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Encyclopedia > Graz
Coat of Arms Map
Coat of Arms of the City of Graz Map of Austria with the Position of Graz
General information
Federal State: Steiermark (Styria)
Bezirk: Graz (Statutarstadt)
Area: 127.58 km²
Population:
248,146 (1 March, 2006)
~305,000 including suburbs
Population density: 2,362/km²
Elevation: 353 m
Postal code: A-801x, A-802x, A-803x
A-804x, A-805x
Area code: +43 316
Location: 47°04′N 15°26′E
Community Identification Number: 60101
Address of the
City Hall:
Rathaus
A-8011 Graz
Website: http://www.graz.at
e-mail: [email protected]
Politics
Mayor: Siegfried Nagl (ÖVP)
Map: Graz in Steiermark (Styria)
Image:Karte Aut Stmk G.png
The Grazer Schloßberg Clock Tower
The Grazer Schloßberg Clock Tower

Graz [graːts] (Slovenian: Gradec IPA: /gra.deʦ/), with a population of 285,470 as of 2006 (of which 248,146 have principal residence status), is the second-largest city in Austria after Vienna and the capital of the federal state of Styria (Steiermark in German). It has a long tradition as a student city, with six universities with over 40,000 students. Graz's "Old Town" is one of the best-preserved city centers in Central Europe, and in 1999 was added to the UNESCO list of World Cultural Heritage Sites. Graz was sole Cultural Capital of Europe for 2003. Download high resolution version (805x914, 158 KB)Coat of arms of the city of Graz File links The following pages link to this file: Graz Categories: GFDL images ... Image File history File links Map_at_graz. ... Since Austria is a federal republic according to the constitutional framework of Austrian politics, Austrias nine provinces are customarily referred to as States of Austria or Bundesländer, singular Bundesland. ... Styria redirects here. ... attention Cities grow, often absorbing many towns and/or villages that may retain their names, or they may be described by a number after having been absorbed by the city. ... A Statutory city (Statutarstadt in Austria, or Statutární mÄ›sto in Czech Republic) is a city with its own municipal law or city statute. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... . ... To call an Austrian phone number from outside Austria, you will need to dial: International access code + 43 (country code) + area Code + Telephone Number. ... The Official Munipality Key, formerly also known as the Official Municipality Characteristic Number or Municipality Code Number, is a number sequence for the identification of politically independent municipalities or municipality-free areas. ... now. ... The Austrian Peoples Party (de:Österreichische Volkspartei, or ÖVP) is an Austrian political party. ... Map of the city of Graz File links The following pages link to this file: Graz Categories: GFDL images ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1036x1500, 446 KB) The Clocktower on the Graz Schlossberg with garden in the foreground. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1036x1500, 446 KB) The Clocktower on the Graz Schlossberg with garden in the foreground. ... The Graz Schloßberg Clock Tower The word Schloßberg literally means castle mountain, which describes it exactly. ... 2006 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The following is a list of cities and towns in Austria: List of cities and towns by population size Vienna - 1,504,100 Graz - 216,100 Linz - 184,800 Salzburg - 145,800 Innsbruck - 116,400 Klagenfurt - 89,700 Villach - 57,900 Wels - 56,600 Sankt Pölten - 49,600 Dornbirn... Inhabitants according to official census figures: 1800 to 2005 Vienna in 1858 UN complex in Vienna, with the non-affiliated Austria Center Vienna in front - picture taken from Danube Tower in nearby Danube Park. ... Styria redirects here. ... A list of universities in Austria: // By state Carinthia University of Klagenfurt Lower Austria Danube University Krems Styria Graz University of Technology Medical University of Graz University of Graz University of Leoben University of Music and Dramatic Arts Graz Salzburg University Mozarteum Salzburg University of Salzburg Tyrol Innsbruck Medical University... UNESCO logo UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... The European Capital of Culture is a city designated by the European Union for a period of one year during which it is given a chance to showcase its cultural life and cultural development. ...

Contents

Geography

The city is situated on the Mur river, in the southeast of Austria. It is approximately 2.5 hours south of Vienna by train or 2 hours by car. Graz is the capital and largest city in Styria, a green and heavily forested area. The city itself is surrounded by low hills on 3 sides, thus making it predisposed to haze in the warmer months. Mura (German Mur) is a river in Central Europe, a subsidiary of the bigger Drava and subsequently Danube. ... Styria redirects here. ...


Population development

1900: 168,808 1971: 249,089 1991: 237,810 2001: 226,244 2005: 240,278


The more recent population figures do not give the whole picture as only people with principal residence status are counted and people with secondary residence status are not. Most of the people with secondary residence status in Graz are students. In 2006 there were 37,324 people with secondary residence status in Graz (Graz: Stadtplanung und Stadtentwicklung, 2006).


History

Graz was originally the site of a Roman fort. The Roman Empire is the name given to both the imperial domain developed by the city-state of Rome and also the corresponding phase of that civilization, characterized by an autocratic form of government. ...


Later a small castle was built here by the Slovenians, which in time became a heavily defended fortification. 'Gradec' literally means "small castle" in Slovenian. The German name 'Graz' was first used in 1128, and during this time dukes under Babenberg rule made the town into an important commercial center. Later Graz came under the rule of the Habsburgs, and in 1281 gained special privileges from King Rudolph I. Originally from Bamberg in Franconia, now northern Bavaria, the Babenbergs or Babenberger ruled Austria as counts of the march and dukes from 976 - 1248, before the rise of the house of Habsburg. ... Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ... The brass of the tomb of Rudolph I in Speyer Rudolph I (Rudolph of Hapsburg) (May 1, 1218 - July 15, 1291) was a German king. ...


In the 14th century Graz became the city of residence of the Inner Austrian line of the Habsburgs. The royalty lived in the Schloßberg castle and from there ruled Styria, Carinthia, and parts of today's Italy and Slovenia (Carniola, Gorizia and Gradisca). In the 16th century, the city's design and planning was primarily controlled by Italian Renaissance architects and artists. One of the most famous buildings built in this style is the Landhaus. It was designed by Domenico dell'Allio, and was used by the local rulers as a governmental headquarters. This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ... Inner Austria (German Innerösterreich) is a term used from the late 14th to the 16th century referring to Styria, Carinthia, Carniola and assorted smaller Habsburg possessions in bordering the area. ... The Graz Schloßberg Clock Tower The word Schloßberg literally means castle mountain, which describes it exactly. ... Coat of arms of the Dukes of Styria, crowned with the ducal hat, today state coat The Duchy of Styria (German: Herzogtum Steiermark, Slovenian Å tajerska) was a duchy of the Holy Roman Empire until its dissolution in 1806, and a crownland of Austria-Hungary until its dissolution in 1918. ... Coat of arms of the Dukes of Carinthia, today state coat The Duchy of Carinthia (German language: Kärnten, Slovenian: KoroÅ¡ka) was a duchy of the Holy Roman Empire until its dissolution in 1806, and a crownland of Austria-Hungary until it dissolved in 1918. ... Carniola English and Latin; (Slovenian Kranjska, German Krain) is a name for a region in Slovenia. ... Gorizia (Slovenian: Gorica, German: Görz, Friulian: Gurize) is a small town at the foot of the Alps, in northeastern Italy, on the border with Slovenia. ... Gradisca (also Gradisca dIsonzo) is a town in north-eastern Italy in the Friuli region. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ...


Karl-Franzens Universität, also referred to as the University of Graz, is the city's oldest university, founded in 1585 by Archduke Charles II. For most of its existence it was controlled by the Catholic church, and was closed in 1782 by Joseph II in an attempt to gain state control over educational institutions. Joseph II transformed it into a lyceum where civil servants and medical personnel were trained. In 1827 it was re-instituted as a university by Emperor Franz I, thus gaining the name 'Karl-Franzens Universität,' meaning 'Charles-Francis University.' Over 30,000 students currently study at this university. University of Graz The University of Graz (German, Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz), a university located in Graz, Austria, is the second-largest university in Austria. ... Archduke Charles II of Inner Austria ( Vienna June 3, 1540 – July 10, 1590 in Graz) was an Archduke of Austria and Regent of Inner Austria from the House of Habsburg from 1564. ... The Roman Catholic Church or Catholic Church (see Terminology below) is the Christian Church in full communion with the Bishop of Rome, currently Pope Benedict XVI. It traces its origins to the original Christian community founded by Jesus, with its traditions first established by the Twelve Apostles and maintained through... Holy Roman Emperor Joseph II Joseph II (Joseph Benedict August Johannes Anton Michel Adam) (March 13, 1741 – February 20, 1790) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1765 to 1790 and ruler of the Habsburg lands from 1780 to 1790. ... Francis II Francis I Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor, who may also be referred to as Francis von Habsburg or Emperor Franz I of Austria (February 12, 1768 - March 2, 1835) was the last Holy Roman Emperor, ruling from 1792 until August 6, 1806, when the Empire was disbanded. ...


Nikola Tesla studied electrical engineering at the Polytechnic in Graz in 1875. Nobel Laureate Otto Loewi taught at the University of Graz from 1909 until 1938. Johannes Kepler was a professor of mathematics at the University of Graz. Erwin Schrödinger was briefly chancellor of the University of Graz in 1936. Nikola Tesla (1856-1943)[1] was a world-renowned Serbian inventor, physicist, mechanical engineer and electrical engineer. ... Graz University of Technology is (after Karl-Franzens-University) the second largest university in Styria, Austria. ... Otto Loewi (June 3, 1873 - December 25, 1961) was a German-American pharmacologist. ... University of Graz The University of Graz (German, Karl-Franzens-Universität Graz), a university located in Graz, Austria, is the second-largest university in Austria. ... Johannes Kepler Johannes Kepler (December 27, 1571 – November 15, 1630), a key figure in the scientific revolution, was a German mathematician, astronomer, astrologer, and an early writer of science fiction stories. ... Erwin Rudolf Josef Alexander Schrödinger (August 12, 1887 – January 4, 1961) was an Austrian physicist who achieved fame for his contributions to quantum mechanics, especially the Schrödinger equation, for which he received the Nobel Prize in 1933. ...


Adolf Hitler was given a warm welcome when he visited in 1938, the year Austria was annexed by Nazi Germany. The thriving Jewish community was destroyed by the Nazis and their grand synagogue was burnt. A small group of Graz Jews returned despite everything after the war. In 2000, on the anniversary of the Reichskristallnacht, Graz city council presented the Jewish community with a new synagogue as a gesture of reconciliation. Hitler promised the people of Graz 1,000 years of prosperity and an end to mass unemployment: only 7 years later the Graz resistance surrendered the city to Soviet troops sparing Graz any further destruction. By then about 16% of buildings had been destroyed by Allied bombing - luckily the Old Town was not seriously hit. Hitler redirects here. ... German troops march into Austria on 12 March 1938. ... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... Austria first became a center of Jewish learning during the 13th century. ... Kristallnacht, also known as Reichskristallnacht, Pogromnacht and in English as The Night of Broken Glass, was a massive nationwide pogrom in Germany on the night of November 9, 1938 (including early hours of the following day). ... Motto: Пролетарии всех стран, соединяйтесь! (Transliterated: Proletarii vsekh stran, soedinyaytes!) (Russian: Workers of the world, unite!) Anthem: The Internationale (1922-1944) Hymn of the Soviet Union (1944-1991) Capital (largest city) Moscow None; Russian de facto Government Federation of Soviet Republics  - Last President Mikhail Gorbachev  - Last Premier Ivan Silayev Establishment October Revolution   - Declared 30... The Allies of World War II were the countries officially opposed to the Axis Powers during the Second World War. ...


Graz lies in Styria, or Steiermark in German. Mark is an old German word indicating a large area of land used as a defensive border, in which the peasantry are taught how to organize and fight in the case of an invasion. With a strategic location at the head of the open and fertile Mur valley, Graz was often assaulted (unsuccessfully), e.g. by the Hungarians under Matthias Corvinus in 1481, and by the Ottoman Turks in 1529 and 1532. Apart from the Riegersburg, the Schloßberg was the only fortification in the region that never fell to the Ottoman Turks. Graz is home to the region's provincial armory, which is the world's largest historical collection of weaponry. It has been preserved since 1551, and displays over 30,000 items. Mura (German Mur) is a river in Central Europe, a subsidiary of the bigger Drava and subsequently Danube. ... Matthias Corvinus (Mátyás in Hungarian), (February 23, 1443 (?) - April 6, 1490) was one of the greatest Kings of Hungary, ruling between 1458 and 1490. ... The Ottoman Turks were the ethnic subdivision of the Turkish people who dominated the ruling class of the Ottoman Empire. ...


From the earlier part of the 15th century Graz was the residence of the younger branch of the Habsburgs, which succeeded to the imperial throne in 1619 in the person of Emperor Ferdinand II, who moved the capital to Vienna. New fortifications were constructed on the Schlossberg at the end of the 16th century. Napoleon's army occupied Graz in 1797. In 1809 the city had to withstand another assault by the French army. During the course of this attack, the commanding officer in the fortress was ordered to defend it with his men against Napoleon's army, which numbered about 900 and 3,000 respectively. He successfully defended the Schloßberg against 8 attacks, but they were forced to give up since the Grande Armee conquered Vienna and the Emperor ordered to surrender. The fortress of Graz is seen as the strongest fortress ever built. Following the defeat of Austria by Napoleonic forces at the Battle of Wagram in 1809, the fortifications were demolished using explosives, as stipulated in the Peace of Schönbrunn of the same year. The belltower and the civic clock tower, often used as the symbol of Graz, were allowed to survive this fate after the people of Graz paid a ransom for their preservation. (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... Categories: People stubs | Holy Roman emperors | Rulers of Austria | Rulers of Styria | Hungarian monarchs | Bohemian monarchs | Dukes of Carinthia | 1578 births | 1637 deaths ... Napoleon I Bonaparte, Emperor of the French, King of Italy, Mediator of the Swiss Confederation and Protector of the Confederation of the Rhine (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a general of the French Revolution, the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from... The Battle of Wagram, around the isle of Lobau on the Danube and on the plain of the Marchfeld around the town of Deutsch-Wagram, 15 km north-east of Vienna, Austria, took place on July 5 and 6, 1809 and resulted in the decisive victory of French forces under... Schönbrunn Palace (Schloss Schönbrunn) in Vienna is one of the most important cultural monuments in Austria and since the 1860s has also been one of the major tourist attractions in Vienna. ...


Archduke Charles II of Inner Austria had 20,000 Protestant books burned in the square of what is now a mental hospital, and succeeded in returning Styria to the authority of the Holy See. Archduke Franz Ferdinand was born in Graz, in what is now the Stadtmuseum (city museum). Archduke Charles II of Inner Austria ( Vienna June 3, 1540 – July 10, 1590 in Graz) was an Archduke of Austria and Regent of Inner Austria from the House of Habsburg from 1564. ... Protestantism is one of three main groups currently within Christianity. ... Archduke Francis Ferdinand. ...


Attractions and culture

View of the Rathaus or City Hall at dusk
Enlarge
View of the Rathaus or City Hall at dusk
View of Graz including the Kunsthaus
Enlarge
View of Graz including the Kunsthaus

In the last few years some groundbreakingly modern new public buildings have been erected in the city. The most famous of these include the Kunsthaus (house of modern art) designed by Peter Cook and Colin Fournier, a museum constructed right next to the river Mur, and the "Murinsel" (island in the Mur), an island made of steel, situated in the river. It was designed by the American architect Vito Acconci and contains a café, an open-air theatre and a playground. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (3000x1980, 2152 KB) Summary Rathaus (City Hall) in Graz, Austria. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (3000x1980, 2152 KB) Summary Rathaus (City Hall) in Graz, Austria. ... Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 486 KB)View over Graz, Austria, from the clock tower. ... Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 486 KB)View over Graz, Austria, from the clock tower. ... The Kunsthaus Graz at night showing the BIX media Façade The Kunsthaus Graz, Grazer Kunsthaus, or Graz Art Museum was built as part of the European Capital of Culture celebrations in 2003 and has since become an architectural landmark in Graz, Austria. ... Peter Cook (born in 1936 in Southend, Essex) is a notable English architect, teacher and writer about architecture. ... A piece of Architecture in the City of Graz, Austria on the Mur River. ... Vito Hannibal Acconci (born January 24, 1940) is a New York-based architect, landscape architect, and installation artist. ...


Main attractions in the Old Town

  • Schloßberg - hill dominating the old town, site of demolished fortress, with views over Graz
  • Uhrturm - clocktower, symbol of Graz, on the top of Schlossberg
  • Neue Gallerie - museum of art
  • Schloßbergbahn - funicular railway up the Schlossberg
  • Landeszeughaus - armoury, largest of its kind in the world [Landeszeughaus:[1],[2]
  • Schauspielhaus - principal theatre [Schauspielhaus:[3][Landhaus:[4],[5]
  • Dom - cathedral
  • Mausoleum
  • Rathaus - town hall
  • Burg - castle, with gothic double staircase
  • Gemaltes Haus - "painted house" in the Herrengasse
  • Kunsthaus - museum of modern art
  • Murinsel - artificial island in the Mur
  • Buildings, courtyards and roofscape of the old town. Since 1999 the old town centre of Graz has been listed as World Cultural Heritage by UNESCO.

A piece of Architecture in the City of Graz, Austria on the Mur River. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... UNESCO logo UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ...

Main attractions outside the Old Town

  • Schloß Eggenberg - palace on the western edge of Graz with State rooms and museum [Schloß:[6],[7],[8]
  • Basilika Mariatrost - late Baroque church, on the eastern edge of Graz [Basilika:[9],[10],[11]
  • Herz Jesu Kirche - largest church in Graz with the 3rd highest spire in Austria [Kirche:[12],[13]
  • Calvary Hill - 17th century calvary and church
  • Best viewpoints for vistas of the city: Ruine Gösting - hilltop castle ruins on northwestern edge of city; Plabutsch - behind Schloss Eggenberg with hilltop restaurant

Main attractions within the greater Graz area

  • Österreichisches Freilichtmuseum Stübing - open-air museum containing old farmhouses/farm buildings from all over Austria reassembled in historic setting
  • Lurgrotte - most extensive cave system in Austria
  • Lipizzanergestüt Piber - Lipizzaner stud where the famous white horses are bred
  • Steirische Weinstrasse - winegrowing region south of Graz, also known as the "Styrian Tuscany"
  • Thermenregion - spa region east of Graz
  • Riegersburg - mighty fortress that was never taken, a bastion against historical Turkish invasions [Riegersburg:[14],[15]

During 2003 Graz held the title of "European Capital of Culture". A Lipizzaner The Lipizzan horses, or Lipizzaner, are very closely associated with what is called the Spanish Riding School, which is the oldest riding academy in the world. ... The European Capital of Culture is a city designated by the European Union for a period of one year during which it is given a chance to showcase its cultural life and cultural development. ...


Many festivals take place throughout the year such as the "Styriarte", "Steirischer Herbst", "Jazz Sommer", "La Strada" or "Classics in the City". Some of these events can be visited for free.


Transportation

tramway network
tramway network

An extensive public transportation network makes Graz an easy city to navigate without a car. The city has a comprehensive bus network, complementing a tram network consisting of eight lines, two of which run from the train station to the old town before branching out. One-hour or 24-hour tickets can be bought on all modes of transport for 1.70 and €3.50 respectively, while long-term tickets (e.g. weekly, monthly or yearly) must be bought at the train station or on Jakominiplatz. Tickets are valid on trams, buses, the Schloßberg funicular railway and on suburban rail services within zone 101 (which includes the airport). Furthermore there are seven nightbus routes, although these operate only at weekends and on evenings preceding public holidays. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1627x2400, 285 KB) Description: Straßenbahn-Gleisplan Graz 1997 Source: Maximilian Dörrbecker File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Graz ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1627x2400, 285 KB) Description: Straßenbahn-Gleisplan Graz 1997 Source: Maximilian Dörrbecker File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Graz ... ISO 4217 Code EUR User(s) European Union; eurozone: Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Republic of Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain; outside eurozone: Andorra, Monaco, San Marino, Vatican City, Montenegro, Kosovo, French Guiana, Réunion, Saint-Pierre et Miquelon, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte. ...


From the train station, you can take regional trains to most of Styria. Direct trains also run to most major cities nearby including Vienna, Salzburg, Innsbruck, Maribor in Slovenia, Zagreb in Croatia, Prague in the Czech Republic and Budapest in Hungary. Trains for Vienna leave every hour. Inhabitants according to official census figures: 1800 to 2005 Vienna in 1858 UN complex in Vienna, with the non-affiliated Austria Center Vienna in front - picture taken from Danube Tower in nearby Danube Park. ... Flag of Salzburg Salzburg (population 145,000 in 2005) is a city in western Austria and the capital of the federal state of Salzburg (population 520,000 in 2003). ... Innsbruck is a city in western Austria, and the capital of the federal state of Tyrol. ... Area: 147. ... Zagreb (pronounced: ) is the largest and capital city of Croatia. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Nickname: Paris of the East, Pearl of the Danubeor Queen of the Danube Location of Budapest in Hungary Country Hungary County Pest Mayor Gábor Demszky (SZDSZ) Area    - City 525,16 km²  - Land n/a km²  - Water n/a km² Population    - City (2006) 1,695,000  - Density 3570/km...


Graz Airport is about 10 kilometres south of the city centre and has a railway station within walking distance. The main international destinations from Graz are Berlin, London, Oslo, Frankfurt, Munich, Stuttgart and Düsseldorf. Graz Airport (IATA airport code: GRZ, ICAO airport code: LOWG), also known as Thalerhof, serves Graz, Austria. ... Berlin is the capital city and one of the sixteen federal states of Germany. ... London (pronounced ) is the capital city of England and the United Kingdom. ... County Oslo NO-03 District Viken Municipality NO-0301 Administrative centre Oslo Mayor (2004) Per Ditlev-Simonsen (H) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 224 454 km² 426 km² 0. ... Main Station Frankfurt Frankfurt International Airport For other uses, see Frankfurt (disambiguation). ... Munich: Frauenkirche and Town Hall steeple Munich (German: München, pronounced listen) is the capital of the German Federal State of Bavaria (German: Freistaat Bayern). ... Stuttgart [], a city located in southern Germany, is the capital of the state of Baden-Württemberg with a population of approximately 590,000 (as of September 2005) in the city and around 3 million in the metropolitan area. ... Düsseldorf is the capital city of the German Federal State of North Rhine-Westphalia and (together with Cologne and the Ruhr Area) the economic center of Western Germany. ...


Sister cities

Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... The Precinct in Coventry city centre. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... Map of Montclair Township in Essex County Montclair is a township located in Essex County, New Jersey. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... Boroughs of Groningen Groningen is the capital city of the province of Groningen in the Netherlands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Darmstadt is a city in the Bundesland (federal state) of Hessen in Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... County Sør-Trøndelag District Municipality NO-1601 Administrative centre Trondheim Mayor (2005) Rita Ottervik (AP) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 258 342 km² 322 km² 0. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Croatia. ... Pula on the map of Croatia Pula (Croatian Pula, Italian Pola; the city has an official Croatian-Italian bilinguism [1] - in Istriot Pula, German Polei, Slovenian Pulj) is the largest city in Istria, Croatia, situated at the southern tip of the peninsula, with a population of 62,080 (2005). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Country Italy Region Friuli-Venezia Giulia Province Trieste (TS) Mayor Roberto Dipiazza (since 2001) Elevation 2 m Area 84 km² Population  - Total (as of December 31, 2004) 207,069  - Density 2,480/km² Time zone CET, UTC+1 Coordinates Gentilic Triestini Dialing code 040 Postal code 34100 Frazioni See list... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovenia. ... Area: 147. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hungary. ... Pécs   (Latin: Quinque Ecclesiae, Croatian: Pečuh, German: Fünfkirchen, Serbian: Pečuj or Печуј, Slovak: Päťkostolie, Turkish: Peçuy, Italian: Cinquechiese) is the fourth largest city of Hungary, located in the south-west of the country. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Croatia. ... County Dubrovnik–Neretva Area 14 336 km² Location Population 49,728 Stradun, Dubrovniks main street Republic of Ragusa before 1808 The walled city of Dubrovnik The Old Harbour at Dubrovnik Dubrovnik (Croatian with tone marks: Dùbrōvnik IPA: , Dalmatian; Latin, Italian, and formerly English: Ragusa; Hungarian: Ragúza... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

Famous Grazer

Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger (German pronunciation (IPA): ) (born on July 30, 1947) is an Austrian-American bodybuilder, actor and Republican politician, currently serving as the 38th Governor of California. ... Swedish bodybuilder Anders Graneheim. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Alternate use: The Thals, an alien race from the series Doctor Who Thal is a small village in Austria, near the city of Graz. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Stadion Graz-Liebenau (formerly Arnold Schwarzenegger Stadion) in Graz-Liebenau, Austria, is the home stadium for the football associations Grazer AK and SK Sturm Graz. ... Friedrich St. ... Olga Neuwirth is a contemporary avant-garde composer. ... Nikolaus Harnoncourt (born December 6, 1929) is an Austrian conductor, known for his historically accurate performances of music from the classical era and earlier. ... Jochen Rindt Karl Jochen Rindt (born April 18, 1942 - died September 5, 1970) was a racing driver. ... Formula One, abbreviated to F1 and also known as Grand Prix racing, is the highest class of single-seat open-wheel auto racing. ... Otto Wanz (b. ... ... AWA World Title Belt 1987-1990 The AWA World Heavyweight Championship, the most prestigious championship in the American Wrestling Association, was established in May 1960, after the first champion, Pat OConnor, was crowned on January 9, 1959. ... Wolfgang Bauer Wolfgang Bauer (March 18, 1941 – August 26, 2005) was an Austrian writer best known as a playwright who, particularly in his younger days, was regarded as an enfant terrible by the Austrian cultural establishment. ...

References

  • Graz: Stadtplanung und Stadtentwicklung (PDF) (2006). Retrieved on 2006-03-18.

2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 18 is the 77th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (78th in leap years). ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
  • Graz travel guide from Wikitravel
  • (English) City website
  • (German) City website
  • Searchable map of Graz
  • Graz Tourism Office
  • (German) KulturServerGraz Town's cultural portal
  • Virtual reality 3D sightseeing tour of Graz
  • Kunsthaus Graz (Modern Art House)
  • Jazz Sommer Graz
  • LaStrada - a street festival
  • Pictures of Graz
  • (Polish) Pictures of Graz
  • Diary of intimate journalist and mature photo model living in Graz
  • Pictures and sights of Graz
  • springsix - festival for electronic art and music 2006 in Graz
  • elevate - festival for contemporary music and political discourse
  • Graz Metroblog - people from Graz blog about what's going on in the city
Preceded by:
Bruges and
Salamanca
European Capital of Culture
2003
Succeeded by:
Genoa and
Lille


Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ... Sometimes referred to as the Venice of the North, Bruges has many waterways that run through the city. ... Salamanca: Plaza Mayor Towers of the Old and New Cathedrals Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Salamanca Salamanca (population 160,000) is a city in western Spain, the capital of the province of Salamanca, which belongs to the autonomous community(region) of Castile-Leon(Castilla y León). ... The European Capital of Culture is a city designated by the European Union for a period of one year during which it is given a chance to showcase its cultural life and cultural development. ... Alternate uses, see Genoa (disambiguation). ... t* Autoroute A22 : Lille - Antwerp - Netherlands A sixth oher ejt weoitjh w newr0tipew roj40=9 dfiojg b o4it orpitre royieoy i53 -y035 3[49430ne — the proposed A24 — will link Amiens to Lille if built, but there is opposition to its route. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Graz - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1629 words)
Graz [graːts] (Slovenian: Gradec IPA: /gra.deʦ/), with a population of 240,000 (in 2005) is the second-largest city in Austria after Vienna and the capital of the federal state of Styria (Steiermark in German).
Johannes Kepler was a professor of mathematics at the University of Graz.
Erwin Schrödinger was briefly chancellor of the University of Graz in 1936.
SK Sturm Graz - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (956 words)
SK Sturm Graz were founded in 1909, as a working men's team (as opposed to their town neighbours Grazer AK, founded in 1902).
Sensationally, Sturm Graz won their Champions League Group D (against Galatasaray, Rangers and AS Monaco FC), reaching the second round for the first time.
In the season 2005/6, Sturm Graz took part in the UEFA Intertoto Cup, but were knocked out in the second round by VfL Wolfsburg from the German Bundesliga.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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