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Encyclopedia > Great Basin
Drainage map showing the Great Basin in orange
Various Definitions of the Great Basin (NPS)
Wheeler Peak in Great Basin National Park, Nevada.
Wheeler Peak in Great Basin National Park, Nevada.

The Great Basin is a large, arid region of the western United States. Its boundaries depend on how it is defined. Its most common definition is the contiguous watershed, roughly between the Wasatch Mountains, in Utah and the Sierra Nevada, that has no natural outlet to the sea. Therefore it is endorheic. The Great Basin Desert is defined by the extent of characteristic plant species, and covers a somewhat different (and smaller) area. The Great Basin Culture Area, home to several Shoshonean Great Basin tribes, extends further to the north and east than the hydrographic basin. The Basin and Range Province is a geologic region that is most recognizable in the Great Basin but extends well into the Sonoran and Mojave Deserts. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (619x752, 155 KB) Updated Great Basin image I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (619x752, 155 KB) Updated Great Basin image I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links GB-Definition-Map. ... Image File history File links GB-Definition-Map. ... Author: Self. ... Author: Self. ... A drainage basin is the area within the drainage basin divide (blue outline), and drains the surface runoff and river discharge (green lines) of a contiguous area. ... The Wasatch Range (also seen as Wasatch Mountains and Wahsatch Range) is a mountain range that stretches from southern Idaho and Wyoming south through central Utah in the Western United States. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the mountain range in the Western United States. ... The shores of Lake Hart, an endorheic desert lake in South Australia In geography, an endorheic basin—also called a terminal or closed basin—is a watershed from which there is no outflow of water, either on the surface as rivers, or underground by flow or diffusion through rock or... Bold textThe Great Basin tribes of Native Americans occupied an area of some 400,000 mile² (1,000,000 km²), between the Rocky Mountains and the Sierra Nevada, in what is now Nevada, and parts of Oregon, California, Idaho, Wyoming, and Utah. ... Basin and Range index map - USGS The Basin and Range Province is a particular type of topography that covers much of the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico that is typified by elongate north-south trending arid valleys bounded by mountain ranges which also bound adjacent valleys. ... Map of the Mojave and Sonoran deserts. ... For the indigenous American tribe, see Mohave. ...

Contents

Description

The 200,000 square mile (520,000 square km) intermontane plateau covers most of Nevada and over half of Utah, as well as parts of California, Idaho, Oregon and Wyoming. The Great Basin is not a single basin, but rather a series of contiguous watersheds, bounded on the west by watersheds of the Sacramento-San Joaquin and Klamath rivers, on the north by the watershed of the Columbia-Snake, and on the south and east by the watershed of the Colorado-Green. Watersheds within the Great Basin include: In geography, an intermontane is a feature that lies between mountains. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Nevada. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Official language(s) English [1] Capital Boise Largest city Boise Largest metro area Boise metropolitan area Area  Ranked 14th  - Total 83,642 sq mi (216,632 km²)  - Width 305 miles (491 km)  - Length 479 miles (771 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) (none)[1] Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... Official language(s) English Capital Cheyenne Largest city Cheyenne Area  Ranked 10th  - Total 97,818 sq mi (253,348 km²)  - Width 280 miles (450 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 0. ... A drainage basin is the area within the drainage basin divide (blue outline), and drains the surface runoff and river discharge (green lines) of a contiguous area. ... The Sacramento River is the longest river in the U.S. state of California. ... The San Joaquin River, 330 miles (530 km) long, is the second-longest river in California, United States. ... The Klamath River, approximately 263 miles (400 km) long, is a major river in southern Oregon and northern California in the United States. ... For other uses, see Snake River (disambiguation). ... Colorado River in the Grand Canyon from Desert View The Colorado River is a river in the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico, approximately 1,450 mi (2,333 km) long, draining a part of the arid regions on the western slope of the Rocky Mountains. ... The Green River, a tributary of the Colorado, is shown highlighted on a map of the western United States. ...

Mountain ranges separated by valleys are typical in the geography of the Great Basin.

Much of the Great Basin, especially across northern Nevada, consists of a series of isolated mountain ranges and intervening valleys, a geographical configuration known as the Basin and Range Province. Additionally the Great Basin contains two large expansive playas that are the lakebed remnants of prehistoric lakes that existed in the basin during the last ice age but have since largely dried up. Lake Bonneville extended over most of Western Utah and into Idaho and Nevada, leaving behind the Great Salt Lake, the Bonneville Salt Flats, Utah Lake, and Sevier Lake. Likewise Lake Lahontan extended across much of northwestern Nevada and neighboring states, leaving behind such remnants as the Black Rock Desert, Carson Sink, Humboldt Sink, Walker Lake, Pyramid Lake, Winnemucca Lake, and Honey Lake, each of which now forms a separate watershed within the basin. Great Salt Lake, located in the northern part of the U.S. state of Utah, is the largest salt lake in the Western Hemisphere,[1] the fourth-largest terminal lake in the world,[2] and the 33rd largest lake on Earth. ... For other uses, see Death Valley (disambiguation). ... Honey Lake is a medium-sized natural lake located in the Great Basin fed by the Susan River, whose tributaries include Gold Run, Piute, and Willow creeks. ... Mono Lake is an alkaline and hypersaline lake in California, United States that is a critical nesting habitat for several bird species and is one of the most productive ecosystems in North America[citation needed]. // Satellite photo of Mono Lake Mono Craters to the right of the image are rhyolitic... The Humboldt Sink is an intermittent dry lake bed, approximately 11 mi (18 km) and 4 mi (6 km) across, in northwestern Nevada in the United States. ... The Humboldt River runs through northern Nevada in the western United States. ... This article is about Pyramid Lake in Nevada. ... The Black Rock Desert is a dry lake bed in northwestern Nevada in the United States. ... The Carson Sink is a large playa, approximately 300 sq mi (780 km²) in area, in the Lahontan Valley of northwestern Nevada. ... Walker Lake Walker Lake is a natural salt lake, approximately 105 sq mi (272 km²) in area, in the Great Basin in western Nevada in the United States. ... Winnemucca Lake, located just east of Pyramid Lake in northwestern Nevada, was formerly a shallow tule-filled lake and an important stop for migrating waterfowl. ... The Harney Basin The Harney Basin is an arid basin in southeastern Oregon in the United States, at the northwestern corner of the Great Basin. ... We dont have an article called Sevier Lake Start this article Search for Sevier Lake in. ... Abert Rim, Oregon is one of the highest fault scarps in the United States. ... This article is about the lake in Oregon. ... There are three valleys named Surprise Valley in California. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 188 KB) Mountain Valley in the Great Basin, central Utah by David Jolley File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 188 KB) Mountain Valley in the Great Basin, central Utah by David Jolley File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Full extent of the Basin and Range The Basin and Range Province is a particular type of topography that covers much of the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico that is typified by elongate north-south trending arid valleys bounded by mountain ranges which also bound adjacent valleys. ... It has been suggested that Playa lake be merged into this article or section. ... Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 400 000 years For the animated movie, see Ice Age (movie). ... A butte in the Great Salt Lake Desert Lake Bonneville was a prehistoric pluvial lake that covered much of North Americas Great Basin region. ... Bonneville Salt Flats The Bonneville Salt Flats are a 121 km² (47 mi²) salt flat in northwestern Utah. ... Utah Lake and Utah Valley Utah Lake is Utahs , and it is one of the largest naturally occurring fresh-water lakes in the western United States. ... We dont have an article called Sevier Lake Start this article Search for Sevier Lake in. ... Extent of prehistoric Lake Lahontan For the modern reservoir, see Lake Lahontan (reservoir) Ancient Lake Lahontan was an enormous endorheic lake that existed during the ice age, covering much of northwestern Nevada, extending into northeastern California and southern Oregon. ... The Black Rock Desert is a dry lake bed in northwestern Nevada in the United States. ...


The Basin and Range province's dynamic fault history has profoundly affected the region's water drainage system. Most precipitation in the Great Basin falls in the form of snow that melts in the spring. Rain that reaches the ground, or snow that melts, quickly evaporates in the dry desert environment. Some of the water that does not evaporate sinks into the ground to become ground water. The remaining water flows into streams and collects in short-lived lakes called playas on the valley floor and eventually evaporates. Any water that falls as rain or snow into this region does not escape out of it; not one of the streams that originate within this basin ever finds an outlet to the ocean. The extent of internal drainage, the area in which surface water cannot reach the ocean, defines the geographic region called the Great Basin. For other uses, see Snow (disambiguation). ... This article is about precipitation. ... Groundwater is any water found below the land surface. ... Butchers Creek, Omeo, Victoria A stream, brook, beck, burn or creek, is a body of water with a detectable current, confined within a bed and banks. ... Animated map exhibiting the worlds oceanic waters. ...


The Great Basin's internal drainage results from blockage of water movement by high fault-created mountains and by lack of sufficient water flow to merge with larger drainages outside of the Great Basin. Much of the present-day Great Basin would drain to the sea - just as it did in the recent Ice Ages - if there were more rain and snowfall.


Geology

The Great Basin is considered by geologists to be in the process of stretching and cracking. Although elevated, the crust here is actually relatively thin, and getting thinner. Some geologists in the USGS speculate that the East Pacific Rise rift zone may be destined in the distant future to split the Great Basin, possibly by way of the Imperial Valley, letting the sea in from the Gulf of California. The United States Geological Survey (USGS) is a scientific agency of the United States government. ... The East Pacific Rise is a long north-south welt of seafloor spreading under the eastern Pacific Ocean from near Antarctica in the south northward to its termination at the northern end of the Gulf of California in the Salton Sea basin in southern Pennsylvania California. ... The Imperial Valley and the Salton Sea, as seen from the Space shuttle. ... The Gulf of California (also known as the Sea of Cortez or Sea of Cortés; locally known in the Spanish language as Mar de Cortés or, much less frequently, Golfo de California) is a body of water that separates the Baja California Peninsula from the Mexican mainland. ...

Winter in Great Basin, Utah County, Utah
Bonneville Salt Flats in western Utah.

The Walker Lane is a trough running from Oregon to Death Valley which may represent the alignment of this future inlet. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2304x1728, 1007 KB) Western Utah County, Utah winter scene in Great Basin by David Jolley I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2304x1728, 1007 KB) Western Utah County, Utah winter scene in Great Basin by David Jolley I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 500 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,304 × 1,441 pixels, file size: 734 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)souljaboy teelele,lrf,l ,lktijiyhkjo9HIkopk ryi Bonneville Salt Flats near Wendover, Utah by David Jolley 2007. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 500 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,304 × 1,441 pixels, file size: 734 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)souljaboy teelele,lrf,l ,lktijiyhkjo9HIkopk ryi Bonneville Salt Flats near Wendover, Utah by David Jolley 2007. ... The Walker Lane is a geological trough which runs north to south, roughly aligned with the border of the states of California and Nevada in the United States. ...

Flora and fauna

The Great Basin is predominantly high altitude desert, with the lowest basins just below 4,000 feet and several peaks over 12,000 feet. Most areas are dominated by shrubs, mostly of the Atriplex genus at the lowest elevations and sagebrush at higher elevations. Open woodlands consisting of Utah Juniper, Single-leaf Pinyon (mostly southern areas) or Curl-leaf Mountain Mahogany (mostly northern areas) form on the slopes of most ranges. Stands of Limber Pine and Great Basin Bristlecone Pine can be found in some of the higher ranges. Cottonwoods and Quaking Aspen groves exist in areas with dependable water. The word bush re-directs here; for alternate uses see Bush (disambiguation). ... Species About 100-200 species, including: Atriplex alaskensis Atriplex amnicola Atriplex californica Atriplex calotheca Atriplex canescens Atriplex confertifolia Atriplex coronata Atriplex glabriuscula Atriplex halimus Atriplex heterosperma Atriplex hortensis Atriplex hymenelytra Atriplex laciniata Atriplex lentiformis Atriplex littoralis Atriplex longipes Atriplex nitens Atriplex nummularia Atriplex nuttallii Atriplex oblongifolia Atriplex patula Atriplex polycarpa... Binomial name Artemisia tridentata Nutt. ... Limber Pine woodland, Toiyabe Range, central Nevada Biologically, a woodland is a treed area differentiated from a forest. ... Binomial name Juniperus osteosperma (Torr. ... Binomial name Pinus monophylla Torr. ... Species - Birchleaf Mountain-mahogany - Hairy Mountain-mahogany - Littleleaf Mountain-mahogany - Curlleaf Mountain-mahogany - Alderleaf Mountain-mahogany - Catalina Island Mountain-mahogany Mountain-mahogany (Cercocarpus) is a small genus of five or six species of deciduous shrubs or small trees in the Rosaceae, native to the western United States and northern Mexico... Binomial name Pinus flexilis ( var. ... Binomial name Pinus longaeva D.K.Bailey The Great Basin Bristlecone Pine (Pinus longaeva) is one of the bristlecone pines, a group of three species of pine found in the higher mountains of the southwest United States. ... Species Populus deltoides L. Populus fremontii [[]] Populus nigra L. This article is about the poplar species. ... For other uses, see Aspen (disambiguation). ...

Juniper tree forests are found throughout the Great Basin.
Juniper tree forests are found throughout the Great Basin.

Lagomorphs such as Black-tailed Jackrabbit and Desert Cottontail and the coyotes that prey on them are the mammals most often encountered by humans. Ground squirrels are common, but they generally venture above ground in only the spring and early summer. Packrats, Kangaroo rats and other small rodents are also common, but these are predominantly nocturnal. Pronghorn, Mule Deer, and Mountain Lion are also present throughout the area. Elk and Bighorn Sheep are present but uncommon. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (960x1280, 323 KB) Pinon Juniper trees by David Jolley. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (960x1280, 323 KB) Pinon Juniper trees by David Jolley. ... Families Leporidae Ochotonidae The Lagomorphs, order Lagomorpha, are an order of mammals of which there are two families, Leporidae (hares and rabbits), and Ochotonidae (pikas). ... Binomial name Lepus californicus Gray, 1837 The Black-tailed Jackrabbit (Lepus californicus), aso known as the Desert Hare, is a common hare of the western United States and Mexico, found at elevations from sea level to up to 3000 m. ... Binomial name Sylvilagus audubonii (Baird, 1858) The Desert Cottontail (Sylvilagus audubonii) is a New World cottontail rabbit, a member of the family Leporidae. ... For other uses, see Coyote (disambiguation). ... Orders Subclass Monotremata Monotremata Subclass Marsupialia Didelphimorphia Paucituberculata Microbiotheria Dasyuromorphia Peramelemorphia Notoryctemorphia Diprotodontia Subclass Placentalia Xenarthra Dermoptera Desmostylia Scandentia Primates Rodentia Lagomorpha Insectivora Chiroptera Pholidota Carnivora Perissodactyla Artiodactyla Cetacea Afrosoricida Macroscelidea Tubulidentata Hyracoidea Proboscidea Sirenia The mammals are the class of vertebrate animals primarily characterized by the presence of mammary... Genera Ammospermophilus Spermophilus Cynomys Marmota Tamias Sciurotamias The ground squirrels are all members of the Sciuridae most closely related to the genus Marmota and included in the tribe Marmotini. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Species 22, see text Kangaroo rats, genus Dipodomys, are small rodents native to North America. ... Binomial name Antilocapra americana Ord, 1815 Subspecies The Pronghorn (Antilocapra americana) is the only surviving member of the family Antilocapridae, and the fastest mammal in North America running at speeds of 58 mph (90 km/h). ... Binomial name (Rafinesque, 1817) The mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) is a deer whose habitat is in the western half of North America. ... Binomial name Puma concolor (Linnaeus, 1771) The puma (Puma concolor) is a type of large cat found in North, Central and South America. ... For other uses, see Elk (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Shaw, 1804 Synonyms Desmarest Cuvier[1] Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis)[2] is one of three species of mountain sheep in North America and Siberia; the other two species being Ovis dalli, that includes Dall Sheep and Stones Sheep, and the Siberian Snow sheep Ovis nivicola. ...


Small lizards such as the Western fence lizard, Longnose Leopard Lizard and Horned toad are common, especially in lower elevations. Rattlesnakes and Gopher snakes are also present. This page is about Lizards, the order of reptile. ... Binomial name Sceloporus occidentalis Baird and Girard, 1852 The Western Fence Lizard (Sceloporus occidentalis) is the common lizard of much of California. ... Binomial name Gambelia wislizenii Baird & Girard, 1852 Synonyms Crotaphytus wislizenii Baird & Girard, 1852 Crotaphytus gambelii Baird & Girard, 1852 Crotaphytus fasciatus Mocquard, 1899 Crotaphytus fasciolatus Mocquard, 1903 The Long-nosed Leopard Lizard (Gambelia wislizenii) is a large predatory member of the Collared lizard family. ... Species see text The Horned Lizards (Phrynosoma) is a genus of the Phrynosomatidae family of lizards. ... Species 27 species; see list of rattlesnake species and subspecies. ... Binomial name Pituophis catenifer (Blainville, 1835) Gopher snakes are found in a wide variety of habitats including desert flats, coastal dunes and coniferous forests, but preferring grasslands and open brush areas. ...


Shorebirds such as Phalaropes and Curlews can be found in wet areas. American White Pelicans are common at Pyramid Lake. Golden Eagles are perhaps more common in the Great Basin than anywhere else in the US. Mourning Dove, Western Meadowlark, Black-billed Magpie and Common Raven are other common bird species. Species Red Phalarope, Red-necked Phalarope, Wilsons Phalarope, The name Phalarope refers to any of three species of slender-necked shorebirds in the genus Phalaropus of the bird family Scolopacidae. ... Species N. phaeopus N. tenuirostris N. arquata N. americanus N. madagascariensis N. minutus N. borealis N. tahitiensis For other uses, see Curlew (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Pelecanus erythrorhynchos Gmelin, 1789 The American White Pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos) is a very large (50–70) white bird with black wing tips and an enormous orange bill. ... For other uses, see Golden Eagle (disambiguation). ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) Winter only (blue), summer only (light green), and year-round (dark green) range Subspecies See text The Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura) is a member of the dove family Columbidae. ... Binomial name Sturnella neglecta Audubon, 1844 The Western Meadowlark, Sturnella neglecta, is a medium-sized blackbird, very similar in appearance to the Eastern Meadowlark. ... Binomial name Pica hudsonia (Sabine, 1823) The Black-billed Magpie is a large bird in the crow family that occurs in the western half of North America from Alaska to Oklahoma. ... Binomial name Corvus corax Linnaeus, 1758 Common Raven range Subspecies The Common Raven (Corvus corax), also known as the Northern Raven, is a large all-black passerine bird in the crow family, with iridescent feathers. ...


Two endangered species of fish are found in Pyramid Lake that lies in the Great Basin: the Cui-ui sucker fish and the Lahontan cutthroat trout. The Siberian Tiger is a subspecies of tiger that are critically endangered. ... This article is about Pyramid Lake in Nevada. ... Binomial name Chasmistes cujus Cope, 1883 The Cui-ui (Chasmistes Cujus) is a large sucker fish which is endemic to Pyramid Lake in northwestern Nevada. ... The Catostomidae, also known as the sucker fish is part of the order Cypriniformes. ... Lahontan Cutthroat Trout (Oncorhynchus clarki henshawi) is the state fish of Nevada. ...


Large invertebrates include tarantulas (Aphonopelma genus) and Mormon crickets. Invertebrate is a term coined by Chevalier de Lamarck to describe any animal without a backbone or vertebra, like insects, squids and worms. ... For other uses, see Tarantula (disambiguation). ... The Aphonopelma tarantulas include nearly all of the North American fauna north of Mexico and a considerable part of the fauna into Central America. ... Binomial name Haldeman, 1852 The so-called Mormon cricket (Anabrus simplex) is actually a shieldbacked katydid, and not a cricket at all. ...


Chukar, Grey Partridge and Himalayan Snowcock have been successfully introduced to the Great Basin, although the latter has only thrived in the Ruby Mountains. Cheatgrass, which was unintentionally introduced, forms a critical portion of their diets. Feral horses (Mustangs) and wild burros are other highly successful, though controversial, alien species. Most of the Great Basin is open range and domestic cattle and sheep are widespread. Binomial name Alectoris chukar (Gray, JE, 1830) The chukar, Alectoris chukar, is a gamebird in the pheasant family Phasianidae of the order Galliformes, gallinaceous birds. ... Binomial name Perdix perdix (Linnaeus, 1758) The Grey Partridge (Perdix perdix) is a gamebird in pheasant family Phasianidae of the order Galliformes, gallinaceous birds. ... Binomial name Tetraogallus himalayensis (G. R. Gray, 1843) The Himalayan Snowcock, Tetraogallus himalayensis , is a snowcock in the pheasant family Phasianidae of the order Galliformes, gallinaceous birds. ... Ruby Mountains The Ruby Mountains comprise one of the many mountain ranges of the Great Basin in the western United States. ... Binomial name Bromus tectorum L. Drooping brome (Bromus tectorum), is a grass native to Europe, southwestern Asia and northern Africa. ... A feral horse (an American mustang) in Wyoming A feral animal or plant is one that has escaped from domestication and returned, partly or wholly, to its wild state. ... Binomial name Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758 The horse (Equus caballus, sometimes seen as a subspecies of the Wild Horse, Equus ferus caballus) is a large odd-toed ungulate mammal, one of ten modern species of the genus Equus. ... This article is about the feral horse of the American west. ... Binomial name Equus asinus Linnaeus, 1758 The donkey, a. ... Open Range is a 2003 movie based on the novel The Open Range Men by Lauran Paine. ... For general information about the genus, including other species of cattle, see Bos. ... Species See text. ...


History

The history of human habitation in the Great Basin goes back at least 12,000 years. Archaeological evidence of primitive habitation sites along the shore of prehistoric Lake Lahontan date from the end of the ice age when its shoreline was approximately 500 ft (150 m) higher along the sides of the surrounding mountains. This article is about modern humans. ... For referencing in Wikipedia, see Wikipedia:Citing sources. ...


At the time of the arrival of Europeans, the region was inhabited by a broad group of Uto-Aztecan-speaking Native American tribes known collectively as the Great Basin tribes, including the Shoshone, Ute, and Paiute. The first Europeans to encounter the area were the early Spanish explorers in the southwest in the late 18th century. By the early 19th century, fur trappers from the Hudson's Bay Company had explored the upper Basin in the Oregon Country. The first comprehensive and accurate map of the region was made by John C. Frémont during several expeditions across the region in the 1840s. For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... The Uto-Aztecan languages are a Native American language family. ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... This article is about the Native American tribe. ... The Utes (; yoots) are an ethnically related group of American Indians now living primarily in Utah and Colorado. ... “Piute” redirects here. ... An Alberta fur trader in the 1890s. ... Hudsons Bay Company (HBC; Compagnie de la Baie dHudson in French) is the oldest commercial corporation in North America and is one of the oldest in the world. ... Landscape in Oregon Country, by Charles Marion Russell Map of Oregon Country Oregon Country was a region of western North America that originally consisted of the land north of 42°N latitude, south of 54°40N latitude, and west of the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific Ocean. ... John Charles Frémont (January 21, 1813 – July 13, 1890), was an American military officer, explorer, the first candidate of the Republican Party for the office of President of the United States, and the first presidential candidate of a major party to run on a platform in opposition to slavery. ...

Pony Express Trail historical marker, Utah
Pony Express Trail historical marker, Utah

The United States acquired complete control of the area through the 1846 Oregon Treaty (giving it the small portion north of the 42nd parallel) and the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. The first large-scale white settlement in the region was by early Mormon pioneers in the late 1840s in the arable areas around Salt Lake City and the Cache Valley. The Mormons quickly established a provisional government and drafted a proposal for a new state, called the State of Deseret, that encompassed the entire Great Basin, as well as the coast of southern California. The region became successively organized by the creation of the Oregon Territory in 1848, the admission of California to the Union in 1850, and the creation of the Utah Territory in 1850. The discovery of gold in California, in 1848, brought waves of migrants across the Great Basin along the California Trail, which followed the Humboldt River across Nevada. In 1860-61, the Pony Express, came through the area transporting mail from the eastern United States to California. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 264 KB) Pony Express Trail historical marker, Tooele County, Utah taken by David Jolley 2007. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 264 KB) Pony Express Trail historical marker, Tooele County, Utah taken by David Jolley 2007. ... The Pony Express National Historic Trail was used by young men on fast paced horses to carry the nations mail across the country, from St. ... Map of the lands in dispute The Treaty with Great Britain, in Regard to Limits Westward of the Rocky Mountains, also known as the Oregon Treaty or Treaty of Washington, is a bilateral treaty between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the United States that was signed... The 42nd parallel forms the northern border of the U.S. states of California and Nevada and part of Utah, and the southern border of Oregon and Idaho. ... The Mexican Cession (red) and the Gadsden Purchase (orange). ... For more general information about religious denominations that follow the teachings of Joseph Smith, Jr. ... The Salt Lake Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is Salt Lake Citys top tourist draw. ... Cache Valley is a broad arid agricultural valley in northern Utah and southern Idaho in the United States. ... The boundaries of the provisional State of Deseret (orange) as proposed in 1849. ... The Oregon Territory is the name applied both to the unorganized Oregon Country claimed by both the United States and Britain, as well as to the organized U.S. territory formed from it that existed between 1848 and 1859. ... The Utah Territory was an organized territory of the United States that existed between 1850 and 1896. ... GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ... Main route of California Trail (thick red line), including Applegate-Lassen and Beckwourth variations (thinner red lines) The California Trail was a major overland emigrant route across the Western United States from Missouri to California in the middle 19th century. ... Frank E. Webner, pony express rider c. ...


The part of the first North American transcontinental railroad that was built by the Central Pacific railroad crossed the Great Basin between Reno, Nevada, and Ogden, Utah. Another major railroad southwest from Salt Lake City into Nevada led to the founding of Las Vegas, Nevada. For further information, see Las Vegas metropolitan area and Las Vegas Strip. ...


In 1986, the Great Basin National Park was established by the Federal Government, encompassing 122 square miles of land in Nevada, near the Utah border. The new National Park subsumed the much smaller Lehman Caves National Monument, which had been established in 1922. All of this land is within the Great Basin, and it includes basin and mountainous land, and it is the home of much wildlife. Great Basin National Park is a United States National Park, located in east-central Nevada near its border with Utah. ...


In the 1950s, the area northeast of Las Vegas was the site of numerous above-ground atomic bomb tests, followed in the 1960s by underground testing. The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 km (11 mi) above the epicenter. ...


Present habitation

The Basin has remained among the most sparsely-inhabited areas of the United States. The two largest cities in the basin are Salt Lake City, Utah on its eastern edge and Reno, Nevada on its western edge. Suburbs of Los Angeles, including Lancaster and Palmdale, and Victorville and Hesperia, California combine for about 600,000 residents on the area's southwestern edge. Smaller cities in the basin include Carson City, Nevada; Winnemucca, Nevada; Elko, Nevada; Ogden, Utah; Provo, Utah; and Logan, Utah. For ships of the United States Navy of the same name, see USS Salt Lake City. ... Reno redirects here. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... Lancaster, California, USA, is the eighth-largest city in Los Angeles County and the 9th fastest growing city in the United States. ... Motto: Aerospace Capital of America Location of Palmdale in Los Angeles County, California Coordinates: , Country United States of America State California County Los Angeles Government  - Mayor James C. Ledford Jr. ... Victorville is a city located in the Victor Valley of western San Bernardino County, California, USA. According to the U.S. Census Bureaus 2000 census, the city has a total population of 64,029. ... The City of Hesperia is part of San Bernardino County, California located in the Mojave Desert 75 miles northeast of Los Angeles. ... Motto: Proud of its Past. ... Winnemucca cemetery with a sign reading: Welcome to Winnemucca, Proud of it! // Winnemucca is the county seat of Humboldt County in the U.S. state of Nevada and the site of a September 19, 1900 bank robbery by the Wild Bunch. ... Elko, Nevada Elko is a city in Elko County, Nevada, United States. ... Ogden sign over Washington Boulevard at the Ogden River; toward downtown Ogden is the county seat of Weber County,GR6 Utah, United States. ... Provo is a city in Utah and the county seat of Utah County, located about 35 miles south of Salt Lake City along the Wasatch Front. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The Great Basin is traversed by major long-distance railroads and expressways, such as the parts of Interstate 80 between Reno and Salt Lake City, Interstate 15 between southwest Utah and Idaho, and Interstate 70 from its junction with Interstate 15 in central Utah from the Great Basin, across the Colorado Plateau to westernmost Colorado. Railroads, such as the Union Pacific, which through merger now owns the routes of the former Southern Pacific and Western Pacific lines, extend from the major metropolitan areas of Denver, Colorado, through Salt Lake City, Utah, and Reno, Nevada, to the San Francisco, California, Bay Area; and from Salt Lake City to Los Angeles, California. Interstate 80 (abbreviated I-80) is the second-longest Interstate Highway in the United States. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 15 “I-15” redirects here. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English [1] Capital Boise Largest city Boise Largest metro area Boise metropolitan area Area  Ranked 14th  - Total 83,642 sq mi (216,632 km²)  - Width 305 miles (491 km)  - Length 479 miles (771 km)  - % water 0. ... Interstate 70 (abbreviated I-70) is a long interstate highway in the United States that runs from Interstate 15 about a mile from Cove Fort, Utah to a Park and Ride in Baltimore, Maryland. ... The Colorado Plateau, also called the Colorado Plateaus Province, is a physiographic region of the Intermontane Plateaus, roughly centered on the Four Corners region of the southwestern United States. ... Official language(s) English Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... The Union Pacific Railroad (NYSE: UNP) is the largest railroad in the United States. ...

Dormant volcano cone near Fillmore, Utah by Interstate 15.
Dormant volcano cone near Fillmore, Utah by Interstate 15.

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Cleveland Volcano in the Aleutian Islands of Alaska photographed from the International Space Station For other uses, see Volcano (disambiguation). ... Fillmore is a city located in Millard County, Utah. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 15 “I-15” redirects here. ...

See also

Great Basin National Park is a United States National Park, located in east-central Nevada near its border with Utah. ... A butte in the Great Salt Lake Desert Lake Bonneville was a prehistoric pluvial lake that covered much of North Americas Great Basin region. ... This is a list of deserts in the world ordered by area. ... This is a list of rivers in the enclosed Great Basin of North America Amargosa River - Death Valley (Nevada, California) Bear River - Great Salt Lake (Utah, Wyoming, Idaho) Carson River - Carson Sink (Nevada) Humboldt River - Humboldt Sink (Nevada) Little Humboldt River North Fork Humboldt River Reese River Jordan River - Great... For the county, see Wasatch County, Utah. ... Full extent of the Basin and Range The Basin and Range Province is a particular type of topography that covers much of the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico that is typified by elongate north-south trending arid valleys bounded by mountain ranges which also bound adjacent valleys. ...

References

  • USGS: Geologic Provinces of the United States: Basin and Range Province
  • Basin and Range, John McPhee (1980)
  • The Sagebrush Ocean: A Natural History of the Great Basin, Stephen Trimble (1999) ISBN - 0874173434
  • USGS: North America Basins Map

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Great Basin - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1625 words)
The Great Basin is not a single basin, but rather a series of contiguous watersheds, bounded on the west by watersheds of the Sacramento-San Joaquin and Klamath rivers, on the north by the watershed of the Columbia-Snake, and on the south and east by the watershed of the Colorado-Green.
In 1986, the Great Basin National Park was established by the Federal Government, encompassing 122 square miles of land in Nevada, near the Utah border.
The Great Basin is traversed by major long-distance railroads and expressways, such as the parts of Interstate-80 between Reno and Salt Lake City, Interstate-15 between California and Idaho, and Interstate-70 between its junction with Interstate-15 in Utah and westmost Colorado.
Great Basin - LoveToKnow 1911 (1153 words)
The plateau "lowlands" in the centre of the Basin are approximately 5000 ft. in altitude.
The largest of all, Great Salt Lake, is maintained by the waters of the Wasatch and associated plateaus.
In the Pleistocene period many large lakes were formed within the Great Basin; especially, by the fusion of small catchment basins, two great confluent bodies of water - Lake Lahontan (in the Nevada basin) and Lake Bonneville (in the Utah basin).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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