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Encyclopedia > Graubünden
Canton of Graubünden
Flag of the Canton of Graubünden
Flag of the canton
Capital: Chur
Abbr.: GR
Joined: 1803
Population: 185,700 (2002)
Area: 7,105 km²
Languages: German, Italian, Romansh
Map
Enlarge
Map of Canton Graubünden

Graubünden or Grisons (German: Graubünden; Italian: Grigioni; Romansh: Grischun; French: Grisons), is the largest and easternmost Swiss canton. CHUR is a Canadian radio station, which broadcasts an adult contemporary format at 100. ... Events January 30 - Monroe and Livingston sail for Paris to discuss, and possibly buy, New Orleans. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 1,000 km² and 10,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... German (called Deutsch in German; in German the term germanisch is equivalent to English Germanic), is a member of the western group of Germanic languages and is one of the worlds major languages. ... Italian is a Romance language spoken by about 70 million people, most of whom live in Italy. ... Romansh (also spelled Rumantsch, Romansch or Romanche) is any of the various Rhaetian languages spoken in Switzerland. ... The Swiss Confederation or Switzerland is a landlocked federal state in Europe, with neighbours Germany, France, Italy, Austria and Liechtenstein. ... The twenty-six cantons of Switzerland are the states of the federal state of Switzerland. ...

Contents

Geography

The area of the canton is 7,105 km². Only about a third of this is commonly regarded as productive land. Forests cover about a fifth of the total area. The canton is almost entirely mountainous, comprising the highlands of the Rhine and Inn valleys. There are many significant elevations in the Grison Alps, including the Tödi with 3,614m and the highest peak Bernina with 4,048m. Many of the mountain ranges feature extensive glaciers, such as at the Adula, the Albula, the Silvretta or the Rhätikon range. To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 1,000 km² and 10,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... The Rhine canyon (Ruinaulta) in Graubünden in Switzerland Length 1. ... For the river named Inn, check Inn River Inns are establishments where travellers can procure food, drink, and lodging. ... This article is about the physical-geographic term. ... Silvretta - 360° panoramic view (Photo: Mg-k) The Silvretta is a mountain range of the Central Eastern Alps shared by Tirol, Vorarlberg (both in Austria and Graubünden (Switzerland). ...


The mountain ranges in the central area are very deep, some of which are considered the deepest valleys in Europe. These valleys were originally settled by the Raeti (Rhaeti) people of probably Celtic origin. World map showing location of Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is geologically and geographically a peninsula, forming the westernmost part of Eurasia. ...


The canton borders on Liechtenstein to the north, Austria to the north and the east, Italy to the south and southeast, and the cantons of St. Gallen to the north west, Canton of Glarus, Uri to the west, and Ticino to the south west. The capital city is Chur. The world-famous resorts of Davos and St. Moritz are located in the canton. The Principality of Liechtenstein ( German: Fürstentum Liechtenstein) is a small, doubly landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Switzerland to its west and by Austria to its east. ... The Republic of Austria ( German: Republik Österreich) is a landlocked country in Central Europe. ... The Italian Republic or Italy ( Italian: Repubblica Italiana or Italia) is a country in southern Europe. ... St. ... Glarus (French Glaris) is a canton in east central Switzerland. ... Uri is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland. ... Ticino is the southernmost canton of Switzerland, and almost entirely Italian-speaking (except the German-speaking municipality of Bosco/Gurin). ... CHUR is a Canadian radio station, which broadcasts an adult contemporary format at 100. ... Weissflujoch Davos (population 13,000) is a town in eastern Switzerland, in the canton Graubünden, on the Landwasser River. ... St. ...


Location of the canton
Location of the canton


History

Most of the lands of the canton were once part of a Roman province called Raetia which was established in 15 BC. The area later was part of the lands of the diocese at Chur. Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC 30s BC 20s BC - 10s BC - 0s 10s 20s 30s 40s Years: 20 BC 19 BC 18 BC 17 BC 16 BC 15 BC 14 BC 13 BC 12 BC 11 BC 10 BC... CHUR is a Canadian radio station, which broadcasts an adult contemporary format at 100. ...


In 1367 the League of God's House (Cadi, Gottes Haus, Ca' di Dio), was founded to resist the rising power of the Bishop of Chur. This was followed by the establishment of the Grey League (Grauer Bund), sometimes called Oberbund, in 1395 in the Upper Rhine valley. The name Grey League is derived from the homespun grey clothes worn by the people. The name of this league later gave its name to the canton of Graubünden. A third league was established in 1436 by the people of ten bailiwicks in the former Toggenburg countship, as the dynasty of Toggenburg had become extinct. The league was called League of the Ten Jurisdictions (Zehngerichtebund). Events Battle of Najera, Peter I of Castile restored as King. ... Events End of reign of Hungary by Capet-Anjou family. ... Events April - Paris is recaptured by the French End of the Hussite Wars in Bohemia. ... The Counts of Toggenburg (Grafen von Toggenburg) ruled the Toggenburg region of todays Canton of St. ...


The first step towards the canton of Graubünden was when the league of the Ten Jurisdictions allied with the League of God’s House in 1450. In 1471 the two leagues allied with the Grey League. This was caused when the Habsburgs inherited the possessions of the extinct Toggenburg dynasty in 1496. This meant that the leagues allied with the Swiss Confederation. The Habsburgs were defeated at Calven Gorge and Dornach, helping the Swiss confederation and the allied leagues of the canton of Grison to be recognized. Events March - French troops under Guy de Richemont besiege the English commander in France, Edmund Beaufort, Duke of Somerset, in Caen April 15 - Battle of Formigny. ... This article is about the year 1471, not the BT caller ID service accessible by dialling 1-4-7-1. ... Habsburg (sometimes spelled Hapsburg, but never so in official use) was one of the major ruling houses of Europe. ... Events January 3 - Leonardo da Vinci unsuccessfully tests a flying machine. ...


The last traces of the bishop of Chur’s jurisdiction were abolished in 1526. The lands of the canton of Graubünden were part of the Helvetic Republic, but the "perpetual ally" of Switzerland became a canton in 1803. The constitution of the canton dates from 1892. Events January 14 - Treaty of Madrid. ... The Helvetic Republic was a state formation in the area of Switzerland. ... The Swiss Confederation or Switzerland is a landlocked federal state in Europe, with neighbours Germany, France, Italy, Austria and Liechtenstein. ... Events January 30 - Monroe and Livingston sail for Paris to discuss, and possibly buy, New Orleans. ... 1892 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


The arms of the three original leagues are now all part of the arms of coat of the canton of Graubünden.


Culture

The Graubünden are known for a lovely dried-beef delicacy called Bündnerfleisch.


Economy

Agriculture and tourism are the pillars of the canton’s economy. Agriculture includes forests and mountain pasturage in summer, particularly of sheep and goats. Tourisms is concentrated in the mountains, particularly around the towns of Davos / Arosa, Laax and St. Moritz / Pontresina. There are, however, a great number of other tourist resorts in the canton. Weissflujoch Davos (population 13,000) is a town in eastern Switzerland, in the canton Graubünden, on the Landwasser River. ... St. ...


There is wine production around the capital Chur. Chur is also an industrial centre. In the southern valleys of Mesolcina/Misox and Poschiavo there is corn (maize) and chestnut farming. This article is about the beverage. ... CHUR is a Canadian radio station, which broadcasts an adult contemporary format at 100. ... This article is about the chestnut plant in the genus Castanea. ...


Demographics

The languages spoken in the Graubünden are German in the northwest (54%), Romansh in the Engadin and around Disentis/Mustér (31%), and Italian in the valleys Mesolcina/Misox, Calanca, Bregaglia/Bergell, and Poschiavo/Puschau (15%). German (called Deutsch in German; in German the term germanisch is equivalent to English Germanic), is a member of the western group of Germanic languages and is one of the worlds major languages. ... Romansh (also spelled Rumantsch, Romansch or Romanche) is any of the various Rhaetian languages spoken in Switzerland. ... Lej da Segl and Lej da Silvaplauna, Upper Engadin Piz Roseg and Vadret da Roseg as seen from Fuorcla Surlej The Engadin is a high-lying east-west valley in the south of the Inn River in the canton of Graubünden in Switzerland, famous for its sunny climate and... Italian is a Romance language spoken by about 70 million people, most of whom live in Italy. ...


The main religions are Protestantism and Catholicism. The population is almost evenly split between the two. Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... This article considers Catholicism in the broadest ecclesiastical sense. ...


Districts

Enlarge
Districts of Canton Graubünden

Canton Graubünden is divided into 11 Districts. They tend to follow the natural boundaries of the landscape. The districts are further subdivided into 39 sub-districts (German: Kreise):

CHUR is a Canadian radio station, which broadcasts an adult contemporary format at 100. ... Weissflujoch Davos (population 13,000) is a town in eastern Switzerland, in the canton Graubünden, on the Landwasser River. ...

Communes

  • Almens
  • Alvaneu
  • Alvaschein
  • Andeer
  • Andiast
  • Ardez
  • Arosa
  • Arvigo
  • Ausserferrera
  • Avers
  • Bergün/Bravuogn
  • Bever
  • Bivio
  • Bonaduz
  • Bondo
  • Braggio
  • Breil/Brigels
  • Brienz/Brinzauls
  • Brusio
  • Buseno
  • Calfreisen
  • Cama, Graubünden
  • Castaneda
  • Castasegna
  • Castiel
  • Casti-Wergenstein
  • Castrisch
  • Cauco
  • Cazis
  • Celerina/Schlarigna
  • Chur
  • Churwalden
  • Clugin
  • Conters im Prättigau
  • Cumbel
  • Cunter
  • Davos
  • Degen
  • Disentis/Mustér
  • Domat/Ems
  • Donat
  • Duvin
  • Falera
  • Fanas
  • Feldis/Veulden
  • Felsberg
  • Fideris
  • Filisur
  • Fläsch
  • Flerden
  • Flims
  • Flond
  • Ftan
  • Fuldera
  • Furna
  • Fürstenau
  • Grono
  • Grüsch
  • Guarda, Switzerland
  • Haldenstein
  • Hinterrhein
  • Igis
  • Ilanz
  • Innerferrera
  • Jenaz
  • Jenins
  • Klosters-Serneus
  • Küblis
  • La Punt-Chamues-ch
  • Laax
  • Ladir
  • Langwies
  • Lantsch/Lenz
  • Lavin
  • Leggia
  • Lohn
  • Lostallo
  • Lüen
  • Lumbrein
  • Luven
  • Luzein
  • Madulain
  • Maienfeld
  • Maladers
  • Malans
  • Malix
  • Marmorera
  • Masein
  • Mastrils
  • Mathon
  • Medel (Lucmagn)
  • Medels im Rheinwald
  • Mesocco
  • Molinis
  • Mon
  • Morissen
  • Mulegns
  • Müstair
  • Mutten
  • Nufenen
  • Obersaxen
  • Pagig
  • Parpan
  • Paspels
  • Peist
  • Pignia
  • Pigniu
  • Pitasch
  • Pontresina
  • Portein
  • Poschiavo
  • Praden
  • Pratval
  • Präz
  • Ramosch
  • Rhäzüns
  • Riein
  • Riom-Parsonz
  • Rodels
  • Rongellen
  • Rossa, Switzerland
  • Rothenbrunnen
  • Roveredo
  • Rueun
  • Ruschein
  • Saas im Prättigau
  • Safien
  • Sagogn
  • Salouf
  • Samedan
  • Samnaun
  • San Vittore
  • Santa Maria in Calanca
  • Santa Maria Val Müstair
  • Sarn
  • Savognin
  • Says
  • S-chanf
  • Scharans

Bever (French: Biévène) is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Flemish Brabant. ... CHUR is a Canadian radio station, which broadcasts an adult contemporary format at 100. ... Cunter (Romansh, in German: Conters) is a village in the Albula district of the Swiss Canton of Graubünden, on the road to the Julier pass, between Tiefencastel and Savognin. ... Weissflujoch Davos (population 13,000) is a town in eastern Switzerland, in the canton Graubünden, on the Landwasser River. ... Mon can be: An abbreviation for Monday, the day of the week between Sunday and Tuesday. ... Selma is the name of a number of places: in the United States of America: Selma, Alabama Selma, Arkansas Selma, California Selma, Colorado Selma, Indiana Selma, Iowa Selma, Kansas Selma, Louisiana Selma, Michigan Selma, Mississippi Selma, Missouri Selma, North Carolina Selma, Ohio Selma, Oregon Selma, South Carolina Selma, Texas Selma... St. ... St. ... According to tradition, Peter was crucified upside-down, as shown in this painting by Caravaggio. ... Zernez is a Swiss municipality in the upper areas of the lower Engadin valley (Romansh: Engiadina Bassa) in the canton of Graubünden (Grischun) and includes the villages Zernez and Brail. ...

Municipalities

There are 209 municipalities in the canton (as of April 2004).


See also: Municipalities of Switzerland Municipalities are the smallest government division in Switzerland. ...


External links

  • Official Statistics (http://www.statistik.admin.ch/stat_ch/ber00/ekan_gr.htm)
  • Official Page (http://www.gr.ch/) (German, Italian & Romansh)



 
 

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