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Encyclopedia > Graves

Graves (pronounced /grɑ:v/, meaning 'gravel land' in French) is an important wine region of Bordeaux, producing over 20 million bottles each year. It is the oldest appellation of the Bordeaux region which goes back to Alienor of Aquitaine, who married King Henry the 2nd, creating a flourishing trade between both countries : wine versus coal and iron. Graves may refer to: Grave (burial) Graves (surname) Graves-Basedow disease Graves (System), a French, satellite tracking system Julian Graves, a health food retailer in the United Kingdom Category: ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... For other uses, see Wine (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The region stretches 50 kilometers south east from the suburbs of Bordeaux itself along the left bank of the Garonne river, and despite being principally a producer of red wine, it is the only of Bordeaux's regions to be known for both its red and white wines. The area encompasses villages including Sauternes, Pessac, Talence, Léognan, Martillac, St. Morillon, and Portets. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Sauternes is a commune of the Gironde département in France. ...


In 1987 the region was split into a second appellation with the creation of Pessac-Léognan, containing most of the producers of its most expensive wines. This has had the effect of devaluing the name and price of wines simply labeled with the Graves appellation. Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... Appellation d’origine contrôlée (AOC), which translates as term of controlled origin is the French certification granted to certain French geographical indications for wines, cheeses, butters, and other agricultural products, all under the auspices of the government bureau Institut National des Appellations dOrigine (INAO). ... Pessac-Léognan is one of the most important of the French wine appellations, and consists of many of the finest of the vineyards of the Bordeaux region. ...


The area's red wines are generally considered to be more robust than those of Médoc, and are made using a majority of Cabernet Sauvignon, with smaller amounts of Merlot and Cabernet Franc. The dry white wines are a blend of Sauvignon Blanc and Sémillon. The Médoc is one of the most famous of the French wine-growing regions, consisting of the region in the département of Gironde, on the left bank of the Gironde estuary, north of Bordeaux. ... Old vine Cabernet Sauvignon at Chateau Montelena in Napa Valley. ... Merlot grapes on the vine. ... Cabernet Franc is a red wine grape variety similar to and a parent of Cabernet Sauvignon. ... Sauvignon blanc is a green-skinned grape variety which originates from the Bordeaux region of France. ... Sémillon is a golden-skinned grape used to make dry and sweet white wines, most notably in France and Australia. ...


A well known sweet white dessert wine is made in the commune of Sauternes which is located in the southeast corner of the Graves region. A half bottle of Sauternes from Château dYquem Sauternes is a type of dessert wine made from Sémillon, Sauvignon Blanc, and Muscadelle grapes that have been affected by Botrytis cinerea, also known as noble rot. ... Dessert wines are those wines which are typically served with dessert, although they are also drunk on their own, i. ...


Classification

Despite its importance, the region was largely overlooked by the famous Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855, and only a single producer, Château Haut-Brion, was included, being one of only four wines to be assigned the status of Premier Grand Cru Classé. For the 1855 Exposition Universelle de Paris, Emperor Napoleon III requested a classification system for Frances best Bordeaux wines which were to be on display for visitors from around the world. ... Château Haut-Brion is a First Growth in the Bordeaux Wine Official Classification of 1855. ...


 
 

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