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Encyclopedia > Graphic violence

Graphic violence is the depiction of violence in media such as film, television, and video games. It may be real or simulated live action, or animated. Violence is any act of aggression and abuse which causes or intends to cause injury, in some cases criminal, or harm to persons, and (to a lesser extent) animals or property. ... Film is a term that encompasses motion pictures as individual projects, as well as the field in general. ... Namcos Pac-Man was a hit, and became a cultural phenomenon. ... In film and video, live action refers to works that are acted out by flesh-and-blood actors, as opposed to animation. ... Animation refers to the process in which each frame of a film or movie is produced individually, whether generated as a computer graphic, or by photographing a drawn image, or by repeatedly making small changes to a model (see claymation and stop motion), and then photographing the result. ...


It is a highly controversial topic. Many believe that exposure to graphic violence leads to desensitization to violence. It has led to censorship in extreme cases, and regulation in others, one case being the creation of the Entertainment Software Rating Board in 1994. Censorship is basically the editing, removing, or otherwise changing speech and other forms of human expression. ... The Entertainment Software Rating Board (ESRB) is a self-regulatory organization that applies and enforces ratings, advertising guidelines, and online privacy principles for computer and video games and other entertainment software in the United States and Canada (officially adopted by individual provinces 2004-2005). ...

Contents

Film

In theatrical performances, films are rated using a motion picture rating system, in part based on the level of graphic violence. Television broadcasts are similarly rated using a television rating system. A motion picture rating system categorizes films with regard to suitability for children and/or adults in terms of issues such as sex, violence and profanity. ... A television rating system is a method of giving television viewers an idea of the suitability of a television program for children and/or adults. ...


News media

News media must frequently cover violent and deadly incidents, such as accidents, wars and crimes. This coverage is often preceded with a warning, stating that the information may be disturbing to some viewers. News media satellite up-link trucks and photojournalists gathered outside the Prudential Financial headquarters in Newark, New Jersey in August, 2004 following the announcement of evidence of a terrorist threat to it and to buildings in New York City. ... A railing accidentally collapses at a college football game, spilling fans onto the sidelines An accident is something going wrong unexpectedly. ... The United States detonated an atomic bomb over Nagasaki on August 9, 1945. ...


Sometimes graphic images are partially censored, by blurring or blocking a portion of the image, or cutting the violent portions out of an image sequence.


Video games

Violent content has been a central part of video game controversy. Critics such as Dave Grossman argue that violence in games hardens children to unethical acts, calling first-person shooter games "murder simulators", although no conclusive evidence has supported this belief. Computer and video games have been the subject of frequent controversy and censorship, due to the depiction of graphic violence, sexual themes, racism, advertising, eavesdropping, consumption of illegal drugs, consumption of alcohol or tobacco, propaganda or profanity in some games. ... Lt. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


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