It rises in the suburbs southeast of Camden near Berlin and flows generally southeast, to the south of the Atlantic City Expressway, entering Great Egg Harbor approximately 5 mi (8 km) southwest of Atlantic City. The lower 10 mi (16 km) of the river provide a navigable estuary as far as Mays Landing. The Tuckahoe River enters Great Egg Harbor just to the south of the mouth of the river.
In 1992, the United States Congress designated 129 mi (210 km) of the river and its tributaries as Great Egg Harbor Scenic and Recreational River, as part of the National Wild and Scenic River system. It is the largest canoeing river within the Pinelands. The river is noted for its tea-colored "cedar water", the product of the iron and tannin content of the fallen cedar leaves along much of its length. It provides abundant habitat for waterfowl in the region. The fish populations include striped bass and alewife herring.
The GreatEggHarborRiver is a 95-kilometer (59-mile) long river that is tidal for its lower 22.5 river kilometers (14 river miles) from the impoundment at May's Landing to its mouth where it joins the Middle and Tuckahoe Rivers at the head of GreatEggHarbor Bay.
Salinities in the GreatEggHarborRiver vary with the diurnal (twice-daily) tides and the degree of rainfall, evapotranspiration, and consequent freshwater input.
Eggs and hatchlings are susceptible to predation by raccoons, foxes, and gulls.
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