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Encyclopedia > Great Dividing Range

Coordinates: 25°00′S, 147°00′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Great Dividing Range
Eastern Highlands, Great Divide
Country Australia
States ACT, NSW, QLD, VIC
Length 3,500 km (2,175 mi), North-South
Highest point Mount Kosciuszko
 - coordinates 36°27′00″S 148°16′0″E / -36.45, 148.26667
 - elevation 2,228 m (7,310 ft)

The Great Dividing Range, also known as the Eastern Highlands, is Australia's most substantial mountain range. The range stretches more than 3500km from the northeastern tip of Queensland, running the entire length of the eastern coastline through New South Wales, then into Victoria and turning west, before finally fading into the central plain at the Grampians in western Victoria. Capital Canberra Government Constitutional monarchy Administrator none Chief Minister Jon Stanhope (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 2  - Senate seats 2 Gross Territorial Product (2006)  - Product ($m)  $19,167 (6th)  - Product per capita  $57,303/person (1st) Population (End of November 2006)  - Population  333,667 (7th)  - Density  137. ... NSW redirects here. ... Slogan or Nickname: Sunshine State, Smart State Motto(s): Audax at Fidelis (Bold but Faithful) Other Australian states and territories Capital Brisbane Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Quentin Bryce Premier Anna Bligh (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 28  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $158,506 (3rd... VIC redirects here. ... “km” redirects here. ... “Miles” redirects here. ... Mount Kosciuszko, located in the Snowy Mountains, in Kosciuszko National Park, is the highest mountain in Australia (not including its external territories), at 2,228 m above sea level. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 534 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1067 pixels, file size: 358 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The Great Dividing Range If you are a (commercial) publisher and you want me to write you an email or paper mail giving you permission to... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 534 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1067 pixels, file size: 358 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The Great Dividing Range If you are a (commercial) publisher and you want me to write you an email or paper mail giving you permission to... For exotic financial options, see Mountain range (options). ... Slogan or Nickname: Sunshine State, Smart State Motto(s): Audax at Fidelis (Bold but Faithful) Other Australian states and territories Capital Brisbane Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Quentin Bryce Premier Anna Bligh (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 28  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $158,506 (3rd... NSW redirects here. ... VIC redirects here. ... The Grampians is a national park in Victoria (Australia), 235 km west of Melbourne. ...

Contents

History

The ranges were home to Aboriginal tribes such as the kulin and were of primary significance to European exploration of Australia. One of the first explorers to cross the range was Gregory Blaxland, followed by well-known Australian explorers such as Allan Cunningham, John Oxley, Hamilton Hume and Charles Sturt.


By the late 1820s the most fertile rangelands adjacent to the mountains ranges had been explored and some settled. These included the Gippsland and Riverina regions in the south, up to the Liverpool Plains and the Darling Downs in the north.

Great Dividing Range sign on the Kings Highway between Braidwood and Bungendore, New South Wales
Great Dividing Range sign on the Kings Highway between Braidwood and Bungendore, New South Wales

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1420x1936, 2356 KB) Summary Great Dividing Range sign on Kings Highway between Braidwood and Bungendore, New South Wales, Australia Picture taken by AYArktos September 2005 Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1420x1936, 2356 KB) Summary Great Dividing Range sign on Kings Highway between Braidwood and Bungendore, New South Wales, Australia Picture taken by AYArktos September 2005 Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on... Kings Highway (formerly called Kings Way), National Route 52, links Canberrans to the coast Kings Highway connects Canberra and Batemans Bay. ... Braidwood Courthouse built 1901 Braidwood (postcode: 2622, ) is a town in the Southern Tablelands of New South Wales, Australia, in Palerang Shire. ... Bungendore Railway Station, used in the filming of The Year My Voice Broke and the Mick Jagger version of Ned Kelly Country Womens Association Bungendore is a town in the Southern Tablelands of New South Wales, Australia, in Palerang Council. ... NSW redirects here. ...

Railways

The engineers of early rail passages across the Great Dividing Range needed to find low sections of the range to cross, as well as suitable, low gradient paths up the mountains on either side. Rail passages include:

  • Ipswich-Toowoomba (1867)
  • Newcastle-Tamworth (c1870) - summit at Ardglen Tunnel
  • Newcastle-Ulan (1980)
  • Sydney-Lithgow, crossing the range near Katoomba (1869)
  • Sydney-Goulburn (1869)
  • Melbourne-Seymour, crossing the range near Heathcote (1872)
  • Melbourne-Bendigo, crossing the range near Woodend (1862)
  • Melbourne-Ararat (1875) via Ballaraat
  • Melbourne-Ararat (c1915) via Lismore

// Newcastle refers primarily to the following places: Newcastle upon Tyne, England Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia Newcastle (or New Castle) can refer to the following places: Newcastle, New South Wales Division of Newcastle, an electoral district in the Australian House of Representatives, in New South Wales, located around the city. ... For other places named Tamworth, see Tamworth (disambiguation). ... The Ardglen Tunnel is a summit tunnel on the Great Northern Railway in New South Wales, Australia, between Newcastle and Werris Creek. ... // Newcastle refers primarily to the following places: Newcastle upon Tyne, England Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia Newcastle (or New Castle) can refer to the following places: Newcastle, New South Wales Division of Newcastle, an electoral district in the Australian House of Representatives, in New South Wales, located around the city. ... Uran is the sister of Astro Boy. ... Katoomba is the chief town of the City of the Blue Mountains in New South Wales, Australia and is its administrative headquarters. ... Heathcote may refer to: in Australia Heathcote, New South Wales, a suburb of Sydney Electoral district of Heathcote, a seat in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly, based on the suburb Heathcote National Park Heathcote, Victoria in England Heathcote, Derbyshire Heathcote, Shropshire Heathcote, Warwickshire in New Zealand Heathcote River Heathcote... Woodend is the name of several places in the United Kingdom: England Woodend, Cheshire Woodend, Cumbria Woodend, Essex Woodend, Hampshire Woodend, Northamptonshire Woodend, Northumberland Woodend, Nottinghamshire Woodend, Shropshire Woodend, Staffordshire Woodend, Stockton on Tees Woodend, Sussex Scotland Woodend, Aberdeenshire Woodend, Argyll and Bute Woodend, Borders Woodend, Dumfries and Galloway Woodend... Lismore can refer to any of the following places: Lismore, Scotland, an island in Scotland Lismore, New South Wales, a city in Australia Lismore, Victoria, a town in Australia Lismore, County Waterford, a town in Ireland Lismore, Minnesota, a city located in Minnesota, United States Lismore (band), an American electronic...

Features

All of mainland Australia's alpine areas, including its highest mountain, Mount Kosciuszko (2,228 metres AHD), are part of this range. The highest areas in southern New South Wales and eastern Victoria are known as the Australian Alps. The Australian continental shelf (light blue) is contiguous with New Guinea, but not with other Pacific islands like New Zealand. ... Mount Kosciuszko, located in the Snowy Mountains, in Kosciuszko National Park, is the highest mountain in Australia (not including its external territories), at 2,228 m above sea level. ... The Australian Height Datum is a theoretical reference surface (datum) for altitude measurement in Australia. ... Looking across everlastings on Mt Hotham to Mt Feathertop; during winter these mountains are blanketed in snow The Australian Alps The Australian Alps are the highest mountain ranges of mainland Australia. ...


The central core of the Great Dividing Range is dotted with hundreds of peaks and is surrounded by many smaller mountain ranges or spurs, canyons, gorges, valleys and plains of regional significance. Some of the major plains include the High Plains of South-Eastern Australia, the Central highlands and Bogong High Plains of Victoria. Other tablelands considered part of the Great dividing range are the Atherton Tableland, Northern Tablelands, Canberra wine region and the Southern Tablelands. Grand Canyon, Arizona Noravank Monastery complex and canyon in Armenia. ... A gorge is a narrow passage between steep mountains or hills. ... Fljótsdalur in East Iceland, a rather flat valley In geology, a valley (also called a vale or dale) is a depression with predominant extent in one direction. ... The High Plains of South-Eastern Australia are a region, or rather a string of adjacent areas, in and adjacent to the Great Dividing Range which were used for summer grazing since the 1830s in some cases. ... // The Central highlands area of Victoria is situated west of Ballarat, south of Bendigo, north of Melbourne, east of the Alpine areas and into the Great Dividing Range. ... The Bogong High Plains are situated in the Alpine National Park in the Australian state of Victoria, just south of Mount Bogong. ... The Mount Hypipamee Crater on the Atherton Tablelands. ... The Northern Tablelands is a plateau and a region of the Great Dividing Range in northern New South Wales, Australia. ... The Canberra wine region is located around Canberra, in the Capital city of Australia. ... The Southern Tablelands is a geographic area of the State of New South Wales, Australia. ...

Omeo Plains from Mount Blowhard.
Omeo Plains from Mount Blowhard.

The Bunya Mountains, Liverpool Range, McPherson Ranges and the Moonbi Range are some of the smaller spurs and ranges that make up the greater dividing range. Whilst some of the peaks of the highlands reach respectable heights of a little over 2000 metres, the age of the range and its erosion mean that most of the mountains are not outrageously steep, and virtually all peaks can be reached without mountaineering equipment. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 292 pixelsFull resolution (2738 × 1000 pixels, file size: 452 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The Benambra and Omeo Plains taken from Mt Blowhard, Victoria, Australia. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 292 pixelsFull resolution (2738 × 1000 pixels, file size: 452 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The Benambra and Omeo Plains taken from Mt Blowhard, Victoria, Australia. ... Omeo is a town in Victoria, Australia, located on the Great Apline Road, east of Mount Hotham, in the East Gippsland Shire. ... The Bunya Mountains are a distinctive set of peaks forming an isolated section of the Great Dividing Range in southern Queensland. ... The Liverpool Range is a minor mountain range in New South Wales, Australia. ... The McPherson Range is an extensive mountain range, a spur of the Great Dividing Range, heading in an easterly direction from near Wallangarra to the Pacific Ocean coatline. ... The Moonbi Ranges are a part of the Great Dividing Range, in Australia. ...


In some areas, such as the Snowy Mountains, Victorian Alps, the Scenic Rim and the eastern escarpments of the New England region, the highlands form a significant barrier. In other areas the slopes are gentle and in places the range is barely perceptible. Well known passes on the range include Cunningham's Gap, Dead Horse Gap and Spicer's Gap. Worldwind image of Snowy Mountains The Snowy Mountains (known for short as the Snowies) are the highest Australian mountain range and contain the Australian mainlands highest mountain, Mount Kosciuszko, which reaches 2228 metres AHD. They are located in southern New South Wales and are part of the larger Australian... The Australian Alps viewed from Mount Buffalo The Australian Alps is a general term for the highest mountain ranges in south_eastern Australia. ... Lake Moogerah lies between the Moogerah Peaks and the Scenic Rim. ... The New England region of Australia, here showing Mt Duval Approximate location of New England within New South Wales; red a narrow definition, yellow a broader definition New England is the name given to a region in the north of the state of New South Wales, Australia. ... Cunninghams Gap is a pass over the Great Dividing Range between the Darling Downs and Brisbane areas. ... Spicers Gap lies 100km west of Brisbane, Australia, and was the original route over the Great Dividing Range. ...


Water catchments

The lower reaches are used for forestry, an activity that causes much friction with conservationists. The ranges is also the source of virtually all of eastern Australia's water supply, both through runoff caught in dams, and, throughout much of Queensland, through the Great Artesian Basin. Lightning Ridge bathing thermes supplied by artesian bore water Hot water bore hole into the Great Artesian Basin in Thargomindah The Great Artesian Basin provides the only reliable source of water through much of inland Australia. ...


The Great Dividing Range divides the drainage basins of streams and rivers which flow directly into the Pacific Ocean on the eastern coast of Australia, from streams and rivers of the Murray-Darling Basin which flow inwards, away from the coast into the interior plains. A drainage basin is the area within the drainage basin divide (blue outline), and drains the surface runoff and river discharge (green lines) of a contiguous area. ... The south-east coast drainage division is the very long, narrow area of southern Australia between the Great Dividing Range and the sea. ... Semi-arid grazing country near Burra Creek, South Australia The Murray-Darling Basin being 3430km long, drains one-seventh of the Australian land mass and is currently by far the most significant agricultural area in Australia. ...

The Snowy Mountains region
The Snowy Mountains region

Some of the rivers which flow west of the ranges includes the Condamine River, Flinders River, Hastings River Herbert River, Lachlan River, Macdonald River and MacIntyre River. Rivers that flow east into the Pacific Ocean include the Brisbane River, Hawkesbury River, Namoi River, Shoalhaven River and the Mary River. Download high resolution version (1280x938, 175 KB)Image of the Snowy Mountains, Australia, generated from Worldwind This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Download high resolution version (1280x938, 175 KB)Image of the Snowy Mountains, Australia, generated from Worldwind This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... The Condamine River drains the northern portion of the Darling Downs, an area of sub-coastal southern Queensland. ... The Flinders River is the longest river in Queensland, Australia at about 840 km. ... Length  ? km Elevation of the source  ? m Average discharge  ? m³/s Area watershed  ? km² Origin Great Dividing Range Mouth Tasman Sea Basin countries Australia The Hastings River is a large river on the mid-North Coast of the Australian state of New South Wales that empties into the Tasman Sea... The Herbert River is a river located in Far North Queensland, Australia. ... The Lachlan River is a significant river in central New South Wales, Australia. ... There are two rivers named Macdonald River in New South Wales, Australia. ... The MacIntyre River rises in the Great Dividing Range in eastern New South Wales, flows northwards to Queensland, where it serves as part of the New South Wales/Queensland border, before eventually flowing south into the Barwon River. ... The Brisbane River is situated in southeast Queensland, Australia, and flows through the city of Brisbane, before emptying into Moreton Bay. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The Namoi River is a river in inland New South Wales, Australia. ... The Warri Bridge on the Kings Highway which crosses the river near Braidwood The Shoalhaven River is a river on the South Coast of New South Wales, Australia. ... The Mary River is a river system in South East Queensland, Australia. ...


Transport

Many of Australia's highways such as the Alpine Way, Great Alpine Road, Hume Highway, Great Western Highway, Capricorn Highway, Warrego Highway, Waterfall Way, Thunderbolts Way and the Murray Valley Highway traverse parts of the range. This is a list of highways in Australia, listed alphabetically along with its route number and location. ... The Alpine Way is a State highway in New South Wales, Australia. ... View from Myrtleford to Mount Buffalo National Park The Great Alpine Road (B500) is a country road from Wangaratta to Bairnsdale passing through the Victorian Alps. ... The Hume Highway / Hume Freeway is one of Australias most important and notable interstate highways which runs for 880 km inland between Sydney and Melbourne. ... The Great Western Highway is a highway in New South Wales, Australia. ... The Capricorn Highway is located in Central Queensland, Australia, and links the city of Rockhampton with western Queensland. ... National Highway A2 Approximate road distances (in kilometres) of towns from Brisbane along the highway The Warrego Highway is located in southern Queensland, Australia. ... The Waterfall Way is a State Route (number 78) in New South Wales. ... Thunderbolts Way is a New South Wales country road linking Gloucester to Walcha (where it crosses the Oxley Highway) and Uralla (on the New England Highway). ... The Murray Valley Highway (Route B400) follows the south side of the Murray River in Victoria, Australia. ...


Protected Areas

Much of the range lies within a succession of national parks and other reserves including the Alpine National Park, Blue Mountains National Park, and the Grampians National Park. This article is about national parks. ... Protected areas of Australia are maintained by the Department of the Environment and Heritage, with the exception of the Great Barrier Reef, which is managed by the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority, a body within the department. ... Alpine is a national park in Victoria (Australia), northeast of Melbourne. ... Categories: Australia geography stubs | National parks of New South Wales ... The Pinnacle offers stunning views of the surrounding park, this photograph just one example. ...

The Great Dividing Range, as seen from near Mt Hotham, Victoria.
The Great Dividing Range, as seen from near Mt Hotham, Victoria.

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (4000x1043, 1102 KB) Alpine Range scenery as viewed just past Mt Hotham. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (4000x1043, 1102 KB) Alpine Range scenery as viewed just past Mt Hotham. ... Mt Hotham in the summer Mt. ... VIC redirects here. ...

See also

The Bradfield Scheme was devised by Dr. John Bradfield an Australian engineer, and involved the diverting of water from the upper reaches of the Johnson, Tully, Herbert, Burdekin and Flinders rivers (all Queensland coastal rivers) into the Thompson river on the other side of the Great Dividing Range creating a... Talbingo Dam The Snowy Mountains Scheme is a hydro-electricity and irrigation complex in south-east Australia. ... Warragamba Dam Spillway Warragamba Dam is the structure that provides the major water supply for Sydney, Australia, situated approximately 65 km to the west of Sydney in the Burragorang Valley. ...

References

  • Australian rocks and mountains
  • Australian Explorer
  • Crossing the Great Dividing Range

  Results from FactBites:
 
DoAustralia - the great dividing range (413 words)
Sections of the Great Dividing Range include the Clarke and McPherson ranges (in Queensland), the Blue Mountains (near Sydney), the Australian Alps and the Snowy Mountains (near Canberra), and the Grampians (near Melbourne).
The Great Dividing Range - 3500 kilometres of highland
The main town in the range is Katoomba, while the quaint town of Leura is also worth a stopover for a break in one of the restaurants or cafés.
Great Dividing Range - Search Results - MSN Encarta (271 words)
The thick sedimentary rocks of the Great Dividing Range were deposited in a long, broad north-south depression, or geosyncline, during an interval...
The Great Dividing Range, also known as the Eastern Highlands, is Australia 's most substantial mountain range.
Great Dividing Range starts north east of Melbourne and heads east to the New South Wales border.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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