FACTOID # 20: Statistically, Delaware bears more cost of the US Military than any other state.
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
People who viewed "Grasses" also viewed:


FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:



(* = Graphable)



Encyclopedia > Grasses
True grasses
Wheat grass
Wheat plant
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae

See: List of Poaceae genera

The true grasses are monocot (class Liliopsida) plants of the family Poaceae (formerly Graminae). There are some 600 genera and perhaps 10,000 species of grasses. It is estimated grasslands comprise 20% of the vegetation cover of the earth. This family is the most important of all plant families to human economies, including lawn and forage grasses, the staple food grains grown around the world, and bamboo, widely used for construction throughout Asia.

Grasses generally have the following characteristics:

  • Typically hollow stems (called culms), plugged at intervals (the nodes).
  • Leaves, arising at nodes, alternate, distichous (in one plane) or rarely spiral, and parallel-veined.
  • Leaves differentiated into a lower sheath hugging the stem for a distance and a blade with margin usually entire; a ligule (a membranous appendage or ring of hairs) lies at the junction between sheath and blade.
  • Flowers small (called florets), lacking petals, and grouped into spikelets arranged in a panicle, raceme, spike, or head; the flowers wind-pollinated.
  • Fruit a caryopsis (also called a grain).

Agricultural grasses grown for food production are called cereals. Cereals constitute the major source of food energy for humans and perhaps the major source of protein, and include rice in India and the Far East, maize in Mexico, and wheat and barley in Europe and North America. Staple food grains are often called corn.

Some commonly known grass plants are:

See also

External link

  • Grass family (http://biodiversity.uno.edu/delta/angio/www/graminea.htm)

  Results from FactBites:
Grasse Town Village visit - by Provence Beyond (1236 words)
Grasse, the perfume capital of the world, is a gateway town to Beyond.
Grasse was an independent republic in the 12th century, with diplomatic relations with the neighboring city-state republics of Genoa and Pisa.
During the French Revolution Grasse was the capital of the Var.
  More results at FactBites »



Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m