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Encyclopedia > Gray Goral
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Genus: Nemorhaedus
Species: N. goral
Binomial name
Nemorhaedus goral
(Hardwicke, 1825)

The Gray Goral, Nemorhaedus goral, is a small, rough-haired, cylindrical-horned ruminant native to the Himalayas. In the past, it was also known as Urotragus goral. Scientific classification or biological classification is how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms (as opposed to folk taxonomy). ... Phyla Subregnum Parazoa Porifera (sponges) Subregnum Agnotozoa Placozoa (trichoplax) Orthonectida (orthonectids) Rhombozoa (dicyemids) Subregnum Eumetazoa Radiata (unranked) (radial symmetry) Ctenophora (comb jellies) Cnidaria (coral, jellyfish, anemones) Bilateria (unranked) (bilateral symmetry) Acoelomorpha (basal) Orthonectida (parasitic to flatworms, echinoderms, etc. ... Typical Classes Subphylum Urochordata - Tunicates Ascidiacea Thaliacea Larvacea Subphylum Cephalochordata - Lancelets Subphylum Myxini - Hagfishes Subphylum Vertebrata - Vertebrates Petromyzontida - Lampreys Placodermi (extinct) Chondrichthyes - Cartilaginous fishes Acanthodii (extinct) Actinopterygii - Ray-finned fishes Actinistia - Coelacanths Dipnoi - Lungfishes Amphibia - Amphibians Reptilia - Reptiles Aves - Birds Mammalia - Mammals Chordates (phylum Chordata) include the vertebrates, together with... Orders Subclass Multituberculata (extinct) Plagiaulacida Cimolodonta Subclass Palaeoryctoides (extinct) Subclass Triconodonta (extinct) Subclass Eutheria (excludes extinct ancestors) Afrosoricida Anagaloidea (extinct) Artiodactyla Carnivora Cetacea Chiroptera Cimolesta (extinct) Creodonta (extinct) Condylarthra (extinct) Dermoptera Desmostylia (extinct) Dinocerata (extinct) Embrithopoda (extinct) Hyracoidea Insectivora Lagomorpha Litopterna (extinct) Macroscelidea Mesonychia (extinct) Notoungulata (extinct) Perissodactyla Pholidota Plesiadapiformes... Families Suidae Hippopotamidae Tayassuidae Camelidae Tragulidae Moschidae Cervidae Giraffidae Antilocapridae Bovidae The even-toed ungulates form the mammal order Artiodactyla. ... Subfamilies Bovinae Cephalophinae Hippotraginae Antilopinae Caprinae A bovid is any of almost 140 species of cloven-hoofed mammals belonging to the family Bovidae. ... Species Nemorhaedus goral Nemorhaedus caudatus Nemorhaedus baileyi Nemorhaedus crispus Nemorhaedus swinhoei Nemorhaedus sumatraensis The genus Nemorhaedus includes six small species of ungulate with a goat-like or antelope-like appearance. ... In biology, binomial nomenclature is the formal method of naming species. ... Thomas Hardwicke (1755 - 1835) was an English soldier and naturalist who was resident in India from 1777 to 1823. ... Families Antilocapridae Bovidae Cervidae Giraffidae Moschidae Tragulidae A ruminant is any hooved animal that digests its food in two steps, first by eating the raw material and regurgitating a semi-digested form known as cud, then eating the cud, a process called ruminating. ... Perspective view of the Himalaya and Mount Everest as seen from space looking south-south-east from over the Tibetan Plateau. ...



Gray gorals are typically 95-130 cm (37"-53") in length and weigh 35-42 kg (77-92 lb.). They have gray or gray-brown coats with tan legs, lighter patches on their throats, and single dark strips along their spines. Males have short manes on their necks. Both males and females have backward-curving horns which can grow up to 18 cm (7") in length.

In addition to certain peculiarities in the form of the skull, gorals are chiefly distinguished from the closely-related serows in that they do not possess a gland below the eye, nor a corresponding depression in the skull. A hippopotamus skull A skull, or cranium, is a bony structure of Craniates which serves as the general framework for a head. ... Closeup of a blue-green human eye. ...

Life cycle

Gray gorals can live for 14 or 15 years. The female gives birth, usually to a single offspring, after a gestation period of 170-218 days. The young are weaned at 7 or 8 months of age and reach sexual maturity at around age 3.

Habitat and distribution

The gray goral is found in the forests of the Himalayas, usually between 1000 and 4000 m in elevation. Groups of animals typically occupy a territory of about 100 acres.

The IUCN classifies the gray goral as low risk, near threatened.


Gray gorals often form small bands of four to twelve individuals, although they are also known to pair off or, especially in the case of older males, be solitary. The animals are crepuscular, being most active in the early morning and late evening. After a morning meal, they often drink and then rest on a rock ledge through the day. Crepuscular is a term used to describe animals that are primarily active during the twilight. ...

Gray gorals are very agile and can run quickly, and their coloration provides them with camouflage which, especially since they spend much of the day lying still, can make them extremely difficult to see. However, they are hunted by various predators. When threatened, the gray goral will vocalize with hissing or sneezing sounds.



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