nearly two full days until late in the morning of September 3. This article is about weather phenomena. ... The article incorporates text from OpenHistory. ... A firestorm is the mass movement of air resulting from fire, creating a fire of extreme intensity over a wide area. ... September 3 is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years). ...

Over 570,000 homes were destroyed, leaving an estimated 1.9 million homeless. The damage is estimated to have exceeded one billion U.S. dollars at contemporary values.

The chaos and panic created by the earthquake led to rumours of Koreans poisoning wells and committing arson. Thousands of Koreans and people from Okinawa were killed by civilian militias. The total death toll for Koreans including those killed by the disaster was estimated at around 6,000. In many places, check points were established to check whether travellers were looters or merely trespassers. Socialists like Hirasawa Keishichi and anarchists like Osugi Sakae and Ito Noe were killed by military because of the fear that they would use this opportunity to overthrow the government. Okinawa Prefecture (Japanese 沖縄県; Okinawan Uchinā) is Japans southernmost prefecture, and consists of hundreds of islands known as The Ryūkyū Islands or Ryūkyūs, in an island chain over 1,000 km long, which extends southwest from Kyūshū (the southwesternmost of Japans main four islands) to... Socialism is an ideology with the core belief that society should exist in which popular collectives control the means of power, and therefore the means of production. ... Anarchism derives from the Greek αναρχία (without archons (rulers)). Thus anarchism, in its most general meaning, is the belief that rulers, hierarchal organization, and systems of coersion are unnecessary and should be abolished. ... Osugi Sakae (大杉 栄 Ōsugi Sakae, January 17, 1885 - September 16, 1923) was a radical individualist, socialist and anarchist. ... Ito Noe (伊藤 野枝 Itō Noe, 21 January 1895 - 16 September 1923 in Imajuku, Fukuoka, Japan) was a Japanese anarchist and a social critic, author and feminist. ...

After the earthquake, Goto Shinpei organized a reconstruction plan of Tokyo with modern networks of roads, trains, and public services. Parks were placed all over Tokyo to work as a refugee spots and public buildings were constructed with stricter standards than private buildings to accommodate refugees. However, the outbreak of World War II and the subsequent destruction severely limited resources. In some places, construction is still ongoing today. A typical rural county road in Indiana, USA, where traffic drives on the right. ... In rail transport, a train consists of a single or several connected rail vehicles that are capable of being moved together along a guideway to transport freight or passengers from one place to another along a planned route. ... An Australian park A park is any of a number of geographic features. ... Combatants Allied Powers Axis Powers Commanders {{{commander1}}} {{{commander2}}} Strength {{{strength1}}} {{{strength2}}} Casualties 17 million military deaths 7 million military deaths World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a mid-20th century conflict that engulfed much of the globe and is accepted as the largest and deadliest...

In 1960 September 1 was designated as Disaster Prevention Day to commemorate the earthquake and remind people of the importance of preparation, as September and October are the middle of the typhoon season. Public and private organizations host disaster drills. Tokyo is located near a fault line beneath the Izu peninsula which, on average, causes a major earthquake about once every 70 years. 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... September 1 is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years). ... Old fault exposed by roadcut near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. ... Location. ...

External links

  • Great Kanto Earthquake 1923 Online photo gallery by A. Kengelbacher
  • USGS Earthquake Lists
  • A Study by Kajima Construction Company
  • The 1923 Kanto Massacre of Koreans in Japan: A Japanese Professor Reveals the Truth Article from Korean newspaper
  • Additional information about the Great Kanto Earthquake

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