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Encyclopedia > Gravelines
Canal of Gravelines, Georges Seurat, 1890.
Canal of Gravelines, Georges Seurat, 1890.
Canal of Gravelines, Petit-Fort-Philippe, Georges Seurat, 1890.
Canal of Gravelines, Petit-Fort-Philippe, Georges Seurat, 1890.

Gravelines (Dutch: Grevelingen) is a small historic town and commune on the northern coast of France on the river Aa 15 miles (25 km) south west of Dunkirk, in the Nord d├ępartement. Population: 12,481. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1576x1257, 205 KB) Description: Title: de: Der Kanal von Gravelines Technique: de: Öl auf Leinwand Dimensions: de: 73 × 93 cm Country of origin: de: Frankreich Current location (city): de: Otterlo Current location (gallery): de: Rijksmuseum Kröller-Müller Other notes... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1576x1257, 205 KB) Description: Title: de: Der Kanal von Gravelines Technique: de: Öl auf Leinwand Dimensions: de: 73 × 93 cm Country of origin: de: Frankreich Current location (city): de: Otterlo Current location (gallery): de: Rijksmuseum Kröller-Müller Other notes... Le Chahut was painted by Seurat from 1889 to 1890. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1576x1263, 150 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Gravelines ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1576x1263, 150 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Gravelines ... Le Chahut was painted by Seurat from 1889 to 1890. ... The commune (in French: commune, word appeared in the 12th century, from Medieval Latin communia, meaning a gathering of people sharing a common life, from Latin communis, things held in common) is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. ... Aa is the name of an 80 km long river in northern France. ... Location within France For the battleship, see Dunkerque Dunkirk (French: Dunkerque; Dutch: Duinkerke; German: Dünkirchen) is a harbour city and a commune in the northernmost part of France, in the département of Nord, 10 km from the Belgian border. ... Nord (French, the north) is a département in the north of France. ... Template:France divisions levels, Junkyard Willie The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to British counties. ...


History

In the early 12th century, Saint-Omer was an important port in western Flanders. However receding sea gradually cut it off from the English Channel, resulting in the construction of a canal to the new coast at what is now Gravelines. The name is derived from the Flemish grave linghe, meaning Count's Canal. The new town became heavily fortified as it guarded the western borders of Spanish territory in Flanders. (11th century - 12th century - 13th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 12th century was that century which lasted from 1101 to 1200. ... Saint-Omer, a town and commune of Artois in northern France, sous-préfecture of the Pas-de-Calais département, 42 miles west-north-west of Lille on the railway to Calais. ... This article is about the Belgian region Flanders and the eponymous historical region of the Low Countries. ... Satellite view of the English Channel The English Channel (French: La Manche, IPA: , the sleeve), also for some time known in England as the British Sea, is the part of the Atlantic Ocean that separates the island of Great Britain from northern France, and joins the North Sea to the... The Canal du Midi in Toulouse, France Canals are man-made waterways, usually connecting existing lakes, rivers, or oceans. ... An official or de facto standard Flemish language as such does not exist. ...


There were two battles fought nearby, the first was a land battle in 1558 resulting in a victory by Spanish forces of Lamoral, Count of Egmont over the French under Marshal Paul des Thermes. The second was a naval attack using fire ships in 1588 launched by the Royal Navy under Lord Howard against the Spanish Armada at anchor. The Battle of Gravelines is the name given to two battles: The first was fought on July 13, 1558 during the 1547-59 war between France and Spain. ... Events January 7 - French troops led by Francis, Duke of Guise take Calais, the last continental possession of England July 13 - Battle of Gravelines: In France, Spanish forces led by Count Lamoral of Egmont defeat the French forces of Marshal Paul des Thermes at Gravelines. ... Count of Egmont Lamoral, Count of Egmont (November 18, 1522 - June 5, 1568) was a general and statesman in Flanders just before the start of the Eighty Years War. ... This article is not about the fireboats that fight fire Defeat of the Spanish Armada, 1588-08-08 by Philippe-Jacques de Loutherbourg, painted 1796, depicts Drakes fire ship attack on the Spanish Armada. ... 1588 was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar. ... The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the senior service of the British armed services, being the oldest of its three branches. ... Charles Howard, 1st Earl of Nottingham (1536-December 14, 1624) was a British statesman and admiral. ... Combatants England Spain Commanders Charles Howard Francis Drake Duke of Medina Sidonia Strength 34 warships 163 merchant vessels 22 galleons 108 merchant vessels Casualties 500 dead or wounded 600 dead 3 merchant ships sunk 1 merchant ship captured The Spanish Armada or Great/Grand Armada(Old Spanish: Grande y Felic... A ships or boats anchor is used to attach the vessel to the bottom at a specific point. ...


The town was captured and recaptured several times by the French and Spanish between 1639 and 1658, and finally annexed to France in the Treaty of the Pyrenees of 1659. Events January 14 - Connecticuts first constitution, the Fundamental Orders, is adopted. ... Events January 13 - Edward Sexby, who had plotted against Oliver Cromwell, dies in Tower of London February 6 - Swedish troops of Charles X Gustav of Sweden cross The Great Belt (Storebælt) in Denmark over frozen sea May 1 - Publication of Hydriotaphia, Urn Burial and The Garden of Cyrus by... The Treaty of the Pyrenees was a treaty signed in 1659 to end the war between France and Spain that had begun in 1635 during the Thirty Years War. ... // Events May 25 - Richard Cromwell resigns as Lord Protector of England following the restoration of the Long Parliament, beginning a second brief period of the republican government called the Commonwealth. ...


Economy

Now the city is mainly known for its nuclear energy plant, with six PWR reactors of 910 MWe each. A nuclear power plant in Cattenom, France. ... A pressurized water reactor (PWR) is a type of nuclear power reactor that uses ordinary light water for both coolant and for neutron moderation. ...


External link

  • Webpage about the fortifications

  Results from FactBites:
 
Gravelines - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (278 words)
Gravelines (Dutch: Grevelingen) is a small historic town and commune on the northern coast of France on the river Aa 15 miles (25 km) south west of Dunkirk, in the Nord d├ępartement.
In the early 12th century, Saint-Omer was an important port in western Flanders.
However receding sea gradually cut it off from the English Channel, resulting in the construction of a canal to the new coast at what is now Gravelines.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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